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News Release Information

16-192-CHI
Friday, February 26, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Illinois — Second Quarter 2015

From March 2015 to June 2015 gross job gains in Illinois totaled 309,794, while gross job losses numbered 263,025, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 46,769. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,032.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in the quarter ended June 2015, although larger than those seen in the previous quarter, remained below the recent gain of 311,522 jobs in the quarter ended December 2014. Illinois’ gross job gains have remained above 270,000 each quarter since March 2013. The 263,025 gross job losses in the 3-month period ended June 2015 were less than the 287,323 losses in the previous 3-month period. During the past 5 years, gross job losses peaked at 288,307 in the quarter ended September 2014 and were at a low of 232,270 in the quarter ended June 2010. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 6.2 percent of private sector employment in Illinois in the quarter ended June 2015, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.4 percent of private sector employment. Over the past 5 years, the rate of gross job gains in Illinois has been below the U.S. rate each quarter. The Illinois rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment was 5.2 percent, below the national rate of 5.7 percent in the quarter ended June 2015. Illinois’ job rate of gross losses has been equal to or below the national rate during the past 5 years. (See chart 2.)

During the second quarter of 2015, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 10 industry sectors in Illinois. For example, within leisure and hospitality, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 10,287. While more than 44,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, almost 55,000 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the 3-months ended in June 2015. In retail trade, approximately 38,000 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and more than 29,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. Two other sectors—professional and business services (6,155) and education and health services (6,110) also recorded net employment gains greater than 6,000 during the second quarter. (See table 1.)

Manufacturing was the only industry that had a net employment loss in the second quarter of 2015. Opening and expanding establishments added 17,792 jobs, but 18,934 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, resulting in a net employment loss of 1,142.

Illinois was among the five states in the East North Central Census division. All five states in the division had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses. (See table A.) All five states had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.4-percent national rate and rates of gross job losses that were lower than the 5.7-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, June 2015, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross job gainsGross job lossesNet changeNet change as
a percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,554,0006.46,725,0005.7829,0000.7

East North Central (1)

1,084,394944,035140,359

Illinois

309,7946.2263,0255.246,7691.0

Indiana

146,0885.7130,1455.115,9430.6

Michigan

219,5566.1187,2135.232,3430.9

Ohio

272,2646.0237,4605.334,8040.7

Wisconsin

136,6925.7126,1925.210,5000.5

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.
 

Note: Dash indicates data not available.
 

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for third quarter 2015 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 27, 2016.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the second time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Illinois, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

303,626283,715311,522289,355309,7946.25.76.25.86.2

At expanding establishments

250,949229,951245,910226,103246,7095.14.64.94.54.9

At opening establishments

52,67753,76465,61263,25263,0851.11.11.31.31.3

Gross job losses

270,682288,307274,821287,323263,0255.55.85.55.75.2

At contracting establishments

212,033231,820215,992227,500212,8654.34.74.34.54.2

At closing establishments

58,64956,48758,82959,82350,1601.21.11.21.21.0

Net employment change (2)

32,944-4,59236,7012,03246,7690.7-0.10.70.11.0

Construction

 

Gross job gains

28,26726,40626,90726,86228,04114.113.013.012.813.2

At expanding establishments

22,58321,28021,17221,31722,43911.310.510.210.210.6

At opening establishments

5,6845,1265,7355,5455,6022.82.52.82.62.6

Gross job losses

23,95422,10924,51925,32923,73112.010.911.912.011.2

At contracting establishments

18,97417,24319,59519,83619,2319.58.59.59.49.1

At closing establishments

4,9804,8664,9245,4934,5002.52.42.42.62.1

Net employment change (2)

4,3134,2972,3881,5334,3102.12.11.10.82.0

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

19,32117,65120,67918,21217,7923.33.03.63.13.0

At expanding establishments

17,06015,71717,16914,72815,2362.92.73.02.52.6

At opening establishments

2,2611,9343,5103,4842,5560.40.30.60.60.4

Gross job losses

20,05320,11817,78217,51918,9343.43.53.03.03.2

At contracting establishments

17,60316,52714,67614,85316,3993.02.92.52.52.8

At closing establishments

2,4503,5913,1062,6662,5350.40.60.50.50.4

Net employment change (2)

