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News Release Information

17-475-CHI
Thursday, May 18, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Ohio — Third Quarter 2016

From June 2016 to September 2016 gross job gains in Ohio totaled 260,780, while gross job losses numbered 258,978, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer, noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,802. During the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 2,285.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The 260,780 gross job gains in September 2016 followed the 257,809 gross job gains in June 2016. (See chart 1.) Gross job gains in Ohio have remained above 245,000 each quarter since the recent low in September 2012. Ohio's gross job losses numbered 258,978 in September 2016, lower than the recent peak of 260,094 gross job losses in June 2016.

Ohio’s rate of gross job gains as a percent of private sector employment was 5.6 percent, lower than the national rate of 6.4 percent in the third quarter of 2016. In all but one quarter, the state’s rate of gross job gains has been below the U.S. rate in each quarter since the series began in September 1992. Gross job losses represented 5.6 percent of private sector employment in Ohio, while nationally gross job losses accounted for 5.8 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job losses in the state has been below the U.S. rate in all but two quarters since the series began.

During the third quarter of 2016, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in eight industry sectors in Ohio. Education and health services created more than 40,400 jobs at opening and expanding establishments, but lost approximately 34,300 jobs at closing and contracting establishments. The resulting net gain of 6,111 jobs was the largest of any sector in the third quarter of 2016. Financial activities recorded a net employment gain of 1,831, with more than 12,400 jobs added in opening and expanding establishments and more than 10,600 jobs lost in closing and contracting establishments. Two other industry sectors had net employment gains of more than 1,000: transportation and warehousing (1,587) and professional and business services (1,481). (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in three industry sectors in the third quarter of 2016. Within construction, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 5,169. Leisure and hospitality had a net loss of 3,334 jobs and manufacturing had a net loss of 1,550 jobs.

Ohio was among the five states in the East North Central Census division. In the third quarter of 2016, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in four states in the division, including Ohio. Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in one state, Wisconsin. (See table A.) All five states in the division had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.4-percent national rate. The five states in the division also had rates of gross job losses that were below the 5.8-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, September 2016, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross job gainsGross job lossesNet changeNet change as
a percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,650,0006.46,962,0005.8688,0000.6

East North Central (1)

1,044,2081,020,71423,494

Illinois

293,3115.7289,2985.74,0130.0

Indiana

149,6405.8132,9405.116,7000.7

Michigan

206,9855.6205,4255.61,5600.0

Ohio

260,7805.6258,9785.61,8020.0

Wisconsin

133,4925.5134,0735.5-5810.0

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.
 

Note: Dash indicates data not available.
 

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for fourth quarter 2016 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 26, 2017.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the quarterly QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Ohio, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept
2016
Sept
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept
2016

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

249,218274,448251,839257,809260,7805.56.05.45.65.6

At expanding establishments

212,252228,982217,995224,752217,9764.75.04.74.94.7

At opening establishments

36,96645,46633,84433,05742,8040.81.00.70.70.9

Gross job losses

255,390236,802234,642260,094258,9785.65.15.15.65.6

At contracting establishments

218,514202,555209,946209,299220,9144.84.44.64.54.8

At closing establishments

36,87634,24724,69650,79538,0640.80.70.51.10.8

Net employment change (2)

-6,17237,64617,197-2,2851,802-0.10.90.30.00.0

Construction

 

Gross job gains

20,59623,54423,42021,77318,45010.311.611.210.39.0

At expanding establishments

17,35119,61019,79818,57015,1738.79.79.58.87.4

At opening establishments

3,2453,9343,6223,2033,2771.61.91.71.51.6

Gross job losses

20,89120,55419,45821,96023,61910.410.29.310.511.5

At contracting establishments

17,65117,31117,27717,14519,2478.88.68.38.29.4

At closing establishments

3,2403,2432,1814,8154,3721.61.61.02.32.1

Net employment change (2)

-2952,9903,962-187-5,169-0.11.41.9-0.2-2.5

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

18,96320,99918,41319,31719,6992.73.12.62.82.8

At expanding establishments

18,11519,26417,42918,62418,0002.62.82.52.72.6

At opening establishments

8481,7359846931,6990.10.30.10.10.2

Gross job losses

22,42819,52220,36620,57321,2493.22.83.03.03.1

At contracting establishments

20,81518,07119,20718,83819,2323.02.62.82.72.8

At closing establishments

1,6131,4511,1591,7352,0170.20.20.20.30.3

Net employment change (2)

