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News Release Information

17-930-CHI
Tuesday, August 29, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in South Dakota — Fourth Quarter 2016

From September 2016 to December 2016 gross job losses in South Dakota totaled 21,226 while gross job gains numbered 21,028, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 198. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross losses gains by 439.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

South Dakota’s 21,226 gross job losses in December 2016 were less than the 21,592 gross job losses recorded in September 2016. Over the past five years, gross job losses reached a high of 21,613 in June 2016 and a low of 19,016 in June 2013. (See chart 1.) South Dakota’s 21,028 gross job gains in December 2016 were lower than the 22,031 gross job gains in the previous three-month period. Over the past five years, gross job gains reached a high of 22,966 in December 2015 and a low of 20,438 in September 2015.

Gross job losses represented 6.1 percent of private sector employment in South Dakota in the fourth quarter of 2016 compared to the 5.8-percent national rate. South Dakota’s rate of gross job losses has been above the U.S. rate in all but three quarters during the past five years. (See chart 2.) In the fourth quarter of 2016, South Dakota’s rate of gross job gains as a percent of private sector employment was 6.0 percent compared to the national rate of 6.2 percent.

During the fourth quarter of 2016, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in 4 of the 7 industry sectors in South Dakota. Within the construction sector, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 510. More than 2,700 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments, while more than 3,200 jobs were lost within closing and contracting establishments. The retail trade, financial activities, and other services sectors each had net job losses of less than 250 in the fourth quarter of 2016. (See table 1.)

Three industry sectors each had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses by less than 250 in the fourth quarter of 2016: professional and business services, leisure and hospitality, and wholesale trade. 

South Dakota was among the seven states in the West North Central Division. Five states in the division, including South Dakota, had gross job losses that exceeded gross job gains. (See table A.) South Dakota was among the five states that had rates of gross job losses above the 5.8-percent national rate. Minnesota had a rate of gross job losses that was equal to the national rate, and Kansas had a rate of gross job losses that was lower than the national rate. Missouri and North Dakota had rates of gross job gains that were greater than the 6.2-percent national rate, while the remaining five states had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, West North Central Division, and West North Central states, December 2016, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross job gainsGross job lossesNet changeNet change as
a percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,465,0006.27,089,0005.8376,0000.4

West North Central (1)

553,559565,496-11,937

Iowa

73,7515.776,1295.9-2,378-0.2

Kansas

66,9165.964,6205.72,2960.2

Minnesota

141,5885.8140,8565.87320.0

Missouri

181,0507.7186,3218.0-5,271-0.3

Nebraska

46,1865.749,7586.2-3,572-0.5

North Dakota

23,0406.726,5867.8-3,546-1.1

South Dakota

21,0286.021,2266.1-198-0.1

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the West North Central Census Division.
 

Note: Dash indicates data not available.
 

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for first quarter 2017 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, November 8, 2017.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, South Dakota, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

22,96621,49921,89522,03121,0286.76.26.46.46.0

At expanding establishments

18,98717,24318,22918,21717,1565.55.05.35.34.9

At opening establishments

3,9794,2563,6663,8143,8721.21.21.11.11.1

Gross job losses

20,37621,18821,61321,59221,2265.96.16.26.26.1

At contracting establishments

17,18618,15818,49318,35418,0255.05.25.35.35.2

At closing establishments

3,1903,0303,1203,2383,2010.90.90.90.90.9

Net employment change (2)

2,590311282439-1980.80.10.20.2-0.1

Construction

 

Gross job gains

3,0523,0443,1802,7952,71713.813.313.712.312.0

At expanding establishments

2,4772,3552,6842,1392,08211.210.311.69.49.2

At opening establishments

5756894966566352.63.02.12.92.8

Gross job losses

2,5782,6912,6383,2683,22711.611.811.414.314.2

At contracting establishments

2,0692,1942,0142,6882,6959.39.68.711.811.9

At closing establishments

5094976245805322.32.22.72.52.3

Net employment change (2)

474353542-473-5102.21.52.3-2.0-2.2

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

1,0198919698549574.84.24.64.04.6

At expanding establishments

9177928597248164.33.74.13.43.9

At opening establishments

102991101301410.50.50.50.60.7

Gross job losses

9759499011,0689444.64.44.35.04.5

At contracting establishments

8268147779527563.93.83.74.53.6

At closing establishments

1491351241161880.70.60.60.50.9

Net employment change (2)

44-5868-214130.2-0.20.3-1.00.1

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

2,9733,4373,1863,0302,9325.66.45.95.75.5

At expanding establishments

2,6802,8982,8492,6762,6165.05.45.35.04.9

At opening establishments

2935393373543160.61.00.60.70.6

Gross job losses

2,9582,7652,9083,3153,1475.65.25.46.25.8

At contracting establishments

2,7132,4692,6322,9502,8605.14.64.95.55.3

At closing establishments

2452962763652870.50.60.50.70.5

Net employment change (2)

15672278-285-2150.01.20.5-0.5-0.3

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

1,0741,1351,2551,3189903.73.94.44.53.4

At expanding establishments

8729561,0921,1327643.03.33.83.92.6

At opening establishments

2021791631862260.70.60.60.60.8

Gross job losses

1,1741,5571,2499901,1734.05.44.43.44.0

At contracting establishments

9731,3361,1177549023.34.63.92.63.1

At closing establishments

2012211322362710.70.80.50.80.9

Net employment change (2)

