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18-1590-PHI
Monday, October 01, 2018

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County Employment and Wages in Virginia – First Quarter 2018

Average weekly wages increased in 11 counties

Ten of the 12 largest counties in Virginia registered employment increases from March 2017 to March 2018, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are defined as those with employment of 75,000 or more as measured by 2017 annual average employment.) Newport News City had the fastest rate of employment growth at 4.1 percent, followed by Loudon County and Prince William County at 2.6 and 2.5 percent, respectively. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that Newport News City’s employment growth rate ranked 14th among the nation’s 349 largest counties. Alexandria City and Virginia Beach City recorded employment declines over the year of 1.2 percent and 0.2 percent, respectively.

Nationally, employment grew 1.6 percent during this 12-month period, as 314 of the 349 large counties nationwide gained jobs. Midland, Texas, had the largest percentage increase in employment, up 12.6 percent over the year. Kanawha, W.Va., had the largest employment decrease with a loss of 1.4 percent.

Among the 12 largest counties in Virginia, employment was highest in Fairfax (603,900) in March 2018. No other county in the commonwealth had employment above 200,000. Together, Virginia’s large counties accounted for 56.2 percent of total employment within the commonwealth. Nationwide, the 349 largest counties made up 73.1 percent of total U.S. employment.

The average weekly wage in Richmond City increased 4.4 percent from the first quarter of 2017 to the first quarter of 2018, the fastest increase among Virginia’s 12 largest counties. Prince William County had the second largest average weekly wage increase, up 4.0 percent. Arlington County had the highest average weekly wage among the largest counties in the commonwealth at $1,925, followed by Fairfax County ($1,802) and Alexandria City ($1,499). (See table 1.) Nationally, the average weekly wage increased 3.7 percent over the year to $1,152 in the first quarter of 2018.

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 121 counties in with employment below 75,000. Seven of these 121 counties had average weekly wages above the national average. (See table 2.)

Large county wage changes

From the first quarter of 2017 to the first quarter of 2018, 11 of the 12 large counties in Virginia recorded wage increases. Over-the-year gains in Richmond City (4.4 percent) and Prince William County (4.0 percent) ranked 59th and 85th, respectively, among the nation’s 349 large U.S. counties.

Among the 349 largest U.S. counties, 336 had over-the-year increases in average weekly wages. Peoria, Ill., had the largest percentage wage increase, (23.8 percent). Of the 13 large U.S. counties with over-the-year decreases in average weekly wages, Forsyth, N.C., had the largest decline at 4.8 percent.

Large county average weekly wages

Arlington County had the eighth-highest average weekly wage among the 349 large U.S. counties. Fairfax County and Alexandria City ranked 11th and 25th, respectively. Additionally, Richmond City and Loudoun County recorded average weekly wages above the U.S. average of $1,152.

In Chesapeake City and Virginia Beach City, average weekly wages placed in the bottom fifth of the national ranking at 304th and 318th, respectively.

Average weekly wages in Virginia’s smaller counties

Seven of the 121 counties in Virginia with employment below 75,000 had average weekly wages higher than the national average of $1,152. Among these smaller counties, Goochland ($2,464), Surry ($1,783) and King George ($1,408) had the highest average weekly wages. Mathews County reported the lowest average weekly wage at $516. (See table 2.)

When all 133 counties in Virginia were considered, 121 had wages below the national average of $1,152. Eleven counties reported wages below $600, 38 had wages from $600 to $699, 33 had wages from $700 to $799, 19 had wages from $800 to $899, and 32 had wages above $900.

Additional statistics and other information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit the QCEW Web site at www.bls.gov/cew/.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2017 edition of this publication is now available and contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2018 version of the national news release. Tables and additional content from Employment and Wages Annual Averages 2017 are now available online at www.bls.gov/cew/cewbultn17.htm. The 2018 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Online will be available in September 2019.


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The 10.0 million employer reports cover 144.6 million full- and part-time workers. The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/cew/; however, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons—some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

 Table 1. Covered employment and wages in the United States and the 12 largest counties in Virginia, first quarter 2018
Area Employment Average weekly wage (1)
March 2018 (thousands) Percent change, March 2017-18 (2) National ranking by percent change (3) Average weekly wage National ranking by level (3) Percent change, first quarter 2017-18 (2) National ranking by percent change (3)
United States (4) 144,562.9 1.6 -- $1,152 -- 3.7 --

Virginia

3,854.4 1.5 -- 1,162 14 3.0 30

Alexandria City, Va.

