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News Release Information

19-711-CHI
Friday, June 28, 2019

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Ohio — Third Quarter 2018

From June 2018 to September 2018, gross job losses in Ohio totaled 268,421, while gross job gains numbered 247,650, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer, noted that gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 20,771. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 10,465. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Ohio’s rate of gross job lossesas a percent of private sector employment was 5.7 percent, lower than the national rate of 6.0 percent in the third quarter of 2018. The state’s rate of gross job losses has been below the U.S. rate in all but two quarters since the series began in September 1992. Gross job gains represented 5.3 percent of private sector employment in Ohio while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job gains in the state has been below the U.S. rate in all but one quarter since the series began.

During the third quarter of 2018, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in 8 of the 11 industry sectors in Ohio. For example, within leisure and hospitality, closing and contracting establishments lost just over 52,000 jobs while opening and expanding establishments gained slightly more than 46,000 jobs. The resulting net loss of 6,072 jobs was the largest of any Ohio sector in the third quarter of 2018. In professional and business services, nearly 48,200 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, and almost 44,300 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments, resulting in a net employment loss of 3,889, the second largest among the state’s sectors. Ohio’s retail trade sector lost nearly 36,500 jobs at closing and contracting establishments and gained just over 33,200 jobs at opening and expanding establishments, resulting in a net loss of 3,249 jobs. (See table 1.)

Three industry sectors in Ohio had net job gains in the third quarter of 2018. Within the education and health services sector, opening and expanding establishments gained almost 38,700 jobs while closing and contracting establishments lost nearly 37,600 jobs, resulting in a net gain of 1,079 jobs. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by less than 1,000 in the transportation and warehousing and wholesale trade sectors.

Ohio was among the five states in the East North Central Census division. Gross job losses exceeded gross gains in all five states in the division in the third quarter of 2018. (See table A.) Four of the five states had rates of gross job losses that were lower than the 6.0-percent national rate. Michigan’s rate of gross job losses exceeded the national rate. All five states had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.0-percent national rate.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, September 2018, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross job gainsGross job lossesNet changeNet change as
a percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,448,0006.07,421,0006.027,0000.0

East North Central (1)

992,5841,083,980-91,396

Illinois

289,3065.6295,9435.7-6,637-0.1

Indiana

139,0205.2142,0485.4-3,028-0.2

Michigan

190,6015.0232,0166.2-41,415-1.2

Ohio

247,6505.3268,4215.7-20,771-0.4

Wisconsin

126,0075.1145,5525.9-19,545-0.8

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for fourth quarter 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 24, 2019.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the quarterly QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Ohio, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

243,678264,245257,964260,528247,6505.35.75.55.65.3

At expanding establishments

208,223226,439224,239220,118211,9684.54.94.84.74.5

At opening establishments

35,45537,80633,72540,41035,6820.80.80.70.90.8

Gross job losses

262,622241,351233,979250,063268,4215.75.25.05.45.7

At contracting establishments

225,425205,476201,433213,673229,6194.94.44.34.64.9

At closing establishments

37,19735,87532,54636,39038,8020.80.80.70.80.8

Net employment change (2)

-18,94422,89423,98510,465-20,771-0.40.50.50.2-0.4

Construction

Gross job gains

18,27221,40023,03022,52219,2128.49.910.510.18.7

At expanding establishments

15,23117,75919,51118,96116,5307.08.28.98.57.5

At opening establishments

3,0413,6413,5193,5612,6821.41.71.61.61.2

Gross job losses

23,37524,43119,24019,28121,23510.711.38.78.79.6

At contracting establishments

20,11421,05616,36116,08918,4359.29.77.47.38.3

At closing establishments

3,2613,3752,8793,1922,8001.51.61.31.41.3

Net employment change (2)

-5,103-3,0313,7903,241-2,023-2.3-1.41.81.4-0.9

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

18,27427,09421,67820,65118,7242.64.03.13.02.7

At expanding establishments

17,31126,03520,84719,56117,5972.53.83.02.82.5

At opening establishments

9631,0598311,0901,1270.10.20.10.20.2

Gross job losses

22,35416,27817,87517,86721,5303.32.42.62.53.0

At contracting establishments

21,02814,91116,67616,42820,5413.12.22.42.32.9

At closing establishments

1,3261,3671,1991,4399890.20.20.20.20.1

Net employment change (2)

