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News Release Information

17-119-CHI
Thursday, March 02, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Illinois — Second Quarter 2016

From March 2016 to June 2016, gross job losses in Illinois totaled 301,559, while gross job gains numbered 299,699, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,860. During the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 3,235.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.).

The 301,559 gross job losses in the 3-month period ended June 2016 were more than the 274,351 losses in the previous 3-month period and represented a 5-year peak. The 299,699 gross job gains in the quarter ended June 2016, although larger than those seen in the previous quarter, remained below the recent gain of 321,551 jobs in the quarter ended December 2015. (See chart 1.)

Gross job losses represented 5.9 percent of private sector employment in Illinois in the quarter ended June 2016, while nationally gross job losses accounted for 6.0 percent of private sector employment. The rate of gross job losses in Illinois has been below the U.S. rate each quarter over the past 5 years, with one exception. The rate of gross job gains as a percent of private sector employment in Illinois was 5.9 percent, below the national rate of 6.2 percent in the quarter ended June 2016. Illinois’ rate of gross job gains has been below the national rate each quarter during the past 5 years. (See chart 2.)

During the second quarter of 2016, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in seven industry sectors in Illinois. For example, within professional and business services, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 8,126. While almost 61,000 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments in the industry, nearly 69,000 jobs were lost by closing and contracting establishments in the 3-months ended in June 2016. In construction, almost 27,000 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments while close to 32,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments resulting in a net employment loss of 5,060. Three other sectors—manufacturing, transportation and warehousing, and other services—each had net employment losses of more than 1,000 during the second quarter of 2016. (See table 1.)

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in four industry sectors in the second quarter of 2016. Within education and health services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 10,993. In retail trade and leisure and hospitality, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by more than 1,000 each.

Illinois was among the five states in the East North Central Census division. Three of five states in the division had gross job losses that exceeded gross job gains. (See table A.) All five states had rates of gross job losses that were lower than the 6.0-percent national rate and rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.2-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, June 2016, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross job gainsGross job lossesNet changeNet change as
a percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,463,0006.27,156,0006.0307,0000.2

East North Central (1)

1,051,0691,030,35120,718

Illinois

299,6995.9301,5595.9-1,8600.0

Indiana

137,0245.2134,8135.22,2110.0

Michigan

218,7935.9194,6375.324,1560.6

Ohio

257,8095.6260,0945.6-2,2850.0

Wisconsin

137,7445.7139,2485.7-1,5040.0

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.
 

Note: Dash indicates data not available.
 

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for third quarter 2016 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 26, 2017.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the second time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Illinois, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2015
Sept
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
June
2015
Sept
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

309,300277,259321,551271,116299,6996.15.46.45.35.9

At expanding establishments

246,301220,108257,544224,198237,0564.94.35.14.44.7

At opening establishments

62,99957,15164,00746,91862,6431.21.11.30.91.2

Gross job losses

261,161291,760283,941274,351301,5595.25.85.65.45.9

At contracting establishments

211,231233,030226,376221,706246,0344.24.64.54.44.8

At closing establishments

49,93058,73057,56552,64555,5251.01.21.11.01.1

Net employment change (2)

48,139-14,50137,610-3,235-1,8600.9-0.40.8-0.10.0

Construction

 

Gross job gains

28,19825,94327,91228,93426,57113.312.112.913.112.0

At expanding establishments

22,50521,15922,44524,37921,91510.69.910.411.09.9

At opening establishments

5,6934,7845,4674,5554,6562.72.22.52.12.1

Gross job losses

23,57124,59826,79723,36631,63111.111.412.410.514.3

At contracting establishments

19,09019,78421,18718,85326,1949.09.29.88.511.8

At closing establishments

4,4814,8145,6104,5135,4372.12.22.62.02.5

Net employment change (2)

4,6271,3451,1155,568-5,0602.20.70.52.6-2.3

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

17,77715,67017,70015,80818,1143.02.73.12.83.2

At expanding establishments

15,36213,11114,39813,67015,8512.62.32.52.42.8

At opening establishments

2,4152,5593,3022,1382,2630.40.40.60.40.4

Gross job losses

17,96919,71719,57117,72220,6103.13.43.43.13.6

At contracting establishments

15,16416,63717,05515,32417,9912.62.93.02.73.1

At closing establishments

2,8053,0802,5162,3982,6190.50.50.40.40.5

Net employment change (2)

