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19-658-PHI
Wednesday, April 10, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – March 2019

Regional prices increased 0.5 percent over the month; up 1.7 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast rose 0.5 percent in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that this was due largely to a 0.3-percent increase in the all items less food and energy index. The energy index and food index also increased over the month, up 2.6 and 0.4 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 1.7 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The all items less food and energy index led the advance, rising 1.9 percent. The food index also rose, up 2.1 percent since March 2018, while the energy index declined 0.9 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index increased 0.4 percent since February as prices were higher for both food at home (0.5 percent) and food away from home (0.3 percent).

From March 2018 to March 2019, the food index increased 2.1 percent. Prices for both food away from home and food at home increased over the year, up 3.0 and 1.4 percent, respectively.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, increased 2.6 percent in March. Gasoline prices rose 6.4 percent since February. Prices were also higher for utility (piped) gas service (0.1 percent), while prices declined for electricity service (-0.3 percent).

The energy index decreased 0.9 percent since March 2018. The decline reflected lower prices for gasoline, down 2.1 percent. Utility (piped) gas service prices also decreased (-0.3 percent) over the year, while electricity prices inched up 0.1 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.3 percent over the month. Prices were higher for shelter (0.4 percent) and medical care (0.9 percent), among others.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.9 percent since March 2018, led by higher prices for shelter, up 2.5 percent. Prices also rose over the year for medical care (2.8 percent) and education and communication (2.2 percent), among others.

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.2 -0.4 0.0 0.7 0.6 2.5 0.5 1.6 0.3 1.5

February

0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.7 0.3 2.6 0.4 1.7 0.2 1.3

March

0.3 -0.4 0.2 0.6 -0.1 2.2 0.1 2.0 0.5 1.7

April

0.1 -0.3 0.6 1.0 0.3 1.9 0.4 2.1

May

0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.9 0.1 1.7 0.4 2.5

June

0.3 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.0 1.5 0.0 2.6

July

-0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.8 -0.2 1.3 0.0 2.7

August

-0.2 -0.1 0.1 1.0 0.3 1.6 0.2 2.7

September

0.0 -0.1 0.2 1.3 0.5 1.9 0.1 2.2

October

-0.2 -0.1 0.2 1.6 -0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.3

November

0.0 0.3 0.0 1.6 0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.9

December

-0.4 0.5 0.0 1.9 0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.7

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U rose 0.9 percent in the New England division and 0.4 percent in the Middle Atlantic division.

Over the year, the all items index advanced 2.1 percent in the New England division. (See table B.) Prices also rose in the Middle Atlantic division, up 1.5 percent.

 Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area 1-month change 12-month change

Northeast

0.5 1.7

New England Division

0.9 2.1

Middle Atlantic Division

0.4 1.5

The Consumer Price Index for April 2019 is scheduled to be released Friday, May 10, 2019, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019

All items

266.109 266.706 268.025 1.7 0.7 0.5

All items (December 1977 = 100)

419.040 419.981 422.058      

Food and beverages

262.254 262.304 263.215 2.0 0.4 0.3

Food

262.757 262.792 263.847 2.1 0.4 0.4

Food at home

250.946 250.641 251.944 1.4 0.4 0.5

Cereals and bakery products

296.536 296.997 299.328 1.8 0.9 0.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

252.542 250.074 251.915 -0.2 -0.2 0.7

Dairy and related products

229.934 226.344 225.171 -0.2 -2.1 -0.5

Fruits and vegetables

317.510 317.052 322.627 4.0 1.6 1.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

176.152 176.845 174.643 0.7 -0.9 -1.2

Other food at home

222.401 224.535 225.782 1.8 1.5 0.6

Food away from home

283.866 284.393 285.104 3.0 0.4 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

254.697 254.936 254.083 0.3 -0.2 -0.3

Housing

286.006 286.342 287.121 2.2 0.4 0.3

Shelter

354.236 354.639 355.912 2.5 0.5 0.4

Rent of primary residence

356.335 357.009 357.883 2.5 0.4 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

366.621 367.145 367.684 2.5 0.3 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

366.325 366.857 367.393 2.5 0.3 0.1

Fuels and utilities

231.293 232.067 232.085 0.4 0.3 0.0

Household energy

205.230 205.890 205.762 -0.1 0.3 -0.1

Energy services

203.244 203.254 202.903 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Electricity

202.479 206.023 205.339 0.1 1.4 -0.3

Utility (piped) gas service

188.706 182.939 183.159 -0.3 -2.9 0.1

Household furnishings and operations

121.577 121.406 121.147 1.4 -0.4 -0.2

Apparel

126.648 129.882 130.492 -0.3 3.0 0.5

Transportation

200.914 201.759 204.648 -0.2 1.9 1.4

Private transportation

193.595 194.061 197.213 -0.1 1.9 1.6

New and used motor vehicles(2)

96.598 96.730 96.759 -0.1 0.2 0.0

New vehicles

144.093 145.594 144.836 -0.4 0.5 -0.5

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

99.883 100.901 100.376 -0.4 0.5 -0.5

New cars(3)

132.910 134.393 133.757 -0.4 0.6 -0.5

Used cars and trucks

144.452 145.124 146.118 0.3 1.2 0.7

Motor fuel

206.413 207.184 220.378 -2.0 6.8 6.4

Gasoline (all types)

205.140 205.908 219.146 -2.1 6.8 6.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

202.043 202.865 216.378 -2.2 7.1 6.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

222.149 222.237 233.775 -1.4 5.2 5.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

218.398 218.805 229.423 -1.1 5.0 4.9

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

622.423 623.964 623.412 0.5 0.2 -0.1

Medical care

512.667 513.713 518.479 2.8 1.1 0.9

Medical care commodities

392.591 392.718 404.465 3.6 3.0 3.0

Medical care services

547.184 548.506 551.106 2.7 0.7 0.5

Professional services

385.347 385.907 386.581 1.7 0.3 0.2

Recreation(2)

124.676 124.988 125.130 1.0 0.4 0.1

Education and communication(2)

142.389 142.359 142.681 2.2 0.2 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,249.035 1,252.490 1,252.800 3.5 0.3 0.0

Other goods and services

492.072 493.249 494.119 1.5 0.4 0.2

Commodity and service group

Commodities

188.382 189.028 190.905 0.7 1.3 1.0

Commodities less food and beverages

149.030 149.871 152.017 -0.2 2.0 1.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

190.795 192.427 197.082 0.1 3.3 2.4

Durables

102.241 102.388 102.383 -0.6 0.1 0.0

Services

340.839 341.407 342.262 2.2 0.4 0.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

235.698 236.372 237.720 1.2 0.9 0.6

All items less medical care

255.270 255.848 257.011 1.6 0.7 0.5

Commodities less food

152.822 153.650 155.720 -0.2 1.9 1.3

Nondurables

226.147 227.067 230.047 1.1 1.7 1.3

Nondurables less food

194.529 196.077 200.399 0.1 3.0 2.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

338.113 338.878 339.303 1.8 0.4 0.1

Services less medical care services

326.617 327.132 327.868 2.2 0.4 0.2

Energy

205.512 206.219 211.657 -0.9 3.0 2.6

All items less energy

275.035 275.627 276.524 1.9 0.5 0.3

All items less food and energy

278.975 279.662 280.539 1.9 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, April 10, 2019