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News Release Information

20-78-PHI
Tuesday, January 14, 2020

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Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – December 2019

Regional prices down 0.1 percent over the month; up 1.9 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast inched down 0.1 percent in December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that the recent over-the-month decrease was due to a 0.1-percent decline in the all items less food and energy index. The food index and energy index were unchanged from November to December. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 1.9 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) This was due largely to an advance in the all items less food and energy index, up 2.1 percent. The food index and energy index also rose, up 2.0 and 0.1 percent, respectively, since December 2018. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index was unchanged since November. Higher prices for food away from home (0.5 percent) were offset by lower prices for food at home (-0.3 percent).

From December 2018 to December 2019, the food index increased 2.0 percent. Prices for food away from home increased over the year, up 3.2 percent; those for food at home also rose, up 1.0 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, was unchanged in December. Lower prices for gasoline (-0.3 percent) and electricity (-0.1 percent) were offset by higher prices for utility (piped) gas service (0.1 percent).

The energy index inched up 0.1 percent since December 2018. The increase reflected higher prices for gasoline (1.8 percent), while those for utility (piped) gas service and electricity decreased, down 3.2 and 0.8 percent, respectively, over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy inched down 0.1 percent over the month. Lower prices were led by apparel (-5.0 percent) while prices increased for a number of items including medical care and recreation, up 0.6 percent each.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.1 percent since December 2018, led by higher prices for shelter and medical care, up 2.0 and 5.9 percent, respectively. Prices also rose over the year for education and communication (3.2 percent) and recreation (2.0 percent).

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.2 -0.4 0.0 0.7 0.6 2.5 0.5 1.6 0.3 1.5

February

0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.7 0.3 2.6 0.4 1.7 0.2 1.3

March

0.3 -0.4 0.2 0.6 -0.1 2.2 0.1 2.0 0.5 1.7

April

0.1 -0.3 0.6 1.0 0.3 1.9 0.4 2.1 0.4 1.7

May

0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.9 0.1 1.7 0.4 2.5 0.3 1.5

June

0.3 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.0 1.5 0.0 2.6 0.1 1.6

July

-0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.8 -0.2 1.3 0.0 2.7 0.1 1.7

August

-0.2 -0.1 0.1 1.0 0.3 1.6 0.2 2.7 0.1 1.5

September

0.0 -0.1 0.2 1.3 0.5 1.9 0.1 2.2 0.0 1.4

October

-0.2 -0.1 0.2 1.6 -0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.3 -0.1 1.5

November

0.0 0.3 0.0 1.6 0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.9 0.1 1.9

December

-0.4 0.5 0.0 1.9 0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.9

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U decreased 0.1 percent in both the New England division and the Middle Atlantic division.

Over the year, the all items index advanced 2.1 percent in the New England division. (See table B.) Prices also rose in the Middle Atlantic division, up 1.9 percent.

 Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area 1-month change 12-month change

Northeast

-0.1 1.9

New England Division

-0.1 2.1

Middle Atlantic Division

-0.1 1.9

The Consumer Price Index for January 2020 is scheduled to be released Thursday, February 13, 2020, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

All items

270.348 270.643 270.429 1.9 0.0 -0.1

All items (December 1977 = 100)

425.715 426.181 425.844      

Food and beverages

265.226 265.506 265.571 1.9 0.1 0.0

Food

265.790 266.106 266.209 2.0 0.2 0.0

Food at home

251.386 251.867 251.134 1.0 -0.1 -0.3

Cereals and bakery products

294.753 299.492 300.008 2.5 1.8 0.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

252.590 252.509 253.674 1.6 0.4 0.5

Dairy and related products

230.748 231.561 231.914 1.7 0.5 0.2

Fruits and vegetables

318.688 316.866 312.132 -1.6 -2.1 -1.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

177.088 175.343 174.040 1.1 -1.7 -0.7

Other food at home

223.231 224.830 224.169 1.3 0.4 -0.3

Food away from home

290.713 290.793 292.114 3.2 0.5 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

