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News Release Information

19-1869-CHI
Friday, December 20, 2019

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Wisconsin — First Quarter 2019

From December 2018 to March 2019, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Wisconsin totaled 127,951, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments numbered 120,014, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 7,937 from the fourth quarter of 2018 to the first quarter of 2019. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 11,859. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Wisconsin’s 127,951 gross job gains in the first quarter of 2019 were below the 134,830 gross job gains in the previous quarter. The 120,014 gross job losses in the first quarter of 2019 were lower than the 122,971 gross job losses recorded in the fourth quarter of 2018. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.1 percent of private sector employment in Wisconsin in the first quarter of 2019; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 5.9 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Wisconsin’s gross job losses represented 4.8 percent of private sector employment in the first quarter of 2019 compared to the U.S. rate of 5.5 percent.

During the first quarter of 2019, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 9 of the 10 industry sectors in Wisconsin. The leisure and hospitality industry created almost 28,000 jobs in opening and expanding establishments, but lost nearly 25,000 jobs in closing and contracting establishments. The resulting net gain of 2,841 jobs was the largest of any sector in Wisconsin in the first quarter of 2019. Construction and professional and business services had net employment gains of 1,238 and 1,021 respectively. Among the six other sectors with net employment gains, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by less than 850.

In contrast, the transportation and warehousing industry had gross job losses that exceeded gross job gains, resulting in a net employment loss of 1,317 jobs.  (See table 1.)

Each of the five states in the East North Central Census division had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses. (See table A.) Indiana’s 5.9-percent rate of gross job gains matched the national rate. Wisconsin was among the four states that had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the national rate. All states in the division had rates of gross job losses that were below the 5.5-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, March 2019, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross job gainsGross job lossesNet changeNet change as
a percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,375,0005.96,850,0005.5525,0000.4

East North Central (1)

1,010,181936,22673,955

Illinois

273,0005.2268,9375.14,0630.1

Indiana

156,8805.9129,5934.827,2871.1

Michigan

193,9545.1175,9174.618,0370.5

Ohio

258,3965.5241,7655.116,6310.4

Wisconsin

127,9515.1120,0144.87,9370.3

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for second quarter 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 29, 2020.

Changes to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Wisconsin, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

140,206136,299126,775134,830127,9515.65.55.15.45.1

At expanding establishments

119,912117,473107,352115,175108,6974.84.74.34.64.3

At opening establishments

20,29418,82619,42319,65519,2540.80.80.80.80.8

Gross job losses

116,847138,290145,097122,971120,0144.75.55.95.04.8

At contracting establishments

101,922120,677123,562103,813104,6464.14.85.04.24.2

At closing establishments

14,92517,61321,53519,15815,3680.60.70.90.80.6

Net employment change (2)

23,359-1,991-18,32211,8597,9370.90.0-0.80.40.3

Construction

Gross job gains

13,21811,6759,95610,64111,43310.89.48.28.79.2

At expanding establishments

10,79710,0518,3828,7949,4848.88.16.97.27.6

At opening establishments

2,4211,6241,5741,8471,9492.01.31.31.51.6

Gross job losses

8,88910,79712,12410,93310,1957.28.710.08.98.2

At contracting establishments

7,5719,1089,9238,9648,6056.17.38.27.36.9

At closing establishments

1,3181,6892,2011,9691,5901.11.41.81.61.3

Net employment change (2)

4,329878-2,168-2921,2383.60.7-1.8-0.21.0

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

14,04714,56712,76514,99112,2083.03.12.73.12.5

At expanding establishments

13,48114,14011,86614,56511,5892.93.02.53.02.4

At opening establishments

5664278994266190.10.10.20.10.1

Gross job losses

10,76312,36213,36010,58811,9102.32.62.82.22.4

At contracting establishments

10,25311,23912,7489,87211,2692.22.42.72.12.3

At closing establishments

5101,1236127166410.10.20.10.10.1

Net employment change (2)

