Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

19-1871-CHI
Friday, December 20, 2019

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Minnesota — First Quarter 2019

From December 2018 to March 2019, gross job gains in opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Minnesota totaled 129,422, while gross job losses in closing and contracting private-sector establishment numbered 128,720, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 702. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 7,235. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The 129,422 gross job gains in the first quarter of 2019 were below the 142,627 gross job gains in the fourth quarter of 2018. The 128,720 gross job losses in the first quarter of 2019 were lower than the 135,392 gross job losses in the fourth quarter of 2018. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.2 percent of private-sector employment in Minnesota in the first quarter of 2019, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 5.9 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Minnesota’s rate of gross job losses represented 5.1 percent of private-sector employment in the first quarter of 2019 and was below the U.S. rate of 5.5 percent.

During the first quarter of 2019, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 5 of the 11 industry sectors in Minnesota. For example, professional and business services created 23,285 jobs in opening and expanding establishments, but lost 21,021 jobs in closing and contracting establishments. The resulting net gain of 2,264 jobs was the largest of any sector that had net employment gains in the first quarter of 2019. In construction, 14,991 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and 13,072 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 1,919 jobs. (See table 1.)

In the six industry sectors with net employment losses, retail trade had the largest decline with the loss of 2,487 jobs.

Four of the seven states in the West North Central Census division, including Minnesota, had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses. (See table A.) North Dakota had a rate of gross job gains that was higher than the 5.9-percent national rate. Minnesota and the remaining states in the division had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the national rate. Iowa, Minnesota, and Missouri had rates of gross job losses that were below the 5.5-percent national rate. The four remaining states had rates of gross job losses that were higher than the national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, West North Central Division, and West North Central states, March 2019, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross job gainsGross job lossesNet changeNet change as
a percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,375,0005.96,850,0005.5525,0000.4

West North Central (1)

480,588482,125-1,537

Iowa

67,3465.171,8925.4-4,546-0.3

Kansas

62,7365.464,9595.7-2,223-0.3

Minnesota

129,4225.2128,7205.17020.1

Missouri

129,3715.4126,0185.33,3530.1

Nebraska

46,4915.745,6555.68360.1

North Dakota

24,8267.122,4376.42,3890.7

South Dakota

20,3965.722,4446.4-2,048-0.7

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the West North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for second quarter 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 29, 2020.

Changes to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Minnesota, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

133,777142,600135,956142,627129,4225.45.85.55.75.2

At expanding establishments

112,139118,585115,852119,098112,0864.54.84.74.84.5

At opening establishments

21,63824,01520,10423,52917,3360.91.00.80.90.7

Gross job losses

125,177130,507142,031135,392128,7205.15.25.75.45.1

At contracting establishments

103,964111,964119,252112,833108,3354.24.54.84.54.3

At closing establishments

21,21318,54322,77922,55920,3850.90.70.90.90.8

Net employment change (2)

8,60012,093-6,0757,2357020.30.6-0.20.30.1

Construction

Gross job gains

13,89215,85512,63114,17114,99111.513.010.311.611.9

At expanding establishments

10,99212,69510,62911,92312,4139.110.48.79.89.9

At opening establishments

2,9003,1602,0022,2482,5782.42.61.61.82.0

Gross job losses

13,88412,26814,13514,63413,07211.410.011.612.010.4

At contracting establishments

11,4739,91311,60511,76610,6849.48.19.59.68.5

At closing establishments

2,4112,3552,5302,8682,3882.01.92.12.41.9

Net employment change (2)

83,587-1,504-4631,9190.13.0-1.3-0.41.5

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

10,49810,8449,45011,5879,1103.33.32.93.62.8

At expanding establishments

9,95010,1148,82010,8458,6543.13.12.73.42.7

At opening establishments

5487306307424560.20.20.20.20.1

Gross job losses

8,4339,3199,6298,6878,8092.72.93.02.62.7

At contracting establishments

7,2398,6088,6037,9288,0742.32.72.72.42.5

At closing establishments

1,1947111,0267597350.40.20.30.20.2

Net employment change (2)

2,0651,525-1792,9003010.60.4-0.11.00.1

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

4,7385,4834,9975,3585,3163.64.23.94.14.1

At expanding establishments

4,0584,7014,2554,4984,5693.13.63.33.43.5

At opening establishments

6807827428607470.50.60.60.70.6

Gross job losses

4,6234,6275,4814,6514,9703.53.54.23.53.9

At contracting establishments

3,8073,8284,7023,5703,9912.92.93.62.73.1

At closing establishments

8167997791,0819790.60.60.60.80.8

Net employment change (2)