-192-4,047-1,871-1,914-2,496-0.1-0.7-0.3-0.3-0.4

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

14,45312,36913,71010,98912,8584.84.14.53.64.3

At expanding establishments

12,25610,22811,2659,37610,5874.13.43.73.13.5

At opening establishments

2,1972,1412,4451,6132,2710.70.70.80.50.8

Gross job losses

11,65613,11512,49611,84811,8813.94.34.13.94.0

At contracting establishments

9,00710,5679,9249,0739,2143.03.53.33.03.1

At closing establishments

2,6492,5482,5722,7752,6670.90.80.80.90.9

Net employment change (2)

2,797-7461,214-8599770.9-0.20.4-0.30.3

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

37,95835,64332,16034,31436,2196.25.75.35.55.9

At expanding establishments

33,13931,05528,02929,90029,6725.45.04.64.84.8

At opening establishments

4,8194,5884,1314,4146,5470.80.70.70.71.1

Gross job losses

29,42435,16637,10131,10233,0194.85.66.05.15.3

At contracting establishments

25,13331,15532,73426,97429,1504.15.05.34.44.7

At closing establishments

4,2914,0114,3674,1283,8690.70.60.70.70.6

Net employment change (2)

8,534477-4,9413,2123,2001.40.1-0.70.40.6

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

12,92311,47116,54111,20911,8585.44.86.84.64.8

At expanding establishments

10,7809,41513,7069,5849,6054.53.95.63.93.9

At opening establishments

2,1432,0562,8351,6252,2530.90.91.20.70.9

Gross job losses

9,83511,20311,68313,69113,7014.14.64.85.65.6

At contracting establishments

8,7348,7608,97211,29211,7143.63.63.74.64.8

At closing establishments

1,1012,4432,7112,3991,9870.51.01.11.00.8

Net employment change (2)

3,0882684,858-2,482-1,8431.30.22.0-1.0-0.8

Information

 

Gross job gains

4,9295,1085,1274,2505,2534.95.15.14.35.4

At expanding establishments

3,9823,9264,1153,5014,4894.03.94.13.54.6

At opening establishments

9471,1821,0127497640.91.21.00.80.8

Gross job losses

4,4645,1554,8944,9275,5204.45.14.95.05.7

At contracting establishments

3,6574,3644,0154,0384,1833.64.34.04.14.3

At closing establishments

8077918798891,3370.80.80.90.91.4

Net employment change (2)

465-47233-677-2670.50.00.2-0.7-0.3

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

16,92214,34515,89214,03016,6204.73.94.43.94.5

At expanding establishments

13,33810,88611,97310,83713,5513.73.03.33.03.7

At opening establishments

3,5843,4593,9193,1933,0691.00.91.10.90.8

Gross job losses

13,41815,55815,97714,01216,7273.74.24.43.84.6

At contracting establishments

10,77912,15012,00310,65413,1573.03.33.32.93.6

At closing establishments

2,6393,4083,9743,3583,5700.70.91.10.91.0

Net employment change (2)

3,504-1,213-8518-1071.0-0.30.00.1-0.1

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

67,12261,55472,26259,47760,5297.36.77.86.46.5

At expanding establishments

52,33846,74356,12348,08549,0475.75.16.15.25.3

At opening establishments

14,78414,81116,13911,39211,4821.61.61.71.21.2

Gross job losses

60,51863,71462,66161,06768,6556.66.96.86.67.4

At contracting establishments

46,08450,53848,06249,20554,1215.05.55.25.35.8

At closing establishments

14,43413,17614,59911,86214,5341.61.41.61.31.6

Net employment change (2)

6,604-2,1609,601-1,590-8,1260.7-0.21.0-0.2-0.9

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

35,52134,01741,96831,11043,4834.13.94.73.54.8

At expanding establishments

29,64228,96636,48026,72330,7503.43.34.13.03.4

At opening establishments

5,8795,0515,4884,38712,7330.70.60.60.51.4

Gross job losses

29,47738,70431,90334,30832,4903.34.33.63.83.7

At contracting establishments

24,74726,94925,06428,06426,4502.83.02.83.13.0

At closing establishments

4,73011,7556,8396,2446,0400.51.30.80.70.7

Net employment change (2)

6,044-4,68710,065-3,19810,9930.8-0.41.1-0.31.1

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

54,32043,84457,53245,08749,1779.57.69.87.68.3

At expanding establishments

39,97832,95445,10935,71738,7327.05.77.76.06.5

At opening establishments

14,34210,89012,4239,37010,4452.51.92.11.61.8

Gross job losses

43,38247,29243,95446,08247,9117.68.27.67.88.1

At contracting establishments

35,38738,81934,88736,62339,6596.26.76.06.26.7

At closing establishments

7,9958,4739,0679,4598,2521.41.51.61.61.4

Net employment change (2)

