Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

22-2175-PHI
Thursday, November 10, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – October 2022

Area prices were up 0.3 percent over the past month, up 6.9 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Northeast Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased by 0.3 percent in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Alexandra Hall Bovee noted that the October increase was predominantly due to higher prices for food; the food index rose 1.0 percent. The all items less food and energy index was up 0.2 percent, and the energy index rose by 0.3 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U index rose 6.9 percent— the smallest 12-month increase since February. (See chart 1 and table A.) The all items less food and energy index, up 5.2 percent, was largely responsible for the over-the-year increase in October. The food index increased 10.3 percent over the year with 12-month increases across all food components and the energy index advanced 19.2 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 1.0 percent for the month of October. (See table 1.) Of the two major components within the food index, prices for food away from home increased 1.3 percent, the same as in September, which was the highest 1-month increase since the series started in 1987. Food at home prices advanced 0.8 percent, with price increases for cereals and bakery products leading at 2.0 percent. Prices rose 0.7 percent for both the other food at home category and meats, poultry, fish, and eggs. A decrease of 0.2 percent in prices for fruits and vegetables partially offset these increases.

From October 2021 to October 2022, the food index increased 10.3 percent, the highest over-the-year rise in over 40 years. Prices for food at home advanced 11.9 percent since a year ago. This advance was led by an increase of 14.0 percent for other food at home and a 17.1 percent rise in cereals and bakery products—the highest 12-month increase for each index since they began reporting in 2018. Prices for food away from home increased 7.7 percent, the largest increase in over 40 years.

Energy

The energy index increased following 4 months of decline, up 0.3 percent over the month due to rises in the fuel oil index. Gasoline prices continued to decline, down 2.0 percent in October, moderating the increase. The index for utility (piped) gas service also fell, down 3.0 percent over the month following a 4.4 percent increase in September, and the electricity index declined 0.9 percent.

Energy prices increased over the year, up 19.2 percent – the smallest 12-month increase since April 2021 and well below the recent peak of 44.2 percent in June. Over the year, prices for electricity were up 17.7 percent, the fuel oil index rose, and the utility (piped) gas service index was up 26.3 percent, ending 5 consecutive months of increases over 30.0 percent. Gasoline prices rose 9.2 percent—the smallest 12-month increase since February 2021 and notably below the 60.0 percent peak in June.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in October. Rising prices for shelter (up 0.5 percent) were most of the reason for the increase. The indexes for owners' equivalent rent of residences and for rent of primary residence (each up 0.5 percent after two 1-month increases of 0.6 percent) contributed to the increase of the shelter index. Recreation prices (up 0.7 percent) contributed to the all items less food and energy increase. Lower prices for used cars and trucks (down 2.4 percent following a 4.0 percent decline in September), medical care (down 0.5 percent—the first decrease since June 2021), and apparel (down 1.2 percent) partially offset the overall rise.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 5.2 percent. The 12-month increases in the shelter index (up 4.8 percent – the largest increase since January 2007), the new and used motor vehicles index (up 9.2 percent – the smallest 12-month rise since March 2021), the medical care index (up 5.4 percent following a 6.1 increase in September), and household furnishings and operations (up 7.0 percent) contributed to the increase in the all items less food and energy index. Within the shelter index, gains were led by the index for owners’ equivalent rent of residences (up 4.6 percent— the highest 12-month increase since March 2007) and rent of primary residence (up 4.8 percent). The medical care services index increased 6.4 percent, contributing to the rise in the medical care index. Prices for new vehicles were up 7.1 percent, leading the new and used motor vehicles index gains.

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U index for the New England division increased by 0.5 percent. For the Middle Atlantic division, the all items CPI-U index rose by 0.2 percent.

Over the year, the all items index advanced 7.0 percent in the New England division and 6.8 percent in the Middle Atlantic division. (See table B.)

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 1.6 0.3 1.5 0.7 2.3 0.4 1.1 0.8 6.3

February

0.4 1.7 0.2 1.3 0.3 2.4 0.4 1.2 0.7 6.6

March

0.1 2.0 0.5 1.7 -0.2 1.7 0.6 2.1 1.3 7.3

April

0.4 2.1 0.4 1.7 -0.4 0.8 0.7 3.3 0.6 7.2

May

0.4 2.5 0.3 1.5 0.0 0.6 0.6 3.9 0.9 7.5

June

0.0 2.6 0.1 1.6 0.3 0.8 1.0 4.6 1.2 7.6

July

0.0 2.7 0.1 1.7 0.4 1.1 0.2 4.3 -0.2 7.3

August

0.2 2.7 0.1 1.5 0.1 1.1 0.1 4.4 0.3 7.4

September

0.1 2.2 0.0 1.4 0.1 1.2 0.3 4.6 0.1 7.2

October

-0.1 2.3 -0.1 1.5 -0.2 1.1 0.6 5.4 0.3 6.9

November

-0.4 1.9 0.1 1.9 0.1 1.1 0.6 6.0

December

-0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.9 0.2 1.4 0.2 5.9
Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area 1-month change 12-month change