91.5 -1.2 347 1,499 25 2.4 228

Arlington, Va.

175.9 1.2 181 1,925 8 3.9 93

Chesapeake City, Va.

101.1 2.0 103 850 304 2.2 253

Chesterfield, Va.

136.2 1.9 113 942 221 3.1 160

Fairfax, Va.

603.9 1.4 158 1,802 11 3.0 172

Henrico, Va.

189.9 1.3 170 1,113 109 1.5 305

Loudoun, Va.

165.4 2.6 59 1,289 54 3.1 160

Newport News City, Va.

100.7 4.1 14 1,037 153 -2.4 346

Norfolk City, Va.

142.7 0.7 247 1,052 142 2.9 180

Prince William, Va.

128.4 2.5 62 936 226 4.0 85

Richmond City, Va.

155.1 0.7 247 1,308 52 4.4 59

Virginia Beach City, Va.

175.6 -0.2 325 823 318 3.4 132

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.

(2) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.

(3) Ranking does not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

Table 2. Covered employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Virginia, first quarter 2018
Area Employment March 2018 Average weekly wage(1)

United States(2)

144,562,926 $1,152

Virginia

3,854,381 1,162

Accomack

13,278 758

Albemarle

55,837 1,065

Alleghany

3,734 658

Amelia

2,476 660

Amherst

8,130 724

Appomattox

3,260 549

Arlington

175,859 1,925

Augusta

27,152 842

Bath

2,164 701

Bedford

18,629 728

Bland

1,996 854

Botetourt

10,506 778

Brunswick

3,655 644

Buchanan

6,642 866

Buckingham

3,286 682

Campbell

17,057 981

Caroline

5,575 768

Carroll

6,454 599

Charles City

1,721 854

Charlotte

2,822 640

Chesterfield

136,192 942

Clarke

3,876 847

Craig

718 617

Culpeper

15,852 800

Cumberland

1,330 673

Dickenson

3,244 755

Dinwiddie

8,580 812

Essex

3,729 626

Fairfax County

603,899 1,802

Fauquier

22,178 926

Floyd

3,366 557

Fluvanna

4,238 750

Franklin

15,173 625

Frederick

31,398 914

Giles

4,466 786

Gloucester

9,508 641

Goochland

15,896 2,464

Grayson

2,915 564

Greene

3,713 649

Greensville

4,502 798

Halifax

12,160 725

Hanover

51,536 817

Henrico

189,938 1,113

Henry

15,874 634

Highland

464 616

Isle of Wight

10,682 1,236

James City

28,996 760

King and Queen

1,111 717

King George

11,414 1,408

King William

3,972 850

Lancaster

4,367 694

Lee

4,260 631

Loudoun

165,368 1,289

Louisa

10,238 1,011

Lunenburg

2,610 614

Madison

2,998 712

Mathews

1,516 516

Mecklenburg

11,440 656

Middlesex

3,299 668

Montgomery

42,551 887

Nelson

4,080 631

New Kent

4,091 694

Northampton

3,965 576

Northumberland

2,291 752

Nottoway

5,799 643

Orange

9,798 706

Page

5,459 617

Patrick

4,496 544

Pittsylvania

12,557 658

Powhatan

7,011 721

Prince Edward

9,227 681

Prince George

14,953 996

Prince William

128,369 936

Pulaski

14,024 781

Rappahannock

1,341 706

Richmond County

2,906 707

Roanoke County

38,397 797

Rockbridge

6,022 608

Rockingham

33,104 850

Russell

6,769 799

Scott

4,618 626

Shenandoah

14,120 738

Smyth

11,960 661

Southampton

3,575 678

Spotsylvania

35,920 749

Stafford

43,629 1,020

Surry

2,381 1,783

Sussex

3,544 739

Tazewell

14,739 688

Warren

12,375 756

Washington

20,693 689

Westmoreland

3,414 593

Wise

11,703 656

Wythe

11,407 653

York

21,279 720

Alexandria City

91,523 1,499

Bristol City

9,140 685

Buena Vista City

2,576 624

Charlottesville City

40,131 1,155

Chesapeake City

101,143 850

Colonial Heights City

10,698 607

Covington City

4,181 997

Danville City

25,730 716

Emporia City

3,315 591

Fairfax City

19,533 1,091

Falls Church City

12,293 1,296

