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News Release Information

16-194-CHI
Friday, February 26, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Nebraska — Second Quarter 2015

From March 2015 to June 2015 gross job gains in Nebraska totaled 47,109, while gross job losses numbered 45,472, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,637. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,355.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.).

The 47,109 gross job gains in June 2015 followed the 48,584 gross job gains in March 2015. Nebraska’s gross job gains have remained above 45,000 each quarter since June 2013. Gross job losses in June 2015 totaled 45,472 in the state, the 13th consecutive quarter in which job losses have been above 40,000. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.9 percent of private sector employment in Nebraska in the quarter ended June 2015, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.4 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Since the series inception in 1992, the rate of gross job gains in Nebraska has been generally below the U.S. rate each quarter. Gross job losses accounted for 5.7 percent of private sector employment in Nebraska in the quarter ended June 2015, matching the national rate of gross job losses. Since the series began, Nebraska’s rate of gross job losses has been at or below the national rate, with only two exceptions.

During the second quarter of 2015, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in seven industry sectors in Nebraska. For example, within professional and business services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,472. While almost 7,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, more than 8,000 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the 3-months ended in June 2015. In transportation and warehousing, approximately 2,000 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and more than 1,500 jobs lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in three industry sectors. Within manufacturing, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 895. In the two remaining sectors—education and health services and other services—gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 292 and 22, respectively.

Nebraska was among the seven states in the West North Central Census division. Six states in the division, including Nebraska, had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses. In North Dakota, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains. (See table A.) Nebraska was among the six states where the rates of gross job gains were lower than the 6.4-percent national rate. Only North Dakota had a rate of gross job gains that was higher than the national rate. Two states (Minnesota and Missouri) had rates of gross job losses that were below the 5.7-percent national rate. Four states (Iowa, Kansas, North Dakota, and South Dakota) had rates of gross job losses that were higher than the national rate. Nebraska had a rate of gross job losses that was equal to the national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, West North Central Division, and West North Central states, June 2015, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross job gainsGross job lossesNet changeNet change as
a percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,554,0006.46,725,0005.7829,0000.7

West North Central (1)

523,799491,65032,149

Iowa

77,6306.176,4745.91,1560.2

Kansas

66,6536.064,9335.81,7200.2

Minnesota

147,4276.1122,4945.224,9330.9

Missouri

138,6236.0119,9695.218,6540.8

Nebraska

47,1095.945,4725.71,6370.2

North Dakota

24,9766.741,95411.3-16,978-4.6

South Dakota

21,3816.320,3545.91,0270.4

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the West North Central Census Division.
 

Note: Dash indicates data not available.
 

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Third Quarter 2015 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 27, 2016.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the second time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Nebraska, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

47,39747,32149,55348,58447,1096.16.06.26.15.9

At expanding establishments

38,94538,51241,28139,70638,8925.04.95.25.04.9

At opening establishments

8,4528,8098,2728,8788,2171.11.11.01.11.0

Gross job losses

46,10145,01243,94945,22945,4725.95.75.65.65.7

At contracting establishments

37,27637,26735,64837,71737,1414.84.74.54.74.7

At closing establishments

8,8257,7458,3017,5128,3311.11.01.10.91.0

Net employment change (2)

1,2962,3095,6043,3551,6370.20.30.60.50.2

Construction

 

Gross job gains

5,1775,0175,6245,5484,81111.410.911.911.59.9

At expanding establishments

4,0993,9484,6614,5923,7909.08.69.99.57.8

At opening establishments

1,0781,0699639561,0212.42.32.02.02.1

Gross job losses

4,1694,7054,4284,5224,5619.210.39.49.39.4

At contracting establishments

3,1813,9333,5233,5923,7437.08.67.57.47.7

At closing establishments

9887729059308182.21.71.91.91.7

Net employment change (2)

1,0083121,1961,0262502.20.62.52.20.5

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

2,5842,7732,6592,4682,3502.62.92.72.52.4

At expanding establishments

2,4612,6142,5482,3652,2502.52.72.62.42.3

At opening establishments

1231591111031000.10.20.10.10.1

Gross job losses

2,5082,4102,5692,2913,2452.62.42.72.33.3

At contracting establishments

2,2462,2762,3012,0782,8682.32.32.42.12.9

At closing establishments

2621342682133770.30.10.30.20.4

Net employment change (2)

