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News Release Information

22-894-PHI
Wednesday, May 11, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – April 2022

Area prices were up 0.6 percent over the past month, up 7.2 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Northeast Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.6 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Alexandra Hall Bovee noted that the increase was the smallest in 2022, following a 1.3 percent rise in March. The all items less food and energy index was up 0.6 percent; the food index also increased in April, up 1.0 percent; and the energy index inched up 0.1 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 7.2 percent about the same as in March (7.3 percent). (See chart 1 and table A.) The all items less food and energy index was mostly responsible for the over-the-year increase, up 4.9 percent. The energy index jumped 33.2 percent over the year, as the price of gasoline was 43.6 percent higher than the year before. The food index advanced 8.0 percent over-the-year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 1.0 percent for the month of April. (See table 1.) Of the two major components within the food index, prices for food at home increased 1.4 percent, while prices for food away from home were up 0.3 percent for the same period. Within food at home, prices were higher for dairy and related products (3.3 percent); meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (1.2 percent); and fruits and vegetables (1.4 percent).

From April 2021 to April 2022, the food index increased 8.0 percent – the highest 12-month change since June 1981. Prices for food at home advanced 9.3 percent since a year ago, the greatest such increase since April 1981. Prices for food away from home increased 5.8 percent, continuing slight deceleration since January 2022.

Energy

The energy index inched up 0.1 percent over the month, following a 11.2 percent increase in March. Gasoline prices decreased 2.5 percent, the largest gasoline price decrease in a year. Prices for electricity increased 2.1 percent for the same period. The utility (piped) gas service index advanced 2.7 percent over the month, the largest increase for the natural gas index since the start of 2022 but below the recent peak of 3.5 percent in November 2021.

Energy prices soared 33.2 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (43.6 percent), which was the 15th consecutive month of increase, peaking at 57.1 percent in November. Prices for electricity advanced 14.9 percent during the past year while fuel oil prices jumped 81.6 percent. Prices paid for utility (piped) gas service jumped 23.7 percent. The price increase for utility (piped) gas service represents the 16th month of consecutive price increases.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in April, it has ranged from 0.5 to 0.7 percent so far in 2022. Higher prices for shelter (0.5 percent) - largely lodging away from home (up 7.7 percent) – as well as higher prices for medical care (up 0.9 percent) and public transportation pushed the overall index up but they were somewhat offset by decreases in apparel (3.6 percent) and education and communication (0.2 percent). The new and used motor vehicles index was up 2.5 percent.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 4.9 percent after 2 consecutive months of 5.0 percent increases. The 17.6 percent 12-month increase in the new and used motor vehicles index and the 3.1 percent increase in the shelter index accounted for well over half of the increase in the all items less food and energy index. The shelter increase was the largest over-the-year shelter increase since January 2017. The increase in shelter was led by gains in the indexes for owners’ equivalent rent of residences (2.8 percent) and household operations and furnishings, up 9.3 percent - the largest increase in over 41 years.

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 1.6 0.3 1.5 0.7 2.3 0.4 1.1 0.8 6.3

February

0.4 1.7 0.2 1.3 0.3 2.4 0.4 1.2 0.7 6.6

March

0.1 2.0 0.5 1.7 -0.2 1.7 0.6 2.1 1.3 7.3

April

0.4 2.1 0.4 1.7 -0.4 0.8 0.7 3.3 0.6 7.2

May

0.4 2.5 0.3 1.5 0.0 0.6 0.6 3.9

June

0.0 2.6 0.1 1.6 0.3 0.8 1.0 4.6

July

0.0 2.7 0.1 1.7 0.4 1.1 0.2 4.3

August

0.2 2.7 0.1 1.5 0.1 1.1 0.1 4.4

September

0.1 2.2 0.0 1.4 0.1 1.2 0.3 4.6

October

-0.1 2.3 -0.1 1.5 -0.2 1.1 0.6 5.4

November

-0.4 1.9 0.1 1.9 0.1 1.1 0.6 6.0

December

-0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.9 0.2 1.4 0.2 5.9

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U was 0.1 percent higher in the New England division, while prices in the Middle Atlantic division rose 0.8 percent.

Over the year, the all items index rose 7.0 percent in the New England division and also rose in the Middle Atlantic division, up 7.2 percent. (See table B.)

Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area 1-month change 12-month change

Northeast

0.6 7.2

New England Division

0.1 7.0

Middle Atlantic Division

0.8 7.2

The Consumer Price Index for May 2022 is scheduled to be released on Friday, June 10, 2022, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022

All items

294.605 298.403 300.325 7.2 1.9 0.6

All items (December 1977 = 100)

463.912 469.894 472.920      

Food and beverages

295.233 297.203 300.047 7.8 1.6 1.0

Food

296.880 298.883 301.840 8.0 1.7 1.0

Food at home

280.327 282.730 286.582 9.3 2.2 1.4

Cereals and bakery products

333.363 335.526 340.416 9.8 2.1 1.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

296.569 297.267 300.953 10.9 1.5 1.2

Dairy and related products

252.336 253.603 262.070 10.8 3.9 3.3

Fruits and vegetables

342.776 345.908 350.638 7.4 2.3 1.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

192.892 192.256 195.044 8.0 1.1 1.5

Other food at home

246.557 252.079 253.600 9.0 2.9 0.6

Food away from home

324.347 325.521 326.649 5.8 0.7 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

272.179 273.704 275.062 4.1 1.1 0.5

Housing

310.168 313.196 315.371 5.6 1.7 0.7

Shelter

379.166 380.887 382.640 3.1 0.9 0.5

Rent of primary residence

381.549 382.076 383.169 2.5 0.4 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

393.611 394.432 395.373 2.8 0.4 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

393.266 394.084 395.028 2.8 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

266.556 279.655 285.467 21.3 7.1 2.1

Household energy

237.801 251.512 257.473 25.0 8.3 2.4

Energy services

229.158 236.042 241.446 17.6 5.4 2.3

Electricity

225.379 235.572 240.543 14.9 6.7 2.1

Utility (piped) gas service

219.240 219.386 225.203 23.7 2.7 2.7

Household furnishings and operations

136.146 137.074 138.292 9.3 1.6 0.9

Apparel

130.827 134.447 129.657 3.0 -0.9 -3.6

Transportation

243.040 252.063 255.695 18.2 5.2 1.4

Private transportation

242.462 251.301 253.535 19.4 4.6 0.9

New and used motor vehicles(2)

122.080 121.692 124.792 17.6 2.2 2.5

New vehicles

164.588 163.078 164.492 11.5 -0.1 0.9

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

114.105 113.060        

New cars(3)

155.361 154.520 156.487 13.2 0.7 1.3

Used cars and trucks

223.773 219.614 217.988 23.8 -2.6 -0.7

Motor fuel

302.827 357.632 348.980 43.7 15.2 -2.4

Gasoline (all types)

301.617 356.041 347.219 43.6 15.1 -2.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

299.401 354.027 344.584 44.2 15.1 -2.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

316.597 371.363 366.408 41.7 15.7 -1.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

304.471 355.314 350.883 39.4 15.2 -1.2

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

           

Medical care

559.364 563.166 568.472 3.3 1.6 0.9

Medical care commodities

381.715 383.644 386.322 2.0 1.2 0.7

Medical care services

611.630 616.008 622.123 3.6 1.7 1.0

Professional services

423.559 423.664 428.561 2.4 1.2 1.2

Recreation(2)

135.169 135.923 136.369 5.0 0.9 0.3

Education and communication(2)

153.193 152.753 152.381 1.9 -0.5 -0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,342.406 1,342.234 1,342.634 2.4 0.0 0.0

Other goods and services

546.304 552.074 552.518 5.7 1.1 0.1

Commodity and service group

Commodities

218.530 223.384 223.370 12.1 2.2 0.0

Commodities less food and beverages

176.494 182.158 181.058 15.2 2.6 -0.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

221.564 236.826 234.083 17.2 5.7 -1.2

Durables

124.063 123.348 123.360 13.5 -0.6 0.0

Services

367.514 370.184 374.044 4.5 1.8 1.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

265.539 270.076 272.061 9.3 2.5 0.7

All items less medical care

282.949 286.740 288.517 7.5 2.0 0.6

Commodities less food

180.192 185.784 184.742 14.7 2.5 -0.6

Nondurables

258.094 266.941 266.906 11.9 3.4 0.0

Nondurables less food

224.476 238.860 236.376 16.2 5.3 -1.0

Services less rent of shelter(1)

367.351 371.135 377.423 6.0 2.7 1.7

Services less medical care services

350.704 353.256 356.960 4.6 1.8 1.0

Energy

264.302 293.911 294.285 33.2 11.3 0.1

All items less energy

301.134 302.683 304.768 5.4 1.2 0.7

All items less food and energy

303.806 305.285 307.228 4.9 1.1 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 11, 2022