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News Release Information

22-1503-PHI
Wednesday, July 13, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – June 2022

Area prices were up 1.2 percent over the past month, up 7.6 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Northeast Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 1.2 percent in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Alexandra Hall Bovee noted that the increase was the second largest in 2022, following a 1.3 percent rise in March. The all items less food and energy index, up 0.8 percent, accounted for more than half of the overall rise in the CPI-U. The energy index also increased in June, up 5.5 percent, and the food index inched up 0.6 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 7.6 percent, the largest increase since December 1981. (See chart 1 and table A.) The all items less food and energy index was largely responsible for the over-the-year increase, up 4.4 percent, although it was the smallest increase since January. The energy index jumped 44.2 percent over the year as the price of gasoline was 60.0 percent higher than the year before. The food index advanced 9.1 percent over-the-year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.6 percent for the month of June, down from the 1.1 percent increase in May. (See table 1.) Of the two major components within the food index, prices for food away from home increased 1.0 percent (the largest percent increase since October 2021), while prices for food at home were up 0.3 percent (the smallest increase since July 2021) for the same period. Within food at home, lower prices for fruits and vegetables (-1.7 percent) were offset by price increases for cereals and bakery products, and dairy and related products, both up 1.7 percent.

From June 2021 to June 2022, the food index increased 9.1 percent – the highest 12-month change since April 1981. Prices for food at home advanced 10.1 percent since a year ago, the greatest such increase since November 1980. Prices for food away from home increased 7.1 percent, the largest series increase since December 1981.

Energy

The energy index increased 5.5 percent over the month and accounted for two-fifths of the increase in the overall CPI-U. Gasoline prices increased 7.6 percent, down from the 10.8 percent rise in May. Prices for electricity increased 4.0 percent and the utility (piped) gas service index advanced 7.4 percent over the month, the largest increase for the natural gas index since November 2020.

Energy prices soared 44.2 percent over the year, the largest index increase since April 1980. Higher energy prices were largely due to higher prices for gasoline (60.0 percent which was the 17th consecutive month increase and the largest 12-month rise since September 2005). Prices for utility (piped) gas service advanced 38.8 percent during the past year while electricity prices jumped 15.6 percent. The price increase for utility (piped) gas service represents the 18th month of consecutive price increases and the largest increase since May 2001.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.8 percent in June, the largest increase in a year. Higher prices for new and used motor vehicles (4.3 percent) as well as higher prices for shelter (0.3 percent) and medical care (0.8 percent) contributed to the increase while a decrease in apparel (-0.7 percent) tempered the overall index increase. Owners' equivalent rent of residences (up 0.4 percent) and rent of primary residence (up 0.6 percent) contributed to the increase of the shelter index while medical care services advancing 0.9 percent contributed to the medical care index increase.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy moderated as it increased 4.4 percent, the smallest price increase so far in 2022. The 12-month increase in the shelter index (2.7 percent), the 9.8 percent increase in the new and used motor vehicles index (breaking 14 consecutive months of double-digit increases), the 8.5 percent increase in household furnishings and operations and the 4.8 percent increase in medical care contributed to the increase in the all items less food and energy index. The increase in shelter was led by gains in the indexes for owners’ equivalent rent of residences, up 3.3 percent, and household furnishings and operations, up 8.5 percent.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U increased 1.3 percent in the Middle Atlantic division, while prices in the New England division rose 0.8 percent.

Over the year, the all items index rose 7.9 percent in the New England division and 7.5 percent in the Middle Atlantic division. (See table B.)

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 1.6 0.3 1.5 0.7 2.3 0.4 1.1 0.8 6.3

February

0.4 1.7 0.2 1.3 0.3 2.4 0.4 1.2 0.7 6.6

March

0.1 2.0 0.5 1.7 -0.2 1.7 0.6 2.1 1.3 7.3

April

0.4 2.1 0.4 1.7 -0.4 0.8 0.7 3.3 0.6 7.2

May

0.4 2.5 0.3 1.5 0.0 0.6 0.6 3.9 0.9 7.5

June

0.0 2.6 0.1 1.6 0.3 0.8 1.0 4.6 1.2 7.6

July

0.0 2.7 0.1 1.7 0.4 1.1 0.2 4.3

August

0.2 2.7 0.1 1.5 0.1 1.1 0.1 4.4

September

0.1 2.2 0.0 1.4 0.1 1.2 0.3 4.6

October

-0.1 2.3 -0.1 1.5 -0.2 1.1 0.6 5.4

November

-0.4 1.9 0.1 1.9 0.1 1.1 0.6 6.0

December

-0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.9 0.2 1.4 0.2 5.9
Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area 1-month change 12-month change

