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21-1346-PHI
Tuesday, July 13, 2021

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Consumer Price Index, Baltimore-Columbia-Towson – June 2021

Area prices increased 1.1 percent since April; up 4.5 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Baltimore-Columbia-Towson increased 1.1 percent from April to June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Alexandra Hall Bovee noted that the recent bi-monthly increase was mostly due to a rise in the all items less food and energy index, up 0.9 percent. The energy index and the food index also rose since April, up 5.3 and 0.9 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 4.5 percent, the largest over-the-year increase since 2008. The over-the-year rise was due to increases in the all items less food and energy index (4.0 percent) and the energy index (21.3 percent). (See chart 1.) The food index also increased, up 0.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index rose from April to June, up 0.9 percent. Prices increased for food at home, up 1.4 percent since April, and for food away from home, up 0.5 percent. Within the food at home component, prices were higher for citrus fruits and rice, pasta, cornmeal, while they decreased for fresh fish and seafood.

Over the year, the food index increased 0.7 percent. Prices rose for food away from home (2.4 percent), while they were lower for food at home (-0.9 percent).

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, increased 5.3 percent since April, due to higher prices for gasoline (6.5 percent). Prices for electricity and utility (piped) gas service also rose over the past two months, up 4.1 and 2.9 percent, respectively.

Over the year, the energy index increased 21.3 percent, led by higher prices for gasoline (42.4 percent), the highest 12-month increase since May 2008. Prices were also higher for electricity (1.6 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (7.7 percent) since June 2020.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.9 percent from April to June. Prices were higher for new and used motor vehicles (7.4 percent) dominated by an 18.1 percent increase in used cars and truck prices, public transportation (27.1 percent), and shelter (0.4 percent), while they were lower for medical care (-5.0 percent), the largest 2-month decrease since this index started in 1998.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 4.0 percent since June 2020, the largest 12-month increase since 2008. The rise was led by sharply higher prices for new and used motor vehicles (19.1 percent), particularly those for used cars and trucks (45.3 percent). Prices were also higher for shelter (2.4 percent), while they were lower for medical care (-3.3 percent) over the year.

The Consumer Price Index for August 2021 is scheduled to be released Tuesday, September 14, 2021 at 8:30 am (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on June 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in June was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index for Baltimore-Columbia-Towson is published bi-monthly. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/. In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD, Core Based Statistical Area includes Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Harford, Howard, and Queen Anne’s counties, as well as Baltimore City, in Maryland.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure categoryIndexesPercent change from
Historical
data
Apr.
2021
May
2021
Jun.
2021
Jun.
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021

All items

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0
266.534 269.5984.51.1 

Food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF
275.406 277.7931.10.9 

Food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF1
274.460 277.0030.70.9 

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF11
243.176244.532246.497-0.91.40.8

Cereals and bakery products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF111
295.617 299.056-3.31.2 

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF112
240.238 255.8413.76.5 

Dairy and related products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEFJ
241.826 240.477-0.4-0.6 

Fruits and vegetables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF113
299.471 290.1980.6-3.1 

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF114
170.542 173.093-4.31.5 

Other food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF115
220.171 221.822-3.80.7 

Food away from home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEFV
320.328 321.8562.40.5 

Alcoholic beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF116
286.392 286.3926.20.0 

Housing(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH
268.757 270.3802.60.6 

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH1
319.163318.864320.5772.40.40.5

Rent of primary residence

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHA
368.527363.024363.471-1.3-1.40.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHC
336.926337.719338.5312.70.50.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHC01
336.926337.719338.5312.70.50.2

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH2
224.256 231.8403.53.4 

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH21
193.889202.743201.3573.53.9-0.7

Energy services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHF
207.157217.029215.2532.63.9-0.8

Electricity

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHF01
191.015201.343198.8631.64.1-1.2

Utility (piped) gas service

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHF02
200.540203.673206.3667.72.91.3

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH3
124.667 124.3444.3-0.3 

Apparel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAA
125.921 126.0854.10.1 

Transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAT
213.986 231.28519.98.1 

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAT1
215.606 228.84318.56.1 

New and used motor vehicles(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETA
106.495     

New vehicles(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETA01
204.543     

Used cars and trucks(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETA02
291.590 344.43345.318.1 

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETB
243.230258.417259.17142.36.60.3

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETB01
238.162253.088253.74642.46.50.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESS47014
240.210256.120256.40543.56.70.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESS47015
260.853271.894275.52736.35.61.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESS47016
249.700258.883262.09435.05.01.2

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETE
736.892 745.285-16.21.1 

Medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAM
474.622 450.915-3.3-5.0 

Recreation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAR
126.180 127.3093.10.9 

Education and communication(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAE
158.015 155.4722.2-1.6 

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEEB
1,270.658 1,272.6012.00.2 

Other goods and services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAG
454.865 456.9125.40.5 

Commodity and service group

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAC
194.569 198.5038.92.0 

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESACL11
157.209 161.47814.02.7 

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESANL11
202.024 204.39813.61.2 

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAD
110.292 114.79814.54.1 

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAS
336.628 338.8202.20.7 

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0L2
246.885 250.6885.71.5 

All items less medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0L5
256.159 260.6245.31.7 

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESACL1
161.124 165.33613.72.6 

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAN
235.738 238.1016.21.0 

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESANL1
206.723 208.96713.01.1 

Services less rent of shelter(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESASL2RS
368.439 371.7311.90.9 

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESASL5
323.362 327.8453.01.4 

Energy(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0E
222.353234.486234.10721.35.3-0.2

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0LE
271.828 274.2083.50.9 

All items less food and energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0L1E
271.297 273.6504.00.9 

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a March 1978=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 13, 2021