Wednesday, February 14, 2018
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin area increased 0.8 percent in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that in January the energy index rose 1.8 percent, while the food index increased 0.3 percent. The all items less food and energy index advanced 0.8 percent over the month. Among the indexes within the all items less food and energy category, prices were higher for shelter, recreation, and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)
Over the last 12 months, the Chicago area all items CPI-U increased 1.8 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy costs rose 4.8 percent over the year, primarily due to an increase in gasoline prices. For the same period, the food index increased 1.3 percent. The all items less food and energy index was 1.6 percent higher over the year. (See table 1.)
Food prices were 0.3 percent higher in January. The food at home index (groceries) fell 0.4 percent, while the food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) index increased 1.1 percent. Within the food at home group, prices were higher in January for bread and carbonated drinks. In contrast, the index for other fresh vegetables; frozen and freeze dried prepared foods; chicken; and other pork including roasts and picnics were lower.
From January 2017 to January 2018, the food index increased 1.3 percent. Grocery prices rose 0.4 percent, and food away from home prices rose 2.4 percent over the year.
The energy index increased 1.8 percent in January. For the same period, the indexes for gasoline and electricity rose 3.9 percent and 2.9 percent, respectively. In contrast, the index for utility (piped) gas service fell 5.4 percent.
Over the year, the Chicago area energy index rose 4.8 percent. From January 2017 to January 2018, the indexes rose for gasoline (8.8 percent) and electricity (6.8 percent), while the index for utility (piped) gas service fell (7.7 percent).
The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.8 percent in January. Among the index’s components, prices were higher for shelter (1.0 percent), recreation (2.3 percent), and apparel (4.3 percent).
Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.6 percent. Increases in the indexes for shelter (2.4 percent) and recreation (6.1 percent), were major contributing factors.
The February 2018 Consumer Price Index for Chicago is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, March 13, 2018.
In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). As part of the new sample, the index for this area was renamed. The indexes using the new structure are published for the first time this month. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 94 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.
The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.
The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.
In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.
The Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. core based statistical area covered in this release is comprised of Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois; Jasper, Lake, Newton and Porter Counties in Indiana; and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.
Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
|Item and Group||Indexes||Percent change from-|
All items (1967=100)
Food and beverages
Food at home
Cereals and bakery products
Meats, poultry, fish and eggs
Dairy and related products
Fruits and vegetables
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)
Other food at home
Food away from home
Rent of primary residence(2)
Fuels and utilities
Utility (piped) gas service(2)
Household furnishings and operations
New and used motor vehicles(4)
Used cars and trucks(1)
Gasoline (all types)
Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)
Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)
Motor vehicle insurance(1)
Education and communication(4)
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)
Other goods and services
Commodity and service group
Commodities less food and beverages
Nondurables less food and beverages
Special aggregate indexes
All items less medical care
All items less shelter
Commodities less food
Nondurables less food
Services less rent of shelter(3)
Services less medical care services
All items less energy
All items less food and energy
- Data not available.
Last Modified Date: Wednesday, February 14, 2018