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News Release Information

16-2152-CHI
Tuesday, December 06, 2016

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Wisconsin — First Quarter 2016

From December 2015 to March 2016 gross job gains in Wisconsin totaled 136,563, while gross job losses numbered 126,353, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 10,210. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 19,138.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.).

The 136,563 gross job gains in March 2016 followed the 145,150 gross job gains in the three-month period ended December 2015. During the past 5 years, gross job gains in Wisconsin peaked at 145,150 in December 2015 and were at a low of 124,826 in March 2014. (See chart 1.) Wisconsin’s 126,353 gross job losses in March 2016 followed the 126,012 gross job losses recorded in December 2015. Over the past 5 years, gross job losses reached a high of 134,844 in September 2015 and a low of 118,984 in March 2012. (See chart 1.) The gross job losses in March 2012 were a series low for the state.  

Gross job gains represented 5.6 percent of private sector employment in Wisconsin in the quarter ended March 2016, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 5.8 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Since the series inception in 1992, the rate of gross job gains in Wisconsin has been below the U.S. rate each quarter. Wisconsin’s gross job losses represented 5.2 percent of private sector employment in March 2016, compared to the U.S. rate of 5.7 percent. With only one exception, Wisconsin’s rate of gross job losses has been below the national rate since the series began.

During the first quarter of 2016, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in five industry sectors in Wisconsin. For example, within retail trade, gross job gains exceeded gross jobs losses by 5,678. While nearly 15,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, more than 20,000 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the three-months ended in March 2016. In the construction industry, approximately 12,000 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and nearly 10,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. This resulted in a net employment gain of 2,204 jobs in the construction industry. (See table 1.)

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in five industry sectors in the first quarter of 2016. Within professional and business services, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,885. In each of the four other sectors— manufacturing, transportation and warehousing, financial activities, and other services—gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 1,000.

Wisconsin was among the five states in the East North Central Census division. Four states in the division (Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin) had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses. (See table A.) All five states had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 5.8-percent national rate. All five states had rates of gross job losses that were below the 5.7-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, March 2016, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross job gainsGross job lossesNet changeNet change as
a percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment

United States

6,977,0005.86,783,0005.7194,0000.1

East North Central (1)

996,692950,66546,027

Illinois

271,1165.3274,3515.4-3,235-0.1

Indiana

141,0575.5136,2135.34,8440.2

Michigan

196,1175.4179,1064.917,0110.5

Ohio

251,8395.4234,6425.117,1970.3

Wisconsin

136,5635.6126,3535.210,2100.4

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.
 

Note: Dash indicates data not available.
 

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for second quarter 2016 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 25, 2017.

Revisions to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series.  Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Wisconsin, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

132,058137,249133,980145,150136,5635.55.75.66.05.6

At expanding establishments

111,747115,868112,148117,349116,8264.74.84.74.94.8

At opening establishments

20,31121,38121,83227,80119,7370.80.90.91.10.8

Gross job losses

123,100126,130134,844126,012126,3535.25.25.65.25.2

At contracting establishments

106,838109,009116,202105,510109,6754.54.54.84.44.5

At closing establishments

16,26217,12118,64220,50216,6780.70.70.80.80.7

Net employment change (2)

8,95811,119-86419,13810,2100.30.50.00.80.4

Construction

 

Gross job gains

10,47112,08110,82111,03111,9069.811.010.010.110.6

At expanding establishments

8,8609,7489,0919,32010,1488.38.98.48.59.0

At opening establishments

1,6112,3331,7301,7111,7581.52.11.61.61.6

Gross job losses

10,0299,50811,48310,5709,7029.48.710.59.68.6

At contracting establishments

8,2008,0989,6928,6648,1317.77.48.97.97.2

At closing establishments

1,8291,4101,7911,9061,5711.71.31.61.71.4

Net employment change (2)

4422,573-6624612,2040.42.3-0.50.52.0

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

13,80814,04012,05914,50314,0823.03.02.63.23.0

At expanding establishments

13,40713,47811,31113,74013,5232.92.92.43.02.9

At opening establishments

4015627487635590.10.10.20.20.1

Gross job losses

12,24213,55913,93512,98214,4142.62.93.02.83.1

At contracting establishments

11,31012,91813,26812,24913,4292.42.82.92.62.9

At closing establishments

9326416677339850.20.10.10.20.2

Net employment change (2)

