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19-288-PHI
Wednesday, February 13, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – January 2019

Regional prices increased 0.3 percent over the month; up 1.5 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast edged up 0.3 percent in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that this was due to a 0.5-percent increase in the all items less food and energy index. The food index also increased over the month, up 0.6 percent, while the energy index decreased 2.0 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 1.5 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The all items less food and energy index led the advance, rising 1.9 percent. The food index also rose, up 1.8 percent since January 2018, while the energy index declined 3.0 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index increased 0.6 percent since December as prices increased for both food at home (0.9 percent) and food away from home (0.2 percent).

From January 2018 to January 2019, the food index increased 1.8 percent. Prices for both food away from home and food at home increased over the year, up 2.6 and 1.2 percent, respectively.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, declined 2.0 percent in January. Gasoline prices decreased 5.9 percent since December, while prices increased for utility (piped) gas service (2.0 percent) and electricity (0.7 percent).

The energy index decreased 3.0 percent since January 2018. The decline reflected lower prices for gasoline, down 8.8 percent. Electricity prices also decreased (-0.8 percent) over the year, while utility (piped) gas service prices advanced 10.3 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.5 percent over the month. Prices were higher for shelter (0.2 percent), new and used motor vehicles (1.0 percent), apparel (2.1 percent), and household furnishings and operations (1.4 percent), among others.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.9 percent since January 2018, led by higher prices for shelter, up 2.7 percent. Prices also rose over the year for medical care (2.0 percent) and household furnishings and operations (3.4 percent), but were lower for new vehicles (-1.8 percent).

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.2 -0.4 0.0 0.7 0.6 2.5 0.5 1.6 0.3 1.5

February

0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.7 0.3 2.6 0.4 1.7

March

0.3 -0.4 0.2 0.6 -0.1 2.2 0.1 2.0

April

0.1 -0.3 0.6 1.0 0.3 1.9 0.4 2.1

May

0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.9 0.1 1.7 0.4 2.5

June

0.3 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.0 1.5 0.0 2.6

July

-0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.8 -0.2 1.3 0.0 2.7

August

-0.2 -0.1 0.1 1.0 0.3 1.6 0.2 2.7

September

0.0 -0.1 0.2 1.3 0.5 1.9 0.1 2.2

October

-0.2 -0.1 0.2 1.6 -0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.3

November

0.0 0.3 0.0 1.6 0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.9

December

-0.4 0.5 0.0 1.9 0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.7

Geographic divisions

Additional prices indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U rose 0.5 percent in the New England division, and edged up 0.2 percent in the Middle Atlantic division.

Over the year, the all items index advanced 2.0 percent in the New England division. (See table B.) Prices also rose in the Middle Atlantic division, up 1.3 percent.

 Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area 1-month change 12-month change

Northeast

0.3 1.5

New England Division

0.5 2.0

Middle Atlantic Division

0.2 1.3

The Consumer Price Index for February 2019 is scheduled to be released Tuesday, March 12, 2019, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Jan.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018

All items

265.487 265.286 266.109 1.5 0.2 0.3

All items (December 1977 = 100)

418.060 417.745 419.040      

Food and beverages

260.165 260.652 262.254 1.7 0.8 0.6

Food

260.486 261.088 262.757 1.8 0.9 0.6

Food at home

248.204 248.585 250.946 1.2 1.1 0.9

Cereals and bakery products

290.822 292.791 296.536 2.1 2.0 1.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

250.984 249.562 252.542 1.1 0.6 1.2

Dairy and related products

227.607 228.000 229.934 1.6 1.0 0.8

Fruits and vegetables

311.019 317.072 317.510 0.5 2.1 0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

172.694 172.071 176.152 1.9 2.0 2.4

Other food at home

222.785 221.318 222.401 0.7 -0.2 0.5

Food away from home

282.244 283.176 283.866 2.6 0.6 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

254.841 253.928 254.697 0.9 -0.1 0.3

Housing

283.660 284.854 286.006 2.6 0.8 0.4

Shelter

351.890 353.372 354.236 2.7 0.7 0.2

Rent of primary residence

354.649 355.513 356.335 2.4 0.5 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

365.388 366.078 366.621 2.6 0.3 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

365.097 365.781 366.325 2.5 0.3 0.1

Fuels and utilities

228.761 229.456 231.293 1.8 1.1 0.8

Household energy

202.792 203.302 205.230 1.6 1.2 0.9

Energy services

197.834 200.965 203.244 2.9 2.7 1.1

Electricity

200.395 201.123 202.479 -0.8 1.0 0.7

Utility (piped) gas service

178.279 185.096 188.706 10.3 5.8 2.0

Household furnishings and operations

119.170 119.864 121.577 3.4 2.0 1.4

Apparel

128.267 124.092 126.648 -0.5 -1.3 2.1

Transportation

205.639 202.527 200.914 -1.6 -2.3 -0.8

Private transportation

198.184 195.500 193.595 -1.8 -2.3 -1.0

New and used motor vehicles(2)

94.811 95.611 96.598 0.4 1.9 1.0

New vehicles

141.826 142.086 144.093 -1.8 1.6 1.4

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

98.302 98.487 99.883 -1.8 1.6 1.4

New cars(3)

131.632 131.357 132.910 -2.3 1.0 1.2

Used cars and trucks

143.578 143.692 144.452 1.9 0.6 0.5

Motor fuel

234.717 219.308 206.413 -8.7 -12.1 -5.9

Gasoline (all types)

233.474 218.038 205.140 -8.8 -12.1 -5.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

230.811 215.103 202.043 -9.2 -12.5 -6.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

248.923 234.590 222.149 -6.4 -10.8 -5.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

242.038 229.384 218.398 -6.0 -9.8 -4.8

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

622.117 622.122 622.423 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Medical care

508.360 509.755 512.667 2.0 0.8 0.6

Medical care commodities

393.018 393.047 392.591 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Medical care services

541.442 543.251 547.184 2.4 1.1 0.7

Professional services

383.705 384.184 385.347 1.4 0.4 0.3

Recreation(2)

124.174 124.041 124.676 0.3 0.4 0.5

Education and communication(2)

142.042 142.062 142.389 1.4 0.2 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,244.334 1,246.131 1,249.035 3.0 0.4 0.2

Other goods and services

488.435 490.191 492.072 2.1 0.7 0.4

Commodity and service group

Commodities

189.817 188.005 188.382 -0.3 -0.8 0.2

Commodities less food and beverages

151.753 149.150 149.030 -1.6 -1.8 -0.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

198.378 192.485 190.795 -2.8 -3.8 -0.9

Durables

100.936 101.133 102.241 0.1 1.3 1.1

Services

338.384 339.604 340.839 2.4 0.7 0.4

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

235.710 234.884 235.698 0.9 0.0 0.3

All items less medical care

254.816 254.542 255.270 1.5 0.2 0.3

Commodities less food

155.484 152.917 152.822 -1.5 -1.7 -0.1

Nondurables

229.349 226.335 226.147 -0.4 -1.4 -0.1

Nondurables less food

201.662 196.071 194.529 -2.5 -3.5 -0.8

Services less rent of shelter(1)

335.509 336.455 338.113 2.1 0.8 0.5

Services less medical care services

324.387 325.567 326.617 2.4 0.7 0.3

Energy

215.922 209.780 205.512 -3.0 -4.8 -2.0

All items less energy

273.243 273.668 275.035 1.9 0.7 0.5

All items less food and energy

277.248 277.647 278.975 1.9 0.6 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, February 13, 2019