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News Release Information

21-266-PHI
Wednesday, February 10, 2021

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Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – January 2021

Regional prices up 0.4 percent over the month; up 1.1 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast increased 0.4 percent in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Acting Regional Commissioner Frank Waligorski noted that the recent increase reflected a rise in the energy index (4.0 percent) and the all items less food and energy index (0.2 percent) since December. The food index also increased over the month, up 0.2 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 1.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) This reflected an advance in the all items less food and energy index, up 1.1 percent. The food index also rose, up 3.5 percent, while the energy index fell 3.3 percent since January 2020. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index edged up 0.2 percent since December. Prices were higher for both food away from home and food at home, up 0.4 and 0.1 percent, respectively.

From January 2020 to January 2021, the food index increased 3.5 percent. Prices for food away from home increased over the year, up 4.3 percent; those for food at home also rose, up 2.9 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, rose 4.0 percent in January, led by a 7.0-percent advance in gasoline prices. Prices were also higher for electricity (1.6 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (1.1 percent) over the month.

The energy index fell 3.3 percent since January 2020. The decrease reflected a drop in prices for gasoline (-7.5 percent). Prices for electricity and for utility (piped) gas service rose over the year, up 2.4 and 2.2 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent over the month. Price increases for apparel (6.4 percent), medical care (0.5 percent), and household furnishings and operations (0.6 percent) were moderated by lower prices for recreation (-0.9 percent) and other goods and services (-0.8 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.1 percent since January 2020, led by higher prices for shelter (1.3 percent), particularly those for owners’ equivalent rent of residences (1.8 percent). Prices also increased for used cars and trucks (9.9 percent) over the year.

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.6 2.5 0.5 1.6 0.3 1.5 0.7 2.3 0.4 1.1

February

0.3 2.6 0.4 1.7 0.2 1.3 0.3 2.4

March

-0.1 2.2 0.1 2.0 0.5 1.7 -02 1.7

April

0.3 1.9 0.4 2.1 0.4 1.7 -0.4 0.8

May

0.1 1.7 0.4 2.5 0.3 1.5 0.0 0.6

June

0.0 1.5 0.0 2.6 0.1 1.6 0.3 0.8

July

-0.2 1.3 0.0 2.7 0.1 1.7 0.4 1.1

August

0.3 1.6 0.2 2.7 0.1 1.5 0.1 1.1

September

0.5 1.9 0.1 2.2 0.0 1.4 0.1 1.2

October

-0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.3 -0.1 1.5 -0.2 1.1

November

0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.9 0.1 1.9 0.1 1.1

December

0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.9 0.2 1.4

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U increased in the New England division, up 0.5 percent, and the Middle Atlantic division, up 0.4 percent.

Over the year, prices rose in the Middle Atlantic division, up 1.3 percent. The all items index also rose in the New England division (0.6 percent). (See table B.)

 Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area 1-month change 12-month change

Northeast

0.4 1.1

New England Division

0.5 0.6

Middle Atlantic Division

0.4 1.3

The Consumer Price Index for February 2021 is scheduled to be released Wednesday, March 10, 2021, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on January 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in January was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2020
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020

All items

273.543 274.225 275.427 1.1 0.7 0.4

All items (December 1977 = 100)

430.747 431.820 433.714      

Food and beverages

274.106 276.114 276.544 3.5 0.9 0.2

Food

274.706 276.795 277.329 3.5 1.0 0.2

Food at home

258.979 260.581 260.725 2.9 0.7 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

304.567 307.198 305.756 1.6 0.4 -0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

264.874 267.244 266.652 4.5 0.7 -0.2

Dairy and related products

237.381 238.650 241.290 2.6 1.6 1.1

Fruits and vegetables

326.677 327.624 327.414 3.4 0.2 -0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

176.107 178.328 180.068 1.8 2.2 1.0

Other food at home

230.672 231.179 230.810 2.2 0.1 -0.2

Food away from home

301.705 304.570 305.716 4.3 1.3 0.4

Alcoholic beverages

265.376 266.296 265.307 3.1 0.0 -0.4

Housing

293.678 294.992 295.732 1.5 0.7 0.3

Shelter

367.346 367.393 367.500 1.3 0.0 0.0

Rent of primary residence

372.793 372.690 372.819 1.5 0.0 0.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

382.354 382.169 382.489 1.8 0.0 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

382.014 381.840 382.164 1.8 0.0 0.1

Fuels and utilities

223.098 228.635 232.598 0.6 4.3 1.7

Household energy

194.052 199.844 203.821 -0.1 5.0 2.0

Energy services

198.393 202.564 205.451 2.4 3.6 1.4

Electricity

202.066 206.963 210.217 2.4 4.0 1.6

Utility (piped) gas service

176.489 178.959 180.929 2.2 2.5 1.1

Household furnishings and operations

122.361 124.738 125.433 4.5 2.5 0.6

Apparel

118.008 116.236 123.651 -0.5 4.8 6.4

Transportation

199.860 199.557 201.972 -1.8 1.1 1.2

Private transportation

193.422 194.078 197.348 -0.2 2.0 1.7

New and used motor vehicles(2)

99.684 98.922 98.971 3.7 -0.7 0.0

New vehicles

144.085 145.750 146.504 1.3 1.7 0.5

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

99.839 100.998 101.528 1.3 1.7 0.5

New cars(3)

134.498 135.738 136.581 1.7 1.5 0.6

Used cars and trucks

159.067 157.746 156.320 9.9 -1.7 -0.9

Motor fuel

187.602 194.536 208.047 -7.6 10.9 6.9

Gasoline (all types)

186.622 193.555 207.088 -7.5 11.0 7.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

182.960 190.000 203.807 -7.8 11.4 7.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

207.237 213.683 225.269 -6.1 8.7 5.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

204.989 210.700 221.546 -5.6 8.1 5.1

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

592.578 594.559 597.820 -5.1 0.9 0.5

Medical care

546.128 544.695 547.280 0.9 0.2 0.5

Medical care commodities

382.544 381.360 379.575 -4.2 -0.8 -0.5

Medical care services

594.004 592.502 596.446 2.0 0.4 0.7

Professional services

407.942 407.468 414.716 4.4 1.7 1.8

Recreation(2)

129.333 129.070 127.887 0.5 -1.1 -0.9

Education and communication(2)

148.692 148.572 148.860 1.2 0.1 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,310.250 1,310.454 1,311.106 1.3 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

510.586 518.064 513.920 1.4 0.7 -0.8

Commodity and service group

Commodities

189.784 191.377 193.696 1.3 2.1 1.2

Commodities less food and beverages

146.166 147.512 150.477 -0.2 2.9 2.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

182.728 183.736 190.216 -3.1 4.1 3.5

Durables

103.044 104.450 104.661 3.7 1.6 0.2

Services

353.904 353.715 353.853 1.0 0.0 0.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

241.130 242.040 243.636 1.1 1.0 0.7

All items less medical care

261.522 262.300 263.441 1.2 0.7 0.4

Commodities less food

150.309 151.652 154.529 0.0 2.8 1.9

Nondurables

227.662 229.158 232.745 0.6 2.2 1.6

Nondurables less food

187.579 188.581 194.615 -2.6 3.8 3.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

351.503 351.056 351.242 0.8 -0.1 0.1

Services less medical care services

337.361 337.263 337.139 0.9 -0.1 0.0

Energy

191.517 197.774 205.613 -3.3 7.4 4.0

All items less energy

284.498 284.681 285.295 1.4 0.3 0.2

All items less food and energy

288.047 287.893 288.524 1.1 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, February 10, 2021