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News Release Information

19-712-CHI
Friday, June 28, 2019

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Indiana — Third Quarter 2018

From June 2018 to September 2018, gross job losses in Indiana totaled 142,048, while gross job gains numbered 139,020, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 3,028. During the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 890. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job losses are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job gains are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job losses and the number of gross job gains is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job losses represented 5.4 percent of private sector employment in Indiana in the third quarter of 2018; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 6.0 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Since the series inception in 1992, the rate of gross job losses in Indiana has been below the U.S. rate each quarter, with three exceptions. Gross job gains accounted for 5.2 percent of private sector employment in Indiana in the third quarter of 2018, lower than the national rate of 6.0 percent. Since the series began, Indiana’s rate of gross job gains has been at or below the national rate, with one exception.

During the third quarter of 2018, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in nine industry sectors in Indiana. For example, within professional and business services, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,025. While almost 23,300 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the industry, nearly 24,300 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the third quarter of 2018. In each of the eight remaining sectors with net employment losses, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 900. (See table 1.)

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in two industry sectors in Indiana in the third quarter of 2018. Within transportation and warehousing, almost 7,300 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments, and nearly 5,800 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 1,505 jobs. In the wholesale trade sector, gross job gains exceeded gross losses by 678.

Indiana was among the five states in the East North Central Census division. Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in all five states in the division in the third quarter of 2018. (See table A.) Four of the five states had rates of gross job losses that were lower than the 6.0-percent national rate. In Michigan, the rate of gross job losses was higher than the national rate. All five states in the division had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.0-percent national rate.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, September 2018, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross job gainsGross job lossesNet changeNet change as
a percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,448,0006.07,421,0006.027,0000.0

East North Central (1)

992,5841,083,980-91,396

Illinois

289,3065.6295,9435.7-6,637-0.1

Indiana

139,0205.2142,0485.4-3,028-0.2

Michigan

190,6015.0232,0166.2-41,415-1.2

Ohio

247,6505.3268,4215.7-20,771-0.4

Wisconsin

126,0075.1145,5525.9-19,545-0.8

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for fourth quarter 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 24, 2019.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the quarterly QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job losses are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job gains are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job losses and gross job gains are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job losses and gross job gains and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job losses rate and the gross job gains rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the second time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Indiana, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

143,899152,730150,823146,171139,0205.45.75.65.45.2

At expanding establishments

121,972130,484128,952123,761117,6174.64.94.84.64.4

At opening establishments

21,92722,24621,87122,41021,4030.80.80.80.80.8

Gross job losses

146,250132,131135,050147,061142,0485.65.05.15.55.4

At contracting establishments

123,379110,996116,536127,405122,0214.74.24.44.84.6

At closing establishments

22,87121,13518,51419,65620,0270.90.80.70.70.8

Net employment change (2)

-2,35120,59915,773-890-3,028-0.20.70.5-0.1-0.2

Construction

Gross job gains

13,38912,98813,20312,95712,4719.79.39.39.18.9

At expanding establishments

11,31910,76211,10311,12810,6628.27.77.87.87.6

At opening establishments

2,0702,2262,1001,8291,8091.51.61.51.31.3

Gross job losses

12,64513,09511,95311,74512,7989.19.48.48.39.1

At contracting establishments

10,83511,31010,24710,06810,6427.88.17.27.17.6

At closing establishments

1,8101,7851,7061,6772,1561.31.31.21.21.5

Net employment change (2)

744-1071,2501,212-3270.6-0.10.90.8-0.2

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

14,52118,83816,71716,18714,5572.83.53.13.02.7

At expanding establishments

13,55517,81816,06815,17513,5832.63.33.02.82.5

At opening establishments

9661,0206491,0129740.20.20.10.20.2

Gross job losses

14,95311,00813,48015,02315,3622.82.12.52.82.8

At contracting establishments

14,01610,16512,59714,06614,5882.61.92.32.62.7

At closing establishments

9378438839577740.20.20.20.20.1

Net employment change (2)

-4327,8303,2371,164-8050.01.40.60.2-0.1

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

5,4885,3765,4025,7705,8904.54.54.54.84.9

At expanding establishments

4,6004,3904,5504,7435,0173.83.73.83.94.2

At opening establishments

8889868521,0278730.70.80.70.90.7

Gross job losses

5,2485,0734,5865,3645,2124.44.33.84.54.3

At contracting establishments

4,2163,9343,5054,2124,2013.53.32.93.53.5

At closing establishments

1,0321,1391,0811,1521,0110.91.00.91.00.8

Net employment change (2)

