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News Release Information

18-191-CHI
Wednesday, February 14, 2018

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Consumer Price Index, Chicago-Naperville-Elgin — January 2018

Local prices rose 1.8 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin area increased 0.8 percent in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that in January the energy index rose 1.8 percent, while the food index increased 0.3 percent. The all items less food and energy index advanced 0.8 percent over the month. Among the indexes within the all items less food and energy category, prices were higher for shelter, recreation, and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Chicago area all items CPI-U increased 1.8 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy costs rose 4.8 percent over the year, primarily due to an increase in gasoline prices. For the same period, the food index increased 1.3 percent. The all items less food and energy index was 1.6 percent higher over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices were 0.3 percent higher in January. The food at home index (groceries) fell 0.4 percent, while the food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) index increased 1.1 percent. Within the food at home group, prices were higher in January for bread and carbonated drinks. In contrast, the index for other fresh vegetables; frozen and freeze dried prepared foods; chicken; and other pork including roasts and picnics were lower.

From January 2017 to January 2018, the food index increased 1.3 percent. Grocery prices rose 0.4 percent, and food away from home prices rose 2.4 percent over the year.

Energy

The energy index increased 1.8 percent in January. For the same period, the indexes for gasoline and electricity rose 3.9 percent and 2.9 percent, respectively. In contrast, the index for utility (piped) gas service fell 5.4 percent.

Over the year, the Chicago area energy index rose 4.8 percent. From January 2017 to January 2018, the indexes rose for gasoline (8.8 percent) and electricity (6.8 percent), while the index for utility (piped) gas service fell (7.7 percent).

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.8 percent in January. Among the index’s components, prices were higher for shelter (1.0 percent), recreation (2.3 percent), and apparel (4.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.6 percent. Increases in the indexes for shelter (2.4 percent) and recreation (6.1 percent), were major contributing factors.

Table A. Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20142015201620172018
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.91.2-0.20.40.80.90.71.80.81.8

February

0.50.70.0-0.2-0.20.70.12.2  

March

1.11.90.7-0.60.10.2-0.12.0  

April

0.52.40.1-0.90.60.70.41.7  

May

-0.11.80.3-0.50.00.30.21.8  

June

0.42.00.2-0.70.50.70.01.3  

July

-0.41.9-0.1-0.5-0.8-0.10.02.2  

August

0.11.90.4-0.10.2-0.20.32.3  

September

0.02.1-0.3-0.40.60.60.42.1  

October

-0.42.0-0.1-0.20.10.8-0.41.6  

November

-0.81.6-0.40.20.21.50.41.8  

December

-0.41.5-0.60.0-0.21.9-0.41.7  

The February 2018 Consumer Price Index for Chicago is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, March 13, 2018.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). As part of the new sample, the index for this area was renamed. The indexes using the new structure are published for the first time this month. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 94 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. core based statistical area covered in this release is comprised of Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois; Jasper, Lake, Newton and Porter Counties in Indiana; and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
IndexesPercent change from-
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017
Jan.
2018
Jan.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

235.206234.293236.2671.80.50.8

All items (1967=100)

702.697699.970705.868---

Food and beverages

244.947245.145246.2081.50.50.4

Food

244.117244.423245.1911.30.40.3

Food at home

233.909234.408233.5140.4-0.2-0.4

Cereals and bakery products

-254.147256.960--1.1

Meats, poultry, fish and eggs

-253.346252.166---0.5

Dairy and related products

-208.139208.450--0.1

Fruits and vegetables

-319.568312.910---2.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

-181.387184.276--1.6

Other food at home

-188.711187.592---0.6

Food away from home

253.910253.904256.7822.41.11.1

Alcoholic beverages

255.455254.065259.7965.31.72.3

Housing

243.512242.827244.8002.00.50.8

Shelter

306.663305.197308.3092.40.51.0

Rent of primary residence(2)

326.010327.048327.8853.20.60.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

310.528311.093312.5322.50.60.5

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)(3)

310.528311.093312.5322.50.60.5

Fuels and utilities

204.531206.655204.3660.8-0.1-1.1

Household energy

160.474162.701161.9120.70.9-0.5

Energy services(2)

163.649165.965165.1120.70.9-0.5

Electricity(2)

159.863159.839164.4526.82.92.9

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

155.527161.410152.756-7.7-1.8-5.4

Household furnishings and operations

89.83889.68990.704-1.21.01.1

Apparel

87.68984.95888.5964.11.04.3

Transportation

185.122182.472185.0141.3-0.11.4

Private transportation

182.729180.493182.0911.5-0.30.9

New and used motor vehicles(4)

-96.47795.848---0.7

New vehicles(1)

-175.299174.238---0.6

Used cars and trucks(1)

-261.367262.637--0.5

Motor fuel

249.635234.333243.5138.9-2.53.9

Gasoline (all types)

247.150231.900240.9998.8-2.53.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

237.597222.442231.4089.1-2.64.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(5)(6)

275.752259.656269.2757.5-2.33.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

271.870259.310267.5897.5-1.63.2

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

-533.572536.418--0.5

Medical care

501.858499.057497.8821.1-0.8-0.2

Recreation(4)

110.621111.776114.3356.13.42.3

Education and communication(4)

143.305143.855143.121-1.6-0.1-0.5

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

-1,182.9471,183.808--0.1

Other goods and services

393.375391.364392.7882.0-0.10.4
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

235.206234.293236.2671.80.50.8

Commodities

167.328166.150167.4201.30.10.8

Commodities less food and beverages

127.973126.300127.5381.1-0.31.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

174.794169.401172.7033.2-1.21.9

Durables

85.53686.64886.368-1.81.0-0.3

Services

299.645299.007301.6542.00.70.9
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

223.758222.927225.0421.80.60.9

All items less shelter

211.096210.373211.9571.40.40.8

Commodities less food

132.492130.808132.1551.3-0.31.0

Nondurables

210.544207.807210.1822.3-0.21.1

Nondurables less food

180.163174.966178.4113.4-1.02.0

Services less rent of shelter(3)

307.695307.953310.2091.60.80.7

Services less medical care services

284.935284.338286.9932.30.70.9

Energy

194.718190.155193.6574.8-0.51.8

All items less energy

240.991240.408242.2541.60.50.8

All items less food and energy

241.274240.527242.5531.60.50.8

Footnotes
(1) Index on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Index on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Index on a December 1993=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, February 14, 2018