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News Release Information

15-2363-CHI
Tuesday, December 15, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Consumer Price Index, Chicago-Gary-Kenosha — November 2015

Local prices increased 0.2 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Chicago-Gary-Kenosha area decreased 0.4 percent in November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that energy prices fell 6.4 percent and food prices were down 0.5 percent in November. The all items less food and energy index edged up 0.1 percent over the month. Among the indexes within the all items less food and energy category, prices were higher for shelter and lower for recreation. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Chicago area all items CPI-U increased 0.2 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index fell 14.9 percent over the year due to declines in gasoline prices and utility (piped) gas service costs. The all items less food and energy index was 1.5 percent higher over the year. (See table 1.)

 

Food

Food prices were down 0.5 percent in November following a 0.4-percent increase in October. Between the two components within the food index, prices for food at home (groceries) declined 1.1 percent while prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) were up 0.3 percent over the month. Within the food at home group, prices were up for other pork including roasts and picnics (excluding pork chops; ham; and bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products).  In contrast, categories experiencing decreases included breakfast cereal, eggs, and uncooked ground beef.

From November 2014 to November 2015, the food index increased 1.3 percent. Prices for food eaten away from home increased 3.2 percent over the year, and grocery food prices edged up 0.1 percent from the previous November.

Energy

The energy index was down 6.4 percent in November, due to declines in gasoline prices (-11.9 percent) and utility (piped) gas service costs (-3.5 percent). Electricity prices increased 0.3 percent over the month.

On an annual basis, the Chicago area energy index declined 14.9 percent due to decreases in gasoline prices (-24.0 percent) and utility (piped) gas service costs (-19.1 percent). Electricity prices were 6.4 percent higher.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.1 percent in November. Among the index’s components, shelter costs were up 0.2 percent. Recreation prices were down 0.9 percent.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.5 percent. Increases in the indexes for shelter (2.3 percent) and medical care (2.5 percent) were major contributing factors. In contrast, prices for household furnishing and operations decreased 3.2 percent and prices for alcoholic beverages were 2.9 percent lower.

 

Table A. Chicago CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20112012201320142015
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.61.40.62.10.21.20.91.2-0.20.4

February

0.51.80.01.61.12.30.50.70.0-0.2

March

0.82.31.22.1-0.10.91.11.90.7-0.6

April

0.42.70.01.70.00.90.52.40.1-0.9

May

0.63.3-0.11.00.51.5-0.11.80.3-0.5

June

0.03.8-0.10.90.11.70.42.00.2-0.7

July

-0.43.2-0.21.1-0.21.7-0.41.9-0.1-0.5

August

0.23.20.61.50.11.10.11.90.4-0.1

September

0.23.10.31.6-0.20.70.02.1-0.3-0.4

October

-0.22.9-0.21.7-0.30.5-0.42.0-0.1-0.2

November

-0.22.9-0.41.5-0.30.6-0.81.6-0.40.2

December

-0.52.1-0.31.7-0.30.5-0.41.5  

The December 2015 Consumer Price Index for Chicago is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 20, 2016.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kankakee, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois; Lake and Porter Counties in Indiana; and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Sep.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
Sep.
2015
Oct.
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

228.826228.600227.6410.2-0.5-0.4

All items (1967=100)

683.637682.963680.098---

Food and beverages

243.146244.100242.7451.1-0.2-0.6

Food

243.037243.974242.6841.3-0.1-0.5

Food at home

239.750241.200238.5110.1-0.5-1.1

Food away from home

242.183242.372243.0973.20.40.3

Alcoholic beverages

243.035244.221241.924-2.9-0.5-0.9

Housing

232.901232.524232.7021.4-0.10.1

Shelter

289.844289.986290.6742.30.30.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

307.585308.449309.2002.60.50.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

294.816295.350296.1232.20.40.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

294.816295.350296.1232.20.40.3

Fuels and utilities

195.083193.848192.048-1.1-1.6-0.9

Household energy

158.053156.541154.632-5.2-2.2-1.2

Energy services (1)

161.045159.463157.535-5.1-2.2-1.2

Electricity (1)

159.175160.116160.6036.40.90.3

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

148.482143.561138.474-19.1-6.7-3.5

Household furnishings and operations

95.84394.40594.326-3.2-1.6-0.1

Apparel

92.37191.49190.761-0.1-1.7-0.8

Transportation

184.406183.236179.136-5.8-2.9-2.2

Private transportation

181.597179.521174.810-6.6-3.7-2.6

Motor fuel

240.088232.922205.304-24.0-14.5-11.9

Gasoline (all types)

237.632230.499203.058-24.0-14.5-11.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

229.098221.825194.445-25.4-15.1-12.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

263.512256.592229.339-19.6-13.0-10.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

256.427251.743228.411-15.0-10.9-9.3

Medical care

464.155465.204466.5132.50.50.3

Recreation (5)

109.184109.057108.1200.4-1.0-0.9

Education and communication (5)

143.403143.555143.3210.0-0.1-0.2

Other goods and services

382.921383.330383.4200.30.10.0
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

228.826228.600227.6410.2-0.5-0.4

Commodities

169.285168.441165.910-2.6-2.0-1.5

Commodities less food & beverages

131.613130.014127.051-5.5-3.5-2.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

172.731170.691165.380-7.4-4.3-3.1

Durables

92.21391.03690.299-2.0-2.1-0.8

Services

285.229285.587286.1111.80.30.2
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

218.749218.467217.4060.0-0.6-0.5

All items less shelter

208.343207.987206.440-0.8-0.9-0.7

Commodities less food

135.733134.195131.226-5.3-3.3-2.2

Nondurables

208.703208.071204.585-2.8-2.0-1.7

Nondurables less food

177.550175.673170.493-7.1-4.0-2.9

Services less rent of shelter (2)

295.147295.751296.1201.20.30.1

Services less medical care services

271.589271.895272.4041.80.30.2

Energy

189.626185.918174.014-14.9-8.2-6.4

All items less energy

234.369234.474234.5521.50.10.0

All items less food and energy

233.621233.572233.9041.50.10.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, December 15, 2015