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News Release Information

15-524-CHI
Wednesday, April 01, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Illinois–Second Quarter 2014

From March 2014 to June 2014 gross job gains in private sector establishments in Illinois totaled 301,654, while gross job losses numbered 271,324, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 30,330. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 8,906.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.) 

Gross job gains in Illinois have trended upward since recording a series low of 214,580 in March 2009. The 301,654 gross job gains in the 3 month period ended in June 2014 was the largest increase since the March 2009 low point and the first time gross job gains topped 300,000 since the 301,611 in the quarter ended June 2006. Gross job losses in June 2014 totaled 271,324 in the state, the third time in the previous four quarters that losses exceeded 270,000. (See chart 1.) Gross job losses in the state peaked in the 3 month period ended September 2001, when losses totaled 358,677. 

Gross job gains represented 6.1 percent of private sector employment in Illinois in the quarter ended June 2014, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.5 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job gains in Illinois has been below the U.S. rate in all but two instances each quarter since the series began in September 1992. The Illinois rate of gross job loss as a percent of private sector employment was 5.5 percent, close to the national rate of 5.6 percent in June 2014. The Illinois gross job loss rate has remained below the U.S. rate since the series inception.

During the second quarter of 2014, Illinois gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in eight industry sectors. For example, more than 40,700 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the retail trade industry during the period, though over 30,600 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments. The resulting net gain of 10,178 jobs was the largest of any sector in the second quarter 2014. Other industries showing net job gains included professional and business services and leisure and hospitality. Within the professional and business services industry, more than 64,900 jobs were created at opening and expanding establishments, while more than 57,000 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 7,940. Leisure and hospitality recorded a net employment gain of 4,426, with over 48,500 gross job gains in opening and expanding establishments and almost 44,100 job losses in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.) 

In contrast, three industry sectors reported net employment losses. The manufacturing industry reported a net loss of 857 jobs. While more than 19,100 jobs were added in expanding and opening establishments, those gains were offset by a loss of more than 20,000 jobs at closing and contracting establishments. The financial activities industry reported a net loss of 840 jobs, while wholesale trade saw a net employment loss of 417 jobs.

 In June 2014, gross job gains were larger than losses in all twelve of the North Central States. (See table A.) The rate of gross job gains was lower than the national rate of 6.5 percent in 10 of the 12 states. Two states, North Dakota and Minnesota, were higher or the same as the nation. For gross job losses, the rate was lower than the national rate of 5.6 percent for 7 of the 12 North Central States. Among the five states with a higher than average rate of gross job losses, North Dakota was the highest at 7.0 percent. Minnesota had the largest rate of net change in employment, up 1.4 percent, while Nebraska recorded no change.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States and North Central States, 3 months ended June 2014, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross Job gainsGross Job lossesNet ChangeNet change
as a percent
of total
employment
TotalAs a
percent
of total
employment
TotalAs a
percent
of total
employment

United States (1)

7,4386.56,5225.69160.9

Illinois

301,6546.1271,3245.530,3300.6

Indiana

146,3725.9125,0255.021,3470.9

Iowa

78,6956.272,0905.76,6050.5

Kansas

67,5946.162,6285.74,9660.4

Michigan

226,2246.4192,5125.433,7121.0

Minnesota

152,8576.5118,5605.134,2971.4

Missouri

134,1126.0117,9425.316,1700.7

Nebraska

47,0676.046,5946.04730.0

North Dakota

28,2407.626,1177.02,1230.6

Ohio

270,1136.1234,6185.335,4950.8

South Dakota

21,5836.420,2386.01,3450.4

Wisconsin

139,6655.9119,5885.020,0770.9

Footnotes:
(1) Numbers in thousands.
 

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Third Quarter 2014 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 29, 2015 at 9:00 a.m. (CDT).


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Illinois, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2013
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
June
2013
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

284,501281,978287,742282,582301,6545.85.75.85.86.1

At expanding establishments

234,193222,284241,061220,819249,1424.84.54.94.55.0

At opening establishments

50,30859,69446,68161,76352,5121.01.20.91.31.1

Gross job losses

262,528276,028262,299273,676271,3245.35.75.35.55.5

At contracting establishments

207,222223,501208,474224,028211,7394.24.64.24.54.3

At closing establishments

55,30652,52753,82549,64859,5851.11.11.11.01.2

Net employment change (2)

21,9735,95025,4438,90630,3300.50.00.50.30.6

Construction

 

Gross job gains

26,68727,23924,97826,02428,15514.114.212.913.314.1

At expanding establishments

21,20520,72519,71220,15122,54511.210.810.210.311.3

At opening establishments

5,4826,5145,2665,8735,6102.93.42.73.02.8

Gross job losses

25,50523,40127,06722,57423,90913.412.114.011.512.0

At contracting establishments

19,33018,34521,25218,03618,92010.29.511.09.29.5

At closing establishments

6,1755,0565,8154,5384,9893.22.63.02.32.5

Net employment change (2)

