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18-796-PHI
Friday, May 11, 2018

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Unemployment in the Washington Area by County – March 2018

Three Counties had Unemployment Rates Higher than the National Average

In March, Arlington County, VA, had the lowest unemployment rate in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area at 2.2 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that the District of Columbia had an unemployment rate of 5.7 percent, the highest among the 22 counties that make up the metropolitan area. The unemployment rates in Prince George’s County, MD (4.6 percent) and Charles County, MD (4.4 percent) were also above the national unemployment rate of 4.1 percent. The rates for the remaining 18 counties in the area ranged from 2.3 percent in Falls Church City, VA to 4.0 percent in the Maryland counties of Calvert and Frederick. (See chart 1 and chart 2. The Technical Note at the end of this release contains the metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Unemployment rates in 16 of the 22 Washington-area counties were lower in March 2018 than in March 2017. Two Virginia counties—Fredericksburg City and Manassas City—had the area’s largest over-the-year declines at 0.7 percentage point each, while the District of Columbia had the smallest decline at 0.2 point. Nationally, the unemployment rate declined 0.5 percentage point.(See table A.) Six counties had over-the-year rate increases, ranging from 0.4 percentage point to 0.6 percentage point.

div class="output">
Table A. Unemployment rates for the United States, the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area, and its components, not seasonally adjusted

Area
Back
data
Unemployment rates Change from
Mar
2016
Mar
2017
Mar
2018(1)
Mar 2016
to
Mar 2018(1)
Mar 2017
to
Mar 2018(1)

United States

5.1 4.6 4.1 -1.0 -0.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area

3.9 3.7 3.6 -0.3 -0.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division

4.0 3.8 3.6 -0.4 -0.2

District of Columbia

6.1 5.9 5.7 -0.4 -0.2

Arlington County, VA

2.6 2.6 2.2 -0.4 -0.4

Clarke County, VA

3.7 3.8 3.2 -0.5 -0.6

Fairfax County, VA

3.2 3.1 2.7 -0.5 -0.4

Fauquier County, VA

3.6 3.4 2.9 -0.7 -0.5

Loudoun County, VA

3.2 3.1 2.7 -0.5 -0.4

Prince William County, VA

3.7 3.6 3.0 -0.7 -0.6

Spotsylvania County, VA

4.2 3.9 3.3 -0.9 -0.6

Stafford County, VA

4.0 3.7 3.2 -0.8 -0.5

Warren County, VA

4.3 3.9 3.4 -0.9 -0.5

Alexandria City, VA

3.0 3.0 2.5 -0.5 -0.5

Fairfax City, VA

3.0 3.0 2.6 -0.4 -0.4

Falls Church City, VA

2.8 2.8 2.3 -0.5 -0.5

Fredericksburg City, VA

4.8 4.6 3.9 -0.9 -0.7

Manassas City, VA

3.8 3.7 3.0 -0.8 -0.7

Manassas Park City, VA

3.9 3.5 3.2 -0.7 -0.3

Calvert County, MD

3.8 3.5 4.0 0.2 0.5

Charles County, MD

4.2 3.8 4.4 0.2 0.6

Prince George's County, MD

4.5 4.1 4.6 0.1 0.5

Jefferson County, WV

3.8 3.2 3.7 -0.1 0.5

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, MD Metropolitan Division

3.5 3.3 3.7 0.2 0.4

Frederick County, MD

3.9 3.6 4.0 0.1 0.4

Montgomery County, MD

3.4 3.2 3.6 0.2 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Data for the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area and its components are preliminary for the most recent month.

Jobless rates in 17 of the 22 counties in the Washington metropolitan area were lower in March 2018 than two years earlier. Three Virginia counties—Spotsylvania, Warren, and Fredericksburg City—had the largest rate declines, down 0.9 percentage point each since March 2016. No county had a rate decrease equal to or greater than the U.S. average of 1.0 percentage point. Five counties had unemployment rate increases of 0.1 point or 0.2 point since March 2016.

March 2018 unemployment rates for the two metropolitan divisions in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria metropolitan area were 3.6 percent (Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV) and 3.7 percent (Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, MD). The jobless rate in the Washington division decreased 0.2 percentage point; the rate in the Silver Spring division increased 0.4 point over the year.

The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for April is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, May 30, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

This release presents unemployment rate data for states and counties from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program, a federal-state cooperative endeavor.

Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and over. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor force.

Methods of Estimation. The LAUS program is a hierarchy of non-survey methodologies for indirectly estimating employment and unemployment in states and local areas. Statewide data are produced through a modeling technique that uses estimates of payroll jobs from the Current Employment Statistics survey and unemployment insurance claims counts from the state workforce agencies to mitigate volatility in the direct CPS tabulations of employment and unemployment, respectively. Data for counties are developed through a building-block approach and adjusted proportionally to state model-based totals. For multi-county areas, such as the metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions delineated by the Office of Management and Budget, estimates are summed from the data for their component counties. Estimates for cities and towns are produced through a disaggregation technique. A detailed description of the LAUS estimation procedures is available in chapter 4 of the BLS Handbook of Methods at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/lau/pdf/lau.pdf.

Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually implemented with January estimates. The adjusted estimates reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources, and model reestimation. All substate estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised model-based estimates.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, dated July 15, 2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the District of Columbia; Arlington, Clarke, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; Calvert, Charles, Frederick, Montgomery, and Prince George's Counties in Maryland; and Jefferson County in West Virginia.

The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division includes the District of Columbia; Arlington, Clarke, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; Calvert, Charles, and Prince George's Counties in Maryland; and Jefferson County in West Virginia.

The Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, MD Metropolitan Division includes Frederick and Montgomery Counties in Maryland.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, May 11, 2018