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News Release Information

15-379-CHI
Friday, March 13, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Nebraska-June 2014

From March 2014 to June 2014, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Nebraska totaled 47,067, while gross job losses numbered 46,594, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 473. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,701.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job gains in Nebraska have trended upward since bottoming out at 38,998 in June 2009. Although Nebraska’s gross job gains have been above 46,000 in each of the last six quarters, the state’s 47,067 gross job gains in June 2014 were down 2,031 from their recent peak of 49,098 reached in December 2013. Gross job losses in June 2014 totaled 46,594 in the state, the most since the recent low of 38,125 gross job losses reached in March 2012. (See chart 1.) Nebraska’s highest gross job losses were in September 2000, when 53,922 jobs were lost.

Gross job gains represented 6.0 percent of private sector employment in Nebraska in the quarter ended June 2014, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.5 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job gains in Nebraska has been at or below the U.S. rate in all but a few instances each quarter since the series began in September 1992. The Nebraska rate of gross job loss as a percent of private sector employment was 6.0 percent, higher than the national rate of 5.6 percent in June 2014. This was the first time Nebraska’s rate of gross job loss was above the U.S. rate since the series inception.

During the second quarter of 2014, Nebraska gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in six industry sectors. Four industry sectors experienced gross job losses greater than gross job gains. For example, more than 5,100 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the construction industry during the period, though over 4,000 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments. The resulting net gain of 1,037 jobs was the largest of any sector in the second quarter 2014. Other industries showing net job gains included retail trade and wholesale trade. Within the retail trade industry, more than 7,000 jobs were created at opening and expanding establishments, while more than 6,300 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 694. Wholesale trade recorded a net employment gain of 294, with over 2,400 gross job gains in opening and expanding establishments and almost 2,200 job losses in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, four industry sectors reported net employment losses. The education and health services industry reported a net loss of 1,375 jobs. While more than 5,500 jobs were added in expanding and opening establishments, those gains were offset by a loss of almost 6,900 jobs at closing and contracting establishments. The leisure and hospitality industry reported a net loss of 329 jobs, while professional and business services saw a small net loss of 199 jobs.

In June 2014, gross job gains were larger than losses in all twelve of the North Central States. (See table A.) The rate of gross job gains was lower than the national rate of 6.5 percent in 10 of the 12 states. Two states, North Dakota and Minnesota, were higher or the same as the nation. For gross job losses, the rate was lower than the national rate of 5.6 percent for 7 of the 12 North Central States. Among the five states with a higher than average rate of gross job losses, North Dakota was the highest at 7.0 percent. Minnesota had the largest rate of net change in employment, up 1.4 percent.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States and North Central States, 3 months ended June 2014, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross Job gainsGross Job lossesNet ChangeNet change
as a percent
of total
employment
TotalAs a
percent
of total
employment
TotalAs a
percent
of total
employment

United States (1)

7,4386.56,5225.69160.9

Illinois

301,6546.1271,3245.530,3300.6

Indiana

146,3725.9125,0255.021,3470.9

Iowa

78,6956.272,0905.76,6050.5

Kansas

67,5946.162,6285.74,9660.4

Michigan

226,2246.4192,5125.433,7121.0

Minnesota

152,8576.5118,5605.134,2971.4

Missouri

134,1126.0117,9425.316,1700.7

Nebraska

47,0676.046,5946.04730.0

North Dakota

28,2407.626,1177.02,1230.6

Ohio

270,1136.1234,6185.335,4950.8

South Dakota

21,5836.420,2386.01,3450.4

Wisconsin

139,6655.9119,5885.020,0770.9

Footnotes:
(1) Numbers in thousands.
 

The Business Employment Dynamics for Third Quarter 2014 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 29, 2015 at 9:00 a.m. (CDT).


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Nebraska, 2nd quarter 2014, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2013
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
June
2013
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

46,05248,32449,09846,62747,0676.06.36.35.96.0

At expanding establishments

37,57839,32239,44538,46338,6294.95.15.14.94.9

At opening establishments

8,4749,0029,6538,1648,4381.11.21.21.01.1

Gross job losses

41,82943,90544,34243,92646,5945.45.75.75.66.0

At contracting establishments

35,04536,16937,28837,27037,5724.54.74.84.84.8

At closing establishments

6,7847,7367,0546,6569,0220.91.00.90.81.2

Net employment change (2)

4,2234,4194,7562,7014730.60.60.60.30.0

Construction

 