1,566481-1,8761,521-3320.40.1-0.40.4-0.1

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

5,5725,5784,9705,2905,0614.74.64.04.34.1

At expanding establishments

4,7844,8444,2994,6604,3484.04.03.53.83.5

At opening establishments

7887346716307130.70.60.50.50.6

Gross job losses

4,4344,7725,3524,6174,5783.73.94.43.83.7

At contracting establishments

3,6463,8594,4163,5473,7393.03.23.62.93.0

At closing establishments

7889139361,0708390.70.70.80.90.7

Net employment change (2)

1,138806-3826734831.00.7-0.40.50.4

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

17,10918,67117,71515,47920,3795.76.15.85.06.6

At expanding establishments

15,00116,99315,57713,81118,6935.05.65.14.56.1

At opening establishments

2,1081,6782,1381,6681,6860.70.50.70.50.5

Gross job losses

16,13516,12117,27217,35414,7015.45.35.75.74.8

At contracting establishments

14,67214,56916,12415,82413,2834.94.85.35.24.3

At closing establishments

1,4631,5521,1481,5301,4180.50.50.40.50.5

Net employment change (2)

9742,550443-1,8755,6780.30.80.1-0.71.8

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

4,3044,8987,4816,1464,6044.85.48.16.44.8

At expanding establishments

3,9613,9726,5175,6354,0934.44.47.15.94.3

At opening establishments

3439269645115110.41.01.00.50.5

Gross job losses

5,1874,3434,7694,1955,5965.74.85.24.45.8

At contracting establishments

4,7083,8613,9683,5915,0045.24.34.33.85.2

At closing establishments

4794828016045920.50.50.90.60.6

Net employment change (2)

-8835552,7121,951-992-0.90.62.92.0-1.0

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

4,6385,4195,4005,5804,8763.13.73.73.83.3

At expanding establishments

3,9824,4644,5164,6594,2862.73.03.13.22.9

At opening establishments

6569558849215900.40.70.60.60.4

Gross job losses

4,7254,7625,8205,3954,9803.33.34.03.63.4

At contracting establishments

4,0183,9455,0884,1784,1572.82.73.52.82.8

At closing establishments

7078177321,2178230.50.60.50.80.6

Net employment change (2)

-87657-420185-104-0.20.4-0.30.2-0.1

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

19,46721,00421,28527,31420,0436.36.86.88.76.3

At expanding establishments

16,74517,93817,40518,12217,1045.45.85.65.85.4

At opening establishments

2,7223,0663,8809,1922,9390.91.01.22.90.9

Gross job losses

21,62419,48220,90020,58521,9287.06.36.76.56.8

At contracting establishments

18,85916,31717,40017,07318,5926.15.35.65.45.8

At closing establishments

2,7653,1653,5003,5123,3360.91.01.11.11.0

Net employment change (2)

-2,1571,5223856,729-1,885-0.70.50.12.2-0.5

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

14,13815,20116,46318,57415,4313.43.63.94.43.6

At expanding establishments

11,89512,55413,43515,17613,1642.93.03.23.63.1

At opening establishments

2,2432,6473,0283,3982,2670.50.60.70.80.5

Gross job losses

13,30014,53915,57514,33814,0553.33.53.73.43.3

At contracting establishments

11,76112,02312,55711,02912,3262.92.93.02.62.9

At closing establishments

1,5392,5163,0183,3091,7290.40.60.70.80.4

Net employment change (2)

8386628884,2361,3760.10.10.21.00.3

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

26,71427,94225,52929,09627,72110.010.39.410.710.1

At expanding establishments

22,11022,16120,35323,09022,5658.38.27.58.58.2

At opening establishments

4,6045,7815,1766,0065,1561.72.11.92.21.9

Gross job losses

23,32926,68127,80625,60225,7448.79.910.39.59.4

At contracting establishments

20,29523,28123,87520,82821,9897.68.68.87.78.0

At closing establishments

3,0343,4003,9314,7743,7551.11.31.51.81.4

Net employment change (2)

