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20-2135-PHI
Thursday, November 12, 2020

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Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – October 2020

Regional prices down 0.2 percent over the month; up 1.1 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast edged down 0.2 percent in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Acting Regional Commissioner Maureen McDevitt Greene noted that the recent decrease reflected a decline in the all items less food and energy index, down 0.2 percent since September. The energy index and the food index also declined over the month, down 1.0 and 0.1 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 1.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) This reflected an advance in the all items less food and energy index, up 1.5 percent. The food index also rose, up 3.5 percent, while the energy index fell 8.3 percent since September 2019. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index inched down 0.1 percent since September. Lower prices for food at home, down 0.5 percent, were nearly offset by higher prices for food away from home, up 0.5 percent over the month.

From October 2019 to October 2020, the food index increased 3.5 percent. Prices for food at home increased over the year, up 3.3 percent; those for food away from home also rose, up 3.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, declined 1.0 percent in October, led by a 1.6-percent decrease in electricity prices. Prices were also lower for gasoline (-1.2 percent) while prices for utility (piped) gas service were unchanged over the month.

The energy index decreased 8.3 percent since October 2019. The decrease reflected a drop in prices for gasoline (-15.0 percent). Prices for utility (piped) gas service also decreased over the year, down 4.3 percent, while those for electricity increased 3.0 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged down 0.2 percent over the month. The decrease was led by lower prices for shelter (-0.4 percent) and apparel (-2.8 percent) since September.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.5 percent since October 2019, led by higher prices for shelter and new and used motor vehicles, up 1.9 and 4.2 percent, respectively. Prices also increased for medical care, up 2.3 percent over the year.

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.0 0.7 0.6 2.5 0.5 1.6 0.3 1.5 0.7 2.3

February

0.2 0.7 0.3 2.6 0.4 1.7 0.2 1.3 0.3 2.4

March

0.2 0.6 -0.1 2.2 0.1 2.0 0.5 1.7 -0.2 1.7

April

0.6 1.0 0.3 1.9 0.4 2.1 0.4 1.7 -0.4 0.8

May

0.3 0.9 0.1 1.7 0.4 2.5 0.3 1.5 0.0 0.6

June

0.2 0.7 0.0 1.5 0.0 2.6 0.1 1.6 0.3 0.8

July

0.0 0.8 -0.2 1.3 0.0 2.7 0.1 1.7 0.4 1.1

August

0.1 1.0 0.3 1.6 0.2 2.7 0.1 1.5 0.1 1.1

September

0.2 1.3 0.5 1.9 0.1 2.2 0.0 1.4 0.1 1.2

October

0.2 1.6 -0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.3 -0.1 1.5 -0.2 1.1

November

0.0 1.6 0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.9 0.1 1.9

December

0.0 1.9 0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.9

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U decreased in the New England division, down 0.6 percent, and in the Middle Atlantic division, down 0.1 percent.

Over the year, prices rose in the Middle Atlantic division, up 1.4 percent. The all items index edged up in the New England division (0.2 percent). (See table B.)

 Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area 1-month change 12-month change

Northeast

-0.2 1.1

New England Division

-0.6 0.2

Middle Atlantic Division

-0.1 1.4

The Consumer Price Index for October 2020 is scheduled to be released Thursday, December 10, 2020, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on October 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in October was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020
Oct.
2020
Oct.
2019
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020

All items

273.597 273.925 273.374 1.1 -0.1 -0.2

All items (December 1977 = 100)

430.831 431.348 430.481      

Food and beverages

274.094 274.500 274.419 3.5 0.1 0.0

Food

275.002 275.304 275.072 3.5 0.0 -0.1

Food at home

260.775 260.903 259.598 3.3 -0.5 -0.5

Cereals and bakery products

312.808 308.929 306.610 4.0 -2.0 -0.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

266.995 265.933 267.170 5.8 0.1 0.5

Dairy and related products

240.498 240.369 236.485 2.5 -1.7 -1.6

Fruits and vegetables

322.093 326.289 324.559 1.8 0.8 -0.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