Franklin City

4,228 583

Fredericksburg City

24,648 832

Galax City

5,815 620

Hampton City

54,832 897

Harrisonburg City

31,534 704

Hopewell City

8,013 1,130

Lexington City

4,597 779

Lynchburg City

51,935 842

Manassas City

22,071 1,211

Manassas Park City

3,591 903

Martinsville City

9,099 665

Newport News City

100,719 1,037

Norfolk City

142,670 1,052

Norton City

3,418 693

Petersburg City

13,068 756

Poquoson City

1,891 594

Portsmouth City

44,273 995

Radford City

6,047 832

Richmond City

155,062 1,308

Roanoke City

65,958 879

Salem City

20,062 948

Staunton City

11,196 708

Suffolk City

30,986 901

Virginia Beach City

175,564 823

Waynesboro City

9,434 732

Williamsburg City

12,922 809

Winchester City

25,505 901

Footnotes
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

NOTE: Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs. Data are preliminary.

Table 3. Covered employment and wages by state, first quarter 2018
State Employment Average weekly wage (1)
March 2018 (thousands) Percent change, March 2017-18 Average weekly wage National ranking by level Percent change, first quarter 2017-18 National ranking by percent change

United States (2)

144,562.9 1.6 $1,152 -- 3.7 --

Alabama

1,948.9 1.1 919 36 2.9 34

Alaska

311.2 -0.5 1,074 20 2.3 44

Arizona

2,822.5 2.8 1,025 22 3.5 19

Arkansas

1,211.4 0.9 879 44 2.4 40

California

17,152.5 2.1 1,352 6 4.4 6

Colorado

2,639.5 2.5 1,175 11 3.4 22

Connecticut

1,651.9 0.1 1,447 4 2.4 40

Delaware

438.7 1.2 1,202 10 1.3 51

District of Columbia

770.2 1.2 1,917 1 1.9 49

Florida

8,716.8 2.2 988 25 4.1 9

Georgia

4,409.1 2.3 1,095 17 2.3 44

Hawaii

658.4 0.3 974 29 2.3 44

Idaho

712.6 3.5 809 50 4.3 7

Illinois

5,909.3 1.0 1,241 8 3.9 10

Indiana

3,018.8 1.2 954 32 3.9 10

Iowa

1,525.8 0.5 921 35 2.4 40

Kansas

1,370.6 0.2 912 40 2.7 38

Kentucky

1,873.7 0.5 901 41 2.5 39

Louisiana

1,914.7 0.5 932 34 3.0 30

Maine

592.1 0.9 891 43 3.6 16

Maryland

2,646.9 0.9 1,209 9 3.2 26

Massachusetts

3,509.9 1.1 1,510 3 5.6 2

Michigan

4,289.0 1.4 1,078 19 3.4 22

Minnesota

2,823.6 0.7 1,175 11 2.1 47

Mississippi

1,125.9 0.1 765 51 2.1 47

Missouri

2,777.6 0.5 960 31 3.1 28

Montana

455.5 1.0 819 49 2.4 40

Nebraska

966.0 0.4 898 42 3.6 16

Nevada

1,351.6 3.0 977 28 4.8 5

New Hampshire

648.2 0.8 1,122 15 4.9 3

New Jersey

3,997.6 1.3 1,373 5 3.0 30

New Mexico

813.3 1.0 862 47 2.9 34

New York

9,318.9 1.8 1,597 2 3.4 22

North Carolina

4,370.6 1.8 1,022 23 3.0 30

North Dakota

408.2 0.6 988 25 3.7 15

Ohio

5,328.5 0.9 1,005 24 2.9 34

Oklahoma

1,600.9 1.8 914 38 3.5 19

Oregon

1,894.3 2.0 1,026 21 4.3 7

Pennsylvania

5,787.2 1.4 1,115 16 3.4 22

Rhode Island

469.9 1.1 1,086 18 3.2 26

South Carolina

2,067.4 2.2 877 45 1.7 50

South Dakota

417.5 1.0 842 48 2.8 37

Tennessee

2,950.0 1.6 978 27 3.5 19

Texas

12,179.2 2.0 1,168 13 3.9 10

Utah

1,458.8 3.3 949 33 4.9 3

Vermont

307.1 0.4 917 37 3.1 28

Virginia

3,854.4 1.5 1,162 14 3.0 30

Washington

3,316.1 2.8 1,306 7 7.7 1

West Virginia

684.8 0.6 868 46 3.6 16

Wisconsin

2,831.7 1.0 968 30 3.8 14

Wyoming

263.7 0.3 914 38 3.9 10

Puerto Rico

856.7 -3.8 563 (3) 7.0 (3)

Virgin Islands

33.3 -15.5 969 (3) 24.4 (3)

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(3) Data not included in the national ranking.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, October 01, 2018