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News Release Information

16-865-CHI
Thursday, June 30, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Ohio — Third Quarter 2015

From June 2015 to September 2015 gross job losses in Ohio totaled 256,532, while gross job gains numbered 245,565, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer, noted that gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 10,967. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 34,804.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job losses in September 2015 totaled 256,532 in the state, the second highest total since September 2009. (See chart 1.) The state’s 245,565 gross job gains in September 2015 were down 29,213 from the recent peak of 274,778 reached in December 2014. Gross job gains in Ohio have been above 230,000 in all but two quarters since the series low of 208,621 in March 2009.

Ohio’s rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment was 5.6 percent, lower than the national rate of 5.8 percent in the third quarter of 2015. The state’s rate of gross job losses has been below the U.S. rate in all but two quarters since the series began in September 1992. Gross job gains represented 5.4 percent of private sector employment in Ohio, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.1 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job gains in the state has been below the U.S. rate in all but one quarter since the series began.

During the third quarter of 2015, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in eight industry sectors in Ohio. Professional and business services lost more than 48,000 jobs at closing and contracting establishments, but created almost 45,000 jobs at opening and expanding establishments. The resulting net loss of 3,857 jobs was the largest of any sector in the third quarter of 2015. Manufacturing recorded a net employment loss of 3,455, with more than 22,000 jobs lost in closing and contracting establishments and almost 19,000 jobs added in opening and expanding establishments. Within the other six industry sectors, retail trade and wholesale trade recorded net job losses of 1,467 and 1,138 respectively, and four industries had net job losses less than 1,000. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in three industry sectors. Within education and health services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,592, with more than 34,000 jobs created in opening and expanding establishments and almost 33,000 jobs lost in closing and contracting establishments. Transportation and warehousing recorded a net employment gain of 1,198 and the leisure and hospitality industry’s gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 1,000.

Ohio was among the five states in the East North Central Census division. In the third quarter of 2015, Ohio and three other states in the division had gross job losses that exceeded gross job gains. Indiana was the only state in the division where gross job gains were larger than gross job losses. (See table A.) The rate of gross job gains was lower than the national rate of 6.1 percent in each of the five states. Similarly, each state in the division had a rate of gross job losses that was below the 5.8-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, September 2015, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross job gainsGross job lossesNet changeNet change as
a percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,292,0006.16,874,0005.8418,0000.3

East North Central (1)

988,3181,019,635-31,317

Illinois

277,1655.4287,7225.7-10,557-0.3

Indiana

138,9355.4135,9795.32,9560.1

Michigan

195,1185.4204,0875.7-8,969-0.3

Ohio

245,5655.4256,5325.6-10,967-0.2

Wisconsin

131,5355.5135,3155.6-3,780-0.1

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.
 

Note: Dash indicates data not available.
 

 

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for fourth quarter 2015 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 27, 2016.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Ohio, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

248,416274,778245,199272,264245,5655.56.15.46.05.4

At expanding establishments

211,057234,449210,258230,625209,9934.75.24.65.14.6

At opening establishments

37,35940,32934,94141,63935,5720.80.90.80.90.8

Gross job losses

249,027233,006251,495237,460256,5325.55.15.65.35.6

At contracting establishments

212,180195,380216,173203,155218,1774.74.34.84.54.8

At closing establishments

36,84737,62635,32234,30538,3550.80.80.80.80.8

Net employment change (2)

-61141,772-6,29634,804-10,9670.01.0-0.20.7-0.2

Construction

 

Gross job gains

22,18020,50419,14123,92820,20511.210.49.612.110.1

At expanding establishments

18,55016,81315,51820,00817,2129.48.57.810.18.6

At opening establishments

3,6303,6913,6233,9202,9931.81.91.82.01.5

Gross job losses

21,53122,02821,25420,11420,86510.911.110.810.110.4

At contracting establishments

18,10818,22417,93016,95417,4329.29.29.18.58.7

At closing establishments

3,4233,8043,3243,1603,4331.71.91.71.61.7

Net employment change (2)

649-1,524-2,1133,814-6600.3-0.7-1.22.0-0.3

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

20,23222,55422,32922,30818,8723.03.33.33.32.7

At expanding establishments

19,11521,58021,17521,20718,0512.83.23.13.12.6

At opening establishments

1,1179741,1541,1018210.20.10.20.20.1

Gross job losses

18,98617,10120,79919,55022,3272.82.53.02.83.2

At contracting establishments

17,50315,48319,29118,10320,8672.62.32.82.63.0

At closing establishments

1,4831,6181,5081,4471,4600.20.20.20.20.2

Net employment change (2)

1,2465,4531,5302,758-3,4550.20.80.30.5-0.5

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

11,18111,18010,37710,7229,9614.84.84.44.54.2

At expanding establishments

9,3469,2848,9439,3268,3664.04.03.83.93.5

At opening establishments

1,8351,8961,4341,3961,5950.80.80.60.60.7

Gross job losses

10,3309,4889,3929,83611,0994.54.04.04.24.7

At contracting establishments

8,3157,5117,6867,9448,5703.63.23.33.43.6

At closing establishments

2,0151,9771,7061,8922,5290.90.80.70.81.1

Net employment change (2)

