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19-821-PHI
Friday, May 10, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington – April 2019

Area prices up 1.3 percent since February; 1.9 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington increased 1.3 percent from February to April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Sheila Watkins noted that the recent two-month rise reflected an 8.1-percent increase in the energy index and a 0.7-percent rise in the all items less food and energy index. The food index also increased since February, up 0.5 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 1.9 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The over-the-year rise was led by an increase in the all items less food and energy index (1.9 percent). The energy index and food index also advanced since April 2018, up 2.0 and 1.6 percent, respectively. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index rose 0.5 percent over the last two months. Prices for both food at home and food away from home increased since February, up 0.5 and 0.4 percent, respectively.

Over the year, the food index increased 1.6 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 2.5 percent, and those for food at home were up 0.9 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, increased 8.1 percent since February. The 2-month advance was led by a 16.8-percent jump in gasoline prices. Prices were also higher for utility (piped) gas service (5.1 percent) and electricity (0.1 percent).

Over the year, the energy index rose 2.0 percent, due mostly to higher utility (piped) gas service prices, up 12.1 percent. Prices were also higher for electricity (2.0 percent), while they decreased for gasoline (-0.4 percent) since April 2018.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.7 percent from February to April. Prices were higher for shelter (0.6 percent), apparel (4.6 percent), and recreation (2.4 percent), among others.

Since April 2018, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.9 percent. Prices were higher for a number of items including shelter (2.7 percent), medical care (4.3 percent), and new and used motor vehicles (3.0 percent), while prices were lower for apparel, down 6.6 percent.

Table A. Philadelphia CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20152016201720182019
2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month

February

-0.2-0.10.30.30.72.10.40.50.81.5

April

0.50.00.90.60.01.30.91.41.31.9

June

0.80.20.30.1-0.30.70.21.9

August

-0.5-0.3-0.20.40.51.40.31.7

October

-0.3-0.50.61.30.00.80.01.6

December

-0.6-0.2-0.11.7-0.10.8-0.71.0

The Consumer Price Index for June 2019 is scheduled to be released Thursday, July 11, 2019 at 8:30 am (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index for Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington is published bi-monthly. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD, Core Based Statistical Area includes Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia Counties in Pennsylvania; Burlington, Camden, Gloucester, and Salem Counties in New Jersey; New Castle County in Delaware; and Cecil County in Maryland.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure categoryIndexesPercent change from
Historical
data
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019

All items

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0
253.218 256.5281.91.3 

All items (1967 = 100)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BAA0
731.532 741.094   

Food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF
235.043 236.3041.30.5 

Food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF1
235.749 236.9191.60.5 

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF11
238.846243.526240.1480.90.5-1.4

Cereals and bakery products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF111
304.584 302.7871.1-0.6 

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF112
258.503 262.254-0.51.5 

Dairy and related products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEFJ
195.266 200.2602.42.6 

Fruits and vegetables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF113
279.018 278.2701.8-0.3 

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF114
158.917 157.7011.3-0.8 

Other food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF115
218.663 220.6110.70.9 

Food away from home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEFV
225.953 226.9172.50.4 

Alcoholic beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF116
222.365 224.915-2.81.1 

Housing

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAH
264.275 265.9292.60.6 

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAH1
328.794331.279330.8292.70.6-0.1

Rent of primary residence

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHA
306.506306.540307.6352.00.40.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHC
337.223338.145339.7662.80.80.5

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHC01
337.223338.145339.7662.80.80.5

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAH2
212.257 215.0934.11.3 

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAH21
175.639179.211178.5084.11.6-0.4

Energy services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHF
184.312188.897188.0385.82.0-0.5

Electricity

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHF01
181.789181.396181.9012.00.10.3

Utility (piped) gas service

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHF02
176.566188.470185.58112.15.1-1.5

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAH3
115.193 114.774-0.3-0.4 

Apparel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAA
104.010 108.752-6.64.6 

Transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAT
207.249 215.3940.33.9 

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAT1
206.467 215.3540.84.3 

New and used motor vehicles(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETA
98.734 98.8463.00.1 

New vehicles(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETA01
180.018 178.2960.9-1.0 

Used cars and trucks(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETA02
256.566 259.4711.01.1 

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETB
224.619241.039261.622-0.416.58.5

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETB01
220.864237.266258.018-0.416.88.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSS47014
217.573234.103255.036-0.517.28.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSS47015
227.762242.678262.1810.415.18.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSS47016
226.463240.684258.4700.414.17.4

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETE
727.508 724.276-3.7-0.4 

Medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAM
539.094 539.8204.30.1 

Recreation(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAR
120.123 123.0003.02.4 

Education and communication(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAE
131.333 131.9001.40.4 

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEEB
1,038.607 1,038.6071.00.0 

Other goods and services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAG
544.259 558.0961.92.5 

Commodity and service group

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAC
177.728 182.7350.02.8 

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSACL11
146.109 152.060-0.64.1 

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSANL11
185.860 197.369-1.86.2 

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAD
102.493 103.3681.40.9 

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAS
329.480 331.4902.70.6 

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0L2
228.308 232.1591.41.7 

All items less medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0L5
241.139 244.5751.61.4 

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSACL1
148.949 154.873-0.74.0 

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAN
211.515 218.903-0.43.5 

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSANL1
188.066 199.208-1.95.9 

Services less rent of shelter(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSASL2RS
337.571 339.5712.70.6 

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSASL5
314.022 316.1392.60.7 

Energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0E
192.989201.356208.6362.08.13.6

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0LE
261.833 263.6971.80.7 

All items less food and energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0L1E
268.870 270.8591.90.7 

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, May 10, 2019