-732-2,4672,897693-1,142-0.1-0.50.60.1-0.2

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

14,09812,79313,55613,04214,4584.74.34.54.34.8

At expanding establishments

11,44710,21110,75210,52412,3933.83.43.63.54.1

At opening establishments

2,6512,5822,8042,5182,0650.90.90.90.80.7

Gross job losses

13,57112,96611,61213,14111,6384.54.33.84.33.8

At contracting establishments

10,13510,2398,48110,3119,0873.43.42.83.43.0

At closing establishments

3,4362,7273,1312,8302,5511.10.91.00.90.8

Net employment change (2)

527-1731,944-992,8200.20.00.70.01.0

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

41,08932,76534,01735,04237,8076.75.35.65.76.2

At expanding establishments

36,08528,28128,97630,03233,1075.94.64.84.95.4

At opening establishments

5,0044,4845,0415,0104,7000.80.70.80.80.8

Gross job losses

30,47535,30132,76433,43129,1905.05.85.45.54.7

At contracting establishments

25,38430,96128,07828,42124,7794.25.14.64.74.0

At closing establishments

5,0914,3404,6865,0104,4110.80.70.80.80.7

Net employment change (2)

10,614-2,5361,2531,6118,6171.7-0.50.20.21.5

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

12,04312,81916,20411,42012,9265.25.56.84.85.4

At expanding establishments

9,78910,76513,8069,10110,8034.24.65.83.84.5

At opening establishments

2,2542,0542,3982,3192,1231.00.91.01.00.9

Gross job losses

10,39910,25411,33413,2399,9264.54.44.85.54.2

At contracting establishments

8,4168,0928,78411,2178,7743.63.53.74.73.7

At closing establishments

1,9832,1622,5502,0221,1520.90.91.10.80.5

Net employment change (2)

1,6442,5654,870-1,8193,0000.71.12.0-0.71.2

Information

 

Gross job gains

5,1564,3025,5555,6034,9025.24.45.65.74.9

At expanding establishments

4,5593,2554,3194,4453,9914.63.34.44.54.0

At opening establishments

5971,0471,2361,1589110.61.11.21.20.9

Gross job losses

4,1904,7975,0654,5994,6124.24.85.14.64.6

At contracting establishments

2,9553,5943,9723,2893,5943.03.64.03.33.6

At closing establishments

1,2351,2031,0931,3101,0181.21.21.11.31.0

Net employment change (2)

966-4954901,0042901.0-0.40.51.10.3

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

15,30617,27816,44915,13016,6694.44.94.74.24.6

At expanding establishments

12,63414,10412,70611,16313,2673.64.03.63.13.7

At opening establishments

2,6723,1743,7433,9673,4020.80.91.11.10.9

Gross job losses

16,26016,63816,62314,71413,5434.64.74.74.03.7

At contracting establishments

12,65812,26612,82711,31710,8513.63.53.63.13.0

At closing establishments

3,6024,3723,7963,3972,6921.01.21.10.90.7

Net employment change (2)

-954640-1744163,126-0.20.20.00.20.9

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

65,69061,68174,91864,39966,1607.16.78.17.17.2

At expanding establishments

54,43049,49859,12650,04351,7205.95.46.45.55.6

At opening establishments

11,26012,18315,79214,35614,4401.21.31.71.61.6

Gross job losses

57,38563,43164,33965,91560,0056.26.97.07.26.6

At contracting establishments

42,40050,48149,71653,45145,6624.65.55.45.85.0

At closing establishments

14,98512,95014,62312,46414,3431.61.41.61.41.6

Net employment change (2)

8,305-1,75010,579-1,5166,1550.9-0.21.1-0.10.6

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

35,27133,99535,51533,13235,9414.03.94.03.84.1

At expanding establishments

29,86429,01729,20826,42330,0683.43.33.33.03.4

At opening establishments

5,4074,9786,3076,7095,8730.60.60.70.80.7

Gross job losses

33,62434,52031,70135,46629,8313.93.93.64.03.4

At contracting establishments

26,07728,88123,94328,54624,8993.03.32.73.22.8

At closing establishments

7,5475,6397,7586,9204,9320.90.60.90.80.6

Net employment change (2)

1,647-5253,814-2,3346,1100.10.00.4-0.20.7

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

48,60145,33048,42347,00454,5768.78.18.68.39.6

At expanding establishments

37,85834,62034,80734,95040,5446.86.26.26.27.1

At opening establishments

10,74310,71013,61612,05414,0321.91.92.42.12.5

Gross job losses

43,60049,47042,29346,83144,2897.88.87.68.37.8

At contracting establishments

34,49439,22134,16033,82636,3366.27.06.16.06.4

At closing establishments

9,10610,2498,13313,0057,9531.61.81.52.31.4

Net employment change (2)