2403038164066780.10.20.70.30.6

Retail trade

Gross job gains

20,73717,86220,57119,03919,1776.25.46.45.95.9

At expanding establishments

18,70215,55417,97816,50316,8895.64.75.65.15.2

At opening establishments

2,0352,3082,5932,5362,2880.60.70.80.80.7

Gross job losses

21,75019,13616,89820,53220,0286.55.75.26.46.2

At contracting establishments

17,74416,37615,22118,07217,0695.34.94.75.65.3

At closing establishments

4,0062,7601,6772,4602,9591.20.80.50.80.9

Net employment change (2)

-1,013-1,2743,673-1,493-851-0.3-0.31.2-0.5-0.3

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

5,9668,2296,6676,9447,2554.96.74.95.15.3

At expanding establishments

5,2377,5236,0066,2156,4084.36.14.44.64.7

At opening establishments

7297066617298470.60.60.50.50.6

Gross job losses

5,6765,7468,3006,2875,7504.64.76.24.74.3

At contracting establishments

4,9024,7847,7745,6054,9594.03.95.84.23.7

At closing establishments

7749625266827910.60.80.40.50.6

Net employment change (2)

2902,483-1,6336571,5050.32.0-1.30.41.0

Information

Gross job gains

1,0851,4751,1871,3661,1823.54.83.94.64.1

At expanding establishments

7821,1919509559612.53.93.13.23.3

At opening establishments

3032842374112211.00.90.81.40.8

Gross job losses

1,7891,4592,0691,7221,7435.84.76.85.86.0

At contracting establishments

1,6161,1441,7311,5761,4275.23.75.75.34.9

At closing establishments

1733153381463160.61.01.10.51.1

Net employment change (2)

-70416-882-356-561-2.30.1-2.9-1.2-1.9

Financial activities

Gross job gains

6,6466,4115,7986,7776,0135.14.94.35.14.5

At expanding establishments

5,1134,8554,3295,4564,6443.93.73.24.13.5

At opening establishments

1,5331,5561,4691,3211,3691.21.21.11.01.0

Gross job losses

6,4076,0975,8786,0836,1394.94.64.44.64.6

At contracting establishments

5,0204,7284,5904,6744,6783.83.63.43.53.5

At closing establishments

1,3871,3691,2881,4091,4611.11.01.01.11.1

Net employment change (2)

239314-80694-1260.20.3-0.10.5-0.1

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

25,58829,08226,27825,34523,2537.68.67.67.46.8

At expanding establishments

21,18024,74421,97320,84618,7736.37.36.46.15.5

At opening establishments

4,4084,3384,3054,4994,4801.31.31.21.31.3

Gross job losses

25,53622,93624,96927,78024,2787.66.77.28.17.1

At contracting establishments

21,18018,75321,44124,01220,8856.35.56.27.06.1

At closing establishments

4,3564,1833,5283,7683,3931.31.21.01.11.0

Net employment change (2)

526,1461,309-2,435-1,0250.01.90.4-0.7-0.3

Education and health services

Gross job gains

17,08016,42818,46319,01515,9653.73.64.04.23.4

At expanding establishments

15,07514,47116,63416,47514,3603.33.23.63.63.1

At opening establishments

2,0051,9571,8292,5401,6050.40.40.40.60.3

Gross job losses

16,80016,54014,13816,16116,7843.73.73.13.53.6

At contracting establishments

14,53514,42512,41914,15314,8003.23.22.73.13.2

At closing establishments

2,2652,1151,7192,0081,9840.50.50.40.40.4

Net employment change (2)

280-1124,3252,854-8190.0-0.10.90.7-0.2

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

25,59027,16528,28524,32225,2108.38.89.17.88.2

At expanding establishments

19,98821,89422,50319,36219,6716.57.17.26.26.4

At opening establishments

5,6025,2715,7824,9605,5391.81.71.91.61.8

Gross job losses

26,77124,14624,71427,99825,3878.77.88.09.08.3

At contracting establishments

22,12219,80820,71524,02621,8337.26.46.77.77.1

At closing establishments

4,6494,3383,9993,9723,5541.51.41.31.31.2

Net employment change (2)

