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17-1410-PHI
Friday, October 13, 2017

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Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – September 2017

Regional prices up 0.5 percent over the month and 1.9 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast advanced 0.5 percent in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that the recent increase was mostly due to a 5.6-percent increase in the energy index. The all items less food and energy index also increased, up 0.2 percent over the month, while the food index inched down 0.1 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 1.9 percent, due to advances in the energy index and all items less food and energy index, up 13.3 and 1.1 percent, respectively. (See chart 1 and table A.) The food index also increased, up 1.1 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index inched down 0.1 percent since August. Prices for food at home decreased 0.3 percent, while prices for food away from home edged up 0.2 percent.

From September 2016 to September 2017, the food index increased 1.1 percent, as prices for food away from home increased 2.2 percent and prices for food at home rose 0.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, increased 5.6 percent since August, reflecting a 12.5-percent rise in gasoline prices. Lower prices for utility (piped) gas service moderated the increase over the month, decreasing 0.5 percent, while prices for electricity were unchanged.

The energy index advanced 13.3 percent since September 2016. The increase was mostly due to a 25.8-percent rise in gasoline prices. Prices also increased over the year for utility (piped) gas service (7.8 percent) and electricity (2.2 percent).

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent over the month. Price increases for categories including apparel (4.1 percent) and education and communication (0.6 percent), among others, contributed to the rise.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.1 percent since September 2016, led by higher prices for shelter (2.0 percent). Prices were also higher over the year for several other categories including recreation (2.6 percent) and medical care (1.6 percent). Meanwhile, prices were lower for new and used motor vehicles (-2.3 percent) and education and communication (-1.5 percent).

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.3 1.8 0.6 1.5 -0.2 -0.4 0.0 0.7 0.6 2.5

February

0.6 2.0 0.1 1.0 0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.7 0.3 2.6

March

0.0 1.5 0.5 1.5 0.3 -0.4 0.2 0.6 -0.1 2.2

April

-0.1 1.1 0.0 1.6 0.1 -0.3 0.6 1.0 0.3 1.9

May

0.0 1.2 0.4 2.0 0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.9 0.1 1.7

June

0.1 1.5 0.0 1.9 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.0 1.5

July

0.2 1.8 0.1 1.8 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.8 -0.2 1.3

August

0.2 1.5 -0.3 1.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 1.0 0.3 1.6

September

0.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 0.0 -0.1 0.2 1.3 0.5 1.9

October

-0.4 0.7 -0.2 1.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 1.6    

November

0.1 1.0 -0.4 0.9 0.0 0.3 0.0 1.6    

December

0.0 1.3 -0.5 0.4 -0.4 0.5 0.0 1.9    

The Consumer Price Index for October 2017 is scheduled to be released Wednesday, November 15, 2017, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
 
Historical
data
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017
Sep.
2017
Sep.
2016
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017

All items

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0
258.833 259.508 260.875 1.9 0.8 0.5

All items (December 1977 = 100)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100AA0
407.582 408.647 410.799      
 

Food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF
255.795 255.542 255.434 1.1 -0.1 0.0

Food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF1
255.978 255.701 255.539 1.1 -0.2 -0.1

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF11
246.937 246.165 245.539 0.4 -0.6 -0.3

Food away from home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEFV
272.847 273.329 273.880 2.2 0.4 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF116
252.242 252.291 252.882 0.3 0.3 0.2
 

Housing

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH
275.436 276.330 276.269 2.0 0.3 0.0

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH1
341.308 343.129 342.873 2.0 0.5 -0.1

Rent of primary residence(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHA
342.804 344.403 344.669 2.5 0.5 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHC
352.508 353.634 354.088 1.8 0.4 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHC01
352.248 353.382 353.839 1.8 0.5 0.1

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH2
218.125 217.229 218.548 4.5 0.2 0.6

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH21
192.907 191.943 193.353 5.1 0.2 0.7

Energy services(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF
195.706 193.794 193.496 3.6 -1.1 -0.2

Electricity(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF01
204.470 202.525 202.494 2.2 -1.0 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF02
163.292 161.586 160.742 7.8 -1.6 -0.5

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH3
119.970 119.127 118.693 -1.7 -1.1 -0.4
 

Apparel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAA
126.370 130.769 136.152 -0.4 7.7 4.1
 

Transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAT
198.724 199.211 203.650 4.6 2.5 2.2

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAT1
190.125 191.503 196.104 5.1 3.1 2.4

New and used motor vehicles(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA
95.413 95.120 94.144 -2.3 -1.3 -1.0

New vehicles

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA01
143.794 143.595 142.569 -2.0 -0.9 -0.7

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS4501A
99.601 99.458 98.759 -2.0 -0.8 -0.7

New cars(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS45011
133.605 133.556 132.211 -3.0 -1.0 -1.0

Used cars and trucks

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA02
145.077 144.782 142.316 -4.6 -1.9 -1.7

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETB
201.924 208.871 234.782 25.7 16.3 12.4

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETB01
201.099 208.022 233.951 25.8 16.3 12.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47014
198.383 205.490 231.925 26.7 16.9 12.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47015
215.216 220.988 244.451 21.5 13.6 10.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47016
211.711 217.035 238.567 20.5 12.7 9.9
 

Medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM
494.618 495.072 496.216 1.6 0.3 0.2

Medical care commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM1
387.515 387.268 385.863 -1.5 -0.4 -0.4

Medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM2
525.130 525.819 527.818 2.4 0.5 0.4

Professional services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEMC
377.289 376.998 377.722 1.1 0.1 0.2
 

Recreation(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAR
124.085 124.053 124.367 2.6 0.2 0.3
 

Education and communication(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAE
139.069 139.020 139.831 -1.5 0.5 0.6
 

Other goods and services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAG
477.991 476.618 478.584 2.4 0.1 0.4
 

Commodity and service group

 

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAC
185.464 186.303 188.841 1.7 1.8 1.4

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SACL11
147.631 148.870 152.354 2.2 3.2 2.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SANL11
187.588 190.785 199.155 5.9 6.2 4.4

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAD
102.386 101.984 101.334 -3.0 -1.0 -0.6

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAS
329.545 330.092 330.453 1.9 0.3 0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes

 

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L2
230.455 230.714 232.689 1.8 1.0 0.9

All items less medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L5
248.474 249.161 250.538 1.9 0.8 0.6

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SACL1
151.384 152.596 156.015 2.1 3.1 2.2

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAN
221.448 223.047 227.497 3.3 2.7 2.0

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SANL1
191.365 194.374 202.279 5.5 5.7 4.1

Services less rent of shelter(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SASL2RS
328.325 327.524 328.554 1.9 0.1 0.3

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SASL5
316.055 316.592 316.845 1.9 0.2 0.1

Energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0E
196.720 198.899 210.049 13.3 6.8 5.6

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0LE
267.808 268.339 268.732 1.1 0.3 0.1

All items less food and energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L1E
271.623 272.293 272.782 1.1 0.4 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, October 13, 2017