10,938-3,44813,578-9951,2661.9-0.62.2-0.20.2

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

12,75911,34512,72510,78112,0566.65.96.55.66.3

At expanding establishments

9,7078,9099,7429,0489,1795.04.65.04.74.8

At opening establishments

3,0522,4362,9831,7332,8771.61.31.50.91.5

Gross job losses

12,20712,47312,19111,16613,4516.36.56.35.87.0

At contracting establishments

9,5579,4359,2928,14610,1344.94.94.84.25.3

At closing establishments

2,6503,0382,8993,0203,3171.41.61.51.61.7

Net employment change (2)

552-1,128534-385-1,3950.3-0.60.2-0.2-0.7

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016

United States(1)

6.46.36.65.86.25.75.85.85.76.0

Alabama

5.95.86.25.85.85.35.55.35.45.8

Alaska

10.69.19.69.410.310.910.310.59.711.9

Arizona

6.06.86.96.06.15.75.45.45.76.1

Arkansas

6.06.16.35.45.45.35.35.35.35.8

California

6.96.97.66.56.86.55.96.76.36.7

Colorado

7.07.07.06.66.96.46.46.46.16.5

Connecticut

5.75.15.55.25.45.05.94.95.05.3

Delaware

7.76.17.36.56.75.86.16.26.46.6

District of Columbia

6.16.16.25.25.85.85.44.65.66.1

Florida

7.06.97.26.16.45.95.85.85.85.9

Georgia

6.76.56.96.17.05.85.95.75.66.6

Hawaii

4.95.15.84.95.44.84.64.44.96.0

Idaho

7.67.87.98.27.17.27.06.96.37.1

Illinois

6.15.46.45.35.95.25.85.65.45.9

Indiana

5.75.56.25.55.25.25.34.95.35.2

Iowa

6.05.76.06.05.66.06.05.75.36.1

Kansas

6.05.76.25.85.65.95.85.65.96.3

Kentucky

6.46.16.75.76.25.55.75.45.85.8

Louisiana

6.46.26.56.05.96.86.26.46.66.9

Maine

8.36.68.68.07.76.57.17.16.96.7

Maryland

7.16.56.86.26.35.96.25.96.06.3

Massachusetts

6.45.45.95.26.05.15.65.25.05.2

Michigan

6.15.46.15.45.95.25.65.34.95.3

Minnesota

6.15.46.15.45.95.15.85.75.25.6

Mississippi

6.56.27.15.75.75.95.95.46.16.5

Missouri

6.05.76.35.75.75.25.55.35.35.4

Montana

8.07.68.57.87.98.47.77.37.28.6

Nebraska

5.96.06.15.85.75.65.65.55.56.0

Nevada

6.26.26.86.36.55.85.65.35.75.6

New Hampshire

6.86.16.76.06.56.06.45.65.85.9

New Jersey

7.16.36.75.96.56.06.25.95.95.8

New Mexico

6.86.57.06.26.56.96.66.96.36.7

New York

6.76.36.46.16.25.86.05.75.75.8

North Carolina

6.46.36.76.06.35.55.75.55.65.8

North Dakota

6.77.16.76.66.811.28.58.18.99.0

Ohio

6.05.56.05.45.65.25.65.15.15.6

Oklahoma

6.06.16.35.75.86.66.16.56.46.8

Oregon

6.97.07.07.06.76.16.46.25.86.5

Pennsylvania

5.65.35.75.45.34.95.35.15.25.4

Rhode Island

6.75.86.65.86.25.95.85.75.96.2

South Carolina

6.56.17.16.16.35.55.85.35.85.8

South Dakota

6.35.96.76.26.45.96.15.96.16.2

Tennessee

6.05.86.35.25.74.85.14.85.15.3

Texas

6.05.96.14.76.35.65.55.55.55.4

Utah

6.97.07.27.36.76.26.06.05.96.4

Vermont

7.36.97.26.67.46.97.76.56.97.2

Virginia

6.57.16.45.96.45.45.85.65.96.0

Washington

7.36.76.87.17.26.16.86.25.65.8

West Virginia

6.45.86.65.95.86.76.76.36.96.9

Wisconsin

5.75.66.05.65.75.25.65.25.25.7

Wyoming

7.98.59.07.97.711.09.29.39.410.4

Puerto Rico

5.75.96.35.75.66.26.35.76.05.6

Virgin Islands

6.56.07.35.76.36.87.35.35.45.8

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, March 02, 2017