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News Release Information

17-373-CHI
Thursday, May 04, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Chicago Area Employment — March 2017

Local Rate of Employment Growth Below National Average

Total nonfarm employment for the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 4,611,600 in March 2017, up 34,400, or 0.8 percent, over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.5 percent. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the Chicago metropolitan area has had over-the-year employment increases each month since October 2010. (See chart 1 and table 1; the Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

The Chicago metropolitan area is made up of four metropolitan divisions—separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights Metropolitan Division, which accounted for 80 percent of the area’s workforce, added 28,500 jobs from March a year ago. Employment in the Gary, Ind. Metropolitan Division increased by 6,100, while employment in the Elgin, Ill. Metropolitan Division added 1,500 jobs from the previous March. In the Lake County-Kenosha County, Ill.-Wis. Metropolitan Division, employment declined by 1,700 over the year.

Industry employment

In the greater Chicago metropolitan area, financial activities had the largest employment gain from March 2016 to March 2017, adding 10,700 jobs. The Chicago area’s 3.6-percent growth in financial activities was greater than the nationwide advance of 2.2 percent. Local employment growth in the supersector was concentrated in the Chicago division which added 10,200 jobs. (See chart 2.)

Education and health services employment increased by 9,800 since March 2016, the second-largest employment gain in the Chicago area. Local employment growth in the supersector was concentrated in the Chicago division, which added, 7,900 jobs. The local rate of job growth, at 1.4 percent, was lower than the national increase of 2.3 percent.

Four other supersectors in the Chicago area each gained more than 1,000 jobs since last March—leisure and hospitality (+6,000), trade, transportation, and utilities (+5,300), government (+3,400), and information (+1,200). The 1.3-percent local rate of job growth in leisure and hospitality was lower than the nationwide increase of 1.6 percent. The Chicago area’s 0.6-percent growth rates in both trade, transportation, and utilities and government employment were similar to the gains nationwide. The 1.5-percent local rate of job gain in information compared to the national decrease of 1.3 percent.

In contrast, one supersector in the Chicago area lost more than 1,000 jobs since last March—manufacturing (-1,200). Nationally, the manufacturing supersector added jobs. The local rate of job loss in manufacturing, down 0.3 percent, compared to the 0.3-percent gain for the nation.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Chicago was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in March 2017. All 12 areas had over-the-year job growth during the period, with the rates of job growth in 9 areas exceeding the national increase of 1.5 percent. Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell had the fastest rate of job growth, 3.9 percent, followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington at 3.8 percent. Chicago and Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land had the slowest rates of job growth at 0.8 percent and 1.0 percent, respectively. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

Dallas added the largest number of jobs over the year (+129,700). The New York-Newark-Jersey City, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, and Atlanta areas also added over 100,000 jobs each. Houston had the smallest employment gain over the year, adding 30,900 jobs.

Education and health services had the largest employment gains in five areas—Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Los Angeles, New York, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, and San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward. Professional and business services added the most jobs in 4 areas— Atlanta, Dallas, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.

Manufacturing recorded the largest over-the-year loss of jobs in five areas—Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, and Philadelphia. Three areas experienced no annual job losses in any supersector—Atlanta, Dallas, and San Francisco.

Metropolitan area employment data for April 2017 are scheduled to be released on Friday, May 19, 2017.

Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data

Effective with the release of January 2017 data, nonfarm payroll employment estimates for states and metropolitan areas were revised to reflect 2016 benchmark levels. For more information on benchmark procedures, see www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample survey and administrative data and thus are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data are also subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the special estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois; Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties in Indiana; and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.

