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News Release Information

14-1969-CHI
Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Consumer Price Index, Chicago-Gary-Kenosha – September 2014

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Chicago-Gary-Kenosha area was unchanged in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that energy prices fell 1.4 percent while food prices were 0.6 percent higher in September. The all items less food and energy category increased 0.1 percent over the month. Among the indexes within the all items less food and energy category, prices were higher for shelter and education and communication. The indexes for recreation, household furnishings and operations, and car and truck rental were lower in September. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Chicago area all items CPI-U increased 2.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index rose 6.9 percent since last September primarily due to increases in costs for electricity and utility (piped) gas service. The all items less food and energy index was 1.2 percent higher over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices increased 0.6 percent in September following a 0.4 percent increase in August. Of the two components within the food index, prices for food at home (groceries) rose 0.3 percent and prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) were up 1.0 percent over the month. Within the food at home group, categories experiencing increases included milk and other dairy products (includes yogurt and condensed milk, for example).  Prices were lower for uncooked beef steaks and bread.

From September 2013 to September 2014, the food index increased 4.5 percent. Grocery food prices rose 4.5 percent over the year while prices for food eaten away from home increased 4.4 percent compared to last September.

Energy

The energy index was down 1.4 percent in September due to a 10.0 percent decline in the index for utility (piped) gas service. In contrast, electricity costs rose 1.1 percent and prices for gasoline rose 1.2 percent over the month.

Overall energy prices were up 6.9 percent from September 2013 to September 2014. Over the year, the indexes for electricity and utility (piped) gas service rose 30.5 percent and 10.9 percent, respectively, while gasoline prices fell 2.7 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.1 percent in September. Among the index’s components, prices were 0.4 percent higher for shelter and 0.9 percent higher for education and communication. In contrast, the indexes for recreation (-0.9 percent), household furnishings and operations (-0.2 percent), and car and truck rental were lower over the month.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.2 percent. A 2.4 percent annual increase in shelter costs was the major contributing factor. The index for education and communication rose 3.0 percent from last September and also contributed.

Table A. Percent Changes in the CPI-U, Chicago-Gary-Kenosha (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure CategoryPercent changes from preceding month12 mo. ended Sep. '14
2014
Mar.Apr.MayJun.Jul.Aug.Sep.

All items

1.10.5-0.10.4-0.40.10.02.1

Food & beverages

0.30.20.5-0.1-0.10.50.64.3

Food

0.30.30.7-0.10.00.40.64.5

Housing

1.40.7-0.50.70.4-0.1-0.23.7

Apparel

1.7-1.40.2-2.6-3.74.30.2-5.1

Transportation

3.11.4-0.21.2-2.9-1.5-0.3-1.3

Medical care

0.20.10.0-0.20.60.30.12.2

Recreation

-0.2-0.71.00.20.20.0-0.9-1.3

Education & communication

0.00.40.10.2-0.10.50.93.0

Other goods & services

0.3-0.2-0.30.40.10.00.31.0
 

Special Indexes

 

Energy

11.74.2-4.03.8(R)-3.2-3.0-1.46.9

All items less food & energy

0.10.10.20.1-0.20.40.11.2

Footnotes:
(R) Revised.
 

The October 2014 Consumer Price Index for Chicago is scheduled to be released on Thursday, November 20, 2014, at 7:30 a.m. (CT).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 88 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kankakee, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois; Lake and Porter Counties in Indiana; and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Sep.
2013
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

229.633229.753229.8292.10.10.0

All items (1967=100)

686.047686.408686.633---

Food and beverages

236.348237.423238.7334.31.00.6

Food

235.736236.640238.0654.51.00.6

Food at home

234.849236.376237.1604.51.00.3

Food away from home

231.642231.642233.9454.41.01.0

Alcoholic beverages

243.723247.330246.9142.01.3-0.2

Housing

231.734231.602231.2193.7-0.2-0.2

Shelter

281.554282.484283.5602.40.70.4

Rent of primary residence (1)

294.758296.159298.8852.91.40.9

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

285.784286.603288.1451.80.80.5

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

285.784286.603288.1451.80.80.5

Fuels and utilities

221.793217.919210.41917.5-5.1-3.4

Household energy

192.326188.215180.25920.5-6.3-4.2

Energy services (1)

196.218191.953183.77420.8-6.3-4.3

Electricity (1)

162.736164.449166.30330.52.21.1

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

224.066211.934190.65010.9-14.9-10.0

Household furnishings and operations

98.14497.20397.006-2.4-1.2-0.2

Apparel

91.55695.48095.678-5.14.50.2

Transportation

203.189200.133199.520-1.3-1.8-0.3

Private transportation

200.217197.286197.417-0.9-1.40.1

Motor fuel

331.359318.996322.832-2.5-2.61.2

Gasoline (all types)

327.852315.586319.414-2.7-2.61.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

321.346309.435312.987-2.8-2.61.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

346.506332.780337.551-1.8-2.61.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

320.862308.619313.442-1.9-2.31.6

Medical care

450.545451.769452.4212.20.40.1

Recreation (5)

109.969110.018109.036-1.3-0.8-0.9

Education and communication (5)

141.401142.154143.4983.01.50.9

Other goods and services

384.356384.271385.5991.00.30.3
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

229.633229.753229.8292.10.10.0

Commodities

174.316174.380174.9660.50.40.3

Commodities less food & beverages

141.636141.257141.510-2.0-0.10.2

Nondurables less food & beverages

192.269191.869193.042-1.80.40.6

Durables

93.23092.87392.257-2.9-1.0-0.7

Services

282.051282.225281.8183.1-0.1-0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

220.195220.267220.3172.10.10.0

All items less shelter

212.372212.208211.9291.9-0.2-0.1

Commodities less food

145.587145.313145.549-1.90.00.2

Nondurables

215.885216.186217.4401.20.70.6

Nondurables less food

196.186196.000197.094-1.70.50.6

Services less rent of shelter (2)

297.348296.722294.7133.7-0.9-0.7

Services less medical care services

269.227269.303268.9513.3-0.1-0.1

Energy

245.995238.682235.3296.9-4.3-1.4

All items less energy

229.879230.710231.1131.70.50.2

All items less food and energy

229.635230.456230.6711.20.50.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, October 22, 2014