Gross job gains

5,2014,9374,4444,8805,12911.811.110.010.911.2

At expanding establishments

4,0103,9853,4543,6384,0739.19.07.88.18.9

At opening establishments

1,1919529901,2421,0562.72.12.22.82.3

Gross job losses

4,1364,3165,1194,1954,0929.49.711.59.48.9

At contracting establishments

3,3423,6604,1833,3103,1227.68.29.47.46.8

At closing establishments

7946569368859701.81.52.12.02.1

Net employment change (2)

1,065621-6756851,0372.41.4-1.51.52.3

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

2,6872,7072,6722,3952,5222.82.82.72.52.6

At expanding establishments

2,6262,5922,4652,2322,3992.72.72.52.32.5

At opening establishments

611152071631230.10.10.20.20.1

Gross job losses

2,1962,4972,3332,4412,4932.32.62.42.52.6

At contracting establishments

2,0962,2742,1462,3492,2352.22.42.22.42.3

At closing establishments

100223187922580.10.20.20.10.3

Net employment change (2)

491210339-46290.50.20.30.00.0

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

2,3781,9182,5012,3602,4915.64.65.95.55.8

At expanding establishments

2,0241,5891,9991,9322,0864.83.84.74.54.9

At opening establishments

3543295024284050.80.81.21.00.9

Gross job losses

1,9392,1951,7652,1542,1974.65.24.25.05.1

At contracting establishments

1,6031,8601,4711,8391,6873.84.43.54.33.9

At closing establishments

3363352943155100.80.80.70.71.2

Net employment change (2)

439-2777362062941.0-0.61.70.50.7

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

6,4166,7147,0735,8787,0726.06.36.65.46.5

At expanding establishments

5,6155,6775,5855,3206,1195.35.35.24.95.6

At opening establishments

8011,0371,4885589530.71.01.40.50.9

Gross job losses

6,0736,5725,9075,9396,3785.76.15.65.55.9

At contracting establishments

5,5115,7755,4215,4875,6055.25.45.15.15.2

At closing establishments

5627974864527730.50.70.50.40.7

Net employment change (2)

3431421,166-616940.30.21.0-0.10.6

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

1,7541,9042,6231,6531,7354.54.86.54.24.4

At expanding establishments

1,3681,5902,4141,4291,4773.54.06.03.63.7

At opening establishments

3863142092242581.00.80.50.60.7

Gross job losses

1,5351,8521,8222,5011,7723.94.74.56.24.4

At contracting establishments

1,3481,6301,6082,2651,4783.44.14.05.63.7

At closing establishments

1872222142362940.50.60.50.60.7

Net employment change (2)

21952801-848-370.60.12.0-2.00.0

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

2,3482,3032,2922,3412,6563.83.73.73.74.2

At expanding establishments

1,9941,8681,8511,9122,1873.23.03.03.03.5

At opening establishments

3544354414294690.60.70.70.70.7

Gross job losses

2,2592,1022,1672,2162,4433.63.43.53.53.9

At contracting establishments

1,8941,6651,6791,6861,7463.02.72.72.72.8

At closing establishments

3654374885306970.60.70.80.81.1

Net employment change (2)

892011251252130.20.30.20.20.3

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

8,1548,1929,0147,1158,2257.57.48.16.37.3

At expanding establishments

6,5496,9397,3485,7436,9076.06.36.65.16.1

At opening establishments

1,6051,2531,6661,3721,3181.51.11.51.21.2

Gross job losses

7,0057,3227,7247,5968,4246.56.77.06.77.4

At contracting establishments

5,6285,7026,4046,3016,7985.25.25.85.66.0

At closing establishments

1,3771,6201,3201,2951,6261.31.51.21.11.4

Net employment change (2)

1,1498701,290-481-1991.00.71.1-0.4-0.1

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

5,9276,2996,5898,0345,5234.64.95.16.14.2

At expanding establishments

4,1094,7534,8236,8033,9933.23.73.75.23.0

At opening establishments

1,8181,5461,7661,2311,5301.41.21.40.91.2

Gross job losses

5,5566,1345,9665,8006,8984.34.84.64.45.2

At contracting establishments

4,2334,3824,4094,4945,5503.33.43.43.44.2

At closing establishments

1,3231,7521,5571,3061,3481.01.41.21.01.0

Net employment change (2)

3711656232,234-1,3750.30.10.51.7-1.0

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

7,5799,0868,0268,0197,8698.910.69.29.29.0

At expanding establishments

6,2876,8546,4266,4796,2917.48.07.47.47.2

At opening establishments

1,2922,2321,6001,5401,5781.52.61.81.81.8

Gross job losses

7,2997,5107,6477,1838,1988.68.78.88.29.4

At contracting establishments

6,2356,4636,7846,2206,4407.37.57.87.17.4

At closing establishments

1,0641,0478639631,7581.31.21.01.12.0

Net employment change (2)