1,1823,838-2,0893,4504,2460.72.1-1.11.82.1

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

16,88416,92518,26818,44519,1933.02.93.23.23.3

At expanding establishments

14,83814,07516,59115,71617,0512.62.42.92.72.9

At opening establishments

2,0462,8501,6772,7292,1420.40.50.30.50.4

Gross job losses

18,92520,70416,79216,97820,0503.33.62.92.93.4

At contracting establishments

16,24117,87813,69114,45617,5742.83.12.42.53.0

At closing establishments

2,6842,8263,1012,5222,4760.50.50.50.40.4

Net employment change (2)

-2,041-3,7791,4761,467-857-0.3-0.70.30.3-0.1

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

14,18512,59312,86513,12313,6654.74.24.34.44.5

At expanding establishments

11,47810,25710,90010,80311,4713.83.43.63.63.8

At opening establishments

2,7072,3361,9652,3202,1940.90.80.70.80.7

Gross job losses

12,12212,30511,37012,28814,0824.14.13.84.14.7

At contracting establishments

9,4279,8998,7049,21210,0483.23.32.93.13.4

At closing establishments

2,6952,4062,6663,0764,0340.90.80.91.01.3

Net employment change (2)

2,0632881,495835-4170.60.10.50.3-0.2

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

37,05933,92333,51837,23040,7956.15.75.66.26.7

At expanding establishments

32,59128,77229,49230,74235,8495.44.84.95.15.9

At opening establishments

4,4685,1514,0266,4884,9460.70.90.71.10.8

Gross job losses

29,08234,85932,12936,03230,6174.85.75.36.05.0

At contracting establishments

24,09230,48527,26031,01025,5434.05.04.55.24.2

At closing establishments

4,9904,3744,8695,0225,0740.80.70.80.80.8

Net employment change (2)

7,977-9361,3891,19810,1781.30.00.30.21.7

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

10,65912,38513,38910,78711,9314.85.45.84.75.2

At expanding establishments

8,7259,82111,6878,9629,7263.94.35.13.94.2

At opening establishments

1,9342,5641,7021,8252,2050.91.10.70.81.0

Gross job losses

12,44510,26310,95411,25010,3295.54.54.84.94.4

At contracting establishments

10,3838,4298,9069,5548,3734.63.73.94.23.6

At closing establishments

2,0621,8342,0481,6961,9560.90.80.90.70.8

Net employment change (2)

-1,7862,1222,435-4631,602-0.70.91.0-0.20.8

Information

 

Gross job gains

5,4234,2024,2974,7745,1355.44.34.44.85.2

At expanding establishments

4,7183,3113,6353,2494,5554.73.43.73.34.6

At opening establishments

7058916621,5255800.70.90.71.50.6

Gross job losses

5,0235,4004,7724,2984,1935.05.54.94.34.2

At contracting establishments

3,8314,3183,6853,4652,9643.84.43.83.53.0

At closing establishments

1,1921,0821,0878331,2291.21.11.10.81.2

Net employment change (2)

400-1,198-4754769420.4-1.2-0.50.51.0

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

14,75914,43914,29814,22615,2854.24.14.14.04.3

At expanding establishments

11,87410,96811,62710,57912,5363.43.13.33.03.5

At opening establishments

2,8853,4712,6713,6472,7490.81.00.81.00.8

Gross job losses

13,03014,74215,19614,29816,1253.74.14.34.14.6

At contracting establishments

9,90911,51511,81111,18312,6252.83.23.33.23.6

At closing establishments

3,1213,2273,3853,1153,5000.90.91.00.91.0

Net employment change (2)

1,729-303-898-72-8400.50.0-0.2-0.1-0.3

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

63,70060,04872,94658,61464,9457.26.88.16.57.1

At expanding establishments

52,59547,51661,85746,01153,9525.95.46.95.15.9

At opening establishments

11,10512,53211,08912,60310,9931.31.41.21.41.2

Gross job losses

54,34957,88852,51262,86457,0056.16.55.96.96.2

At contracting establishments

41,74845,04040,92352,88742,2084.75.14.65.84.6

At closing establishments

12,60112,84811,5899,97714,7971.41.41.31.11.6

Net employment change (2)

9,3512,16020,434-4,2507,9401.10.32.2-0.40.9

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

31,36835,10133,21436,03734,9163.64.13.94.14.0

At expanding establishments

26,71630,10728,31330,65229,7733.13.53.33.53.4

At opening establishments

4,6524,9944,9015,3855,1430.50.60.60.60.6

Gross job losses

32,74732,82631,98935,17733,6523.83.83.74.13.9

At contracting establishments

27,35527,48025,96329,22226,2063.23.23.03.43.0

At closing establishments

5,3925,3466,0265,9557,4460.60.60.70.70.9

Net employment change (2)

