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News Release Information

21-1670-PHI
Tuesday, September 14, 2021

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Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – August 2021

Regional prices up 0.1 percent over the month; up 4.4 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast inched up 0.1 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Alexandra Hall Bovee noted that the recent increase was due to generally modest increases in the food index and the energy index, up 0.6 and 1.1 percent, respectively. The all items less food and energy index was unchanged since July 2021; that major group, as well as the food group, showed a divide with some components increasing while others had marked declines. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U rose 4.4 percent, in line with the 4.6 increase in June. (See chart 1 and table A.) The August increase was due almost entirely to the rise in the all items less food and energy index, up 3.2 percent. The energy index and the food index also rose since August 2020, up 23.3 and 3.2 percent, respectively. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index increased 0.6 percent since July. Prices were higher for both food at home, up 0.5 percent, and food away from home, up 0.7 percent over the month, although the food at home increase showed a slowing compared with April/June while the food away from home index accelerated over the same period. Within the food at home component, prices were higher for items including uncooked ground beef, potatoes, and frozen fruits and vegetables while prices declined for the overall dairy and fruits and vegetables indexes.

From August 2020 to August 2021, the food index increased 3.2 percent. Prices for food away from home increased over the year, up 4.6 percent – the largest such increase since February 2009; those for food at home increased 2.2 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, rose 1.1 percent in August. The increase was largely due to higher prices for electricity (1.7 percent) and gasoline (1.0 percent). Prices were also higher for utility (piped) gas service (2.1 percent) over the month.

The energy index rose 23.3 percent since August 2020. The increase was due largely to a rise in prices for gasoline, up 41.2 percent, about the same as June’s 40.9 percent. Prices for electricity and utility (piped) gas service also advanced over the year, up 6.8 (the highest since early 2014) and 13.9 percent (the largest 12-month increase since February 2017), respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy was unchanged since July. Higher prices for apparel (3.6 percent) and education and communication (0.6 percent) were offset by lower prices for shelter (-0.3 percent), public transportation, and used cars and trucks (-1.3 percent) among others.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 3.2 percent since August 2020. Prices were higher for apparel (up 3.6 percent) over the year and for new and used motor vehicles (16.0 percent), particularly those for used cars and trucks (32.8 percent). Prices also increased for shelter (2.0 percent), among other categories, while medical care prices declined, down 0.5 percent.

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.6 2.5 0.5 1.6 0.3 1.5 0.7 2.3 0.4 1.1

February

0.3 2.6 0.4 1.7 0.2 1.3 0.3 2.4 0.4 1.2

March

-0.1 2.2 0.1 2.0 0.5 1.7 -02 1.7 0.6 2.1

April

0.3 1.9 0.4 2.1 0.4 1.7 -0.4 0.8 0.7 3.3

May

0.1 1.7 0.4 2.5 0.3 1.5 0.0 0.6 0.6 3.9

June

0.0 1.5 0.0 2.6 0.1 1.6 0.3 0.8 1.0 4.6

July

-0.2 1.3 0.0 2.7 0.1 1.7 0.4 1.1 0.2 4.3

August

0.3 1.6 0.2 2.7 0.1 1.5 0.1 1.1 0.1 4.4

September

0.5 1.9 0.1 2.2 0.0 1.4 0.1 1.2

October

-0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.3 -0.1 1.5 -0.2 1.1

November

0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.9 0.1 1.9 0.1 1.1

December

0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.9 0.2 1.4

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U increased in the New England division, up 0.2 percent, and the Middle Atlantic division, up 0.1 percent.

Over the year, prices rose in the Middle Atlantic division, up 4.5 percent. The all items index also rose in the New England division (4.1 percent). (See table B.)

 Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area 1-month change 12-month change

Northeast

0.1 4.4

New England Division

0.2 4.1

Middle Atlantic Division

0.1 4.5

The Consumer Price Index for September 2021 is scheduled to be released Wednesday, October 13, 2021, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on August 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in August was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Jun.
2021
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2020
Jun.
2021
Jul.
2021

All items

284.741 285.220 285.630 4.4 0.3 0.1

All items (December 1977 = 100)

448.380 449.135 449.780      

Food and beverages

280.344 281.387 282.961 3.2 0.9 0.6

Food

281.235 282.295 283.919 3.2 1.0 0.6

Food at home

264.804 265.218 266.563 2.2 0.7 0.5

Cereals and bakery products

311.423 311.674 315.297 0.8 1.2 1.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

279.493 282.667 284.185 6.4 1.7 0.5

Dairy and related products

241.121 238.850 237.133 -1.4 -1.7 -0.7

Fruits and vegetables

327.151 323.565 323.268 0.4 -1.2 -0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

180.734 180.452 182.802 2.2 1.1 1.3

Other food at home

232.778 234.659 236.327 2.0 1.5 0.7

Food away from home

309.388 311.464 313.536 4.6 1.3 0.7

Alcoholic beverages

267.640 268.452 269.351 3.1 0.6 0.3

Housing

302.584 303.139 302.869 3.2 0.1 -0.1

Shelter

375.342 376.327 375.128 2.0 -0.1 -0.3

Rent of primary residence

374.726 374.519 375.419 1.2 0.2 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

386.046 386.814 387.353 1.6 0.3 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

385.713 386.478 387.018 1.6 0.3 0.1

Fuels and utilities

240.778 239.796 242.377 10.2 0.7 1.1

Household energy

211.595 210.453 213.103 11.4 0.7 1.3

Energy services

210.822 209.217 212.975 8.9 1.0 1.8

Electricity

219.525 215.374 218.971 6.8 -0.3 1.7

Utility (piped) gas service

178.375 181.757 185.538 13.9 4.0 2.1

Household furnishings and operations

128.661 128.856 129.555 6.4 0.7 0.5

Apparel

124.080 122.306 126.770 4.3 2.2 3.6

Transportation

231.271 230.214 229.115 16.2 -0.9 -0.5

Private transportation

226.435 226.236 226.958 17.2 0.2 0.3

New and used motor vehicles(2)

116.471 115.034 114.688 16.0 -1.5 -0.3

New vehicles

151.770 152.527 154.521 6.8 1.8 1.3

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

105.221 105.721 107.112 6.9 1.8 1.3

New cars(3)

141.661 142.862 144.901 7.6 2.3 1.4

Used cars and trucks

208.303 210.163 207.501 32.8 -0.4 -1.3

Motor fuel

259.857 265.259 267.920 40.9 3.1 1.0

Gasoline (all types)

258.909 264.305 266.967 41.2 3.1 1.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

256.252 261.690 264.312 42.5 3.1 1.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

274.820 280.232 283.329 35.3 3.1 1.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

266.320 271.233 274.025 32.6 2.9 1.0

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

612.063 612.211 615.703 -0.7 0.6 0.6

Medical care

546.769 548.685 549.119 -0.5 0.4 0.1

Medical care commodities

378.829 381.269 379.075 -3.7 0.1 -0.6

Medical care services

596.012 597.750 599.010 0.2 0.5 0.2

Professional services

418.971 421.041 421.814 3.5 0.7 0.2

Recreation(2)

130.720 131.624 131.560 1.0 0.6 0.0

Education and communication(2)

150.022 150.709 151.672 1.9 1.1 0.6

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,318.737 1,322.994 1,336.247 2.4 1.3 1.0

Other goods and services

519.842 526.208 529.842 3.2 1.9 0.7

Commodity and service group

Commodities

204.080 205.055 206.479 8.3 1.2 0.7

Commodities less food and beverages

163.004 163.903 165.194 12.2 1.3 0.8

Nondurables less food and beverages

202.858 204.001 206.549 11.5 1.8 1.2

Durables

115.538 116.158 116.435 13.0 0.8 0.2

Services

362.155 362.161 361.603 2.4 -0.2 -0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

253.507 253.808 254.791 5.7 0.5 0.4

All items less medical care

273.206 273.621 274.030 4.9 0.3 0.1

Commodities less food

166.858 167.760 169.049 11.7 1.3 0.8

Nondurables

241.174 242.274 244.363 6.7 1.3 0.9

Nondurables less food

206.640 207.763 210.212 10.8 1.7 1.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

360.217 359.172 359.289 2.8 -0.3 0.0

Services less medical care services

346.043 345.929 345.246 2.6 -0.2 -0.2

Energy

231.222 232.729 235.385 23.3 1.8 1.1

All items less energy

293.243 293.635 293.846 3.2 0.2 0.1

All items less food and energy

297.241 297.517 297.478 3.2 0.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 14, 2021