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News Release Information

22-1504-PHI
Wednesday, July 13, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington – June 2022

Area prices were up 2.3 percent over the past 2 months, up 8.8 percent from a year

Prices in the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 2.3 percent for the 2 months ending in June 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Alexandra Hall Bovee noted that the June increase followed April’s 2.2 percent jump and was the largest index increase since September 1981. Almost half of the overall June increase was due to a 14.7 percent jump in the energy index, the largest since June 2008. The all items less food and energy index and the food index also rose. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 8.8 percent, the largest over-the-year increase since January 1982. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy continued to rise at a slower pace than the overall index and moderated since April (6.3 percent) as it increased 5.6 percent over the year but accounted for just over half of the overall index change. Both the energy and food indexes had increases that were the highest in over 40 years. (See table 1.)

Food

The rate of increase in food prices moderated in June, up 1.8 percent, almost entirely due to a 2.7-percent price increase for food at home. Grocery price increases included cereals and bakery products (7.3 percent), other food at home (2.6 percent), and meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (2.8 percent) and were slightly offset by lower fruits and vegetables prices (-0.7 percent). Food away from home prices increased 0.3 percent in June, down from 1.0 percent in April.

Over the year, food prices increased 10.1 percent, the largest increase since February 1981. Food at home prices jumped 13.1 percent; continuing double-digit increases since February. All the major grocery categories were up over the year, led by the miscellaneous other food at home category (18.2 percent) – the largest increase since the series started in 2018. Prices for food away from home also rose, up 5.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 14.7 percent over the 2-month pricing period, the largest increase since June 2008. This was largely due to higher prices for gasoline, up 19.2 percent but still below the 2022 high of 22.2 percent in March. The utility (piped) gas service index increased 15.6 percent, the largest increase since March 2001. Electricity prices increased 7.0 percent in June.

Over the year, the energy index increased 46.0 percent, the largest such increase since April 1980, dominated by a 59.3 percent increase for gasoline. The 42-year record gasoline increase was the second consecutive increase exceeding 50 percent amid 18 months of consecutive price increases. Utility (piped) gas service prices increased 44.3 percent, the largest increase since August 2001. Electricity prices were up 19.1 percent, the largest increase since September 1984.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.2 percent in the latest 2-month period. Higher prices for shelter (1.9 percent), new and used motor vehicles (1.2 percent), and recreation (1.3 percent) were slightly offset by lower prices for household furnishings and operations (-0.9 percent) and education and communication (-0.1 percent). The shelter index increase was due to an increase for owners’ equivalent rent of residences (1.2 percent), lodging away from home (19.2 percent), and rent of primary residence (1.2 percent). New and used motor vehicle prices were largely due to higher prices for used cars and trucks, up 3.2 percent.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 5.6 percent – the smallest increase since 2022 began. Higher prices for shelter (7.0 percent), new and used motor vehicles (7.9 percent) and medical care (4.1 percent) were largely responsible. Within shelter, the owners’ equivalent rent of residences index advanced 5.7 percent, the most since December 2006, while lodging away from home increased 54.9 percent. The 7.9 percent new and used motor vehicles price change ended 7 consecutive double-digit price increases (ranging from 11.0 to 28.8 percent) that began in April 2021.

Table A. Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

0.4 0.5 0.8 1.5 1.0 2.6 0.8 1.0 1.5 7.3

April

0.9 1.4 1.3 1.9 -1.3 -0.1 1.2 3.5 2.2 8.4

June

0.2 1.9 0.5 2.1 0.6 0.1 1.9 4.9 2.3 8.8

August

0.3 1.7 0.5 2.3 0.8 0.4 0.6 4.6

October

0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.9 0.0 0.8 1.0 5.6

December

-0.7 1.0 -0.3 2.4 0.0 1.1 0.9 6.6

The August 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington area is scheduled to be released on September 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index for Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington is published bi-monthly. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force. The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/. In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD, Core Based Statistical Area includes Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia Counties in Pennsylvania; Burlington, Camden, Cumberland, Gloucester, and Salem Counties in New Jersey; New Castle County in Delaware; and Cecil County in Maryland.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Apr.
2022
May
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022

All items

287.602   294.207 8.8 2.3  

All items (1967 = 100)

830.866   849.946      

Food and beverages

271.262   275.854 9.7 1.7  

Food

272.891   277.731 10.1 1.8  

Food at home

277.623 283.325 285.113 13.1 2.7 0.6

Cereals and bakery products

361.728   388.083 17.8 7.3  

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

317.882   326.856 10.5 2.8  

Dairy and related products

218.141   224.518 9.9 2.9  

Fruits and vegetables

301.297   299.288 8.5 -0.7  

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

187.559   191.071 12.0 1.9  

Other food at home

254.633   261.190 18.2 2.6  

Food away from home

258.728   259.554 5.4 0.3  

Alcoholic beverages

244.648   246.435 3.4 0.7  

Housing

295.768   303.276 9.2 2.5  

Shelter

361.491 364.160 368.327 7.0 1.9 1.1

Rent of primary residence

336.497 337.710 340.575 5.1 1.2 0.8

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

369.904 371.828 374.461 5.7 1.2 0.7

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

369.904 371.828 374.461 5.7 1.2 0.7

Fuels and utilities

253.469   279.625 31.4 10.3  

Household energy

210.333 220.509 233.401 35.9 11.0 5.8

Energy services

207.502 210.060 228.238 26.7 10.0 8.7

Electricity

202.601 205.420 216.798 19.1 7.0 5.5

Utility (piped) gas service

204.970 206.879 237.034 44.3 15.6 14.6

Household furnishings and operations

135.858   134.587 5.0 -0.9  

Apparel

108.442   108.908 0.9 0.4  

Transportation

266.438   279.577 17.4 4.9  

Private transportation

272.889   288.074 18.2 5.6  

New and used motor vehicles(3)

132.219   133.753 7.9 1.2  

New vehicles(1)

225.127   228.747 10.2 1.6  

Used cars and trucks(1)

384.977   397.247 8.0 3.2  

Motor fuel

382.021 424.690 455.409 59.4 19.2 7.2

Gasoline (all types)

377.130 419.199 449.633 59.3 19.2 7.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

373.463 416.414 446.230 60.2 19.5 7.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

383.251 417.563 451.238 56.0 17.7 8.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

373.225 406.707 438.754 54.0 17.6 7.9

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

           

Medical care

592.522   596.423 4.1 0.7  

Recreation(3)

131.231   132.941 3.7 1.3  

Education and communication(3)

134.705   134.604 0.3 -0.1  

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,080.349   1,080.349 1.0 0.0  

Other goods and services

619.543   626.642 6.9 1.1  

Commodity and service group

Commodities

216.775   223.610 13.0 3.2  

Commodities less food and beverages

184.681   192.032 14.9 4.0  

Nondurables less food and beverages

231.575   248.681 24.1 7.4  

Durables

131.862   131.990 5.4 0.1  

Services

359.165   365.699 6.4 1.8  

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

263.627   270.253 9.8 2.5  

All items less medical care

274.709   281.417 9.2 2.4  

Commodities less food

187.317   194.515 14.5 3.8  

Nondurables

253.079   264.350 16.4 4.5  

Nondurables less food

232.265   248.242 22.5 6.9  

Services less rent of shelter(2)

364.626   370.935 5.9 1.7  

Services less medical care services

341.277   348.042 6.8 2.0  

Energy

271.093 291.952 310.907 46.0 14.7 6.5

All items less energy

292.680   296.360 6.2 1.3  

All items less food and energy

298.910   302.438 5.6 1.2  

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, July 13, 2022