8511,692985886-1,1380.30.80.40.3-0.5

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

33,70134,54632,75234,66533,3255.96.15.76.15.8

At expanding establishments

29,28630,79328,14330,84929,8465.15.44.95.45.2

At opening establishments

4,4153,7534,6093,8163,4790.80.70.80.70.6

Gross job losses

35,21732,11832,04631,38134,7926.25.65.65.46.1

At contracting establishments

31,21728,11628,63327,81831,3225.54.95.04.85.5

At closing establishments

4,0004,0023,4133,5633,4700.70.70.60.60.6

Net employment change (2)

-1,5162,4287063,284-1,467-0.30.50.10.7-0.3

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

9,34514,1759,1439,9188,9295.58.15.25.64.9

At expanding establishments

8,32713,2418,3138,5157,7784.97.64.74.84.3

At opening establishments

1,0189348301,4031,1510.60.50.50.80.6

Gross job losses

8,6917,63811,4458,4387,7315.14.46.44.74.3

At contracting establishments

7,5646,47710,5087,3796,7944.43.75.94.13.8

At closing establishments

1,1271,1619371,0599370.70.70.50.60.5

Net employment change (2)

6546,537-2,3021,4801,1980.43.7-1.20.90.6

Information

 

Gross job gains

3,3553,8873,0033,1062,8084.75.44.24.43.9

At expanding establishments

2,7053,0712,6532,6102,3443.84.33.73.73.3

At opening establishments

6508163504964640.91.10.50.70.6

Gross job losses

3,1713,3063,3632,8043,4994.44.64.73.94.9

At contracting establishments

2,6902,5152,7662,3122,8163.73.53.93.23.9

At closing establishments

4817915974926830.71.10.80.71.0

Net employment change (2)

184581-360302-6910.30.8-0.50.5-1.0

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

11,10312,62110,81913,18511,5694.14.64.04.74.2

At expanding establishments

9,12910,1598,96011,13710,0073.43.73.34.03.6

At opening establishments

1,9742,4621,8592,0481,5620.70.90.70.70.6

Gross job losses

11,19311,28310,20010,39411,9394.14.23.73.84.3

At contracting establishments

8,9039,1228,3168,7219,6083.33.43.03.23.5

At closing establishments

2,2902,1611,8841,6732,3310.80.80.70.60.8

Net employment change (2)

-901,3386192,791-3700.00.40.30.9-0.1

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

45,86853,16342,02551,28244,7546.57.55.97.26.2

At expanding establishments

38,94244,87235,54642,10238,1945.56.35.05.95.3

At opening establishments

6,9268,2916,4799,1806,5601.01.20.91.30.9

Gross job losses

44,15542,61152,31744,85448,6116.36.07.36.36.8

At contracting establishments

36,51534,81444,38937,71440,6335.24.96.25.35.7

At closing establishments

7,6407,7977,9287,1407,9781.11.11.11.01.1

Net employment change (2)

1,71310,552-10,2926,428-3,8570.21.5-1.40.9-0.6

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

33,01035,94133,08537,17934,3543.84.23.84.33.9

At expanding establishments

28,35531,57928,68132,72030,0743.33.73.33.83.4

At opening establishments

4,6554,3624,4044,4594,2800.50.50.50.50.5

Gross job losses

32,14729,07332,50931,34632,7623.83.33.83.63.8

At contracting establishments

27,28324,34827,72426,47927,6293.22.83.23.03.2

At closing establishments

4,8644,7254,7854,8675,1330.60.50.60.60.6

Net employment change (2)

8636,8685765,8331,5920.00.90.00.70.1

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

43,85050,14649,43551,24146,9588.49.59.29.58.7

At expanding establishments

35,14340,17641,34340,02736,7696.77.67.77.46.8

At opening establishments

8,7079,9708,09211,21410,1891.71.91.52.11.9

Gross job losses

48,94645,15344,22845,32146,7519.38.58.28.48.7

At contracting establishments

41,90137,51837,04838,67139,2678.07.16.97.27.3

At closing establishments

7,0457,6357,1806,6507,4841.31.41.31.21.4

Net employment change (2)

-5,0964,9935,2075,920207-0.91.01.01.10.0

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

9,48910,5129,27610,7649,6266.47.16.37.36.5

At expanding establishments

7,9648,2887,7579,0048,0625.45.65.36.15.4

At opening establishments

1,5252,2241,5191,7601,5641.01.51.01.21.1

Gross job losses

10,8109,3459,3798,79710,5717.46.36.45.97.1

At contracting establishments

8,9267,8227,7657,1668,5716.15.35.34.85.8

At closing establishments

1,8841,5231,6141,6312,0001.31.01.11.11.3

Net employment change (2)

-1,3211,167-1031,967-945-1.00.8-0.11.4-0.6

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, June 30, 2016