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20-1411-PHI
Tuesday, July 14, 2020

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Consumer Price Index, Baltimore-Columbia-Towson – June 2020

Area prices decreased 0.4 percent since April; up 0.4 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Baltimore-Columbia-Towson declined 0.4 percent from April to June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Sheila Watkins noted that the recent two-month decrease was due to a decline in the all items less food and energy index, down 0.6 percent. The energy index rose since April, up 1.4 percent, while the food index was unchanged over the period. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 0.4 percent. The over-the-year rise was due to increases in both the food index (4.7 percent) and the all items less food and energy index (0.6 percent). The energy index dropped over the year, down 9.5 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index was unchanged over the last two months. Prices increased for food at home, up 0.6 percent, while prices for food away from home decreased, down 0.7 percent. Within the food at home component, prices were higher for cheese and related products and uncooked beef steaks, while prices were lower for eggs, among others.

Over the year, the food index increased 4.7 percent. Prices rose for both food at home (6.7 percent) and for food away from home (2.7 percent).

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, increased 1.4 percent since April, led by higher prices for gasoline (8.3 percent). Prices for utility (piped) gas service also increased over the last two months, up 1.2 percent, while those for electricity were down 4.4 percent.

Over the year, the energy index dropped 9.5 percent. Prices were lower for gasoline, down 20.5 percent. Prices increased for electricity and utility (piped) gas service, up 3.5 and 2.9 percent, respectively, since June 2019.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy declined 0.6 percent from April to June. Lower prices for medical care (-3.7 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (-1.6 percent) were moderated by higher prices for shelter (0.4 percent), among others.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.6 percent since June 2019, led by higher prices for medical care (5.8 percent) and education and communication (3.9 percent). Prices were lower for recreation (-2.3 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-2.0 percent).

The Consumer Price Index for August 2020 is scheduled to be released Friday, September 11, 2020 at 8:30 am (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on June 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in June was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index for Baltimore-Columbia-Towson is published bi-monthly. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD, Core Based Statistical Area includes Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Baltimore City, Carroll, Harford, Howard, and Queen Anne’s Counties in Maryland.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure categoryIndexesPercent change from
Historical
data
Apr.
2020
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020

All items

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0
258.978 257.9420.4-0.4 

Food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF
275.058 274.8834.5-0.1 

Food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF1
275.084 275.0154.70.0 

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF11
247.020248.988248.6186.70.6-0.1

Cereals and bakery products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF111
299.226 309.1285.83.3 

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF112
253.261 246.79711.2-2.6 

Dairy and related products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEFJ
235.226 241.5443.02.7 

Fruits and vegetables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF113
305.874 288.5452.1-5.7 

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF114
173.424 180.9514.54.3 

Other food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF115
218.429 230.5809.75.6 

Food away from home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEFV
316.618 314.3002.7-0.7 

Alcoholic beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF116
271.382 269.5980.8-0.7 

Housing(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH
263.447 263.487-0.20.0 

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH1
311.927313.186313.208-0.40.40.0

Rent of primary residence

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHA
368.940366.671368.1771.8-0.20.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHC
328.507329.010329.5262.40.30.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHC01
328.507329.010329.5262.40.30.2

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH2
231.520 224.1013.3-3.2 

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH21
201.874200.600194.5382.8-3.6-3.0

Energy services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHF
217.614216.782209.8983.7-3.5-3.2

Electricity

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHF01
204.730203.189195.7573.5-4.4-3.7

Utility (piped) gas service

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHF02
189.320192.564191.5902.91.2-0.5

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH3
120.061 119.234-2.0-0.7 

Apparel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAA
121.279 121.1572.3-0.1 

Transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAT
192.006 192.896-5.10.5 

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAT1
190.970 193.047-3.51.1 

New and used motor vehicles(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETA
97.507 95.9910.2-1.6 

New vehicles(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETA01
198.504 193.7550.5-2.4 

Used cars and trucks(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETA02
241.500 237.002-2.4-1.9 

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETB
168.480164.093182.106-20.58.111.0

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETB01
164.439160.266178.131-20.58.311.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESS47014
163.687159.960178.701-21.09.211.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESS47015
200.449190.581202.211-16.10.96.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESS47016
188.695180.680194.094-17.32.97.4

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETE
808.318 889.6694.210.1 

Medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAM
484.502 466.5255.8-3.7 

Recreation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAR
126.135 123.437-2.3-2.1 

Education and communication(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAE
153.021 152.1403.9-0.6 

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEEB
1,247.199 1,247.1223.60.0 

Other goods and services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAG
  433.6623.0  

Commodity and service group

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAC
182.639 182.352-0.1-0.2 

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESACL11
141.906 141.595-2.9-0.2 

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESANL11
176.888 179.972-5.91.7 

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAD
102.212 100.3020.0-1.9 

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAS
333.419 331.6460.7-0.5 

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0L2
239.111 237.0711.0-0.9 

All items less medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0L5
247.682 247.526-0.1-0.1 

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESACL1
145.711 145.366-2.8-0.2 

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAN
222.676 224.174-0.10.7 

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESANL1
182.136 184.954-5.41.5 

Services less rent of shelter(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESASL2RS
370.937 364.7462.1-1.7 

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESASL5
318.615 318.4130.0-0.1 

Energy(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0E
190.368187.553193.035-9.51.42.9

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0LE
266.202 264.8591.1-0.5 

All items less food and energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0L1E
264.702 263.1610.6-0.6 

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a March 1978=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 14, 2020