Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

Tuesday, June 13, 2023

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:

Average Energy Prices, Baltimore-Columbia-Towson – May 2023

Gasoline prices averaged $3.527 a gallon in the Baltimore-Columbia-Towson area in May 2023, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Alexandra Hall Bovee noted that area gasoline prices were down 22.3 percent compared to last May when they averaged $4.542 per gallon. Baltimore area households paid an average of 17.5 cents per kilowatt hour (kWh) of electricity in May 2023, up 15.9 percent from May 2022. The average cost of utility (piped) gas at $1.459 per therm in May 2023 was up from $1.783 per therm a year earlier. (Data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year-analysis is used throughout.)

At $3.527 a gallon, costs for gasoline in the Baltimore area were 7.0 percent below the national average of $3.794 a gallon in May 2023. The prior four years in May, prices for a gallon of gasoline in Baltimore have ranged from 5.6 percent to 3.3 percent below the U.S. average. (See chart 1 and table 1.)    

The 17.5 cents per kWh that Baltimore households paid for electricity in May 2023 was 6.1 percent higher than the nationwide average cost of 16.5 cents per kWh. Last May, electricity costs in Baltimore were 1.9 percent lower than the nation. Over the prior three years in May, prices for electricity in Baltimore have been below the U.S. average by 6.4 percent or less. (See chart 2.)

Prices paid by Baltimore area consumers for utility (piped) gas, commonly referred to as natural gas, were $1.459 per therm in May 2023, 5.3 percent above the national average of $1.385 per therm. Utility (piped) gas prices in the Baltimore area the past four years in May have ranged from 2.2 percent to 31.8 percent above the U.S. average. (See chart 3.)

The Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD Core Based Statistical Area includes Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Harford, Howard, and Queen Anne’s Counties and Baltimore City in Maryland.

The Consumer Price Index for June 2023 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 12, 2023, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Technical Note

Average prices are estimated from Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for selected commodity series to support the research and analytic needs of CPI data users. Average prices for electricity, utility (piped) gas, and gasoline are published monthly for the U.S. city average, the 4 regions, the 3 population size classes, 10 region/size-class cross-classifications, and the 14 largest local index areas. For electricity, average prices per kilowatt-hour (kWh) are published. For utility (piped) gas, average prices per therm are published. For gasoline, the average price per gallon is published. Average prices for commonly available grades of gasoline are published as well as the average price across all grades.

All eligible prices are converted to a price per normalized quantity. These prices are then used to estimate a price for a defined fixed quantity. The average price per kilowatt-hour represents the total bill divided by the kilowatt-hour usage. The total bill is the sum of all items applicable to all consumers appearing on an electricity bill including, but not limited to, variable rates per kWh, fixed costs, taxes, surcharges, and credits. This calculation also applies to the average price per therm for utility (piped) gas.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Average prices for gasoline, electricity, and utility (piped) gas, the United States and Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD, May 2022–May 2023, not seasonally adjusted
Year and monthGasoline per gallonElectricity per kWhUtility (piped) gas per therm
United StatesBaltimore areaUnited StatesBaltimore areaUnited StatesBaltimore area






























Last Modified Date: Tuesday, June 13, 2023