Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

22-71-PHI
Wednesday, January 12, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – December 2021

Area prices were up 0.2 percent over the past month, up 5.9 percent from a year ago

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast rose 0.2 percent in December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Alexandra Hall Bovee noted that this was below the identical 0.6 percent increases in October and November. Three-quarters of the December increase was due to the all items less food and energy index, also up 0.2 percent. The food index also increased over the month while the energy index declined. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 5.9 percent, about the same as in November (6.0 percent) which was the highest such rise in over 30 years. (See chart 1 and table A.) The all items less food and energy index was mostly responsible for the over-the-year increase, up 4.3 percent – the highest 12-month change since June 1992. The energy index moderated somewhat as the 28.0 percent over-the-year increase was down from a record 32.5 percent jump in November. The food index advanced 5.5 percent over-the-year, slightly below the 5.8 percent rate in November. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.5 percent for the month of December. Both main components of the overall food index moderated over the month; prices for food at home increased 0.5 percent and prices for food away from home advanced 0.4 percent. Within food at home, the overall increase was led by increasing prices for nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials, up 1.8 percent; fruits and vegetables rose 1.0 percent and the other food at home category, up 0.8 percent. Lower prices for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs were largely due to declines for uncooked beef roasts (-3.4 percent) and ham (-5.7 percent); the 0.6 percent decline in meats, poultry, fish, and eggs was the first monthly drop since February.

From December 2020 to December 2021, the food index increased 5.5 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 4.9 percent since a year ago and prices for food away from home increased 6.3 percent, each less than the 12-month changes reported for November. The food at home increase was led by an 8.9 percent rise in the meats, poultry, fish, and eggs index which also moderated after posting a 10.5 percent increase in November.

Energy

The energy index inched down 0.2 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-0.8 percent). Prices for electricity decreased 0.3 percent and fuel oil dropped 2.7 percent for the same period, while prices for utility (piped) gas service advanced 2.6 percent.

Energy prices were up 28.0 percent over the year led by higher prices for gasoline (50.3 percent). Although all of the energy components were up over the year, the rate of increase moderated for all but utility (piped) gas service (up 21.0 percent over the year compared with 19.6 percent the previous month). Prices paid for fuel oil were up 40.1 percent and the electricity index advanced 4.9 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent in December. Higher prices for shelter (0.3 percent), specifically owners' equivalent rent of residences (0.4 percent), drove the increase. Prices for new and used motor vehicles (1.5 percent) rose at a somewhat slower pace than the previous two monthly increases; the rise was largely due to higher prices for used cars and trucks, up 3.5 percent, still well below the recent April through June peak when it ranged from 6.5 to 11.0 percent each month. The index for household furnishings and operations (0.8 percent) also contributed to the overall increase for the all items less food and energy index. Some categories did decline over the month; apparel (-1.4 percent) declined as it has every December since the index began in 1987 though over the last 10 years, that drop averaged about 3.6 percent. Recreation prices also declined, down 0.5 percent.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 4.3 percent. The annual increase in the index for new and used motor vehicles (21.7 percent) was the highest since that series began in 1998 and was led by increases in used cars and trucks (38.6 percent – the largest since July’s 42.4 percent increase) and new vehicles (11.9 percent). Higher prices for shelter (2.6 percent) and household furnishings and operations (7.2 percent) were also major contributing factors. 

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20172018201920202021
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.62.50.51.60.31.50.72.30.41.1

February

0.32.60.41.70.21.30.32.40.41.2

March

-0.12.20.12.00.51.7-0.21.70.62.1

April

0.31.90.42.10.41.7-0.40.80.73.3

May

0.11.70.42.50.31.50.00.60.63.9

June

0.01.50.02.60.11.60.30.81.04.6

July

-0.21.30.02.70.11.70.41.10.24.3

August

0.31.60.22.70.11.50.11.10.14.4

September

0.51.90.12.20.01.40.11.20.34.6

October

-0.11.5-0.12.3-0.11.5-0.21.10.65.4

November

0.01.6-0.41.90.11.90.11.10.66.0

December

0.11.7-0.11.7-0.11.90.21.40.25.9

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U was 0.4 percent higher in the New England division, while prices in the Middle Atlantic division rose 0.1 percent.

Over the year, prices rose in the New England division (6.2 percent). The all items index also rose in the Middle Atlantic division, up 5.8 percent. (See table B.)

Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area1-month change12-month change

Northeast

0.25.9

New England Division

0.46.2

Middle Atlantic Division

0.15.8

The Consumer Price Index for January 2022 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, February 10, 2022, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on December 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended almost entirely since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in December was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.

For each month from March 2020 to December 2021, BLS has published a summary of the impact of the pandemic on the Consumer Price Index news release and data. The impact summary for December is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/consumer-price-index-covid19-impacts-december-2021.htm. Beginning with publication of January 2022 data in February 2022, this month-specific impact summary will be discontinued. However, information related to the impact of the pandemic will continue to be available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure categoryIndexesPercent change from
Historical
data
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Dec.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021

All items

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0
288.236289.835290.4055.90.80.2

All items (December 1977 = 100)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100AA0
453.884456.401457.299   

Food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF
287.264289.111290.3715.21.10.4

Food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF1
288.670290.628292.0195.51.20.5

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF11
270.004271.905273.3844.91.30.5

Cereals and bakery products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF111
318.587320.295321.4794.60.90.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF112
288.273292.763291.1348.91.0-0.6

Dairy and related products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEFJ
242.796243.174244.9072.60.90.7

Fruits and vegetables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF113
326.494328.379331.7441.31.61.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF114
186.416185.026188.3265.61.01.8

Other food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF115
238.065240.325242.1294.71.70.8

Food away from home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEFV
320.371322.436323.7046.31.00.4

Alcoholic beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF116
267.533267.862267.3260.4-0.1-0.2

Housing

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH
304.637305.642306.7914.00.70.4

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH1
374.986375.838377.1052.60.60.3

Rent of primary residence

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHA
376.831377.717378.8971.70.50.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHC
388.619389.840391.3842.40.70.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHC01
388.285389.499391.0312.40.70.4

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH2
252.666254.892255.41711.71.10.2

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH21
223.704226.036226.53513.41.30.2

Energy services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF
219.600221.169222.74210.01.40.7

Electricity

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF01
219.185217.753217.2064.9-0.9-0.3

Utility (piped) gas service

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF02
203.917211.101216.60921.06.22.6

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH3
131.833132.557133.6587.21.40.8

Apparel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAA
128.269124.885123.1055.9-4.0-1.4

Transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAT
233.253238.185238.55719.52.30.2

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAT1
232.151236.811237.99122.62.50.5

New and used motor vehicles(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA
116.325118.611120.42621.73.51.5

New vehicles

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA01
159.984163.240163.15311.92.0-0.1

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS4501A
110.971113.168113.10412.01.9-0.1

New cars(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS45011
149.375154.044153.90113.43.0-0.1

Used cars and trucks

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA02
205.923211.265218.64638.66.23.5

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETB
283.299294.222291.99150.13.1-0.8

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETB01
282.237293.146290.90450.33.1-0.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47014
279.880290.834288.44451.83.1-0.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47015
297.383308.390307.34243.83.3-0.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47016
286.894297.120295.79140.43.1-0.4

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETE
619.073617.093609.7672.6-1.5-1.2

Medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM
550.296552.929553.6121.60.60.1

Medical care commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM1
385.545384.047380.624-0.2-1.3-0.9

Medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM2
598.512602.428604.4002.01.00.3

Professional services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEMC
420.936423.630424.0714.10.70.1

Recreation(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAR
132.516133.629132.9093.00.3-0.5

Education and communication(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAE
152.601152.713152.5152.7-0.1-0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEEB
1,343.9861,343.7021,342.3432.4-0.1-0.1

Other goods and services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAG
536.030533.916536.6413.60.10.5

Commodity and service group

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAC
210.785212.633213.21311.41.20.3

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SACL11
169.286171.042171.31716.11.20.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SANL11
212.853213.972212.55515.7-0.1-0.7

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAD
118.513120.481121.87016.72.81.2

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAS
362.587363.950364.5123.10.50.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L2
258.384260.254260.5797.70.80.1

All items less medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L5
276.703278.257278.8236.30.80.2

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SACL1
173.006174.735174.98915.41.10.1

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAN
249.728251.204251.0739.60.5-0.1

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SANL1
216.030217.102215.73814.4-0.1-0.6

Services less rent of shelter(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SASL2RS
361.520363.435363.2553.50.50.0

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SASL5
346.333347.519347.9853.20.50.1

Energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0E
247.925253.737253.13028.02.1-0.2

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0LE
295.580296.816297.5004.50.60.2

All items less food and energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L1E
298.688299.803300.3674.30.60.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 12, 2022