-4,08010,8163,8032,784-2,806-0.71.60.50.5-0.3

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

9,69810,5389,96110,42510,1454.14.44.34.54.3

At expanding establishments

8,0118,8878,6138,8888,4383.43.73.73.83.6

At opening establishments

1,6871,6511,3481,5371,7070.70.70.60.70.7

Gross job losses

9,8958,9918,5118,7299,8934.23.83.63.74.2

At contracting establishments

7,8347,1626,8187,0878,0343.33.02.93.03.4

At closing establishments

2,0611,8291,6931,6421,8590.90.80.70.70.8

Net employment change (2)

-1971,5471,4501,696252-0.10.60.70.80.1

Retail trade

Gross job gains

33,21231,67332,58230,76033,2405.75.65.75.45.9

At expanding establishments

30,24928,51129,86127,30630,2535.25.05.24.85.4

At opening establishments

2,9633,1622,7213,4542,9870.50.60.50.60.5

Gross job losses

35,31932,43930,21935,37036,4896.25.65.26.26.5

At contracting establishments

31,56028,93027,83132,40031,1175.55.04.85.75.5

At closing establishments

3,7593,5092,3882,9705,3720.70.60.40.51.0

Net employment change (2)

-2,107-7662,363-4,610-3,249-0.50.00.5-0.8-0.6

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

9,56013,78410,25011,62110,1305.17.25.35.95.1

At expanding establishments

8,54012,7849,32210,2319,1524.66.74.85.24.6

At opening establishments

1,0201,0009281,3909780.50.50.50.70.5

Gross job losses

9,0048,22911,9059,3039,3374.94.46.24.74.7

At contracting establishments

7,7697,12010,9548,2778,4854.23.85.74.24.3

At closing establishments

1,2351,1099511,0268520.70.60.50.50.4

Net employment change (2)

5565,555-1,6552,3187930.22.8-0.91.20.4

Information

Gross job gains

3,6513,0643,1143,2602,8125.14.34.34.64.0

At expanding establishments

3,1042,5982,5822,3332,4214.33.63.63.33.4

At opening establishments

5474665329273910.80.70.71.30.6

Gross job losses

3,2843,7653,0633,1533,8784.65.24.34.45.4

At contracting establishments

2,8563,2472,4032,6523,1364.04.53.43.74.4

At closing establishments

4285186605017420.60.70.90.71.0

Net employment change (2)

367-70151107-1,0660.5-0.90.00.2-1.4

Financial activities

Gross job gains

12,67711,89812,51713,10711,1804.44.14.34.53.8

At expanding establishments

10,4539,58410,35710,8579,1223.63.33.63.73.1

At opening establishments

2,2242,3142,1602,2502,0580.80.80.70.80.7

Gross job losses

12,14713,00611,25011,37612,9034.24.53.83.94.5

At contracting establishments

9,96910,4989,1288,87410,6513.43.63.13.03.7

At closing establishments

2,1782,5082,1222,5022,2520.80.90.70.90.8

Net employment change (2)

530-1,1081,2671,731-1,7230.2-0.40.50.6-0.7

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

40,64147,13244,48646,94544,2905.66.56.16.56.1

At expanding establishments

34,03339,39938,48939,23537,0724.75.45.35.45.1

At opening establishments

6,6087,7335,9977,7107,2180.91.10.81.11.0

Gross job losses

46,55241,48743,20443,94448,1796.45.76.06.06.6

At contracting establishments

38,45834,40036,12036,93640,9005.34.75.05.05.6

At closing establishments

8,0947,0877,0847,0087,2791.11.01.01.01.0

Net employment change (2)

-5,9115,6451,2823,001-3,889-0.80.80.10.5-0.5

Education and health services

Gross job gains

35,77233,15334,44936,45338,6754.03.73.84.04.3

At expanding establishments

31,11628,71030,64731,13333,5223.53.23.43.43.7

At opening establishments

4,6564,4433,8025,3205,1530.50.50.40.60.6

Gross job losses

35,14333,44531,12035,08137,5963.93.83.53.94.1

At contracting establishments

30,27228,43426,64229,43831,2323.43.23.03.33.4

At closing establishments

4,8715,0114,4785,6436,3640.50.60.50.60.7

Net employment change (2)

629-2923,3291,3721,0790.1-0.10.30.10.2

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

49,28250,19451,02149,89846,0158.98.98.98.88.1

At expanding establishments

39,46840,41141,37439,14536,9887.17.27.26.96.5

At opening establishments

9,8149,7839,64710,7539,0271.81.71.71.91.6

Gross job losses

50,60946,07544,92751,69652,0879.08.27.99.19.2

At contracting establishments

43,13138,63238,19543,90243,9777.76.96.77.77.8

At closing establishments

7,4787,4436,7327,7948,1101.31.31.21.41.4

Net employment change (2)