  • The Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, Ill. Metropolitan Division includes Cook, DuPage, Grundy, Kendall, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois.
  • The Elgin, Ill. Metropolitan Division includes DeKalb and Kane Counties.
  • The Lake County-Kenosha County, Ill.-Wis. Metropolitan Division includes Lake County in Illinois and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.
  • The Gary, Ind. Metropolitan Division includes Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties in Indiana.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, the Chicago metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
 
Mar
2016
Jan
2017
Feb
2017
Mar
2017(p)
Mar 2016 to
Mar 2017(p)
Net
change
Percent
change

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area

 

Total nonfarm

4,577.24,574.24,585.44,611.634.40.8

Mining and logging

1.61.41.51.5-0.1-6.3

Construction

156.7153.7156.5157.30.60.4

Manufacturing

414.0411.3412.2412.8-1.2-0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

926.7939.7925.7932.05.30.6

Information

79.880.380.581.01.21.5

Financial activities

294.8304.4305.6305.510.73.6

Professional and business services

799.6796.2794.6799.1-0.5-0.1

Education and health services

713.6711.7723.8723.49.81.4

Leisure and hospitality

447.1443.1442.4453.16.01.3

Other services

193.4190.4192.3192.6-0.8-0.4

Government

549.9542.0550.3553.33.40.6

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

3,653.63,654.93,665.13,682.128.50.8

Mining and logging

1.10.91.01.0-0.1-9.1

Construction

118.8116.2118.7117.4-1.4-1.2

Manufacturing

283.3279.8281.3281.5-1.8-0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

733.0742.2731.0735.62.60.4

Information

70.870.971.171.60.81.1

Financial activities

254.8264.1265.3265.010.24.0

Professional and business services

675.5673.9672.5676.61.10.2

Education and health services

583.5581.9593.1591.47.91.4

Leisure and hospitality

354.9354.9355.1364.19.22.6

Other services

157.7155.4157.1157.2-0.5-0.3

Government

420.2414.7418.9420.70.50.1

Elgin, IL Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

248.4246.4247.9249.91.50.6

Mining and logging

0.20.20.20.20.00.0

Construction

11.110.110.210.5-0.6-5.4

Manufacturing

35.335.335.235.0-0.3-0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

47.048.347.447.90.91.9

Information

3.33.63.63.60.39.1

Financial activities

10.710.710.710.70.00.0

Professional and business services

32.432.432.432.2-0.2-0.6

Education and health services

31.932.232.233.21.34.1

Leisure and hospitality

24.523.723.623.9-0.6-2.4

Other services

9.18.78.88.8-0.3-3.3

Government

42.941.243.643.91.02.3

Lake County-Kenosha County, IL-WI Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

402.3396.3396.1400.6-1.7-0.4

Mining and logging

0.10.10.10.10.00.0

Construction

12.611.911.912.80.21.6

Manufacturing

59.360.260.460.71.42.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

89.091.389.490.11.11.2

Information

3.63.73.73.70.12.8

Financial activities

20.720.820.821.00.31.4

Professional and business services

69.166.066.066.9-2.2-3.2

Education and health services

46.746.246.746.70.00.0

Leisure and hospitality

36.331.932.133.1-3.2-8.8

Other services

13.012.812.812.9-0.1-0.8

Government

51.951.452.252.60.71.3

Gary, IN Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

272.9276.6276.3279.06.12.2

Mining and logging

0.20.20.20.20.00.0

Construction

14.215.515.716.62.416.9

Manufacturing

36.136.035.335.6-0.5-1.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

57.757.957.958.40.71.2

Information

2.12.12.12.10.00.0

Financial activities

8.68.88.88.80.22.3

Professional and business services

22.623.923.723.40.83.5

Education and health services

51.551.451.852.10.61.2

Leisure and hospitality

31.432.631.632.00.61.9

Other services

13.613.513.613.70.10.7

Government

34.934.735.636.11.23.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary
 

Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
AreaMar
2016
Jan
2017
Feb
2017
Mar
2017(p)
Mar 2016 to
Mar 2017(p)
Net
change
Percent
change

United States(1)

 

Total nonfarm

142,814143,273144,279144,9492,1351.5

Mining and logging

68166267268430.4

Construction

6,4026,4156,4796,5861842.9

Manufacturing

12,28812,26312,30212,329410.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,85527,24126,99827,0251700.6

Information

2,7762,7202,7472,739-37-1.3

Financial activities

8,1818,3398,3398,3601792.2

Professional and business services

19,70420,09820,21620,3366323.2

Education and health services

22,59022,70723,07223,1115212.3

Leisure and hospitality

15,14315,01815,16715,3902471.6

Other services

5,6425,6415,6735,698561.0

Government

22,55222,16922,61422,6911390.6

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

 