-3,4651,477-1,953-1,256-1,550-0.50.3-0.4-0.2-0.3

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

10,18610,9339,9369,96210,5454.34.64.24.24.5

At expanding establishments

8,4638,8448,4108,7098,4833.63.73.63.73.6

At opening establishments

1,7232,0891,5261,2532,0620.70.90.60.50.9

Gross job losses

10,9779,7509,11411,5439,9004.64.13.85.04.2

At contracting establishments

8,5377,8537,8258,3658,1403.63.33.33.63.5

At closing establishments

2,4401,8971,2893,1781,7601.00.80.51.40.7

Net employment change (2)

-7911,183822-1,581645-0.30.50.4-0.80.3

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

33,83833,32334,33933,67935,2575.95.86.05.86.1

At expanding establishments

30,28528,74731,02030,23431,2615.35.05.45.25.4

At opening establishments

3,5534,5763,3193,4453,9960.60.80.60.60.7

Gross job losses

34,85231,15029,26734,58735,1416.15.55.16.06.1

At contracting establishments

31,55427,99527,16530,09431,6795.54.94.75.25.5

At closing establishments

3,2983,1552,1024,4933,4620.60.60.40.80.6

Net employment change (2)

-1,0142,1735,072-908116-0.20.30.9-0.20.0

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

8,99614,1389,0739,2449,9525.07.74.95.15.4

At expanding establishments

7,80312,4938,2258,5428,6774.36.84.44.74.7

At opening establishments

1,1931,6458487021,2750.70.90.50.40.7

Gross job losses

7,8017,98112,0429,6208,3654.34.46.55.34.5

At contracting establishments

6,8296,76011,2768,0417,1943.83.76.14.43.9

At closing establishments

9721,2217661,5791,1710.50.70.40.90.6

Net employment change (2)

1,1956,157-2,969-3761,5870.73.3-1.6-0.20.9

Information

 

Gross job gains

2,8343,6602,9672,8133,3683.95.14.13.94.7

At expanding establishments

2,3202,9272,5842,4842,6733.24.13.63.43.7

At opening establishments

5147333833296950.71.00.50.51.0

Gross job losses

3,4302,8563,0513,8553,0934.83.94.25.44.2

At contracting establishments

2,8452,3222,5872,9202,7714.03.23.64.13.8

At closing establishments

5855344649353220.80.70.61.30.4

Net employment change (2)

-596804-84-1,042275-0.91.2-0.1-1.50.5

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

11,70811,90110,78112,43512,4704.24.33.84.54.4

At expanding establishments

10,0829,5228,97610,8859,9813.63.43.23.93.5

At opening establishments

1,6262,3791,8051,5502,4890.60.90.60.60.9

Gross job losses

12,02611,0669,53611,70710,6394.34.03.44.13.8

At contracting establishments

9,7308,9758,2389,0398,7083.53.22.93.23.1

At closing establishments

2,2962,0911,2982,6681,9310.80.80.50.90.7

Net employment change (2)

-3188351,2457281,831-0.10.30.40.40.6

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

44,87552,41742,29050,06848,9906.37.35.96.96.8

At expanding establishments

37,89542,88935,96244,10240,5475.36.05.06.15.6

At opening establishments

6,9809,5286,3285,9668,4431.01.30.90.81.2

Gross job losses

48,20643,87845,68947,22147,5096.86.16.46.56.6

At contracting establishments

40,69836,56640,70236,26039,6665.75.15.75.05.5

At closing establishments

7,5087,3124,98710,9617,8431.11.00.71.51.1

Net employment change (2)

-3,3318,539-3,3992,8471,481-0.51.2-0.50.40.2

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

35,22138,03636,85836,05840,4124.04.34.14.14.5

At expanding establishments

30,74431,96232,10231,62134,8343.53.63.63.63.9

At opening establishments

4,4776,0744,7564,4375,5780.50.70.50.50.6

Gross job losses

32,70130,54031,37337,33734,3013.83.53.54.23.8

At contracting establishments

27,65526,58627,56028,65928,7413.23.03.13.23.2

At closing establishments

5,0463,9543,8138,6785,5600.60.50.41.00.6

Net employment change (2)

2,5207,4965,485-1,2796,1110.20.80.6-0.10.7

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

47,87651,12250,17148,50146,9838.99.49.08.88.6

At expanding establishments

37,65641,00042,16039,21836,7777.07.57.67.16.7

At opening establishments

10,22010,1228,0119,28310,2061.91.91.41.71.9

Gross job losses

46,65545,98441,61846,56750,3178.78.47.58.49.1

At contracting establishments

39,35638,64936,51838,18843,0807.37.16.66.97.8

At closing establishments

7,2997,3355,1008,3797,2371.41.30.91.51.3

Net employment change (2)