3,3851,261-2,2773,4941,9771.30.4-0.91.20.7

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

5,3515,3614,9225,0964,5977.17.06.56.66.0

At expanding establishments

4,5854,6504,3334,3153,8916.16.15.75.65.1

At opening establishments

7667115897817061.00.90.81.00.9

Gross job losses

4,7884,8675,2504,8894,8496.36.36.96.36.3

At contracting establishments

3,9264,2354,4934,0884,1485.25.55.95.35.4

At closing establishments

8626327578017011.10.81.01.00.9

Net employment change (2)

563494-328207-2520.80.7-0.40.3-0.3

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016

United States (1)

6.06.46.36.65.85.85.75.85.85.7

Alabama

5.75.95.86.25.85.55.35.55.35.4

Alaska

10.410.69.19.69.49.310.910.310.59.7

Arizona

6.06.06.86.96.05.75.75.45.45.7

Arkansas

5.46.06.16.35.45.85.35.35.35.3

California

7.06.96.97.66.56.26.55.96.76.3

Colorado

6.87.07.07.06.66.26.46.46.46.1

Connecticut

4.95.75.15.55.25.25.05.94.95.0

Delaware

5.87.76.17.36.57.35.86.16.26.4

District of Columbia

5.86.16.16.25.25.25.85.44.65.6

Florida

6.47.06.97.26.15.65.95.85.85.8

Georgia

6.36.76.56.96.15.85.85.95.75.6

Hawaii

5.14.95.15.84.94.74.84.64.44.9

Idaho

9.07.67.87.98.27.17.27.06.96.3

Illinois

5.86.15.46.45.35.75.25.85.65.4

Indiana

5.45.75.56.25.55.45.25.34.95.3

Iowa

6.06.05.76.06.05.56.06.05.75.3

Kansas

5.76.05.76.25.85.85.95.85.65.9

Kentucky

5.66.46.16.75.76.15.55.75.45.8

Louisiana

6.16.46.26.56.06.86.86.26.46.6

Maine

6.68.36.68.68.07.16.57.17.16.9

Maryland

6.07.16.56.86.26.25.96.25.96.0

Massachusetts

5.46.45.45.95.25.55.15.65.25.0

Michigan

5.36.15.46.15.45.25.25.65.34.9

Minnesota

5.66.15.46.15.45.15.15.85.75.2

Mississippi

5.76.56.27.15.76.45.95.95.46.1

Missouri

5.66.05.76.35.75.45.25.55.35.3

Montana

9.28.07.68.57.87.28.47.77.37.2

Nebraska

6.15.96.06.15.85.75.65.65.55.5

Nevada

6.36.26.26.86.35.35.85.65.35.7

New Hampshire

5.86.86.16.76.05.76.06.45.65.8

New Jersey

6.07.16.36.75.96.36.06.25.95.9

New Mexico

6.56.86.57.06.26.76.96.66.96.3

New York

6.06.76.36.46.15.95.86.05.75.7

North Carolina

5.96.46.36.76.05.75.55.75.55.6

North Dakota

7.16.77.16.76.68.611.28.58.18.9

Ohio

5.56.05.56.05.45.65.25.65.15.1

Oklahoma

5.76.06.16.35.76.36.66.16.56.4

Oregon

7.06.97.07.07.05.86.16.46.25.8

Pennsylvania

4.95.65.35.75.45.34.95.35.15.2

Rhode Island

5.46.75.86.65.86.05.95.85.75.9

South Carolina

5.76.56.17.16.15.65.55.85.35.8

South Dakota

6.36.35.96.76.25.75.96.15.96.1

Tennessee

5.26.05.86.35.25.34.85.14.85.1

Texas

5.86.05.96.14.75.75.65.55.55.5

Utah

7.46.97.07.27.36.06.26.06.05.9

Vermont

6.97.36.97.26.66.76.97.76.56.9

Virginia

6.16.57.16.45.95.65.45.85.65.9

Washington

6.97.36.76.87.16.46.16.86.25.6

West Virginia

6.06.45.86.65.96.86.76.76.36.9

Wisconsin

5.55.75.66.05.65.25.25.65.25.2

Wyoming

9.17.98.59.07.98.911.09.29.39.4

Puerto Rico

5.35.75.96.35.76.46.26.35.76.0

Virgin Islands

5.76.56.07.35.75.86.87.35.35.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, December 06, 2016