-1,3792,2751,2258601,264-0.20.30.20.00.1

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

45,90644,71743,21744,59348,5258.48.17.88.18.7

At expanding establishments

35,99333,58334,79330,62236,8176.66.16.35.66.6

At opening establishments

9,91311,1348,42413,97111,7081.82.01.52.52.1

Gross job losses

42,19946,74342,13842,54444,0997.78.57.77.78.0

At contracting establishments

33,07137,31733,44333,02234,3306.06.86.16.06.2

At closing establishments

9,1289,4268,6959,5229,7691.71.71.61.71.8

Net employment change (2)

3,707-2,0261,0792,0494,4260.7-0.40.10.40.7

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

12,40913,88511,49113,50414,1726.57.36.17.07.3

At expanding establishments

9,74310,2708,69810,27911,2125.15.44.65.35.8

At opening establishments

2,6663,6152,7933,2252,9601.41.91.51.71.5

Gross job losses

12,30612,18012,86410,95412,8006.56.46.75.76.6

At contracting establishments

8,7119,1909,9578,5089,8944.64.85.24.45.1

At closing establishments

3,5952,9902,9072,4462,9061.91.61.51.31.5

Net employment change (2)

1031,705-1,3732,5501,3720.00.9-0.61.30.7

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, 2nd quarter 2014, seasonally adjusted
StateGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Jun.
2013
Sep.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
Jun.
2014
Jun.
2013
Sep.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
Jun.
2014

United States (1)

6.46.36.46.06.55.85.85.85.75.6

Alabama

6.05.56.05.65.95.65.75.35.75.5

Alaska

10.79.810.110.810.99.910.110.49.610.9

Arizona

6.26.46.75.76.05.95.55.46.06.0

Arkansas

5.35.86.05.85.66.05.75.55.04.9

California

7.06.97.36.87.06.56.26.36.16.4

Colorado

7.07.06.96.77.36.16.36.15.96.1

Connecticut

5.65.35.35.15.64.85.45.45.04.8

Delaware

6.56.66.66.36.55.86.05.85.95.2

District of Columbia

6.26.05.85.96.45.75.15.45.55.7

Florida

7.17.07.06.57.26.46.26.05.86.2

Georgia

6.66.66.86.56.86.16.05.85.65.9

Hawaii

5.25.65.44.84.95.14.74.55.15.1

Idaho

8.07.78.38.47.77.47.27.37.28.0

Illinois

5.85.75.85.86.15.35.75.35.55.5

Indiana

5.75.66.15.35.95.35.45.15.55.0

Iowa

6.05.96.05.86.25.45.55.55.55.7

Kansas

6.26.16.25.76.15.65.75.35.55.7

Kentucky

5.96.06.56.16.25.75.55.45.95.5

Louisiana

6.36.96.76.76.66.66.06.15.86.4

Maine

8.17.47.06.77.86.47.37.57.06.5

Maryland

6.26.16.45.96.66.16.16.35.85.8

Massachusetts

6.15.55.45.36.35.05.55.35.05.3

Michigan

6.35.96.05.56.45.75.85.65.15.4

Minnesota

6.15.65.65.36.55.25.55.65.75.1

Mississippi

5.96.26.65.76.16.15.85.65.96.7

Missouri

5.95.86.05.66.05.35.75.55.55.3

Montana

8.07.78.27.28.27.97.67.57.97.7

Nebraska

6.06.36.35.96.05.45.75.75.66.0

Nevada

6.76.06.36.66.75.65.85.35.25.6

New Hampshire

6.86.06.85.76.75.96.55.85.96.1

New Jersey

6.56.26.45.96.95.76.26.46.25.8

New Mexico

6.96.76.96.36.66.76.76.46.46.1

New York

6.56.46.66.26.65.86.16.06.05.7

North Carolina

6.36.36.45.96.45.85.85.75.65.5

North Dakota

7.38.38.28.67.67.66.96.96.87.0

Ohio

6.25.66.05.66.15.35.65.35.65.3

Oklahoma

6.46.46.26.16.25.95.76.26.06.1

Oregon

7.27.16.97.06.96.36.36.66.16.4

Pennsylvania

5.35.25.45.25.65.25.25.24.94.8

Rhode Island

6.56.26.25.76.55.76.15.75.75.5

South Carolina

6.36.26.76.26.55.45.65.55.85.7

South Dakota

6.56.26.96.36.45.76.36.06.16.0

Tennessee

5.65.56.35.45.65.35.34.75.35.0

Texas

5.86.06.15.96.05.15.25.35.14.9

Utah

7.06.97.46.57.06.56.46.16.06.6

Vermont

7.47.17.66.77.47.77.46.66.86.9

Virginia

5.65.95.75.36.25.65.95.65.55.5

Washington

7.37.06.96.67.36.16.66.35.95.5

West Virginia

6.26.06.56.36.66.66.46.46.76.4

Wisconsin

5.85.55.75.35.95.35.45.25.15.0

Wyoming

8.68.49.48.48.79.18.28.18.08.2

Puerto Rico

6.06.16.65.15.66.06.65.26.46.3

Virgin Islands

4.95.75.54.96.16.86.56.06.16.4

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, April 01, 2015