5,001-4,1406,13017310,2870.9-0.71.00.01.8

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

14,17512,62613,07213,66712,5957.36.66.87.06.5

At expanding establishments

11,1509,8049,79910,1119,6495.75.15.15.25.0

At opening establishments

3,0252,8223,2733,5562,9461.61.51.71.81.5

Gross job losses

12,80114,41912,42311,88012,1266.67.56.46.26.3

At contracting establishments

9,92011,3499,1838,6769,4665.15.94.74.54.9

At closing establishments

2,8813,0703,2403,2042,6601.51.61.71.71.4

Net employment change (2)

1,374-1,7936491,7874690.7-0.90.40.80.2

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015

United States (1)

6.56.36.65.96.45.85.85.75.75.7

Alabama

5.95.96.05.65.95.55.55.25.45.3

Alaska

10.89.510.610.410.611.010.410.49.210.8

Arizona

6.06.47.06.05.96.05.55.35.75.7

Arkansas

5.66.06.65.45.95.45.55.15.75.3

California

7.07.17.46.86.86.56.26.46.26.5

Colorado

7.27.37.06.97.06.16.16.16.16.4

Connecticut

5.75.25.44.85.84.95.35.25.14.8

Delaware

6.66.37.05.77.65.26.25.47.35.6

District of Columbia

6.35.75.55.56.25.65.45.35.45.4

Florida

7.27.37.16.36.96.26.16.05.65.9

Georgia

6.96.86.96.26.76.05.95.55.65.7

Hawaii

5.05.35.24.94.95.04.54.44.85.0

Idaho

7.77.58.09.17.57.97.37.07.07.1

Illinois

6.25.76.25.86.25.55.85.55.75.2

Indiana

5.95.46.35.35.75.05.35.05.35.1

Iowa

6.15.86.15.96.15.75.85.65.45.9

Kansas

6.15.76.25.76.05.65.85.45.85.8

Kentucky

6.26.26.65.56.45.65.55.36.05.5

Louisiana

6.66.86.86.16.36.55.95.86.76.8

Maine

7.86.77.26.58.06.57.07.27.06.4

Maryland

6.66.56.75.97.05.86.36.26.25.9

Massachusetts

6.35.76.05.16.35.35.55.25.45.0

Michigan

6.45.46.25.26.15.45.75.25.15.2

Minnesota

6.55.65.85.66.15.15.75.45.25.2

Mississippi

6.26.26.95.56.36.66.05.46.45.9

Missouri

6.05.76.35.66.05.35.75.15.45.2

Montana

8.28.18.59.18.07.78.18.07.28.4

Nebraska

6.16.06.26.15.95.95.75.65.65.7

Nevada

6.76.66.66.36.25.75.75.35.35.7

New Hampshire

6.95.96.95.76.86.16.36.05.75.9

New Jersey

7.06.36.95.87.15.96.46.26.05.9

New Mexico

6.86.67.26.46.76.26.16.16.56.8

New York

6.76.46.65.96.75.86.05.85.95.8

North Carolina

6.46.26.55.96.45.65.75.45.75.4

North Dakota

7.68.28.77.16.77.06.96.78.711.3

Ohio

6.15.56.15.46.05.25.55.15.65.3

Oklahoma

6.36.26.75.76.06.05.65.56.16.5

Oregon

6.97.07.16.96.96.46.26.35.76.1

Pennsylvania

5.65.25.64.95.64.85.14.95.24.9

Rhode Island

6.55.96.45.36.65.55.85.65.85.8

South Carolina

6.46.06.85.76.55.85.85.05.55.6

South Dakota

6.46.26.36.36.36.05.95.85.75.9

Tennessee

5.75.76.25.25.95.15.04.85.24.8

Texas

6.06.16.45.86.04.95.15.05.75.5

Utah

7.17.17.27.36.96.76.05.85.96.1

Vermont

7.36.97.56.87.36.97.36.76.87.0

Virginia

6.25.65.86.06.45.75.85.55.65.4

Washington

7.47.16.96.77.26.46.26.15.65.8

West Virginia

6.66.26.66.06.36.46.56.06.76.6

Wisconsin

5.85.55.85.45.75.05.65.25.15.2

Wyoming

8.78.39.38.97.88.38.58.08.910.9

Puerto Rico

5.55.66.45.35.86.36.04.96.46.8

Virgin Islands

6.26.66.25.56.36.35.65.65.96.7

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, February 26, 2016