-100-4226328-183-0.3-1.50.01.1-0.6

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

2,7362,4482,5512,4102,5248.87.98.27.78.1

At expanding establishments

2,0181,8362,0111,8331,9666.55.96.55.96.3

At opening establishments

7186125405775582.32.01.71.81.8

Gross job losses

2,3742,5382,1672,4632,2827.78.27.07.97.2

At contracting establishments

1,8822,1091,7571,8511,8276.16.85.75.95.8

At closing establishments

4924294106124551.61.41.32.01.4

Net employment change (2)

362-90384-532421.1-0.31.2-0.20.9

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

5,7794,8524,6965,5845,15512.410.310.212.111.0

At expanding establishments

4,4183,6163,5124,2113,8789.57.77.69.18.3

At opening establishments

1,3611,2361,1841,3731,2772.92.62.63.02.7

Gross job losses

4,7674,9145,8854,4314,99510.210.412.69.610.6

At contracting establishments

3,8744,0525,1283,8764,0478.38.611.08.48.6

At closing establishments

8938627575559481.91.81.61.22.0

Net employment change (2)

1,012-62-1,1891,1531602.2-0.1-2.42.50.4

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

8108288606686567.77.87.96.26.2

At expanding establishments

6516677375565376.26.36.85.25.1

At opening establishments

1591611231121191.51.51.11.01.1

Gross job losses

7226966249167416.96.65.88.57.0

At contracting establishments

5856015257536475.65.74.97.06.1

At closing establishments

1379599163941.30.90.91.50.9

Net employment change (2)

88132236-248-850.81.22.1-2.3-0.8

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016

United States(1)

6.65.86.26.46.25.85.76.05.85.8

Alabama

6.25.85.86.25.85.35.45.85.75.7

Alaska

9.69.410.39.09.610.59.711.911.110.0

Arizona

6.96.06.17.16.05.45.76.15.25.5

Arkansas

6.35.45.46.25.75.35.35.85.45.2

California

7.66.56.86.96.76.76.36.76.16.3

Colorado

7.06.66.97.16.66.46.16.56.26.6

Connecticut

5.55.25.45.25.14.95.05.35.35.1

Delaware

7.36.56.76.36.26.26.46.66.56.2

District of Columbia

6.25.25.86.25.54.65.66.15.75.6

Florida

7.26.16.47.46.75.85.85.95.76.1

Georgia

6.96.17.06.76.55.75.66.65.95.8

Hawaii

5.84.95.45.85.24.44.96.05.05.1

Idaho

7.98.27.17.97.66.96.37.17.16.6

Illinois

6.45.35.95.76.15.65.45.95.75.7

Indiana

6.25.55.25.85.44.95.35.25.15.2

Iowa

6.06.05.66.05.75.75.36.15.85.9

Kansas

6.25.85.66.25.95.65.96.35.65.7

Kentucky

6.75.76.26.76.05.45.85.86.25.6

Louisiana

6.56.05.96.65.96.46.66.96.56.6

Maine

8.68.07.76.77.27.16.96.77.47.1

Maryland

6.86.26.36.56.65.96.06.36.06.3

Massachusetts

5.95.26.05.75.55.25.05.25.55.4

Michigan

6.15.45.95.65.65.34.95.35.65.4

Minnesota

6.15.45.96.15.85.75.25.65.65.8

Mississippi

7.15.75.76.36.35.46.16.55.65.7

Missouri

6.35.75.75.77.75.35.35.45.48.0

Montana

8.57.87.97.67.87.37.28.67.87.5

Nebraska

6.15.85.76.45.75.55.56.05.96.2

Nevada

6.86.36.56.76.75.35.75.65.55.6

New Hampshire

6.76.06.56.46.35.65.85.96.35.9

New Jersey

6.75.96.56.36.35.95.95.85.85.8

New Mexico

7.06.26.56.86.66.96.36.76.26.5

New York

6.46.16.26.36.05.75.75.85.95.9

North Carolina

6.76.06.36.16.35.55.65.85.85.6

North Dakota

6.76.66.88.16.78.18.99.07.17.8

Ohio

6.05.45.65.65.55.15.15.65.65.3

Oklahoma

6.35.75.86.36.36.56.46.86.06.1

Oregon

7.07.06.76.96.66.25.86.56.46.2

Pennsylvania

5.75.45.35.75.45.15.25.45.15.1

Rhode Island

6.65.86.25.65.75.75.96.26.05.8

South Carolina

7.16.16.36.36.65.35.85.85.75.4

South Dakota

6.76.26.46.46.05.96.16.26.26.1

Tennessee

6.35.25.75.95.74.85.15.35.25.0

Texas

6.14.76.36.25.95.55.55.45.45.4

Utah

7.27.36.77.46.76.05.96.46.56.3

Vermont

7.26.67.47.27.06.56.97.27.47.0

Virginia

6.45.96.46.06.25.65.96.06.15.9

Washington

6.87.17.26.77.26.25.65.86.46.7

West Virginia

6.65.95.86.66.46.36.96.96.66.2

Wisconsin

6.05.65.75.55.45.25.25.75.55.3

Wyoming

9.07.97.78.38.89.39.410.48.98.7

Puerto Rico

6.35.75.65.85.95.76.05.65.75.3

Virgin Islands

7.35.76.36.25.95.35.45.86.56.1

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, August 29, 2017