Total nonfarm

2,622.92,698.62,716.22,726.0103.13.9

Mining and logging

1.71.81.81.80.15.9

Construction

111.8118.1118.5121.29.48.4

Manufacturing

161.6163.1163.6162.81.20.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

583.0599.3595.4596.213.22.3

Information

93.197.798.699.76.67.1

Financial activities

163.5170.1171.4171.88.35.1

Professional and business services

481.2497.2506.2508.026.85.6

Education and health services

330.2338.0342.6342.111.93.6

Leisure and hospitality

273.2284.5286.9290.817.66.4

Other services

96.197.096.896.40.30.3

Government

327.5331.8334.4335.27.72.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH (NECTA)

 

Total nonfarm

2,661.32,685.12,688.52,703.542.21.6

Mining, logging, and construction

101.0101.799.6100.1-0.9-0.9

Manufacturing

187.0185.5185.3185.1-1.9-1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

414.4424.9415.6415.81.40.3

Information

77.378.478.578.41.11.4

Financial activities

183.7189.2189.0189.76.03.3

Professional and business services

455.8464.5466.8468.712.92.8

Education and health services

571.8577.3586.1589.617.83.1

Leisure and hospitality

251.4250.2247.8252.51.10.4

Other services

99.5100.3100.0100.91.41.4

Government

319.4313.1319.8322.73.31.0

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

 

Total nonfarm

4,577.24,574.24,585.44,611.634.40.8

Mining and logging

1.61.41.51.5-0.1-6.3

Construction

156.7153.7156.5157.30.60.4

Manufacturing

414.0411.3412.2412.8-1.2-0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

926.7939.7925.7932.05.30.6

Information

79.880.380.581.01.21.5

Financial activities

294.8304.4305.6305.510.73.6

Professional and business services

799.6796.2794.6799.1-0.5-0.1

Education and health services

713.6711.7723.8723.49.81.4

Leisure and hospitality

447.1443.1442.4453.16.01.3

Other services

193.4190.4192.3192.6-0.8-0.4

Government

549.9542.0550.3553.33.40.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

Total nonfarm

3,455.23,557.93,572.43,584.9129.73.8

Mining, logging, and construction

199.6207.9208.6207.57.94.0

Manufacturing

264.0265.7265.5266.12.10.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

733.5767.4760.3761.728.23.8

Information

81.282.482.582.41.21.5

Financial activities

278.1288.8288.6290.912.84.6

Professional and business services

567.9590.2591.7596.328.45.0

Education and health services

427.4436.9439.5439.712.32.9

Leisure and hospitality

357.4368.5374.1378.621.25.9

Other services

118.5121.5124.8124.66.15.1

Government

427.6428.6436.8437.19.52.2

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

 

Total nonfarm

2,992.52,995.03,010.13,023.430.91.0

Mining and logging

92.287.787.287.8-4.4-4.8

Construction

219.0213.4215.6217.8-1.2-0.5

Manufacturing

227.8222.6226.1227.6-0.2-0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

605.8609.9602.6599.6-6.2-1.0

Information

32.132.832.832.80.72.2

Financial activities

153.6155.2153.7153.90.30.2

Professional and business services

466.2466.2468.1472.05.81.2

Education and health services

376.0382.7386.2387.411.43.0

Leisure and hospitality

309.6310.8314.8319.09.43.0

Other services

107.2107.3107.0108.21.00.9

Government

403.0406.4416.0417.314.33.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

 

Total nonfarm

5,920.95,963.86,007.76,028.5107.61.8

Mining and logging

4.23.94.03.9-0.3-7.1

Construction

225.7222.5230.5235.69.94.4

Manufacturing

518.3508.8510.8511.6-6.7-1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,073.81,096.91,085.61,083.19.30.9

Information

255.2249.9256.2250.2-5.0-2.0

Financial activities

333.7338.1337.6336.93.21.0

Professional and business services

886.6898.3909.4911.725.12.8

Education and health services

968.5984.2996.51,005.236.73.8

Leisure and hospitality

707.5709.9717.9724.016.52.3

Other services

201.0207.4208.1209.38.34.1

Government

746.4743.9751.1757.010.61.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

 

