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News Release Information

21-1344-PHI
Tuesday, July 13, 2021

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Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – June 2021

Regional prices up 1.0 percent over the month; up 4.6 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast increased 1.0 percent in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Alexandra Hall Bovee noted that the recent increase was largely due to an identical rise in the all items less food and energy index, up 1.0 percent. The energy index and the food index also increased over the month, up 2.6 and 0.4 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U advanced 4.6 percent, the index’s largest over-the-year increase since September 2008. (See chart 1 and table A.) This reflected advances in the all items less food and energy index, up 3.9 percent, and the energy index, up 21.1 percent. The food index also rose since June 2020, up 1.7 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index increased 0.4 percent since May. Prices were higher for food at home, up 0.6 percent, as prices rose for items such as uncooked beef steaks and uncooked beef roasts. The food away from home index edged up 0.2 percent over the month.

From June 2020 to June 2021, the food index increased 1.7 percent. Prices for food away from home increased over the year, up 3.4 percent; those for food at home increased 0.5 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, rose 2.6 percent in June. Prices were higher for electricity (3.7 percent), gasoline (2.2 percent), and utility (piped) gas service (1.3 percent) over the month.

The energy index rose 21.1 percent since June 2020—the index’s largest over-the-year increase since September 2008. The increase was largely due to a jump in prices for gasoline (40.9 percent). Prices for utility (piped) gas service and electricity also advanced over the year, up 8.6 and 3.3 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.0 percent since May. Prices were higher for new and used motor vehicles (6.8 percent), particularly those for used cars and trucks (11.0 percent), as well as for shelter (0.8 percent) led by lodging away from home (19.0 percent). Lower prices for medical care and apparel helped to moderate the overall rise, down 0.7 and 1.4 percent, respectively.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 3.9 percent since June 2020. Prices were higher for new and used motor vehicles (20.5 percent), particularly those for used cars and trucks (46.0 percent)⸺the index’s largest 12-month increase since it was first published in 1978. Prices also increased for shelter (2.2 percent), among other categories, while medical care declined, down 1.1 percent.

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.6 2.5 0.5 1.6 0.3 1.5 0.7 2.3 0.4 1.1

February

0.3 2.6 0.4 1.7 0.2 1.3 0.3 2.4 0.4 1.2

March

-0.1 2.2 0.1 2.0 0.5 1.7 -02 1.7 0.6 2.1

April

0.3 1.9 0.4 2.1 0.4 1.7 -0.4 0.8 0.7 3.3

May

0.1 1.7 0.4 2.5 0.3 1.5 0.0 0.6 0.6 3.9

June

0.0 1.5 0.0 2.6 0.1 1.6 0.3 0.8 1.0 4.6

July

-0.2 1.3 0.0 2.7 0.1 1.7 0.4 1.1

August

0.3 1.6 0.2 2.7 0.1 1.5 0.1 1.1

September

0.5 1.9 0.1 2.2 0.0 1.4 0.1 1.2

October

-0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.3 -0.1 1.5 -0.2 1.1

November

0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.9 0.1 1.9 0.1 1.1

December

0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.9 0.2 1.4

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U increased in the Middle Atlantic division, up 1.1 percent, and the New England division, up 0.8 percent.

Over the year, prices rose in the Middle Atlantic division, up 4.8 percent. The all items index also rose in the New England division (4.0 percent). (See table B.)

 Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area 1-month change 12-month change

Northeast

1.0 4.6

New England Division

0.8 4.0

Middle Atlantic Division

1.1 4.8

The Consumer Price Index for July 2021 is scheduled to be released Wednesday, August 11, 2021, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on June 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in June was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Apr.
2021
May
2021
Jun.
2021
Jun.
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021

All items

280.234 281.858 284.741 4.6 1.6 1.0

All items (December 1977 = 100)

441.283 443.840 448.380      

Food and beverages

278.408 279.003 280.344 1.8 0.7 0.5

Food

279.404 280.001 281.235 1.7 0.7 0.4

Food at home

262.195 263.165 264.804 0.5 1.0 0.6

Cereals and bakery products

309.941 311.155 311.423 -2.2 0.5 0.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

