News Release Information

17-845-PHI
Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – May 2017

Regional prices up 0.1 percent over the month and up 1.7 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast inched up 0.1 percent in May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that the recent increase was largely due to a 0.9-percent increase in the energy index. The food index inched down 0.1 percent over the month, while the all items less food and energy index was unchanged. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 1.7 percent, due largely to a 1.3-percent advance in the all items less food and energy index. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index and food index also increased, up 7.3 and 1.2 percent, respectively. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index inched down 0.1 percent since April. Prices for food at home edged down 0.3 percent, while prices for food away from home inched up 0.1 percent over the month.

From May 2016 to May 2017, the food index rose 1.2 percent, as prices for food away from home increased 2.4 percent and prices for food at home edged up 0.3 percent over the year.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, increased 0.9 percent since April, mostly due to a 3.2-percent advance in electricity prices over the month. Prices for gasoline edged up 0.2 percent, while those for utility (piped) gas service decreased 0.9 percent. 

The energy index increased 7.3 percent since May 2016. The advance was led by a 7.5-percent rise in gasoline prices. Prices also increased over the year for electricity (4.7 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (12.0 percent).

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy was unchanged over the month. Price increases for categories including shelter (0.2 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (0.3 percent) were offset by price decreases for apparel (-1.4 percent) and education and communication (-0.3 percent), among others.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.3 percent since May 2016, led by higher prices for shelter (2.4 percent). Prices were also higher over the year for several other categories including medical care (1.6 percent) and recreation (2.4 percent).

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.3 1.8 0.6 1.5 -0.2 -0.4 0.0 0.7 0.6 2.5

February

0.6 2.0 0.1 1.0 0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.7 0.3 2.6

March

0.0 1.5 0.5 1.5 0.3 -0.4 0.2 0.6 -0.1 2.2

April

-0.1 1.1 0.0 1.6 0.1 -0.3 0.6 1.0 0.3 1.9

May

0.0 1.2 0.4 2.0 0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.9 0.1 1.7

June

0.1 1.5 0.0 1.9 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.7    

July

0.2 1.8 0.1 1.8 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.8    

August

0.2 1.5 -0.3 1.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 1.0    

September

0.1 1.1 0.0 1.2 0.0 -0.1 0.2 1.3    

October

-0.4 0.7 -0.2 1.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 1.6    

November

0.1 1.0 -0.4 0.9 0.0 0.3 0.0 1.6    

December

0.0 1.3 -0.5 0.4 -0.4 0.5 0.0 1.9    

The Consumer Price Index for June 2017 is scheduled to be released Friday, July 14, 2017, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
 
Historical
data
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017

All items

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0
258.510 259.165 259.386 1.7 0.3 0.1

All items (December 1977 = 100)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100AA0
407.074 408.106 408.453      
 

Food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF
253.835 255.049 254.764 1.1 0.4 -0.1

Food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF1
253.854 255.198 254.942 1.2 0.4 -0.1

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF11
244.742 246.690 246.032 0.3 0.5 -0.3

Food away from home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEFV
270.806 271.236 271.597 2.4 0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF116
252.397 251.935 251.273 0.5 -0.4 -0.3
 

Housing

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH
273.929 274.457 275.226 2.5 0.5 0.3

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH1
339.146 339.910 340.473 2.4 0.4 0.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHA
340.886 341.162 341.964 2.5 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHC
351.089 351.128 351.775 2.3 0.2 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHC01
350.803 350.849 351.501 2.3 0.2 0.2

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH2
216.094 216.010 218.578 6.3 1.1 1.2

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH21
191.099 190.922 193.549 7.1 1.3 1.4

Energy services(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF
191.240 191.221 195.078 6.6 2.0 2.0

Electricity(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF01
196.727 196.775 203.013 4.7 3.2 3.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF02
166.105 165.945 164.472 12.0 -1.0 -0.9

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH3
120.941 121.172 121.371 -1.1 0.4 0.2
 

Apparel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAA
134.409 133.327 131.475 -1.1 -2.2 -1.4
 

Transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAT
198.829 201.036 201.706 1.3 1.4 0.3

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAT1
190.246 192.002 192.370 1.5 1.1 0.2

New and used motor vehicles(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA
96.036 96.084 96.416 -1.6 0.4 0.3

New vehicles

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA01
146.230 145.318 145.820 0.3 -0.3 0.3

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS4501A
101.290 100.658 101.004 0.3 -0.3 0.3

New cars(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS45011
136.163 135.687 136.286 -0.5 0.1 0.4

Used cars and trucks

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA02
145.372 146.630 146.746 -5.0 0.9 0.1

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETB
200.558 209.221 209.584 7.5 4.5 0.2

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETB01
199.687 208.380 208.757 7.5 4.5 0.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47014
196.836 205.855 206.171 7.5 4.7 0.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47015
214.960 221.714 222.606 7.3 3.6 0.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47016
211.044 217.462 218.104 7.3 3.3 0.3
 

Medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM
493.595 491.537 491.976 1.6 -0.3 0.1

Medical care commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM1
392.473 385.389 387.188 0.2 -1.3 0.5

Medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM2
522.080 521.761 521.731 2.0 -0.1 0.0

Professional services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEMC
376.738 376.792 376.923 1.7 0.0 0.0
 

Recreation(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAR
124.153 124.301 124.085 2.4 -0.1 -0.2
 

Education and communication(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAE
140.072 140.052 139.595 -0.8 -0.3 -0.3
 

Other goods and services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAG
475.234 474.645 474.721 3.6 -0.1 0.0
 

Commodity and service group

 

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAC
186.813 187.494 187.166 0.6 0.2 -0.2

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SACL11
150.254 150.684 150.356 0.3 0.1 -0.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SANL11
191.696 192.621 191.816 2.2 0.1 -0.4

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAD
103.602 103.606 103.680 -2.3 0.1 0.1

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAS
327.737 328.385 329.095 2.3 0.4 0.2
 

Special aggregate indexes

 

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L2
230.808 231.428 231.524 1.3 0.3 0.0

All items less medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L5
248.183 248.960 249.171 1.7 0.4 0.1

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SACL1
153.951 154.357 154.018 0.3 0.0 -0.2

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAN
222.733 223.802 223.235 1.6 0.2 -0.3

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SANL1
195.237 196.079 195.283 2.1 0.0 -0.4

Services less rent of shelter(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SASL2RS
326.825 327.382 328.266 2.1 0.4 0.3

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SASL5
314.332 315.042 315.798 2.3 0.5 0.2

Energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0E
195.085 198.421 200.152 7.3 2.6 0.9

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0LE
267.614 268.006 268.076 1.3 0.2 0.0

All items less food and energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L1E
271.752 271.986 272.112 1.3 0.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, June 14, 2017