Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

20-2133-PHI
Thursday, November 12, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Baltimore-Columbia-Towson – October 2020

Area prices increased 0.6 percent since August; up 1.3 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Baltimore-Columbia-Towson increased 0.6 percent from August to October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Acting Regional Commissioner Maureen McDevitt Greene noted that the recent bi-monthly increase was mostly due to a rise in the all items less food and energy index, up 0.5 percent. The food index and the energy index also rose since August, up 1.2 and 0.6 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 1.3 percent. The over-the-year rise was due to increases in the all items less food and energy index (1.3 percent) and the food index (4.4 percent). (See chart 1.) The energy index dropped over the year, down 5.2 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index increased from August to October, up 1.2 percent. Prices increased for both food at home (1.7 percent) and for food away from home (0.6 percent) since August. Within the food at home component, prices were higher for bread and carbonated drinks, while prices were lower for milk, among other food categories.

Over the year, the food index increased 4.4 percent. Prices rose for both food at home (6.0 percent) and for food away from home (2.8 percent).

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, increased 0.6 percent since August, led by higher prices for electricity (1.1 percent). Prices for gasoline also increased over the last two months, up 0.5 percent, while those for utility (piped) gas service declined 1.1 percent.

Over the year, the energy index decreased 5.2 percent. Prices were lower for gasoline, dropping 8.5 percent. Prices also decreased for electricity (-2.5 percent), while they increased for utility (piped) gas service (6.0 percent) since October 2019.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.5 percent from August to October. Higher prices for shelter (0.7 percent) and education and communication (1.0 percent), among others, were moderated by lower prices for apparel (-5.5 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.3 percent since October 2019, led by higher prices for shelter (2.4 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (4.3 percent). Prices were lower for apparel (-9.0 percent) and medical care (-1.7 percent).

The Consumer Price Index for December 2020 is scheduled to be released Wednesday, January 13, 2021 at 8:30 am (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on October 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in October was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index for Baltimore-Columbia-Towson is published bi-monthly. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD, Core Based Statistical Area includes Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Baltimore City, Carroll, Harford, Howard, and Queen Anne’s Counties in Maryland.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure categoryIndexesPercent change from
Historical
data
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020
Oct.
2020
Oct.
2019
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020

All items

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0
259.336 260.8921.30.6 

Food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF
271.071 275.1924.61.5 

Food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF1
270.960 274.1664.41.2 

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF11
242.418242.742246.5756.01.71.6

Cereals and bakery products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF111
295.256 299.2774.91.4 

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF112
234.464 241.3805.02.9 

Dairy and related products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEFJ
238.777 243.2922.01.9 

Fruits and vegetables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF113
291.494 293.1284.10.6 

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF114
180.935 184.63611.12.0 

Other food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF115
222.977 226.0768.51.4 

Food away from home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEFV
313.084 315.0512.80.6 

Alcoholic beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF116
269.501 287.3847.46.6 

Housing(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH
263.885 265.3971.80.6 

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH1
314.273313.418316.3242.40.70.9

Rent of primary residence

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHA
370.328370.668372.2782.40.50.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHC
331.199331.136334.9543.51.11.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHC01
331.199331.136334.9543.51.11.2

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH2
219.787 221.130-0.90.6 

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH21
189.439187.654190.942-1.80.81.8

Energy services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHF
204.213202.010205.795-1.30.81.9

Electricity

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHF01
189.159186.296191.320-2.51.12.7

Utility (piped) gas service

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHF02
193.186195.414191.0426.0-1.1-2.2

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH3
119.499 119.282-1.2-0.2 

Apparel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAA
118.075 111.620-9.0-5.5 

Transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAT
197.236 198.059-0.30.4 

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAT1
199.637 199.4061.3-0.1 

New and used motor vehicles(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETA
98.673 98.9674.30.3 

New vehicles(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETA01
193.817 191.4750.3-1.2 

Used cars and trucks(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETA02
259.435 267.85212.03.2 

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETB
196.798197.799197.717-8.70.50.0

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETB01
192.609193.627193.653-8.50.50.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESS47014
193.607194.417194.374-8.80.40.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESS47015
218.554221.794222.530-3.41.80.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESS47016
206.379209.006209.538-7.01.50.3

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETE
914.096 844.112-1.1-7.7 

Medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAM
477.412 479.216-1.70.4 

Recreation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAR
126.692 128.501-0.91.4 

Education and communication(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAE
152.751 154.2843.21.0 

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEEB
1,257.234 1,268.7712.30.9 

Other goods and services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAG
435.247 435.6433.50.1 

Commodity and service group

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAC
183.442 184.4351.70.5 

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESACL11
144.310 144.182-0.1-0.1 

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESANL11
184.382 183.173-3.6-0.7 

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAD
101.759 102.1773.30.4 

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAS
333.336 335.4421.10.6 

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0L2
238.622 239.9830.70.6 

All items less medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0L5
248.428 249.9741.60.6 

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESACL1
148.043 148.2920.20.2 

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAN
224.608 225.9641.00.6 

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESANL1
189.117 188.957-2.8-0.1 

Services less rent of shelter(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESASL2RS
367.388 369.578-0.50.6 

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESASL5
319.148 321.2281.50.7 

Energy(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0E
197.423196.948198.677-5.20.60.9

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0LE
266.020 267.6111.70.6 

All items less food and energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0L1E
265.132 266.4711.30.5 

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a March 1978=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, November 12, 2020