271.443 274.365 279.493 0.6 3.0 1.9

Dairy and related products

236.485 237.351 241.121 -0.4 2.0 1.6

Fruits and vegetables

326.498 326.659 327.151 2.8 0.2 0.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

180.578 180.186 180.734 0.2 0.1 0.3

Other food at home

232.722 233.182 232.778 0.7 0.0 -0.2

Food away from home

308.751 308.774 309.388 3.4 0.2 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

264.290 264.840 267.640 2.9 1.3 1.1

Housing

298.589 299.508 302.584 3.2 1.3 1.0

Shelter

370.994 372.283 375.342 2.2 1.2 0.8

Rent of primary residence

373.814 374.233 374.726 1.3 0.2 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

384.500 385.234 386.046 1.6 0.4 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

384.169 384.901 385.713 1.6 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

235.379 234.961 240.778 7.9 2.3 2.5

Household energy

206.020 205.596 211.595 8.5 2.7 2.9

Energy services

205.281 204.680 210.822 4.8 2.7 3.0

Electricity

209.376 211.641 219.525 3.3 4.8 3.7

Utility (piped) gas service

182.056 176.024 178.375 8.6 -2.0 1.3

Household furnishings and operations

126.519 127.112 128.661 6.5 1.7 1.2

Apparel

125.916 125.851 124.080 5.5 -1.5 -1.4

Transportation

216.319 223.359 231.271 19.4 6.9 3.5

Private transportation

212.347 217.664 226.435 20.3 6.6 4.0

New and used motor vehicles(2)

106.106 109.086 116.471 20.5 9.8 6.8

New vehicles

147.518 148.670 151.770 4.6 2.9 2.1

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

102.251 103.057 105.221 4.6 2.9 2.1

New cars(3)

138.243 139.018 141.661 4.9 2.5 1.9

Used cars and trucks

176.132 187.664 208.303 46.0 18.3 11.0

Motor fuel

242.832 254.310 259.857 40.6 7.0 2.2

Gasoline (all types)

241.857 253.372 258.909 40.9 7.1 2.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

238.981 250.753 256.252 42.2 7.2 2.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

258.571 268.777 274.820 34.9 6.3 2.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

251.661 260.774 266.320 32.2 5.8 2.1

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

609.564 609.561 612.063 8.6 0.4 0.4

Medical care

550.365 550.360 546.769 -1.1 -0.7 -0.7

Medical care commodities

378.807 380.928 378.829 -3.6 0.0 -0.6

Medical care services

600.724 600.049 596.012 -0.6 -0.8 -0.7

Professional services

418.685 419.865 418.971 2.8 0.1 -0.2

Recreation(2)

129.835 129.162 130.720 1.6 0.7 1.2

Education and communication(2)

149.478 149.607 150.022 2.3 0.4 0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,311.727 1,314.677 1,318.737 1.2 0.5 0.3

Other goods and services

522.862 519.652 519.842 2.4 -0.6 0.0

Commodity and service group

Commodities

199.229 201.362 204.080 8.1 2.4 1.3

Commodities less food and beverages

157.217 159.865 163.004 13.0 3.7 2.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

199.655 202.286 202.858 11.6 1.6 0.3

Durables

108.724 111.052 115.538 14.7 6.3 4.0

Services

357.972 359.111 362.155 2.8 1.2 0.8

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

248.927 250.676 253.507 5.9 1.8 1.1

All items less medical care

268.330 270.029 273.206 5.1 1.8 1.2

Commodities less food

161.101 163.709 166.858 12.5 3.6 1.9

Nondurables

238.568 240.228 241.174 5.9 1.1 0.4

Nondurables less food

203.428 205.935 206.640 10.9 1.6 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(1)

356.127 357.112 360.217 3.4 1.1 0.9

Services less medical care services

341.246 342.511 346.043 3.2 1.4 1.0

Energy

221.008 225.404 231.222 21.1 4.6 2.6

All items less energy

289.199 290.591 293.243 3.6 1.4 0.9

All items less food and energy

292.778 294.320 297.241 3.9 1.5 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 13, 2021