2801,576379836-3290.31.90.41.0-0.4

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

1,6931,7001,5371,7911,7606.96.96.27.57.3

At expanding establishments

1,4381,4191,2321,3311,5135.95.85.05.66.3

At opening establishments

2552813054602471.01.11.21.91.0

Gross job losses

1,5381,4971,6621,6551,4076.26.16.76.95.9

At contracting establishments

1,2851,2381,3551,3441,0975.25.05.55.64.6

At closing establishments

2532593073113101.01.11.21.31.3

Net employment change (2)

155203-1251363530.70.8-0.50.61.4

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, 2nd quarter 2014, seasonally adjusted
StateGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Jun.
2013
Sep.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
Jun.
2014
Jun.
2013
Sep.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
Jun.
2014

United States (1)

6.46.36.46.06.55.85.85.85.75.6

Alabama

6.05.56.05.65.95.65.75.35.75.5

Alaska

10.79.810.110.810.99.910.110.49.610.9

Arizona

6.26.46.75.76.05.95.55.46.06.0

Arkansas

5.35.86.05.85.66.05.75.55.04.9

California

7.06.97.36.87.06.56.26.36.16.4

Colorado

7.07.06.96.77.36.16.36.15.96.1

Connecticut

5.65.35.35.15.64.85.45.45.04.8

Delaware

6.56.66.66.36.55.86.05.85.95.2

District of Columbia

6.26.05.85.96.45.75.15.45.55.7

Florida

7.17.07.06.57.26.46.26.05.86.2

Georgia

6.66.66.86.56.86.16.05.85.65.9

Hawaii

5.25.65.44.84.95.14.74.55.15.1

Idaho

8.07.78.38.47.77.47.27.37.28.0

Illinois

5.85.75.85.86.15.35.75.35.55.5

Indiana

5.75.66.15.35.95.35.45.15.55.0

Iowa

6.05.96.05.86.25.45.55.55.55.7

Kansas

6.26.16.25.76.15.65.75.35.55.7

Kentucky

5.96.06.56.16.25.75.55.45.95.5

Louisiana

6.36.96.76.76.66.66.06.15.86.4

Maine

8.17.47.06.77.86.47.37.57.06.5

Maryland

6.26.16.45.96.66.16.16.35.85.8

Massachusetts

6.15.55.45.36.35.05.55.35.05.3

Michigan

6.35.96.05.56.45.75.85.65.15.4

Minnesota

6.15.65.65.36.55.25.55.65.75.1

Mississippi

5.96.26.65.76.16.15.85.65.96.7

Missouri

5.95.86.05.66.05.35.75.55.55.3

Montana

8.07.78.27.28.27.97.67.57.97.7

Nebraska

6.06.36.35.96.05.45.75.75.66.0

Nevada

6.76.06.36.66.75.65.85.35.25.6

New Hampshire

6.86.06.85.76.75.96.55.85.96.1

New Jersey

6.56.26.45.96.95.76.26.46.25.8

New Mexico

6.96.76.96.36.66.76.76.46.46.1

New York

6.56.46.66.26.65.86.16.06.05.7

North Carolina

6.36.36.45.96.45.85.85.75.65.5

North Dakota

7.38.38.28.67.67.66.96.96.87.0

Ohio

6.25.66.05.66.15.35.65.35.65.3

Oklahoma

6.46.46.26.16.25.95.76.26.06.1

Oregon

7.27.16.97.06.96.36.36.66.16.4

Pennsylvania

5.35.25.45.25.65.25.25.24.94.8

Rhode Island

6.56.26.25.76.55.76.15.75.75.5

South Carolina

6.36.26.76.26.55.45.65.55.85.7

South Dakota

6.56.26.96.36.45.76.36.06.16.0

Tennessee

5.65.56.35.45.65.35.34.75.35.0

Texas

5.86.06.15.96.05.15.25.35.14.9

Utah

7.06.97.46.57.06.56.46.16.06.6

Vermont

7.47.17.66.77.47.77.46.66.86.9

Virginia

5.65.95.75.36.25.65.95.65.55.5

Washington

7.37.06.96.67.36.16.66.35.95.5

West Virginia

6.26.06.56.36.66.66.46.46.76.4

Wisconsin

5.85.55.75.35.95.35.45.25.15.0

Wyoming

8.68.49.48.48.79.18.28.18.08.2

Puerto Rico

6.06.16.65.15.66.06.65.26.46.3

Virgin Islands

4.95.75.54.96.16.86.56.06.16.4

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, March 13, 2015