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16-866-CHI
Wednesday, May 25, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Indiana — Third Quarter 2015

From June 2015 to September 2015 gross job gains in Indiana totaled 138,935, while gross job losses numbered 135,979, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,956. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 15,943.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.).

The 138,935 gross job gains in September 2015 followed the 146,088 gross job gains in June 2015. Indiana’s gross job gains have remained above 131,000 each quarter since the recent low in March 2014. Gross job losses in September 2015 totaled 135,979 in the state. Since December 2009 gross job losses have remained below 140,000. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.4 percent of private sector employment in Indiana in the quarter ended September 2015, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.1 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Since the series inception in 1992, the rate of gross job gains in Indiana has been below the U.S. rate each quarter, with three exceptions. Gross job losses accounted for 5.3 percent of private sector employment in Indiana in the quarter ended September 2015, lower than the national rate of 5.8 percent. Since the series began, Indiana’s rate of gross job losses has been below the national rate, with only three exceptions.

During the third quarter of 2015, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in five industry sectors in Indiana. For example, within education and health services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 4,579. While almost 13,500 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, approximately 18,000 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the 3-months ended in September 2015. In retail trade, more than 21,000 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and more than 19,000 jobs lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in six industry sectors. Within professional and business services, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 2,742. In the remaining sectors gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 1,000.

Indiana was among the five states in the East North Central Census division. In the third quarter of 2015, Indiana was the only state in the division where gross job gains exceeded gross job losses. Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in the remaining four states. (See table A.) All five states in the division had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.1-percent national rate. The five states in the division also had rates of gross job losses that were below the 5.8-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, September 2015, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross job gainsGross job lossesNet changeNet change as
a percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,292,0006.16,874,0005.8418,0000.3

East North Central (1)

988,3181,019,635-31,317

Illinois

277,1655.4287,7225.7-10,557-0.3

Indiana

138,9355.4135,9795.32,9560.1

Michigan

195,1185.4204,0875.7-8,969-0.3

Ohio

245,5655.4256,5325.6-10,967-0.2

Wisconsin

131,5355.5135,3155.6-3,780-0.1

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.
 

Note: Dash indicates data not available.
 

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for fourth quarter 2015 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 27, 2016.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the second time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Indiana, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

134,604159,935135,251146,088138,9355.46.35.35.75.4

At expanding establishments

111,613136,369112,692125,352115,9484.55.44.44.94.5

At opening establishments

22,99123,56622,55920,73622,9870.90.90.90.80.9

Gross job losses

132,690126,976135,133130,145135,9795.35.05.35.15.3

At contracting establishments

111,704104,214116,314112,297117,3004.54.14.64.44.6

At closing establishments

20,98622,76218,81917,84818,6790.80.90.70.70.7

Net employment change (2)

1,91432,95911815,9432,9560.11.30.00.60.1

Construction

 

Gross job gains

12,72813,68212,59014,38813,11710.211.010.011.410.3

At expanding establishments

10,31611,03010,12612,22911,3188.38.98.09.78.9

At opening establishments

2,4122,6522,4642,1591,7991.92.12.01.71.4

Gross job losses

13,39312,39013,42313,10212,56610.89.910.710.49.9

At contracting establishments

11,32110,08811,15111,13110,3439.18.18.98.88.1

At closing establishments

2,0722,3022,2721,9712,2231.71.81.81.61.8

Net employment change (2)

-6651,292-8331,286551-0.61.1-0.71.00.4

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

13,51717,86414,12415,20713,0772.73.52.72.92.5

At expanding establishments

12,73016,72113,51914,28812,5612.53.32.62.72.4

At opening establishments

7871,1436059195160.20.20.10.20.1

Gross job losses

12,86911,15912,92013,21213,9112.52.22.52.62.6

At contracting establishments

11,87810,13812,21212,42713,2102.32.02.42.42.5

At closing establishments

9911,0217087857010.20.20.10.20.1

Net employment change (2)

6486,7051,2041,995-8340.21.30.20.3-0.1

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

5,3075,5155,4885,5365,0924.54.64.64.64.2

At expanding establishments

4,2334,5504,4514,5704,0963.63.83.73.83.4

At opening establishments

1,0749651,0379669960.90.80.90.80.8

Gross job losses

4,8724,7064,6954,8725,1254.23.93.94.14.3

At contracting establishments

3,9693,7283,7213,7854,2613.43.13.13.23.6

At closing establishments

9039789741,0878640.80.80.80.90.7

Net employment change (2)

