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16-2353-PHI
Thursday, December 15, 2016

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Consumer Price Index, Washington-Baltimore – November 2016

Area prices up 0.1 percent since September and 1.2 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Washington-Baltimore increased 0.1 percent over the last two months, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Sheila Watkins noted the increase was led by a 0.1-percent rise in the all items less food and energy index. The food index also increased, up 0.4 percent, while the energy index decreased 1.3 percent over the last two months. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 1.2 percent, due mostly to a 1.1-percent rise in the all items less food and energy index. (See chart 1 and table A.) Since November 2015, both the energy index and food index increased, up 3.9 percent and 0.5 percent, respectively. (See table 1.)

Food

After decreasing 0.1 percent from July to September, the food index rose 0.4 percent over the last two months. Prices for food away from home increased 1.0 percent, while those for food at home edged down 0.2 percent. Lower prices for citrus fruits and cheese and related products contributed to the two-month decrease in the food at home index.

Food prices increased 0.5 percent over the year due to higher prices for food away from home (3.3 percent). Conversely, prices for food at home declined 1.8 percent since last November.

Energy

Since September, the energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, declined 1.3 percent, due to lower prices for electricity (-4.1 percent). Prices for both utility (piped) gas service and gasoline increased over the last two months, up 3.1 percent and 0.3 percent, respectively.

Energy prices rose 3.9 percent over the year, reflecting higher prices for gasoline (4.1 percent), electricity (2.5 percent), and utility (piped) gas service (9.6 percent) since last November.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent since September. An increase in recreation prices (2.4 percent) and those for education and communication (0.4 percent) were offset by lower prices for lodging away from home and a 3.4 percent decrease in apparel prices, among others. 

Since November 2015, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.1 percent. The increase was due largely to an over-the-year rise in shelter prices (1.5 percent). Higher prices for apparel (10.1 percent), among others, also contributed to the rise.

Table A. Washington, D.C. CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

January

0.4 2.7 0.1 1.8 0.4 1.9 -1.0 -0.2 -0.2 1.4

March

1.3 2.8 0.9 1.4 0.6 1.6 1.0 0.2 0.6 1.0

May

0.1 1.8 -0.2 1.2 0.4 2.2 0.6 0.4 0.8 1.2

July

-0.2 1.4 0.5 1.9 0.0 1.7 -0.2 0.2 -0.1 1.4

September

1.3 2.8 0.6 1.2 0.2 1.3 0.5 0.5 -0.1 0.8

November

-0.7 2.1 -0.2 1.7 -0.4 1.2 -0.3 0.6 0.1 1.2

The Consumer Price Index for January 2017 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, February 15, 2017, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index for Washington-Baltimore is published bi-monthly. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Washington-Baltimore, D.C.-Md.-Va.-W.Va., Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the District of Columbia; Baltimore City and the counties of Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Calvert, Carroll, Charles, Frederick, Harford, Howard, Montgomery, Prince George’s, Queen Anne’s, and Washington in Maryland; the cities of Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park and the counties of Arlington, Clarke, Culpeper, Fairfax, Fauquier, King George, Loudoun, Prince William, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren in Virginia; and the counties of Berkeley and Jefferson in West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Washington-Baltimore, D.C.-Md.-Va.-W.Va., (December 1997=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
 
Historical
data
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016

All items(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SA0
157.572   157.706 1.2 0.1  
 

Food and beverages(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAF
156.774   157.403 0.5 0.4  

Food(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAF1
158.209   158.843 0.5 0.4  

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAF11
146.767 147.078 146.545 -1.8 -0.2 -0.4

Food away from home(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SEFV
170.184   171.955 3.3 1.0  

Alcoholic beverages(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAF116
136.666   137.224 0.3 0.4  
 

Housing(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAH
171.416   170.965 1.4 -0.3  

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAH1
183.248 183.164 183.115 1.5 -0.1 0.0

Rent of primary residence(1)(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SEHA
202.957 203.283 203.513 1.6 0.3 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(3)(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SEHC
183.127 183.243 183.627 1.5 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(3)(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SEHC01
183.112 183.226 183.609 1.5 0.3 0.2

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAH2
195.217   191.569 3.7 -1.9  

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAH21
184.166 179.272 179.715 3.8 -2.4 0.2

Gas (piped) and electricity(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SEHF
177.633 172.826 172.731 3.7 -2.8 -0.1

Electricity(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SEHF01
192.310 186.099 184.512 2.5 -4.1 -0.9

Utility (piped) gas service(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SEHF02
117.652 117.252 121.290 9.6 3.1 3.4

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAH3
86.746   86.566 -2.6 -0.2  
 

Apparel(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAA
109.060   105.392 10.1 -3.4  
 

Transportation(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAT
138.254   138.868 0.9 0.4  

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAT1
136.632   137.215 1.7 0.4  

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SETB
191.616 194.778 192.060 4.1 0.2 -1.4

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SETB01
191.374 194.623 191.862 4.1 0.3 -1.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SS47014
189.246 192.523 189.513 4.2 0.1 -1.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SS47015
205.392 208.056 207.116 4.7 0.8 -0.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SS47016
212.033 215.180 214.490 5.3 1.2 -0.3
 

Medical care(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAM
184.673   185.330 2.3 0.4  
 

Recreation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAR
114.810   117.556 -0.2 2.4  
 

Education and communication

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAE
151.462   152.106 -0.9 0.4  
 

Other goods and services(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAG
179.701   179.628 0.3 0.0  
 

Commodity and service group

 

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAC
125.952   125.686 0.5 -0.2  

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SACL11
108.984   108.328 0.4 -0.6  

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SANL11
139.551   138.065 3.3 -1.1  

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAD
78.254   78.168 -2.3 -0.1  

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAS
178.880   179.297 1.6 0.2  
 

Special aggregate indexes

 

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SA0L2
144.880   145.131 1.0 0.2  

All items less medical care(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SA0L5
155.843   155.941 1.1 0.1  

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SACL1
110.305   109.681 0.4 -0.6  

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SAN
147.771   147.395 1.7 -0.3  

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SANL1
139.512   138.166 3.1 -1.0  

Services less rent of shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SASL2RS
174.710   175.725 1.6 0.6  

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SASL5
178.173   178.477 1.4 0.2  

Energy(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SA0E
186.935 185.403 184.530 3.9 -1.3 -0.5

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SA0LE
154.437   154.707 1.0 0.2  

All items less food and energy(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURA311SA0L1E
154.799   155.017 1.1 0.1  

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a November 1997=100 base.
(3) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(4) This index series underwent a change in composition in January 2010. The expenditure class now includes weight from secondary residences, and has been re-titled "Owners' equivalent rent of residences." The item stratum "Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence" excludes secondary residences.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 15, 2016