News Release Information

16-2352-PHI
Thursday, December 15, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – November 2016

Regional prices unchanged over the month and up 1.6 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast was unchanged in November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that a 1.4-percent increase in the energy index was offset by a 0.1-percent decrease in the all items less food and energy index and a 0.2-percent decline in the food index over the month. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 1.6 percent, due almost entirely to a 1.8-percent advance in the all items less food and energy index. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index also increased, up 1.7 percent, while the food index inched down 0.1 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index edged down 0.2 percent since October. Prices for food at home declined 0.5 percent, while prices for food away from home inched up 0.1 percent over the month. 

From November 2015 to November 2016, the food index declined 0.1 percent, as a 2.0-percent decrease in prices for food at home was nearly offset by a 2.7-percent increase in those for food away from home.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, increased 1.4 percent since October, led by a 2.5-percent rise in gasoline prices. Prices for utility (piped) gas service also increased over the month, up 4.2 percent, while electricity prices declined 0.4 percent. 

The energy index increased 1.7 percent since November 2015, led by a 4.3-percent increase in gasoline prices. Prices for utility (piped) gas service also increased over the year, up 3.2 percent, while prices decreased for electricity, down 0.8 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy inched down 0.1 percent over the month, led by a seasonal decrease in apparel prices (-4.1 percent). Prices for new and used motor vehicles also decreased, down 0.9 percent over the month. These and other decreases were moderated by a 0.2-percent increase in shelter prices.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.8 percent since November 2015, led by higher prices for shelter (3.1 percent). Prices were also higher over the year for several categories including medical care (3.5 percent).

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.4 2.9 0.3 1.8 0.6 1.5 -0.2 -0.4 0.0 0.7

February

0.4 2.8 0.6 2.0 0.1 1.0 0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.7

March

0.5 2.5 0.0 1.5 0.5 1.5 0.3 -0.4 0.2 0.6

April

0.3 2.3 -0.1 1.1 0.0 1.6 0.1 -0.3 0.6 1.0

May

-0.1 1.7 0.0 1.2 0.4 2.0 0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.9

June

-0.2 1.5 0.1 1.5 0.0 1.9 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.7

July

-0.1 1.1 0.2 1.8 0.1 1.8 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.8

August

0.5 1.3 0.2 1.5 -0.3 1.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 1.0

September

0.5 1.7 0.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 0.0 -0.1 0.2 1.3

October

0.1 1.9 -0.4 0.7 -0.2 1.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 1.6

November

-0.2 1.8 0.1 1.0 -0.4 0.9 0.0 0.3 0.0 1.6

December

-0.3 1.8 0.0 1.3 -0.5 0.4 -0.4 0.5    

The Consumer Price Index for December 2016 is scheduled to be released Wednesday, January 18, 2017, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
 
Historical
data
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016

All items

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0
256.085 256.605 256.541 1.6 0.2 0.0

All items (December 1977 = 100)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100AA0
403.256 404.075 403.973      
 

Food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF
252.703 252.757 252.154 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF1
252.651 252.692 252.075 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF11
244.649 244.455 243.192 -2.0 -0.6 -0.5

Food away from home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEFV
267.880 268.284 268.657 2.7 0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF116
252.193 252.416 251.988 1.2 -0.1 -0.2
 

Housing

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH
270.956 271.486 271.939 2.3 0.4 0.2

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH1
336.165 337.408 338.115 3.1 0.6 0.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHA
336.255 337.863 338.469 2.7 0.7 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHC
347.977 349.352 350.317 3.1 0.7 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHC01
347.698 349.062 350.027 3.1 0.7 0.3

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH2
209.038 207.521 208.707 0.6 -0.2 0.6

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH21
184.037 182.415 183.514 0.1 -0.3 0.6

Energy services(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF
186.718 183.315 184.805 0.3 -1.0 0.8

Electricity(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF01
198.193 193.371 192.593 -0.8 -2.8 -0.4

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF02
149.177 149.029 155.236 3.2 4.1 4.2

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH3
120.761 120.438 119.519 -2.9 -1.0 -0.8
 

Apparel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAA
136.636 137.452 131.786 0.8 -3.5 -4.1
 

Transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAT
194.673 195.764 196.399 0.6 0.9 0.3

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAT1
186.546 187.453 188.061 1.1 0.8 0.3

New and used motor vehicles(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA
96.364 96.303 95.391 -1.9 -1.0 -0.9

New vehicles

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA01
145.498 146.020 145.323 -0.1 -0.1 -0.5

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS4501A
100.799 101.159 100.677 -0.1 -0.1 -0.5

New cars(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS45011
136.312 137.127 136.450 -0.6 0.1 -0.5

Used cars and trucks

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA02
149.137 146.400 144.118 -3.9 -3.4 -1.6

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETB
186.738 190.178 194.889 4.3 4.4 2.5

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETB01
185.974 189.394 194.119 4.3 4.4 2.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47014
183.112 186.638 191.318 4.5 4.5 2.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47015
201.184 203.945 208.414 3.8 3.6 2.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47016
198.018 200.670 205.602 3.5 3.8 2.5
 

Medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM
488.584 488.866 488.452 3.5 0.0 -0.1

Medical care commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM1
391.669 391.216 388.107 4.5 -0.9 -0.8

Medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM2
515.694 516.222 516.733 3.2 0.2 0.1

Professional services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEMC
373.646 372.793 373.255 1.6 -0.1 0.1
 

Recreation(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAR
121.237 121.178 121.568 0.9 0.3 0.3
 

Education and communication(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAE
142.021 142.152 142.221 0.5 0.1 0.0
 

Other goods and services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAG
467.312 468.052 468.986 2.8 0.4 0.2
 

Commodity and service group

 

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAC
185.596 185.898 184.812 -0.2 -0.4 -0.6

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SACL11
149.063 149.451 148.224 -0.4 -0.6 -0.8

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SANL11
188.047 189.667 188.250 1.7 0.1 -0.7

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAD
104.437 103.829 102.868 -3.1 -1.5 -0.9

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAS
324.190 324.914 325.751 2.5 0.5 0.3
 

Special aggregate indexes

 

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L2
228.569 228.826 228.477 0.8 0.0 -0.2

All items less medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L5
245.872 246.403 246.354 1.4 0.2 0.0

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SACL1
152.782 153.167 151.956 -0.3 -0.5 -0.8

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAN
220.237 221.134 220.088 0.8 -0.1 -0.5

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SANL1
191.794 193.330 191.973 1.7 0.1 -0.7

Services less rent of shelter(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SASL2RS
322.581 322.767 323.772 1.8 0.4 0.3

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SASL5
310.978 311.713 312.570 2.4 0.5 0.3

Energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0E
185.329 185.717 188.253 1.7 1.6 1.4

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0LE
265.904 266.443 266.115 1.6 0.1 -0.1

All items less food and energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L1E
269.946 270.572 270.290 1.8 0.1 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 15, 2016