3,2842,205-5954,4032980.70.5-0.10.90.1

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

5,4045,4494,8335,3514,7604.34.33.84.23.9

At expanding establishments

4,6754,8184,1894,7204,2753.73.83.33.73.5

At opening establishments

7296316446314850.60.50.50.50.4

Gross job losses

4,8724,4715,4914,2334,6153.83.54.23.43.7

At contracting establishments

3,9323,7494,5343,3973,8523.12.93.52.73.1

At closing establishments

9407229578367630.70.60.70.70.6

Net employment change (2)

532978-6581,1181450.50.8-0.40.80.2

Retail trade

Gross job gains

17,90217,03415,63614,40716,0375.85.55.14.85.3

At expanding establishments

16,07515,19414,43013,33714,5425.24.94.74.44.8

At opening establishments

1,8271,8401,2061,0701,4950.60.60.40.40.5

Gross job losses

15,20919,72520,70115,68515,3105.06.46.85.25.1

At contracting establishments

13,81317,93517,06114,32214,0914.55.85.64.74.7

At closing establishments

1,3961,7903,6401,3631,2190.50.61.20.50.4

Net employment change (2)

2,693-2,691-5,065-1,2787270.8-0.9-1.7-0.40.2

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

5,5334,9736,4237,2014,9025.65.06.57.24.8

At expanding establishments

5,0644,4675,7466,0364,3685.14.55.86.04.3

At opening establishments

4695066771,1655340.50.50.71.20.5

Gross job losses

5,7056,4884,8774,5656,2195.76.54.94.56.1

At contracting establishments

5,2635,8504,3383,9505,7815.35.94.43.95.7

At closing establishments

4426385396154380.40.60.50.60.4

Net employment change (2)

-172-1,5151,5462,636-1,317-0.1-1.51.62.7-1.3

Financial activities

Gross job gains

5,0085,5225,5105,5755,7923.43.73.73.73.8

At expanding establishments

4,1734,6834,6474,8174,8322.83.13.13.23.2

At opening establishments

8358398637589600.60.60.60.50.6

Gross job losses

4,7715,0025,6985,5295,2563.23.33.83.73.5

At contracting establishments

3,9244,2224,6264,3214,2172.62.83.12.92.8

At closing establishments

8477801,0721,2081,0390.60.50.70.80.7

Net employment change (2)

237520-188465360.20.4-0.10.00.3

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

20,29320,82017,05620,56718,8856.16.35.26.45.8

At expanding establishments

16,53918,01914,36617,06116,0205.05.54.45.34.9

At opening establishments

3,7542,8012,6903,5062,8651.10.80.81.10.9

Gross job losses

20,04822,70323,22619,96117,8646.16.97.16.25.5

At contracting establishments

17,10019,76119,97616,41114,9385.26.06.15.14.6

At closing establishments

2,9482,9423,2503,5502,9260.90.91.01.10.9

Net employment change (2)

245-1,883-6,1706061,0210.0-0.6-1.90.20.3

Education and health services

Gross job gains

15,16617,25717,06017,21214,5043.54.03.93.93.3

At expanding establishments

12,54213,94414,00414,04712,2392.93.23.23.22.8

At opening establishments

2,6243,3133,0563,1652,2650.60.80.70.70.5

Gross job losses

13,94715,91017,08315,67513,6743.23.63.93.63.1

At contracting establishments

11,88613,23713,85112,04011,7162.73.03.22.82.7

At closing establishments

2,0612,6733,2323,6351,9580.50.60.70.80.4

Net employment change (2)

1,2191,347-231,5378300.30.40.00.30.2

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

31,77827,99427,30728,70327,73111.39.89.710.19.7

At expanding establishments

27,09123,05121,27624,05022,5559.68.17.68.57.9

At opening establishments

4,6874,9436,0314,6535,1761.71.72.11.61.8

Gross job losses

22,80230,63931,22125,25324,8908.110.811.28.98.7

At contracting establishments

19,77326,75126,86321,54821,5597.09.49.67.67.5

At closing establishments

3,0293,8884,3583,7053,3311.11.41.61.31.2

Net employment change (2)

