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News Release Information

20-1954-PHI
Tuesday, October 13, 2020

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Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – September 2020

Area prices were up 0.1 percent over the past month, up 1.2 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Northeast Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), inched up 0.1 percent in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The over-the-month increase was influenced by higher prices for the all items less food and energy index, up 0.1 percent. The energy index and the food index also rose in September, up 0.4 and 0.1 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 1.2 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.5 percent over the year. Food prices also rose, up 3.9 percent, while energy prices declined 8.1 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices inched up 0.1 percent for the month of September. Prices for food away from home edged up 0.2 percent, while those for food at home were unchanged.

Over the year, food prices rose 3.9 percent. Prices for food at home increased 4.3 percent from September 2019 to September 2020, and prices for food away from home advanced 3.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 0.4 percent over the month. The increase was mostly due to higher prices for gasoline (1.3 percent). Prices for electricity also increased, up 0.1 percent, while prices for utility (piped) gas service decreased 0.4 percent in September.

Energy prices declined 8.1 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-14.6 percent). Prices paid for utility (piped) gas service declined 2.6 percent, while prices for electricity rose 1.7 percent from September 2019 to September 2020.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent in September. Higher prices for apparel (3.2 percent) and shelter (0.1 percent) were nearly offset by lower prices for recreation (-1.4 percent) and medical care (-0.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.5 percent. Price increases were led by shelter (2.0 percent) and medical care (3.2 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a 5.9-percent decline for apparel prices.

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.0 0.7 0.6 2.5 0.5 1.6 0.3 1.5 0.7 2.3

February

0.2 0.7 0.3 2.6 0.4 1.7 0.2 1.3 0.3 2.4

March

0.2 0.6 -0.1 2.2 0.1 2.0 0.5 1.7 -0.2 1.7

April

0.6 1.0 0.3 1.9 0.4 2.1 0.4 1.7 -0.4 0.8

May

0.3 0.9 0.1 1.7 0.4 2.5 0.3 1.5 0.0 0.6

June

0.2 0.7 0.0 1.5 0.0 2.6 0.1 1.6 0.3 0.8

July

0.0 0.8 -0.2 1.3 0.0 2.7 0.1 1.7 0.4 1.1

August

0.1 1.0 0.3 1.6 0.2 2.7 0.1 1.5 0.1 1.1

September

0.2 1.3 0.5 1.9 0.1 2.2 0.0 1.4 0.1 1.2

October

0.2 1.6 -0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.3 -0.1 1.5

November

0.0 1.6 0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.9 0.1 1.9

December

0.0 1.9 0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.9

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U increased in the New England and Middle Atlantic divisions, both up 0.1 percent.

Over the year, the all items index advanced in the New England division (0.6 percent). (See table B.) Prices rose in the Middle Atlantic division, up 1.5 percent.

 Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area 1-month change 12-month change

Northeast

0.1 1.2

New England Division

0.1 0.6

Middle Atlantic Division

0.1 1.5

The October 2020 Consumer Price Index for the Northeast Region is scheduled to be released on November 12, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on September 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in September was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Jul.
2020
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020
Sep.
2019
Jul.
2020
Aug.
2020

All items

273.347 273.597 273.925 1.2 0.2 0.1

All items (December 1977 = 100)

430.438 430.831 431.348      

Food and beverages

274.510 274.094 274.500 3.8 0.0 0.1

Food

275.506 275.002 275.304 3.9 -0.1 0.1

Food at home

261.877 260.775 260.903 4.3 -0.4 0.0

Cereals and bakery products

316.387 312.808 308.929 4.1 -2.4 -1.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

269.532 266.995 265.933 5.9 -1.3 -0.4

Dairy and related products

237.521 240.498 240.369 4.0 1.2 -0.1

Fruits and vegetables

323.536 322.093 326.289 5.9 0.9 1.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