7636390177-8950.00.50.00.2-0.9

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

2,4912,0612,2992,1192,4205.74.85.45.05.7

At expanding establishments

2,0851,6881,9231,7321,9684.83.94.54.14.6

At opening establishments

4063733763874520.90.90.90.91.1

Gross job losses

2,1262,5262,0242,4122,3895.05.84.75.65.6

At contracting establishments

1,7061,9081,7692,0591,8404.04.44.14.84.3

At closing establishments

4206182553535491.01.40.60.81.3

Net employment change (2)

365-465275-293310.7-1.00.7-0.60.1

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

7,0156,3036,3756,7726,9456.55.85.96.26.3

At expanding establishments

6,1615,4595,6935,8376,4405.75.05.35.35.8

At opening establishments

8548446829355050.80.80.60.90.5

Gross job losses

6,2666,3976,1375,8796,4775.85.85.75.45.8

At contracting establishments

5,6475,5855,5165,1425,3235.25.15.14.74.8

At closing establishments

6198126217371,1540.60.70.60.71.0

Net employment change (2)

749-942388934680.70.00.20.80.5

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

1,7401,8743,4741,6982,1024.44.88.54.25.3

At expanding establishments

1,4781,6523,1701,4201,8773.74.27.83.54.7

At opening establishments

2622223042782250.70.60.70.70.6

Gross job losses

1,8151,7661,4992,8901,5964.54.53.67.04.0

At contracting establishments

1,5241,5081,2772,6741,4323.83.83.16.53.6

At closing establishments

2912582222161640.70.70.50.50.4

Net employment change (2)

-751081,975-1,192506-0.10.34.9-2.81.3

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

2,6672,7192,5112,4882,5624.34.24.03.94.0

At expanding establishments

2,1912,1821,9032,0822,1503.53.43.03.33.4

At opening establishments

4765376084064120.80.81.00.60.6

Gross job losses

2,4632,1662,2502,2002,1913.93.53.53.43.5

At contracting establishments

1,7681,7501,7801,6941,6492.82.82.82.62.6

At closing establishments

6954164705065421.10.70.70.80.9

Net employment change (2)

2045532612883710.40.70.50.50.5

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

8,1227,6837,7907,8678,4037.26.86.86.97.2

At expanding establishments

6,7486,2606,2786,5026,6436.05.55.55.75.7

At opening establishments

1,3741,4231,5121,3651,7601.21.31.31.21.5

Gross job losses

8,4087,7367,8597,3946,9317.46.97.06.45.9

At contracting establishments

6,9246,3126,4016,0105,8486.15.65.75.25.0

At closing establishments

1,4841,4241,4581,3841,0831.31.31.31.20.9

Net employment change (2)

-286-53-694731,472-0.2-0.1-0.20.51.3

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

5,8307,1027,3826,5705,8184.55.45.65.04.4

At expanding establishments

4,2625,3555,7624,9164,3803.34.14.43.73.3

At opening establishments

1,5681,7471,6201,6541,4381.21.31.21.31.1

Gross job losses

6,5625,8886,1856,5426,1105.04.54.75.04.7

At contracting establishments

5,2144,3034,2245,2454,5224.03.33.24.03.5

At closing establishments

1,3481,5851,9611,2971,5881.01.21.51.01.2

Net employment change (2)

-7321,2141,19728-292-0.50.90.90.0-0.3

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

7,9477,7917,2069,1677,8969.19.08.310.48.9

At expanding establishments

6,3396,0675,9386,9936,2927.37.06.87.97.1

At opening establishments

1,6081,7241,2682,1741,6041.82.01.52.51.8

Gross job losses

8,1137,9437,3487,2047,8469.39.28.48.28.9

At contracting establishments

6,1706,7486,1155,9696,4387.17.87.06.87.3

At closing establishments

1,9431,1951,2331,2351,4082.21.41.41.41.6

Net employment change (2)