-1,1813,0193,571-3,676-177-0.41.01.1-1.2-0.1

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

5,7356,1996,0116,3905,8656.87.27.07.46.8

At expanding establishments

4,7464,9714,9845,2334,8315.65.85.86.15.6

At opening establishments

9891,2281,0271,1571,0341.21.41.21.31.2

Gross job losses

6,3755,0806,1065,6206,3537.56.07.16.57.3

At contracting establishments

5,2733,9654,6254,5545,1126.24.75.45.35.9

At closing establishments

1,1021,1151,4811,0661,2411.31.31.71.21.4

Net employment change (2)

-6401,119-95770-488-0.71.2-0.10.9-0.5

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018

United States(1)

6.06.46.06.16.06.15.65.45.86.0

Alabama

6.06.06.05.85.95.85.45.35.75.9

Alaska

8.79.79.810.98.910.810.28.810.710.6

Arizona

6.66.36.06.06.65.25.35.35.95.0

Arkansas

5.86.15.45.06.05.55.15.05.65.5

California

6.56.96.46.76.56.36.05.96.36.2

Colorado

6.76.86.86.86.66.56.16.06.16.8

Connecticut

5.45.35.15.85.25.85.25.25.05.6

Delaware

6.47.07.16.55.66.66.45.96.06.6

District of Columbia

5.45.86.05.65.35.25.04.75.55.5

Florida

5.88.26.16.56.77.55.35.56.15.7

Georgia

6.26.96.56.26.76.15.65.66.46.2

Hawaii

5.45.15.05.25.15.14.74.85.55.5

Idaho

6.77.47.97.36.86.86.65.96.76.9

Illinois

5.66.05.75.65.66.05.35.15.55.7

Indiana

5.45.75.65.45.25.65.05.15.55.4

Iowa

5.55.95.55.75.35.75.35.35.45.7

Kansas

6.35.95.25.75.95.75.25.55.65.7

Kentucky

6.06.16.25.95.76.05.65.95.66.0

Louisiana

6.26.26.56.16.26.16.05.86.56.2

Maine

6.57.27.28.16.07.56.67.07.17.5

Maryland

6.36.26.36.06.36.26.35.75.86.6

Massachusetts

5.45.75.46.15.55.65.45.25.46.2

Michigan

5.35.75.75.65.06.05.44.65.16.2

Minnesota

5.35.85.35.85.45.75.55.05.35.7

Mississippi

5.96.35.55.75.85.95.45.86.05.7

Missouri

5.95.75.45.75.95.95.55.25.76.0

Montana

7.28.57.88.07.27.97.47.17.87.9

Nebraska

5.96.25.65.95.85.95.55.55.86.0

Nevada

6.26.66.56.16.75.85.25.45.85.6

New Hampshire

5.56.76.16.75.66.65.95.96.36.8

New Jersey

6.06.45.66.56.06.35.85.85.76.3

New Mexico

6.66.56.36.56.46.36.15.56.26.4

New York

6.36.26.26.36.16.15.85.65.86.4

North Carolina

6.06.36.26.15.66.05.55.25.56.5

North Dakota

6.76.87.06.76.66.76.86.36.26.6

Ohio

5.35.75.55.65.35.75.25.05.45.7

Oklahoma

6.66.46.16.36.66.05.85.56.56.1

Oregon

6.66.87.86.26.26.46.05.66.26.3

Pennsylvania

5.55.55.25.35.45.25.04.95.15.2

Rhode Island

6.06.66.36.36.26.36.06.16.16.4

South Carolina

5.87.05.97.55.86.25.34.76.56.5

South Dakota

5.86.46.46.15.95.95.75.96.15.8

Tennessee

5.45.95.05.55.85.24.94.85.15.2

Texas

5.96.45.85.95.95.85.35.15.25.4

Utah

7.07.07.46.97.36.35.96.06.36.5

Vermont

6.57.46.47.26.97.86.57.07.37.4

Virginia

5.96.35.86.15.66.25.55.25.86.3

Washington

6.46.97.27.36.16.46.05.76.36.3

West Virginia

6.76.36.86.87.06.36.15.86.46.4

Wisconsin

5.05.65.65.45.15.75.04.75.55.9

Wyoming

8.78.78.48.28.27.98.48.08.38.3

Puerto Rico

4.57.18.48.07.26.811.86.86.25.8

Virgin Islands

4.29.212.012.510.911.628.216.88.66.3

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 28, 2019