115856-4847073460.10.7-0.30.60.2

Retail trade

Gross job gains

17,28717,79818,97016,10814,3985.85.96.45.44.9

At expanding establishments

15,37915,69517,22914,49013,2915.25.25.84.94.5

At opening establishments

1,9082,1031,7411,6181,1070.60.70.60.50.4

Gross job losses

15,86516,38821,55616,53916,8855.35.47.25.65.8

At contracting establishments

13,72115,08717,95314,53614,9624.65.06.04.95.1

At closing establishments

2,1441,3013,6032,0031,9230.70.41.20.70.7

Net employment change (2)

1,4221,410-2,586-431-2,4870.50.5-0.8-0.2-0.9

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

5,1484,9006,3786,0935,2025.75.47.16.75.7

At expanding establishments

4,6364,1385,7265,1734,6705.14.66.45.75.1

At opening establishments

5127626529205320.60.80.71.00.6

Gross job losses

5,7366,9104,7384,4285,5846.37.75.34.96.1

At contracting establishments

5,0906,3844,2773,8845,1125.67.14.84.35.6

At closing establishments

6465264615444720.70.60.50.60.5

Net employment change (2)

-588-2,0101,6401,665-382-0.6-2.31.81.8-0.4

Information

Gross job gains

1,7141,7972,0241,8191,6713.53.74.23.73.5

At expanding establishments

1,4361,4621,6901,4181,3772.93.03.52.92.9

At opening establishments

2783353344012940.60.70.70.80.6

Gross job losses

2,0472,2202,4272,2911,9164.14.55.04.84.1

At contracting establishments

1,6631,9291,8011,9201,6313.33.93.74.03.5

At closing establishments

3842916263712850.80.61.30.80.6

Net employment change (2)

-333-423-403-472-245-0.6-0.8-0.8-1.1-0.6

Financial activities

Gross job gains

5,3697,1466,7226,6255,6703.14.03.73.73.1

At expanding establishments

4,1826,0435,5855,2304,9162.43.43.12.92.7

At opening establishments

1,1871,1031,1371,3957540.70.60.60.80.4

Gross job losses

5,4045,6486,5546,2105,9003.03.23.73.43.2

At contracting establishments

4,1464,5545,2894,8734,3922.32.63.02.72.4

At closing establishments

1,2581,0941,2651,3371,5080.70.60.70.70.8

Net employment change (2)

-351,498168415-2300.10.80.00.3-0.1

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

19,33623,40621,10325,37923,2855.16.25.66.76.1

At expanding establishments

15,85618,75617,45819,58319,3404.25.04.65.25.1

At opening establishments

3,4804,6503,6455,7963,9450.91.21.01.51.0

Gross job losses

19,81821,39321,90826,84221,0215.35.75.87.25.5

At contracting establishments

15,77317,91718,34022,48917,0894.24.84.96.04.5

At closing establishments

4,0453,4763,5684,3533,9321.10.90.91.21.0

Net employment change (2)

-4822,013-805-1,4632,264-0.20.5-0.2-0.50.6

Education and health services

Gross job gains

19,89918,52917,89619,95516,7973.83.53.43.83.1

At expanding establishments

16,53716,51015,58616,97114,9553.23.13.03.22.8

At opening establishments

3,3622,0192,3102,9841,8420.60.40.40.60.3

Gross job losses

15,92216,36617,87016,38317,2333.13.23.43.13.2

At contracting establishments

13,99914,49515,47613,91614,4442.72.82.92.62.7

At closing establishments

1,9231,8712,3942,4672,7890.40.40.50.50.5

Net employment change (2)

3,9772,163263,572-4360.70.30.00.7-0.1

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

26,50326,80526,18825,42923,9639.79.89.69.38.7

At expanding establishments

21,59520,48121,08120,82020,1467.97.57.77.67.3

At opening establishments

4,9086,3245,1074,6093,8171.82.31.91.71.4

Gross job losses

23,34226,39027,26924,73223,8768.69.610.09.08.6

At contracting establishments

18,81422,16722,84720,00720,2246.98.18.47.37.3

At closing establishments

4,5284,2234,4224,7253,6521.71.51.61.71.3

Net employment change (2)

