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News Release Information

21-430-PHI
Wednesday, March 10, 2021

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Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – February 2021

Regional prices up 0.4 percent over the month; up 1.2 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast increased 0.4 percent in February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Acting Regional Commissioner Frank Waligorski noted that the recent increase reflected advances in the energy index (4.0 percent) and the all items less food and energy index (0.3 percent) since January. The food index declined over the month, down 0.5 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 1.2 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) This reflected an advance in the all items less food and energy index, up 0.8 percent. The energy index and the food index also rose since February 2020, up 3.0 and 2.9 percent, respectively. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index decreased 0.5 percent since January. Prices were lower for both food at home and food away from home, down 0.5 and 0.4 percent, respectively.

From February 2020 to February 2021, the food index increased 2.9 percent. Prices for food away from home increased over the year, up 3.7 percent; those for food at home also rose, up 2.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, rose 4.0 percent in February, led by a 6.7-percent advance in gasoline prices. Prices were also higher for electricity (1.0 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (0.7 percent) over the month.

The energy index rose 3.0 percent since February 2020. The increase reflected a rise in prices for electricity (3.5 percent). Prices for gasoline and utility (piped) gas service also advanced over the year, up 2.6 and 4.1 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.3 percent since January. Over-the-month price increases were led by shelter (0.2 percent), apparel (1.5 percent), and medical care (0.5 percent), while prices for other goods and services edged down 0.1 percent.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.8 percent since February 2020, led by higher prices for shelter (1.0 percent), particularly those for owners’ equivalent rent of residences (1.6 percent). Prices also increased for used cars and trucks (9.2 percent), education and communication (1.4 percent), and medical care (1.0 percent) over the year.

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20172018201920202021
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.62.50.51.60.31.50.72.30.41.1

February

0.32.60.41.70.21.30.32.40.41.2

March

-0.12.20.12.00.51.7-021.7

April

0.31.90.42.10.41.7-0.40.8

May

0.11.70.42.50.31.50.00.6

June

0.01.50.02.60.11.60.30.8

July

-0.21.30.02.70.11.70.41.1

August

0.31.60.22.70.11.50.11.1

September

0.51.90.12.20.01.40.11.2

October

-0.11.5-0.12.3-0.11.5-0.21.1

November

0.01.6-0.41.90.11.90.11.1

December

0.11.7-0.11.7-0.11.90.21.4

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U increased in the Middle Atlantic division, up 0.4 percent, and the New England division, up 0.3 percent.

Over the year, prices rose in the Middle Atlantic division, up 1.4 percent. The all items index also rose in the New England division (0.7 percent). (See table B.)

 Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area1-month change12-month change

Northeast

0.41.2

New England Division

0.30.7

Middle Atlantic Division

0.41.4

The Consumer Price Index for March 2021 is scheduled to be released Tuesday, April 13, 2021, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on February 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in February was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure categoryIndexesPercent change from
Historical
data
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021
Feb.
2021
Feb.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021

All items

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0
274.225275.427276.4731.20.80.4

All items (December 1977 = 100)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100AA0
431.820433.714435.361   

Food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF
276.114276.544275.3382.9-0.3-0.4

Food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF1
276.795277.329276.0242.9-0.3-0.5

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF11
260.581260.725259.4052.4-0.5-0.5

Cereals and bakery products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF111
307.198305.756305.8452.0-0.40.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF112
267.244266.652264.9813.9-0.8-0.6

Dairy and related products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEFJ
238.650241.290239.4341.10.3-0.8

Fruits and vegetables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF113
327.624327.414323.1353.1-1.4-1.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF114
178.328180.068180.3070.81.10.1

Other food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF115
231.179230.810230.2111.8-0.4-0.3

Food away from home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEFV
304.570305.716304.4233.70.0-0.4

Alcoholic beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF116
266.296265.307265.4492.5-0.30.1

Housing

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH
294.992295.732296.6291.60.60.3

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH1
367.393367.500368.0601.00.20.2

Rent of primary residence

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHA
372.690372.819373.0371.50.10.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHC
382.169382.489382.8441.60.20.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHC01
381.840382.164382.5201.60.20.1

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH2
228.635232.598236.7253.53.51.8

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH21
199.844203.821207.9743.44.12.0

Energy services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF
202.564205.451207.3873.72.40.9

Electricity

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF01
206.963210.217212.4153.52.61.0

Utility (piped) gas service

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF02
178.959180.929182.2204.11.80.7

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH3
124.738125.433125.5044.40.60.1

Apparel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAA
116.236123.651125.518-4.08.01.5

Transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAT
199.557201.972204.854-0.22.71.4

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAT1
194.078197.348200.6302.03.41.7

New and used motor vehicles(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA
98.92298.97199.0983.30.20.1

New vehicles

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA01
145.750146.504145.6050.2-0.1-0.6

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS4501A
100.998101.528100.9090.2-0.1-0.6

New cars(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS45011
135.738136.581137.2581.61.10.5

Used cars and trucks

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA02
157.746156.320157.0189.2-0.50.4

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETB
194.536208.047222.0212.514.16.7

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETB01
193.555207.088221.0602.614.26.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47014
190.000203.807218.0552.714.87.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47015
213.683225.269237.3071.911.15.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47016
210.700221.546232.9031.910.55.1

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETE
594.559597.820603.610-5.01.51.0

Medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM
544.695547.280549.8241.00.90.5

Medical care commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM1
381.360379.575378.260-4.6-0.8-0.3

Medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM2
592.502596.446600.1872.11.30.6

Professional services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEMC
407.468414.716417.5774.72.50.7

Recreation(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAR
129.070127.887128.4681.0-0.50.5

Education and communication(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAE
148.572148.860149.1381.40.40.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEEB
1,310.4541,311.1061,310.6430.80.00.0

Other goods and services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAG
518.064513.920513.5500.9-0.9-0.1

Commodity and service group

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAC
191.377193.696194.7691.81.80.6

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SACL11
147.512150.477152.4191.03.31.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SANL11
183.736190.216194.410-0.85.82.2

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAD
104.450104.661104.8313.20.40.2

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAS
353.715353.853354.8741.00.30.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L2
242.040243.636244.8591.41.20.5

All items less medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L5
262.300263.441264.4201.30.80.4

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SACL1
151.652154.529156.4341.03.21.2

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAN
229.158232.745234.3501.32.30.7

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SANL1
188.581194.615198.566-0.55.32.0

Services less rent of shelter(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SASL2RS
351.056351.242352.7820.90.50.4

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SASL5
337.263337.139337.9720.80.20.2

Energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0E
197.774205.613213.7443.08.14.0

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0LE
284.681285.295285.7091.10.40.1

All items less food and energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L1E
287.893288.524289.2460.80.50.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, March 10, 2021