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News Release Information

19-1646-PHI
Thursday, September 12, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington – August 2019

Area prices up 0.5 percent since June; 2.3 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington increased 0.5 percent from June to August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Sheila Watkins noted that the recent two-month rise reflected a 0.6-percent increase in the all items less food and energy index and a 0.7-percent rise in the food index, while the energy index decreased since June, down 1.5 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 2.3 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The over-the-year rise was led by an increase in the all items less food and energy index (2.8 percent). The food index also advanced since August 2018, up 1.8 percent, while the energy index declined 2.0 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index rose 0.7 percent over the last two months. Prices for both food away from home and food at home increased since June, up 0.8 and 0.6 percent, respectively. Within the food at home component, prices were higher for nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks, and processed fish and seafood; while prices were lower for lettuce and bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products.

Over the year, the food index increased 1.8 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 3.2 percent, and those for food at home were up 0.9 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, decreased 1.5 percent since June. The 2-month decline was led by a 2.7-percent decrease in gasoline prices. Prices were also lower for electricity (-0.8 percent), while they were higher for utility (piped) gas service (0.1 percent).

Over the year, the energy index declined 2.0 percent, due to lower gasoline prices, down 7.5 percent. Prices were higher for utility (piped) gas service (9.4 percent) and electricity (0.6 percent) since August 2018.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.6 percent from June to August. Prices were higher for shelter (0.4 percent), apparel (4.6 percent), and medical care (1.1 percent), among others.

Since August 2018, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.8 percent. Prices were higher for a number of items including shelter (2.8 percent) and medical care (4.1 percent), while prices were lower for apparel, down 2.4 percent.

Table A. Philadelphia CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20152016201720182019
2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month

February

-0.2-0.10.30.30.72.10.40.50.81.5

April

0.50.00.90.60.01.30.91.41.31.9

June

0.80.20.30.1-0.30.70.21.90.52.1

August

-0.5-0.3-0.20.40.51.40.31.70.52.3

October

-0.3-0.50.61.30.00.80.01.6

December

-0.6-0.2-0.11.7-0.10.8-0.71.0

The Consumer Price Index for October 2019 is scheduled to be released Wednesday, November 13, 2019 at 8:30 am (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index for Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington is published bi-monthly. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD, Core Based Statistical Area includes Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia Counties in Pennsylvania; Burlington, Camden, Gloucester, and Salem Counties in New Jersey; New Castle County in Delaware; and Cecil County in Maryland.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure categoryIndexesPercent change from
Historical
data
Jun.
2019
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2018
Jun.
2019
Jul.
2019

All items

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0
257.709 258.8772.30.5 

All items (1967 = 100)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BAA0
744.506 747.882   

Food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF
237.368 238.4961.60.5 

Food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF1
237.597 239.1671.80.7 

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF11
240.573242.498241.9080.90.6-0.2

Cereals and bakery products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF111
305.728 309.7770.61.3 

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF112
264.414 264.805-0.40.1 

Dairy and related products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEFJ
201.032 203.1944.21.1 

Fruits and vegetables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF113
277.869 270.626-0.8-2.6 

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF114
156.562 163.8403.04.6 

Other food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF115
220.025 221.6651.10.7 

Food away from home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEFV
227.918 229.7683.20.8 

Alcoholic beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF116
231.546 226.282-2.2-2.3 

Housing

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAH
268.889 269.0673.20.1 

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAH1
333.598335.165334.7882.80.4-0.1

Rent of primary residence

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHA
308.522309.969311.5232.71.00.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHC
340.425341.823343.2613.10.80.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHC01
340.425341.823343.2613.10.80.4

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAH2
217.154 214.1754.0-1.4 

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAH21
176.722176.953175.8733.3-0.5-0.6

Energy services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHF
187.752187.661186.8983.9-0.5-0.4

Electricity

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHF01
183.340183.037181.7850.6-0.8-0.7

Utility (piped) gas service

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHF02
182.679182.917182.9499.40.10.0

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAH3
119.365 118.7305.1-0.5 

Apparel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAA
105.889 110.743-2.44.6 

Transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAT
215.335 215.590-0.40.1 

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAT1
215.054 215.229-0.70.1 

New and used motor vehicles(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETA
99.597 101.4593.31.9 

New vehicles(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETA01
179.871 178.5800.8-0.7 

Used cars and trucks(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETA02
259.471 265.4902.12.3 

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETB
257.235260.067250.194-7.5-2.7-3.8

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETB01
253.829256.705246.884-7.5-2.7-3.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSS47014
250.667253.494243.571-7.8-2.8-3.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSS47015
260.855262.653252.894-6.6-3.1-3.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSS47016
255.531258.736250.554-6.1-1.9-3.2

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETE
724.276 724.2760.00.0 

Medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAM
539.625 545.8064.11.1 

Recreation(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAR
124.270 125.5254.91.0 

Education and communication(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAE
131.718 132.0811.30.3 

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEEB
1,042.846 1,044.7482.30.2 

Other goods and services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAG
550.798 558.2713.91.4 

Commodity and service group

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAC
182.227 183.2410.50.6 

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSACL11
151.049 151.955-0.10.6 

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSANL11
193.827 195.356-1.80.8 

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAD
104.548 104.8692.80.3 

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAS
334.171 335.5253.20.4 

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0L2
232.751 233.9302.00.5 

All items less medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0L5
245.822 246.7682.10.4 

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSACL1
154.021 154.800-0.20.5 

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAN
217.253 218.647-0.30.6 

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSANL1
196.112 197.341-1.80.6 

Services less rent of shelter(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSASL2RS
342.201 343.7483.40.5 

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSASL5
318.830 319.8732.90.3 

Energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0E
205.886207.090202.721-2.0-1.5-2.1

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0LE
265.351 267.0412.70.6 

All items less food and energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0L1E
272.678 274.4052.80.6 

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, September 12, 2019