-166-152-1421,96350-0.2-0.2-0.12.20.0

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

1,9321,5031,6411,6311,7328.06.26.86.87.2

At expanding establishments

1,5181,2261,3311,3471,4516.35.15.55.66.0

At opening establishments

4142773102842811.71.11.31.21.2

Gross job losses

1,4091,7291,4461,6531,7545.97.15.96.97.2

At contracting establishments

1,1011,4531,1211,3181,4544.66.04.65.56.0

At closing establishments

3082763253353001.31.11.31.41.2

Net employment change (2)

523-226195-22-222.1-0.90.9-0.10.0

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015

United States (1)

6.56.36.65.96.45.85.85.75.75.7

Alabama

5.95.96.05.65.95.55.55.25.45.3

Alaska

10.89.510.610.410.611.010.410.49.210.8

Arizona

6.06.47.06.05.96.05.55.35.75.7

Arkansas

5.66.06.65.45.95.45.55.15.75.3

California

7.07.17.46.86.86.56.26.46.26.5

Colorado

7.27.37.06.97.06.16.16.16.16.4

Connecticut

5.75.25.44.85.84.95.35.25.14.8

Delaware

6.66.37.05.77.65.26.25.47.35.6

District of Columbia

6.35.75.55.56.25.65.45.35.45.4

Florida

7.27.37.16.36.96.26.16.05.65.9

Georgia

6.96.86.96.26.76.05.95.55.65.7

Hawaii

5.05.35.24.94.95.04.54.44.85.0

Idaho

7.77.58.09.17.57.97.37.07.07.1

Illinois

6.25.76.25.86.25.55.85.55.75.2

Indiana

5.95.46.35.35.75.05.35.05.35.1

Iowa

6.15.86.15.96.15.75.85.65.45.9

Kansas

6.15.76.25.76.05.65.85.45.85.8

Kentucky

6.26.26.65.56.45.65.55.36.05.5

Louisiana

6.66.86.86.16.36.55.95.86.76.8

Maine

7.86.77.26.58.06.57.07.27.06.4

Maryland

6.66.56.75.97.05.86.36.26.25.9

Massachusetts

6.35.76.05.16.35.35.55.25.45.0

Michigan

6.45.46.25.26.15.45.75.25.15.2

Minnesota

6.55.65.85.66.15.15.75.45.25.2

Mississippi

6.26.26.95.56.36.66.05.46.45.9

Missouri

6.05.76.35.66.05.35.75.15.45.2

Montana

8.28.18.59.18.07.78.18.07.28.4

Nebraska

6.16.06.26.15.95.95.75.65.65.7

Nevada

6.76.66.66.36.25.75.75.35.35.7

New Hampshire

6.95.96.95.76.86.16.36.05.75.9

New Jersey

7.06.36.95.87.15.96.46.26.05.9

New Mexico

6.86.67.26.46.76.26.16.16.56.8

New York

6.76.46.65.96.75.86.05.85.95.8

North Carolina

6.46.26.55.96.45.65.75.45.75.4

North Dakota

7.68.28.77.16.77.06.96.78.711.3

Ohio

6.15.56.15.46.05.25.55.15.65.3

Oklahoma

6.36.26.75.76.06.05.65.56.16.5

Oregon

6.97.07.16.96.96.46.26.35.76.1

Pennsylvania

5.65.25.64.95.64.85.14.95.24.9

Rhode Island

6.55.96.45.36.65.55.85.65.85.8

South Carolina

6.46.06.85.76.55.85.85.05.55.6

South Dakota

6.46.26.36.36.36.05.95.85.75.9

Tennessee

5.75.76.25.25.95.15.04.85.24.8

Texas

6.06.16.45.86.04.95.15.05.75.5

Utah

7.17.17.27.36.96.76.05.85.96.1

Vermont

7.36.97.56.87.36.97.36.76.87.0

Virginia

6.25.65.86.06.45.75.85.55.65.4

Washington

7.47.16.96.77.26.46.26.15.65.8

West Virginia

6.66.26.66.06.36.46.56.06.76.6

Wisconsin

5.85.55.85.45.75.05.65.25.15.2

Wyoming

8.78.39.38.97.88.38.58.08.910.9

Puerto Rico

5.55.66.45.35.86.36.04.96.46.8

Virgin Islands

6.26.66.25.56.36.35.65.65.96.7

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, February 26, 2016