3,161415-1,081697871.10.2-0.40.30.1

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

6,2456,8586,4736,7205,8457.48.17.67.97.0

At expanding establishments

4,9215,3985,1095,2454,9525.86.46.06.25.9

At opening establishments

1,3241,4601,3641,4758931.61.71.61.71.1

Gross job losses

6,2315,4137,4966,3285,8847.46.48.87.56.9

At contracting establishments

4,9984,1416,0164,9804,6865.94.97.15.95.5

At closing establishments

1,2331,2721,4801,3481,1981.51.51.71.61.4

Net employment change (2)

141,445-1,023392-390.01.7-1.20.40.1

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

United States(1)

6.16.16.06.35.95.55.86.05.65.5

Alabama

6.15.86.06.36.05.45.75.95.35.5

Alaska

10.110.98.911.010.08.910.710.79.89.0

Arizona

6.06.06.66.25.65.35.95.15.15.5

Arkansas

5.45.06.15.95.25.25.75.65.05.1

California

6.46.76.56.96.36.06.46.25.96.2

Colorado

6.86.86.66.86.66.06.16.86.06.3

Connecticut

5.15.85.35.35.25.35.15.74.95.7

Delaware

7.16.45.76.66.45.96.06.55.65.5

District of Columbia

6.05.65.35.65.44.95.65.55.14.9

Florida

6.26.46.86.46.15.56.15.86.15.6

Georgia

6.56.36.76.36.85.76.46.15.85.7

Hawaii

5.15.35.15.85.44.75.45.45.15.9

Idaho

7.97.36.87.47.56.16.86.96.36.1

Illinois

5.75.65.55.55.25.25.65.85.65.1

Indiana

5.75.55.25.65.95.15.55.45.04.8

Iowa

5.65.75.35.85.15.35.45.75.35.4

Kansas

5.35.75.96.15.45.45.65.75.45.7

Kentucky

6.25.95.86.15.85.95.76.05.45.5

Louisiana

6.76.26.36.25.95.96.56.35.85.9

Maine

7.08.06.17.37.27.07.17.56.76.4

Maryland

6.36.16.36.86.45.85.86.66.45.7

Massachusetts

5.76.15.65.85.75.25.56.15.35.2

Michigan

5.65.55.05.65.14.65.26.25.24.6

Minnesota

5.45.85.55.75.25.15.25.75.45.1

Mississippi

5.55.75.96.55.76.06.05.95.36.2

Missouri

5.55.75.95.85.45.25.76.05.45.3

Montana

7.98.07.28.97.67.17.87.97.28.0

Nebraska

5.85.85.95.95.75.65.85.95.75.6

Nevada

6.56.16.76.66.05.55.85.75.55.4

New Hampshire

6.16.75.76.66.36.06.26.85.75.7

New Jersey

5.76.56.06.45.76.15.86.45.75.6

New Mexico

6.56.76.46.86.45.76.26.46.15.8

New York

6.36.36.16.36.05.65.86.45.75.3

North Carolina

6.26.15.76.76.35.35.76.45.35.1

North Dakota

7.16.76.66.87.16.36.26.66.26.4

Ohio

5.65.65.45.65.55.15.45.85.35.1

Oklahoma

6.26.46.76.55.85.76.36.16.15.8

Oregon

8.06.26.26.76.35.86.36.36.05.8

Pennsylvania

5.35.35.45.35.14.95.15.24.84.8

Rhode Island

6.46.36.26.45.86.16.16.45.75.6

South Carolina

6.37.55.87.46.45.16.76.55.46.0

South Dakota

6.46.16.06.35.75.96.15.75.86.4

Tennessee

5.15.55.85.85.44.95.35.34.94.8

Texas

5.95.96.06.25.55.15.35.45.25.2

Utah

7.56.97.36.97.36.06.46.46.26.2

Vermont

6.57.26.97.46.77.07.17.66.86.3

Virginia

6.06.25.76.36.45.45.86.35.65.5

Washington

7.27.36.26.46.26.26.56.55.65.6

West Virginia

6.96.87.06.36.06.06.46.46.56.6

Wisconsin

5.65.55.15.45.14.75.55.95.04.8

Wyoming

8.68.48.310.08.68.08.48.47.87.8

Puerto Rico

8.57.97.26.07.16.96.25.86.85.1

Virgin Islands

13.313.212.87.911.918.67.05.97.17.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, December 20, 2019