8,976-2,645-3,9143,4502,8413.2-1.0-1.51.21.0

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

5,2265,6014,9454,8245,0296.67.16.36.16.4

At expanding establishments

4,4104,8304,1753,7844,2035.66.15.34.85.3

At opening establishments

8167717701,0408261.01.01.01.31.1

Gross job losses

4,6544,6065,4585,2215,0096.05.86.96.66.4

At contracting establishments

3,9023,7984,6404,4034,1805.04.85.95.65.3

At closing establishments

7528088188188291.01.01.01.01.1

Net employment change (2)

572995-513-397200.61.3-0.6-0.50.0

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

United States(1)

6.16.16.06.35.95.55.86.05.65.5

Alabama

6.15.86.06.36.05.45.75.95.35.5

Alaska

10.110.98.911.010.08.910.710.79.89.0

Arizona

6.06.06.66.25.65.35.95.15.15.5

Arkansas

5.45.06.15.95.25.25.75.65.05.1

California

6.46.76.56.96.36.06.46.25.96.2

Colorado

6.86.86.66.86.66.06.16.86.06.3

Connecticut

5.15.85.35.35.25.35.15.74.95.7

Delaware

7.16.45.76.66.45.96.06.55.65.5

District of Columbia

6.05.65.35.65.44.95.65.55.14.9

Florida

6.26.46.86.46.15.56.15.86.15.6

Georgia

6.56.36.76.36.85.76.46.15.85.7

Hawaii

5.15.35.15.85.44.75.45.45.15.9

Idaho

7.97.36.87.47.56.16.86.96.36.1

Illinois

5.75.65.55.55.25.25.65.85.65.1

Indiana

5.75.55.25.65.95.15.55.45.04.8

Iowa

5.65.75.35.85.15.35.45.75.35.4

Kansas

5.35.75.96.15.45.45.65.75.45.7

Kentucky

6.25.95.86.15.85.95.76.05.45.5

Louisiana

6.76.26.36.25.95.96.56.35.85.9

Maine

7.08.06.17.37.27.07.17.56.76.4

Maryland

6.36.16.36.86.45.85.86.66.45.7

Massachusetts

5.76.15.65.85.75.25.56.15.35.2

Michigan

5.65.55.05.65.14.65.26.25.24.6

Minnesota

5.45.85.55.75.25.15.25.75.45.1

Mississippi

5.55.75.96.55.76.06.05.95.36.2

Missouri

5.55.75.95.85.45.25.76.05.45.3

Montana

7.98.07.28.97.67.17.87.97.28.0

Nebraska

5.85.85.95.95.75.65.85.95.75.6

Nevada

6.56.16.76.66.05.55.85.75.55.4

New Hampshire

6.16.75.76.66.36.06.26.85.75.7

New Jersey

5.76.56.06.45.76.15.86.45.75.6

New Mexico

6.56.76.46.86.45.76.26.46.15.8

New York

6.36.36.16.36.05.65.86.45.75.3

North Carolina

6.26.15.76.76.35.35.76.45.35.1

North Dakota

7.16.76.66.87.16.36.26.66.26.4

Ohio

5.65.65.45.65.55.15.45.85.35.1

Oklahoma

6.26.46.76.55.85.76.36.16.15.8

Oregon

8.06.26.26.76.35.86.36.36.05.8

Pennsylvania

5.35.35.45.35.14.95.15.24.84.8

Rhode Island

6.46.36.26.45.86.16.16.45.75.6

South Carolina

6.37.55.87.46.45.16.76.55.46.0

South Dakota

6.46.16.06.35.75.96.15.75.86.4

Tennessee

5.15.55.85.85.44.95.35.34.94.8

Texas

5.95.96.06.25.55.15.35.45.25.2

Utah

7.56.97.36.97.36.06.46.46.26.2

Vermont

6.57.26.97.46.77.07.17.66.86.3

Virginia

6.06.25.76.36.45.45.86.35.65.5

Washington

7.27.36.26.46.26.26.56.55.65.6

West Virginia

6.96.87.06.36.06.06.46.46.56.6

Wisconsin

5.65.55.15.45.14.75.55.95.04.8

Wyoming

8.68.48.310.08.68.08.48.47.87.8

Puerto Rico

8.57.97.26.07.16.96.25.86.85.1

Virgin Islands

13.313.212.87.911.918.67.05.97.17.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