Total nonfarm

2,578.52,627.12,630.62,643.965.42.5

Mining and logging

0.70.70.70.70.00.0

Construction

119.0121.9124.5124.35.34.5

Manufacturing

87.688.788.488.71.11.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

588.3601.7596.9598.19.81.7

Information

49.148.849.049.0-0.1-0.2

Financial activities

175.4174.6174.3174.0-1.4-0.8

Professional and business services

419.0428.6430.4436.317.34.1

Education and health services

377.7388.9392.3394.817.14.5

Leisure and hospitality

328.1332.5331.0333.35.21.6

Other services

124.7128.5128.7129.04.33.4

Government

308.9312.2314.4315.76.82.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

 

Total nonfarm

9,406.09,427.39,469.19,514.2108.21.2

Mining, logging, and construction

369.3365.2362.8370.91.60.4

Manufacturing

367.0357.1362.9362.9-4.1-1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,697.11,735.21,708.41,708.811.70.7

Information

282.7283.9285.1287.75.01.8

Financial activities

764.8768.0768.3771.46.60.9

Professional and business services

1,485.61,501.91,506.31,508.522.91.5

Education and health services

1,867.41,881.21,914.51,919.452.02.8

Leisure and hospitality

851.6841.8842.9857.45.80.7

Other services

411.3411.8412.5413.42.10.5

Government

1,309.21,281.21,305.41,313.84.60.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

Total nonfarm

2,834.52,859.52,878.02,891.557.02.0

Mining, logging, and construction

109.6107.8109.4111.51.91.7

Manufacturing

177.6177.0177.3176.9-0.7-0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

513.8527.9521.5522.78.91.7

Information

46.146.146.146.20.10.2

Financial activities

209.7212.5211.4211.82.11.0

Professional and business services

452.0455.6454.0462.210.22.3

Education and health services

618.9630.8648.3646.027.14.4

Leisure and hospitality

248.3247.3248.6251.73.41.4

Other services

117.9118.7118.6118.10.20.2

Government

340.6335.8342.8344.43.81.1

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

 

Total nonfarm

1,967.51,990.92,013.02,020.953.42.7

Mining and logging

3.23.23.23.20.00.0

Construction

103.2103.9104.2107.03.83.7

Manufacturing

120.3121.6121.9121.61.31.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

381.2391.0387.9388.06.81.8

Information

36.035.435.835.9-0.1-0.3

Financial activities

171.9179.5181.2182.310.46.1

Professional and business services

333.6341.3343.4343.09.42.8

Education and health services

290.6296.2298.5298.98.32.9

Leisure and hospitality

219.9221.0227.7233.613.76.2

Other services

64.560.961.961.7-2.8-4.3

Government

243.1236.9247.3245.72.61.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

 

Total nonfarm

2,310.22,345.52,356.32,373.263.02.7

Mining and logging

0.90.90.90.90.00.0

Construction

107.4112.2113.6116.49.08.4

Manufacturing

130.8131.3130.6131.60.80.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

369.4378.3375.3375.35.91.6

Information

97.2100.299.799.42.22.3

Financial activities

140.0144.8145.5146.06.04.3

Professional and business services

463.6469.1469.7472.79.12.0

Education and health services

337.7342.2347.1348.811.13.3

Leisure and hospitality

261.5260.9264.8269.07.52.9

Other services

84.084.686.186.92.93.5

Government

317.7321.0323.0326.28.52.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

Total nonfarm

3,194.53,218.23,240.03,245.050.51.6

Mining, logging, and construction

153.6152.4151.1150.1-3.5-2.3

Manufacturing

53.252.652.552.9-0.3-0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

397.5404.8402.5403.25.71.4

Information

74.471.172.371.6-2.8-3.8

Financial activities

155.1154.9155.9154.9-0.2-0.1

Professional and business services

725.4738.4743.1744.919.52.7

Education and health services

435.9437.3446.8445.79.82.2

Leisure and hospitality

308.5316.6319.2322.814.34.6

Other services

192.7192.6194.6193.71.00.5

Government

698.2697.5702.0705.27.01.0

Footnotes
(1) U.S. data are preliminary for two months after they are first published.
(p) Preliminary
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, May 04, 2017