435809793664-330.30.70.70.5-0.1

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

17,25918,03917,93920,45321,3065.45.65.66.36.5

At expanding establishments

14,74016,11315,40318,20318,4904.65.04.85.65.6

At opening establishments

2,5191,9262,5362,2502,8160.80.60.80.70.9

Gross job losses

17,58916,87717,46816,50319,1075.45.35.55.15.8

At contracting establishments

15,53914,96615,33813,97917,1864.84.74.84.35.2

At closing establishments

2,0501,9112,1302,5241,9210.60.60.70.80.6

Net employment change (2)

-3301,1624713,9502,1990.00.30.11.20.7

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

6,3477,9306,1385,5545,3585.46.75.24.74.6

At expanding establishments

5,2456,9595,3494,9674,4704.55.94.54.23.8

At opening establishments

1,1029717895878880.90.80.70.50.8

Gross job losses

5,4914,8779,1675,2105,5584.74.17.64.44.8

At contracting establishments

4,5273,9998,4224,0425,0143.93.47.03.44.3

At closing establishments

9648787451,1685440.80.70.61.00.5

Net employment change (2)

8563,053-3,029344-2000.72.6-2.40.3-0.2

Information

 

Gross job gains

1,4701,3591,3581,4091,3874.13.84.04.24.1

At expanding establishments

1,2201,2051,0651,1841,2043.43.43.13.53.6

At opening establishments

2501542932251830.70.40.90.70.5

Gross job losses

1,6091,7411,3131,6101,8304.54.93.94.75.4

At contracting establishments

1,3671,4589761,4591,6573.84.12.94.34.9

At closing establishments

2422833371511730.70.81.00.40.5

Net employment change (2)

-139-38245-201-443-0.4-1.10.1-0.5-1.3

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

6,2736,4725,5516,1306,5845.05.14.34.85.2

At expanding establishments

5,0674,8684,2315,0165,3464.03.83.33.94.2

At opening establishments

1,2061,6041,3201,1141,2381.01.31.00.91.0

Gross job losses

5,4655,5914,9765,8445,7224.34.43.94.54.4

At contracting establishments

4,0674,0513,7264,6564,4063.23.22.93.63.4

At closing establishments

1,3981,5401,2501,1881,3161.11.21.00.91.0

Net employment change (2)

8088815752868620.70.70.40.30.8

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

25,43038,35523,53427,80224,4937.911.77.18.57.5

At expanding establishments

20,89433,85819,78923,65019,6786.510.36.07.26.0

At opening establishments

4,5364,4973,7454,1524,8151.41.41.11.31.5

Gross job losses

23,80624,47029,95624,61827,2357.47.49.17.58.3

At contracting establishments

19,60419,48026,06421,06623,3636.15.97.96.47.1

At closing establishments

4,2024,9903,8923,5523,8721.31.51.21.11.2

Net employment change (2)

1,62413,885-6,4223,184-2,7420.54.3-2.01.0-0.8

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

15,86415,95016,24916,42418,0653.83.83.83.84.2

At expanding establishments

13,83513,47613,56114,60614,9213.33.23.23.43.5

At opening establishments

2,0292,4742,6881,8183,1440.50.60.60.40.7

Gross job losses

14,47514,81212,53313,77613,4863.53.52.93.23.1

At contracting establishments

12,51711,65310,71512,48511,3583.02.82.52.92.6

At closing establishments

1,9583,1591,8181,2912,1280.50.70.40.30.5

Net employment change (2)

1,3891,1383,7162,6484,5790.30.30.90.61.1

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

22,22125,67524,15424,63422,4277.68.78.08.17.5

At expanding establishments

17,02320,34118,64919,74317,3815.86.96.26.55.8

At opening establishments

5,1985,3345,5054,8915,0461.81.81.81.61.7

Gross job losses

24,06622,20721,01223,06023,0608.27.57.07.67.7

At contracting establishments

19,90318,17617,86320,31119,7756.86.16.06.76.6

At closing establishments

4,1634,0313,1492,7493,2851.41.41.00.91.1

Net employment change (2)

