Thursday, June 10, 2021
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast increased 0.6 percent in May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Alexandra Hall Bovee noted that the recent increase was largely due to rising prices for both used cars and trucks and public transportation. These were reflected in the advance in the all items less food and energy index (0.5 percent) since April. The energy index and the food index also increased over the month, up 2.0 and 0.2 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)
Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U advanced 3.9 percent, the index’s largest over-the-year increase since September 2011. (See chart 1 and table A.) This reflected advances in the all items less food and energy index, up 3.0 percent, and the energy index, up 22.7 percent. The food index also rose since May 2020, up 1.3 percent. (See table 1.)
The food index increased 0.2 percent since April. Prices were higher for food at home, up 0.4 percent, as prices rose for items such as chicken and uncooked beef steaks. The food away from home index was unchanged over the month.
From May 2020 to May 2021, the food index increased 1.3 percent. Prices for food away from home increased over the year, up 3.6 percent; those for food at home declined 0.4 percent.
The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, rose 2.0 percent in May, due to a 4.8-percent advance in gasoline prices. Prices were also higher for electricity (1.1 percent), while those for utility (piped) gas service fell 3.3 percent over the month.
The energy index rose 22.7 percent since May 2020—the index’s largest over-the-year increase since September 2008. The increase reflected a jump in prices for gasoline (45.0 percent)—the index’s largest 12-month advance since January 2010. Prices for electricity and utility (piped) gas service also advanced over the year, up 4.0 and 6.4 percent, respectively.
The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.5 percent since April. Prices were higher for new and used motor vehicles (2.8 percent), particularly those for used cars and trucks (6.5 percent), and for public transportation (9.5 percent). Lower prices for recreation and other goods and services helped to moderate the overall rise, down 0.5 and 0.6 percent, respectively.
The index for all items less food and energy increased 3.0 percent since May 2020. Prices were higher for new and used motor vehicles (12.8 percent), particularly those for used cars and trucks (30.1 percent) which had the largest 12-month increase since the index was first published in 1978. Prices also increased for shelter (1.8 percent), among others, while recreation declined, down 2.4 percent.
Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U increased in the Middle Atlantic division, up 0.7 percent, and the New England division, up 0.3 percent.
Over the year, prices rose in the Middle Atlantic division, up 4.0 percent. The all items index also rose in the New England division (3.6 percent). (See table B.)
|Area||1-month change||12-month change|
New England Division
Middle Atlantic Division
The Consumer Price Index for June 2021 is scheduled to be released Tuesday, July 13, 2021, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).
Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in May was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.
While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.
The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.
The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.
In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.
The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.
Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
|Expenditure category||Indexes||Percent change from|
All items (December 1977 = 100)
Food and beverages
Food at home
Cereals and bakery products
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs
Dairy and related products
Fruits and vegetables
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials
Other food at home
Food away from home
Rent of primary residence
Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)
Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)
Fuels and utilities
Utility (piped) gas service
Household furnishings and operations
New and used motor vehicles(2)
Used cars and trucks
Gasoline (all types)
Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)
Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)
Motor vehicle insurance(5)
Medical care commodities
Medical care services
Education and communication(2)
Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)
Other goods and services
Commodity and service group
Commodities less food and beverages
Nondurables less food and beverages
Special aggregate indexes
All items less shelter
All items less medical care
Commodities less food
Nondurables less food
Services less rent of shelter(1)
Services less medical care services
All items less energy
All items less food and energy
Last Modified Date: Thursday, June 10, 2021