Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

Thursday, June 12, 2014

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Occupational Employment and Wages in Bloomington-Normal, Ill. MSA – May 2013

Workers in the Bloomington-Normal Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $22.27 in May 2013, about the same as the nationwide average of $22.33, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that among the 22 major occupational groups for which wages were available, computer and mathematical jobs paid $37.13 per hour, healthcare practitioner and technical workers earned $33.92 per hour, and workers in office and administrative support positions averaged $16.42 per hour.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 2 of the 22 occupational groups: education, training, and library along with building and grounds cleaning and maintenance. Conversely, 10 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including production; transportation and material moving; and construction and extraction. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Bloomington-Normal Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2013
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Bloomington United States Bloomington Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.33 $22.27 0


4.9 (2) 53.15 42.41* -20

Business and financial operations

5.0 (2) 34.14 31.67* -7

Computer and mathematical

2.8 6.0 39.43 37.13* -6

Architecture and engineering

1.8 0.6* 38.51 (2)  

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.2* 33.37 29.38* -12

Community and social services

1.4 1.1* 21.50 21.72 1


0.8 0.7 47.89 37.47* -22

Education, training, and library

6.3 7.5* 24.76 22.08* -11

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.0* 26.72 22.61* -15

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.8 4.8 35.93 33.92 -6

Healthcare support

3.0 (2) 13.61 13.28 -2

Protective service

2.5 2.0* 20.92 19.07 -9

Food preparation and serving related

9.0 10.4 10.38 10.56 2

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 4.0* 12.51 12.61 1

Personal care and service

3.0 2.2* 11.88 11.87 0

Sales and related

10.6 10.1 18.37 21.03 14

Office and administrative support

16.2 17.3 16.78 16.42 -2

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 (2) 11.70 21.02* 80

Construction and extraction

3.8 2.5* 21.94 23.87* 9

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 2.8* 21.35 21.22 -1


6.6 4.1* 16.79 19.08 14

Transportation and material moving

6.8 5.2* 16.28 14.64* -10

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Bloomington is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Estimate not released
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—education, training, and library—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Bloomington-Normal had 6,550 jobs in education, training, and library, accounting for 7.5 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.3-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $22.08, measurably below the national wage of $24.76.

With employment of 710, elementary school teachers, except special education was the largest occupation within the education, training, and library group, followed by teacher assistants (620) and teachers and instructors, all other, except substitute teachers (550). Among the higher paying jobs were instructional coordinators and librarians, with mean hourly wages of $31.34 and $28.04, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were preschool teachers, except special education ($13.56) and self-enrichment education teachers ($14.23). (Detailed occupational data for education, training, and library are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Bloomington-Normal Metropolitan Statistical Area, above average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the education, training, and library group. For instance, teachers and instructors, all other, except substitute teachers were employed at 3.1 times the national rate in Bloomington, and kindergarten teachers, except special education, at 2.3 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education had a location quotient of 1.0 in Bloomington, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Bloomington Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

Note: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2013 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, and November 2010. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 75.3 percent based on establishments and 71.6 percent based on employment. The sample in the Bloomington-Normal Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,065 establishments with a response rate of 75 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from and, respectively.

The May 2013 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Bloomington-Normal, Ill. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes McLean County.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at  Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Bloomington-Normal Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2013
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual(4)

Education, Training, and Library Occupations

6,550 1.2 $22.08 $45,930

Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education

310 1.3 13.56 28,210

Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education

240 2.3 (5) 51,290

Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education

710 0.8 (5) 55,820

Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education

390 1.0 (5) 56,450

Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education

510 0.8 (5) 56,700

Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten and Elementary School

130 1.0 (5) 56,170

Special Education Teachers, Middle School

80 1.3 (5) 56,160

Special Education Teachers, Secondary School

100 1.1 (5) 55,200

Self-Enrichment Education Teachers

170 1.4 14.23 29,590

Teachers and Instructors, All Other, Except Substitute Teachers

550 3.1 (5) 29,690


140 1.6 28.04 58,320

Library Technicians

40 0.6 19.60 40,770

Instructional Coordinators

70 0.8 31.34 65,180

Teacher Assistants

620 0.8 (5) 22,270

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Bloomington-Normal, IL, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.


Last Modified Date: Thursday, June 12, 2014