-1,8453,4683,1421,574-633-0.61.21.00.5-0.2

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

5,6965,9765,7046,2665,8177.07.37.07.67.0

At expanding establishments

4,4964,6634,5715,1164,8895.55.75.66.25.9

At opening establishments

1,2001,3131,1331,1509281.51.61.41.41.1

Gross job losses

6,2995,6255,0255,6725,7487.86.96.26.96.9

At contracting establishments

4,8504,3133,9954,6104,5566.05.34.95.65.5

At closing establishments

1,4491,3121,0301,0621,1921.81.61.31.31.4

Net employment change (2)

-60335167959469-0.80.40.80.70.1

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015

United States (1)

6.36.65.96.46.15.85.75.75.75.8

Alabama

5.96.05.65.95.85.55.25.45.35.6

Alaska

9.510.610.410.69.010.410.49.210.810.2

Arizona

6.47.06.05.96.85.55.35.75.75.4

Arkansas

6.06.65.45.96.15.55.15.75.35.2

California

7.17.46.86.86.96.26.46.26.55.8

Colorado

7.37.06.97.07.16.16.16.16.46.4

Connecticut

5.25.44.85.85.15.35.25.14.85.8

Delaware

6.37.05.77.66.16.25.47.35.66.1

District of Columbia

5.75.55.56.26.25.45.35.45.45.5

Florida

7.37.16.36.96.86.16.05.65.95.8

Georgia

6.86.96.26.76.55.95.55.65.75.9

Hawaii

5.35.24.94.95.14.54.44.85.04.8

Idaho

7.58.09.17.57.87.37.07.07.17.1

Illinois

5.76.25.86.25.45.85.55.75.25.7

Indiana

5.46.35.35.75.45.35.05.35.15.3

Iowa

5.86.15.96.15.65.85.65.45.96.0

Kansas

5.76.25.76.05.75.85.45.85.85.7

Kentucky

6.26.65.56.46.05.55.36.05.55.6

Louisiana

6.86.86.16.36.25.95.86.76.86.2

Maine

6.77.26.58.06.57.07.27.06.47.1

Maryland

6.56.75.97.06.56.36.26.25.96.3

Massachusetts

5.76.05.16.35.45.55.25.45.05.6

Michigan

5.46.25.26.15.45.75.25.15.25.7

Minnesota

5.65.85.66.15.45.75.45.25.25.9

Mississippi

6.26.95.56.36.26.05.46.45.95.8

Missouri

5.76.35.66.05.75.75.15.45.25.5

Montana

8.18.59.18.07.68.18.07.28.47.7

Nebraska

6.06.26.15.96.05.75.65.65.75.5

Nevada

6.66.66.36.26.25.75.35.35.75.3

New Hampshire

5.96.95.76.86.06.36.05.75.96.3

New Jersey

6.36.95.87.16.36.46.26.05.96.1

New Mexico

6.67.26.46.76.56.16.16.56.86.5

New York

6.46.65.96.76.36.05.85.95.86.0

North Carolina

6.26.55.96.46.15.75.45.75.45.6

North Dakota

8.28.77.16.77.16.96.78.711.38.5

Ohio

5.56.15.46.05.45.55.15.65.35.6

Oklahoma

6.26.75.76.06.05.65.56.16.56.1

Oregon

7.07.16.96.97.06.26.35.76.16.4

Pennsylvania

5.25.64.95.65.25.14.95.24.95.2

Rhode Island

5.96.45.36.65.85.85.65.85.85.7

South Carolina

6.06.85.76.56.25.85.05.55.65.8

South Dakota

6.26.36.36.35.95.95.85.75.96.1

Tennessee

5.76.25.25.95.85.04.85.24.85.1

Texas

6.16.45.86.05.95.15.05.75.55.5

Utah

7.17.27.36.97.06.05.85.96.15.9

Vermont

6.97.56.87.36.97.36.76.87.07.6

Virginia

5.65.86.06.46.95.85.55.65.45.9

Washington

7.16.96.77.26.56.26.15.65.86.7

West Virginia

6.26.66.06.35.86.56.06.76.66.8

Wisconsin

5.55.85.45.75.55.65.25.15.25.6

Wyoming

8.39.38.97.88.38.58.08.910.98.7

Puerto Rico

5.66.45.35.86.26.04.96.46.86.3

Virgin Islands

6.66.25.56.35.85.65.65.96.77.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 25, 2016