United States(1)

6.16.16.06.35.95.55.86.05.65.5

Alabama

6.15.86.06.36.05.45.75.95.35.5

Alaska

10.110.98.911.010.08.910.710.79.89.0

Arizona

6.06.06.66.25.65.35.95.15.15.5

Arkansas

5.45.06.15.95.25.25.75.65.05.1

California

6.46.76.56.96.36.06.46.25.96.2

Colorado

6.86.86.66.86.66.06.16.86.06.3

Connecticut

5.15.85.35.35.25.35.15.74.95.7

Delaware

7.16.45.76.66.45.96.06.55.65.5

District of Columbia

6.05.65.35.65.44.95.65.55.14.9

Florida

6.26.46.86.46.15.56.15.86.15.6

Georgia

6.56.36.76.36.85.76.46.15.85.7

Hawaii

5.15.35.15.85.44.75.45.45.15.9

Idaho

7.97.36.87.47.56.16.86.96.36.1

Illinois

5.75.65.55.55.25.25.65.85.65.1

Indiana

5.75.55.25.65.95.15.55.45.04.8

Iowa

5.65.75.35.85.15.35.45.75.35.4

Kansas

5.35.75.96.15.45.45.65.75.45.7

Kentucky

6.25.95.86.15.85.95.76.05.45.5

Louisiana

6.76.26.36.25.95.96.56.35.85.9

Maine

7.08.06.17.37.27.07.17.56.76.4

Maryland

6.36.16.36.86.45.85.86.66.45.7

Massachusetts

5.76.15.65.85.75.25.56.15.35.2

Michigan

5.65.55.05.65.14.65.26.25.24.6

Minnesota

5.45.85.55.75.25.15.25.75.45.1

Mississippi

5.55.75.96.55.76.06.05.95.36.2

Missouri

5.55.75.95.85.45.25.76.05.45.3

Montana

7.98.07.28.97.67.17.87.97.28.0

Nebraska

5.85.85.95.95.75.65.85.95.75.6

Nevada

6.56.16.76.66.05.55.85.75.55.4

New Hampshire

6.16.75.76.66.36.06.26.85.75.7

New Jersey

5.76.56.06.45.76.15.86.45.75.6

New Mexico

6.56.76.46.86.45.76.26.46.15.8

New York

6.36.36.16.36.05.65.86.45.75.3

North Carolina

6.26.15.76.76.35.35.76.45.35.1

North Dakota

7.16.76.66.87.16.36.26.66.26.4

Ohio

5.65.65.45.65.55.15.45.85.35.1

Oklahoma

6.26.46.76.55.85.76.36.16.15.8

Oregon

8.06.26.26.76.35.86.36.36.05.8

Pennsylvania

5.35.35.45.35.14.95.15.24.84.8

Rhode Island

6.46.36.26.45.86.16.16.45.75.6

South Carolina

6.37.55.87.46.45.16.76.55.46.0

South Dakota

6.46.16.06.35.75.96.15.75.86.4

Tennessee

5.15.55.85.85.44.95.35.34.94.8

Texas

5.95.96.06.25.55.15.35.45.25.2

Utah

7.56.97.36.97.36.06.46.46.26.2

Vermont

6.57.26.97.46.77.07.17.66.86.3

Virginia

6.06.25.76.36.45.45.86.35.65.5

Washington

7.27.36.26.46.26.26.56.55.65.6

West Virginia

6.96.87.06.36.06.06.46.46.56.6

Wisconsin

5.65.55.15.45.14.75.55.95.04.8

Wyoming

8.68.48.310.08.68.08.48.47.87.8

Puerto Rico

8.57.97.26.07.16.96.25.86.85.1

Virgin Islands

13.313.212.87.911.918.67.05.97.17.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, December 20, 2019