Northeast

1.2 7.6

New England Division

0.8 7.9

Middle Atlantic Division

1.3 7.5

The July 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Northeast Region is scheduled to be released on August 10, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Apr.
2022
May
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022

All items

300.325 302.939 306.453 7.6 2.0 1.2

All items (December 1977 = 100)

472.920 477.036 482.570      

Food and beverages

300.047 303.241 304.928 8.8 1.6 0.6

Food

301.840 305.074 306.848 9.1 1.7 0.6

Food at home

286.582 290.648 291.665 10.1 1.8 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

340.416 346.685 352.511 13.2 3.6 1.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

300.953 306.537 306.931 9.8 2.0 0.1

Dairy and related products

262.070 262.471 267.049 10.8 1.9 1.7

Fruits and vegetables

350.638 352.857 346.709 6.0 -1.1 -1.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

195.044 197.754 198.924 10.1 2.0 0.6

Other food at home

253.600 258.328 260.067 11.7 2.6 0.7

Food away from home

326.649 328.173 331.418 7.1 1.5 1.0

Alcoholic beverages

275.062 277.710 278.252 4.0 1.2 0.2

Housing

315.371 317.975 320.297 5.9 1.6 0.7

Shelter

382.640 384.343 385.575 2.7 0.8 0.3

Rent of primary residence

383.169 384.670 386.924 3.3 1.0 0.6

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

395.373 397.064 398.725 3.3 0.8 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

395.028 396.712 398.378 3.3 0.8 0.4

Fuels and utilities

285.467 296.645 306.592 27.3 7.4 3.4

Household energy

257.473 269.073 279.009 31.9 8.4 3.7

Energy services

241.446 245.800 258.329 22.5 7.0 5.1

Electricity

240.543 244.127 253.807 15.6 5.5 4.0

Utility (piped) gas service

225.203 230.683 247.643 38.8 10.0 7.4

Household furnishings and operations

138.292 138.564 139.554 8.5 0.9 0.7

Apparel

129.657 130.543 129.637 4.5 0.0 -0.7

Transportation

255.695 261.073 271.417 17.4 6.1 4.0

Private transportation

253.535 257.749 268.937 18.8 6.1 4.3

New and used motor vehicles(2)

124.792 122.678 127.943 9.8 2.5 4.3

New vehicles

164.492 166.089 167.365 10.3 1.7 0.8

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

           

New cars(3)

156.487 157.871 158.540 11.9 1.3 0.4

Used cars and trucks

217.988 219.444 224.188 7.6 2.8 2.2

Motor fuel

348.980 386.955 416.155 60.1 19.2 7.5

Gasoline (all types)

347.219 384.786 414.151 60.0 19.3 7.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

344.584 382.731 411.558 60.6 19.4 7.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

366.408 400.533 433.247 57.6 18.2 8.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

350.883 383.206 414.948 55.8 18.3 8.3

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

           

Medical care

568.472 568.877 573.145 4.8 0.8 0.8

Medical care commodities

386.322 386.503 386.288 2.0 0.0 -0.1

Medical care services

622.123 622.597 628.303 5.4 1.0 0.9

Professional services

428.561 427.073 430.281 2.7 0.4 0.8

Recreation(2)

136.369 136.352 136.949 4.8 0.4 0.4

Education and communication(2)

152.381 152.249 152.217 1.5 -0.1 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,342.634 1,343.876 1,344.427 1.9 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

552.518 550.577 557.181 7.2 0.8 1.2

Commodity and service group

Commodities

223.370 227.659 230.510 13.0 3.2 1.3

Commodities less food and beverages

181.058 185.510 188.635 15.7 4.2 1.7

Nondurables less food and beverages

234.083 244.700 250.340 23.4 6.9 2.3

Durables

123.360 123.593 124.801 8.0 1.2 1.0

Services

374.044 374.918 379.054 4.7 1.3 1.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

272.061 275.001 279.325 10.2 2.7 1.6

All items less medical care

288.517 291.218 294.694 7.9 2.1 1.2

Commodities less food

184.742 189.175 192.253 15.2 4.1 1.6

Nondurables

266.906 273.947 277.683 15.1 4.0 1.4

Nondurables less food

236.376 246.481 251.796 21.9 6.5 2.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

377.423 377.399 384.943 6.9 2.0 2.0

Services less medical care services

356.960 357.858 361.880 4.6 1.4 1.1

Energy

294.285 316.107 333.517 44.2 13.3 5.5

All items less energy

304.768 305.705 308.028 5.0 1.1 0.8

All items less food and energy

307.228 307.765 310.200 4.4 1.0 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, July 13, 2022