178.804 180.309 179.406 1.3 0.3 -0.5

Other food at home

231.653 231.546 229.788 2.9 -0.8 -0.8

Food away from home

299.666 300.242 301.677 3.8 0.7 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

261.181 263.005 264.979 3.1 1.5 0.8

Housing

293.417 293.749 292.539 1.5 -0.3 -0.4

Shelter

367.753 368.205 366.774 1.9 -0.3 -0.4

Rent of primary residence

370.806 371.903 371.893 2.1 0.3 0.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

381.116 381.502 381.675 2.5 0.1 0.0

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

380.786 381.171 381.338 2.5 0.1 0.0

Fuels and utilities

220.042 219.623 218.026 -1.9 -0.9 -0.7

Household energy

191.319 190.773 188.983 -3.0 -1.2 -0.9

Energy services

195.555 195.499 193.263 0.8 -1.2 -1.1

Electricity

205.000 205.218 201.876 3.0 -1.5 -1.6

Utility (piped) gas service

162.837 162.261 162.305 -4.3 -0.3 0.0

Household furnishings and operations

121.806 122.193 121.822 1.7 0.0 -0.3

Apparel

121.598 125.434 121.984 -7.6 0.3 -2.8

Transportation

197.217 198.368 199.317 -2.8 1.1 0.5

Private transportation

193.697 193.484 193.363 -1.7 -0.2 -0.1

New and used motor vehicles(2)

98.838 98.091 99.427 4.2 0.6 1.4

New vehicles

144.638 143.211 143.979 1.0 -0.5 0.5

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

100.232 99.268 99.803 1.0 -0.4 0.5

New cars(3)

134.639 133.480 134.103 1.5 -0.4 0.5

Used cars and trucks

156.307 159.375 161.126 11.5 3.1 1.1

Motor fuel

190.108 192.586 190.260 -15.0 0.1 -1.2

Gasoline (all types)

189.108 191.608 189.295 -15.0 0.1 -1.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

185.523 188.066 185.717 -15.5 0.1 -1.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

209.337 211.145 209.248 -12.5 0.0 -0.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

206.731 208.863 206.906 -11.8 0.1 -0.9

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

620.243 609.713 584.681 -5.6 -5.7 -4.1

Medical care

551.685 548.668 547.497 2.3 -0.8 -0.2

Medical care commodities

393.671 387.697 386.889 -3.5 -1.7 -0.2

Medical care services

597.772 595.705 594.428 3.6 -0.6 -0.2

Professional services

407.372 407.281 407.269 2.1 0.0 0.0

Recreation(2)

130.317 128.545 128.903 2.4 -1.1 0.3

Education and communication(2)

148.796 148.939 149.003 2.1 0.1 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,304.488 1,310.985 1,312.285 1.8 0.6 0.1

Other goods and services

513.366 513.994 513.566 2.0 0.0 -0.1

Commodity and service group

Commodities

190.604 191.124 190.542 -0.4 0.0 -0.3

Commodities less food and beverages

147.281 147.821 147.066 -3.1 -0.1 -0.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

185.291 186.528 184.416 -6.9 -0.5 -1.1

Durables

103.037 103.037 103.297 2.1 0.3 0.3

Services

353.224 353.370 352.848 1.9 -0.1 -0.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

241.058 241.343 241.104 0.7 0.0 -0.1

All items less medical care

261.327 261.807 261.283 1.0 0.0 -0.2

Commodities less food

151.287 151.865 151.179 -2.8 -0.1 -0.5

Nondurables

228.994 229.835 228.694 -1.2 -0.1 -0.5

Nondurables less food

189.739 191.010 189.142 -6.1 -0.3 -1.0

Services less rent of shelter(1)

349.624 349.445 349.889 1.8 0.1 0.1

Services less medical care services

336.376 336.674 336.204 1.7 -0.1 -0.1

Energy

190.904 191.582 189.574 -8.3 -0.7 -1.0

All items less energy

284.613 284.914 284.489 1.7 0.0 -0.1

All items less food and energy

288.130 288.433 287.971 1.5 -0.1 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, November 12, 2020