1,2215,1388,5531,934-3,3340.21.01.50.4-0.5

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

9,75110,3459,75110,37110,8646.66.96.46.97.2

At expanding establishments

8,0188,4008,2498,8718,5745.45.65.45.95.7

At opening establishments

1,7331,9451,5021,5002,2901.21.31.01.01.5

Gross job losses

10,5469,4079,04810,62510,8587.06.35.97.07.1

At contracting establishments

8,7047,9257,9398,0059,0085.85.35.25.35.9

At closing establishments

1,8421,4821,1092,6201,8501.21.00.71.71.2

Net employment change (2)

-795938703-2546-0.40.60.5-0.10.1

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016

United States(1)

6.36.65.86.26.45.85.85.76.05.8

Alabama

5.86.25.85.86.25.55.35.45.85.7

Alaska

9.19.69.410.39.010.310.59.711.911.1

Arizona

6.86.96.06.17.15.45.45.76.15.2

Arkansas

6.16.35.45.46.25.35.35.35.85.4

California

6.97.66.56.86.95.96.76.36.76.1

Colorado

7.07.06.66.97.16.46.46.16.56.2

Connecticut

5.15.55.25.45.25.94.95.05.35.3

Delaware

6.17.36.56.76.36.16.26.46.66.5

District of Columbia

6.16.25.25.86.25.44.65.66.15.7

Florida

6.97.26.16.47.45.85.85.85.95.7

Georgia

6.56.96.17.06.75.95.75.66.65.9

Hawaii

5.15.84.95.45.84.64.44.96.05.0

Idaho

7.87.98.27.17.97.06.96.37.17.1

Illinois

5.46.45.35.95.75.85.65.45.95.7

Indiana

5.56.25.55.25.85.34.95.35.25.1

Iowa

5.76.06.05.66.06.05.75.36.15.8

Kansas

5.76.25.85.66.25.85.65.96.35.6

Kentucky

6.16.75.76.26.75.75.45.85.86.2

Louisiana

6.26.56.05.96.66.26.46.66.96.5

Maine

6.68.68.07.76.77.17.16.96.77.4

Maryland

6.56.86.26.36.56.25.96.06.36.0

Massachusetts

5.45.95.26.05.75.65.25.05.25.5

Michigan

5.46.15.45.95.65.65.34.95.35.6

Minnesota

5.46.15.45.96.15.85.75.25.65.6

Mississippi

6.27.15.75.76.35.95.46.16.55.6

Missouri

5.76.35.75.75.75.55.35.35.45.4

Montana

7.68.57.87.97.67.77.37.28.67.8

Nebraska

6.06.15.85.76.45.65.55.56.05.9

Nevada

6.26.86.36.56.75.65.35.75.65.5

New Hampshire

6.16.76.06.56.46.45.65.85.96.3

New Jersey

6.36.75.96.56.36.25.95.95.85.8

New Mexico

6.57.06.26.56.86.66.96.36.76.2

New York

6.36.46.16.26.36.05.75.75.85.9

North Carolina

6.36.76.06.36.15.75.55.65.85.8

North Dakota

7.16.76.66.88.18.58.18.99.07.1

Ohio

5.56.05.45.65.65.65.15.15.65.6

Oklahoma

6.16.35.75.86.36.16.56.46.86.0

Oregon

7.07.07.06.76.96.46.25.86.56.4

Pennsylvania

5.35.75.45.35.75.35.15.25.45.1

Rhode Island

5.86.65.86.25.65.85.75.96.26.0

South Carolina

6.17.16.16.36.35.85.35.85.85.7

South Dakota

5.96.76.26.46.46.15.96.16.26.2

Tennessee

5.86.35.25.75.95.14.85.15.35.2

Texas

5.96.14.76.36.25.55.55.55.45.4

Utah

7.07.27.36.77.46.06.05.96.46.5

Vermont

6.97.26.67.47.27.76.56.97.27.4

Virginia

7.16.45.96.46.05.85.65.96.06.1

Washington

6.76.87.17.26.76.86.25.65.86.4

West Virginia

5.86.65.95.86.66.76.36.96.96.6

Wisconsin

5.66.05.65.75.55.65.25.25.75.5

Wyoming

8.59.07.97.78.39.29.39.410.48.9

Puerto Rico

5.96.35.75.65.86.35.76.05.65.7

Virgin Islands

6.07.35.76.36.27.35.35.45.86.5

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, May 18, 2017