-1,3274,1196,094-1,798-6,072-0.10.71.0-0.3-1.1

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

9,14910,24910,23611,2939,9186.16.86.77.46.5

At expanding establishments

7,6488,2268,8379,4018,2505.15.55.86.25.4

At opening establishments

1,5012,0231,3991,8921,6681.01.30.91.21.1

Gross job losses

11,1039,7389,64810,09210,8737.36.56.46.67.1

At contracting establishments

9,3047,9957,6928,2009,2406.15.35.15.46.0

At closing establishments

1,7991,7431,9561,8921,6331.21.21.31.21.1

Net employment change (2)

-1,9545115881,201-955-1.20.30.30.8-0.6

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018

United States(1)

6.06.46.06.16.06.15.65.45.86.0

Alabama

6.06.06.05.85.95.85.45.35.75.9

Alaska

8.79.79.810.98.910.810.28.810.710.6

Arizona

6.66.36.06.06.65.25.35.35.95.0

Arkansas

5.86.15.45.06.05.55.15.05.65.5

California

6.56.96.46.76.56.36.05.96.36.2

Colorado

6.76.86.86.86.66.56.16.06.16.8

Connecticut

5.45.35.15.85.25.85.25.25.05.6

Delaware

6.47.07.16.55.66.66.45.96.06.6

District of Columbia

5.45.86.05.65.35.25.04.75.55.5

Florida

5.88.26.16.56.77.55.35.56.15.7

Georgia

6.26.96.56.26.76.15.65.66.46.2

Hawaii

5.45.15.05.25.15.14.74.85.55.5

Idaho

6.77.47.97.36.86.86.65.96.76.9

Illinois

5.66.05.75.65.66.05.35.15.55.7

Indiana

5.45.75.65.45.25.65.05.15.55.4

Iowa

5.55.95.55.75.35.75.35.35.45.7

Kansas

6.35.95.25.75.95.75.25.55.65.7

Kentucky

6.06.16.25.95.76.05.65.95.66.0

Louisiana

6.26.26.56.16.26.16.05.86.56.2

Maine

6.57.27.28.16.07.56.67.07.17.5

Maryland

6.36.26.36.06.36.26.35.75.86.6

Massachusetts

5.45.75.46.15.55.65.45.25.46.2

Michigan

5.35.75.75.65.06.05.44.65.16.2

Minnesota

5.35.85.35.85.45.75.55.05.35.7

Mississippi

5.96.35.55.75.85.95.45.86.05.7

Missouri

5.95.75.45.75.95.95.55.25.76.0

Montana

7.28.57.88.07.27.97.47.17.87.9

Nebraska

5.96.25.65.95.85.95.55.55.86.0

Nevada

6.26.66.56.16.75.85.25.45.85.6

New Hampshire

5.56.76.16.75.66.65.95.96.36.8

New Jersey

6.06.45.66.56.06.35.85.85.76.3

New Mexico

6.66.56.36.56.46.36.15.56.26.4

New York

6.36.26.26.36.16.15.85.65.86.4

North Carolina

6.06.36.26.15.66.05.55.25.56.5

North Dakota

6.76.87.06.76.66.76.86.36.26.6

Ohio

5.35.75.55.65.35.75.25.05.45.7

Oklahoma

6.66.46.16.36.66.05.85.56.56.1

Oregon

6.66.87.86.26.26.46.05.66.26.3

Pennsylvania

5.55.55.25.35.45.25.04.95.15.2

Rhode Island

6.06.66.36.36.26.36.06.16.16.4

South Carolina

5.87.05.97.55.86.25.34.76.56.5

South Dakota

5.86.46.46.15.95.95.75.96.15.8

Tennessee

5.45.95.05.55.85.24.94.85.15.2

Texas

5.96.45.85.95.95.85.35.15.25.4

Utah

7.07.07.46.97.36.35.96.06.36.5

Vermont

6.57.46.47.26.97.86.57.07.37.4

Virginia

5.96.35.86.15.66.25.55.25.86.3

Washington

6.46.97.27.36.16.46.05.76.36.3

West Virginia

6.76.36.86.87.06.36.15.86.46.4

Wisconsin

5.05.65.65.45.15.75.04.75.55.9

Wyoming

8.78.78.48.28.27.98.48.08.38.3

Puerto Rico

4.57.18.48.07.26.811.86.86.25.8

Virgin Islands

4.29.212.012.510.911.628.216.88.66.3

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 28, 2019