179.745 178.804 180.309 1.6 0.3 0.8

Other food at home

232.015 231.653 231.546 3.3 -0.2 0.0

Food away from home

299.243 299.666 300.242 3.4 0.3 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

260.391 261.181 263.005 2.5 1.0 0.7

Housing

293.550 293.417 293.749 1.6 0.1 0.1

Shelter

367.962 367.753 368.205 2.0 0.1 0.1

Rent of primary residence

370.379 370.806 371.903 2.1 0.4 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

380.755 381.116 381.502 2.5 0.2 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

380.423 380.786 381.171 2.5 0.2 0.1

Fuels and utilities

222.193 220.042 219.623 -1.9 -1.2 -0.2

Household energy

193.728 191.319 190.773 -2.9 -1.5 -0.3

Energy services

198.819 195.555 195.499 0.7 -1.7 0.0

Electricity

210.574 205.000 205.218 1.7 -2.5 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service

161.440 162.837 162.261 -2.6 0.5 -0.4

Household furnishings and operations

120.699 121.806 122.193 1.5 1.2 0.3

Apparel

117.501 121.598 125.434 -5.9 6.8 3.2

Transportation

197.215 197.217 198.368 -3.5 0.6 0.6

Private transportation

191.958 193.697 193.484 -1.9 0.8 -0.1

New and used motor vehicles(2)

97.670 98.838 98.091 2.6 0.4 -0.8

New vehicles

145.364 144.638 143.211 0.4 -1.5 -1.0

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

100.738 100.232 99.268 0.4 -1.5 -1.0

New cars(3)

135.118 134.639 133.480 1.3 -1.2 -0.9

Used cars and trucks

147.569 156.307 159.375 10.0 8.0 2.0

Motor fuel

190.439 190.108 192.586 -14.5 1.1 1.3

Gasoline (all types)

189.428 189.108 191.608 -14.6 1.2 1.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

185.855 185.523 188.066 -15.0 1.2 1.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

209.462 209.337 211.145 -12.4 0.8 0.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

206.943 206.731 208.863 -11.5 0.9 1.0

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

606.423 620.243 609.713 -1.8 0.5 -1.7

Medical care

554.273 551.685 548.668 3.2 -1.0 -0.5

Medical care commodities

392.571 393.671 387.697 -4.0 -1.2 -1.5

Medical care services

601.504 597.772 595.705 4.8 -1.0 -0.3

Professional services

407.557 407.372 407.281 2.1 -0.1 0.0

Recreation(2)

128.781 130.317 128.545 2.5 -0.2 -1.4

Education and communication(2)

148.820 148.796 148.939 2.0 0.1 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,305.924 1,304.488 1,310.985 1.7 0.4 0.5

Other goods and services

511.039 513.366 513.994 2.4 0.6 0.1

Commodity and service group

Commodities

189.329 190.604 191.124 -0.2 0.9 0.3

Commodities less food and beverages

145.387 147.281 147.821 -2.9 1.7 0.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

183.094 185.291 186.528 -6.2 1.9 0.7

Durables

101.585 103.037 103.037 1.6 1.4 0.0

Services

353.955 353.224 353.370 1.9 -0.2 0.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

240.644 241.058 241.343 0.8 0.3 0.1

All items less medical care

260.950 261.327 261.807 1.1 0.3 0.2

Commodities less food

149.411 151.287 151.865 -2.7 1.6 0.4

Nondurables

228.048 228.994 229.835 -0.7 0.8 0.4

Nondurables less food

187.627 189.739 191.010 -5.5 1.8 0.7

Services less rent of shelter(1)

350.931 349.624 349.445 1.9 -0.4 -0.1

Services less medical care services

336.899 336.376 336.674 1.6 -0.1 0.1

Energy

192.472 190.904 191.582 -8.1 -0.5 0.4

All items less energy

284.195 284.613 284.914 1.9 0.3 0.1

All items less food and energy

287.546 288.130 288.433 1.5 0.3 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, October 13, 2020