256.910 256.753 256.346 1.0 -0.2 -0.2

Housing

288.158 289.297 289.370 1.6 0.4 0.0

Shelter

359.999 360.772 360.599 2.0 0.2 0.0

Rent of primary residence

364.141 365.561 366.084 3.0 0.5 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

372.237 373.820 374.302 2.2 0.6 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

371.941 373.516 373.986 2.2 0.5 0.1

Fuels and utilities

222.250 227.679 228.305 -0.5 2.7 0.3

Household energy

194.836 200.435 200.981 -1.1 3.2 0.3

Energy services

191.649 197.678 197.669 -1.6 3.1 0.0

Electricity

196.035 199.705 199.567 -0.8 1.8 -0.1

Utility (piped) gas service

169.593 179.008 179.213 -3.2 5.7 0.1

Household furnishings and operations

119.838 119.253 119.756 -0.1 -0.1 0.4

Apparel

132.042 125.174 118.918 -4.2 -9.9 -5.0

Transportation

204.991 205.488 204.829 1.1 -0.1 -0.3

Private transportation

196.710 196.995 197.333 0.9 0.3 0.2

New and used motor vehicles(2)

95.380 95.305 95.505 -0.1 0.1 0.2

New vehicles

142.586 142.643 142.726 0.5 0.1 0.1

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

98.823 98.869 98.926 0.4 0.1 0.1

New cars(3)

132.089 132.003 131.898 0.4 -0.1 -0.1

Used cars and trucks

144.517 143.758 143.268 -0.3 -0.9 -0.3

Motor fuel

223.918 223.968 223.213 1.8 -0.3 -0.3

Gasoline (all types)

222.797 222.833 222.068 1.8 -0.3 -0.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

219.798 219.820 219.082 1.8 -0.3 -0.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

239.266 239.249 238.347 1.6 -0.4 -0.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

234.466 234.633 233.712 1.9 -0.3 -0.4

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

619.421 624.748 629.013 1.1 1.5 0.7

Medical care

535.250 536.649 539.822 5.9 0.9 0.6

Medical care commodities

401.027 396.928 397.493 1.1 -0.9 0.1

Medical care services

574.009 577.091 581.050 7.0 1.2 0.7

Professional services

398.920 399.567 399.880 4.1 0.2 0.1

Recreation(2)

125.822 125.770 126.481 2.0 0.5 0.6

Education and communication(2)

145.951 146.347 146.595 3.2 0.4 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,289.693 1,289.786 1,291.441 3.6 0.1 0.1

Other goods and services

503.443 502.804 502.127 2.4 -0.3 -0.1

Commodity and service group

Commodities

191.268 190.262 189.415 0.7 -1.0 -0.4

Commodities less food and beverages

151.720 150.271 149.119 0.0 -1.7 -0.8

Nondurables less food and beverages

198.011 195.560 193.215 0.4 -2.4 -1.2

Durables

101.164 100.633 100.516 -0.6 -0.6 -0.1

Services

346.370 347.822 348.163 2.5 0.5 0.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

239.408 239.529 239.298 1.9 0.0 -0.1

All items less medical care

258.674 258.919 258.549 1.6 0.0 -0.1

Commodities less food

155.511 154.093 152.956 0.0 -1.6 -0.7

Nondurables

231.488 230.270 229.011 1.2 -1.1 -0.5

Nondurables less food

201.441 199.129 196.902 0.4 -2.3 -1.1

Services less rent of shelter(1)

343.562 345.780 346.682 3.0 0.9 0.3

Services less medical care services

330.685 332.025 332.117 2.0 0.4 0.0

Energy

206.786 210.061 210.063 0.1 1.6 0.0

All items less energy

279.627 279.611 279.372 2.1 -0.1 -0.1

All items less food and energy

283.854 283.784 283.487 2.1 -0.1 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, January 14, 2020