Northeast

0.3 6.9

New England Division

0.5 7.0

Middle Atlantic Division

0.2 6.8

The November 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Northeast Region is scheduled to be released on December 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022
Oct.
2022
Oct.
2021
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022

All items

306.855 307.152 308.001 6.9 0.4 0.3

All items (December 1977 = 100)

483.203 483.671 485.007      

Food and beverages

310.957 313.217 316.024 10.0 1.6 0.9

Food

313.018 315.305 318.362 10.3 1.7 1.0

Food at home

298.620 299.757 302.019 11.9 1.1 0.8

Cereals and bakery products

365.857 365.819 373.078 17.1 2.0 2.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

311.643 309.752 311.783 8.2 0.0 0.7

Dairy and related products

272.872 276.830 278.263 14.6 2.0 0.5

Fruits and vegetables

350.867 356.186 355.404 8.9 1.3 -0.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

204.097 204.557 207.291 11.2 1.6 1.3

Other food at home

268.460 269.510 271.297 14.0 1.1 0.7

Food away from home

335.920 340.447 345.023 7.7 2.7 1.3

Alcoholic beverages

282.405 284.298 283.842 6.1 0.5 -0.2

Housing

322.473 324.264 326.092 7.0 1.1 0.6

Shelter

388.910 390.895 392.926 4.8 1.0 0.5

Rent of primary residence

390.595 393.010 394.859 4.8 1.1 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

402.291 404.582 406.433 4.6 1.0 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

401.941 404.233 406.081 4.6 1.0 0.5

Fuels and utilities

304.524 307.114 312.110 23.5 2.5 1.6

Household energy

276.998 278.482 283.553 26.8 2.4 1.8

Energy services

265.863 269.071 264.661 20.5 -0.5 -1.6

Electricity

261.603 260.393 258.006 17.7 -1.4 -0.9

Utility (piped) gas service

254.123 265.405 257.518 26.3 1.3 -3.0

Household furnishings and operations

140.835 141.593 141.125 7.0 0.2 -0.3

Apparel

131.471 133.500 131.933 2.9 0.4 -1.2

Transportation

261.376 255.809 254.525 9.1 -2.6 -0.5

Private transportation

259.953 253.996 252.491 8.8 -2.9 -0.6

New and used motor vehicles(2)

128.040 128.100 126.999 9.2 -0.8 -0.9

New vehicles

169.702 170.617 171.359 7.1 1.0 0.4

New cars(3)

160.651 162.020 162.928 9.1 1.4 0.6

Used cars and trucks

224.905 215.905 210.817 2.4 -6.3 -2.4

Motor fuel

355.248 316.215 310.168 9.5 -12.7 -1.9

Gasoline (all types)

353.429 314.408 308.192 9.2 -12.8 -2.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

349.249 309.646 303.711 8.5 -13.0 -1.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

380.131 343.478 333.902 12.3 -12.2 -2.8

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

367.488 334.331 326.586 13.8 -11.1 -2.3

Medical care

580.669 582.964 579.822 5.4 -0.1 -0.5

Medical care commodities

392.344 389.234 387.913 0.6 -1.1 -0.3

Medical care services

636.224 640.286 636.577 6.4 0.1 -0.6

Professional services

429.925 431.933 431.627 2.5 0.4 -0.1

Recreation(2)

137.263 136.871 137.813 4.0 0.4 0.7

Education and communication(2)

152.938 153.479 153.585 0.6 0.4 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,360.598 1,369.863 1,374.311 2.3 1.0 0.3

Other goods and services

561.095 566.144 569.966 6.3 1.6 0.7

Commodity and service group

Commodities

228.782 226.692 227.437 7.9 -0.6 0.3

Commodities less food and beverages

184.062 180.441 180.359 6.5 -2.0 0.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

237.946 230.417 231.542 8.8 -2.7 0.5

Durables

125.418 124.593 123.827 4.5 -1.3 -0.6

Services

381.613 384.330 385.271 6.3 1.0 0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

278.698 278.401 278.836 7.9 0.0 0.2

All items less medical care

294.797 295.009 296.023 7.0 0.4 0.3

Commodities less food

187.880 184.382 184.289 6.5 -1.9 -0.1

Nondurables

274.208 271.415 273.362 9.5 -0.3 0.7

Nondurables less food

240.453 233.523 234.547 8.6 -2.5 0.4

Services less rent of shelter(1)

386.711 390.317 390.075 7.9 0.9 -0.1

Services less medical care services

364.085 366.708 367.948 6.2 1.1 0.3

Energy

308.830 294.732 295.557 19.2 -4.3 0.3

All items less energy

310.669 312.252 313.113 5.9 0.8 0.3

All items less food and energy

312.234 313.702 314.180 5.2 0.6 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, November 10, 2022