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News Release Information

20-396-CHI
Wednesday, March 11, 2020

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Consumer Price Index, Chicago-Naperville-Elgin — February 2020

Local prices up 2.0 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin area was unchanged in February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the index for food was up 0.3 percent and the energy index fell 0.2 percent over the month. The all items less food and energy index was unchanged in February. Within the all items less food and energy category, prices were higher over the month for new and used motor vehicles, other goods and services, and shelter, but lower for apparel and recreation. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Chicago area all items CPI-U increased 2.0 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Over the year, the all items less food and energy index rose 1.9 percent, while the energy and food indexes were up 5.1 percent and 1.1 percent, respectively. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.3 percent in February. Of the two components within the food index, prices for food at home (groceries) increased 0.5 percent, while prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) were unchanged. Within the food at home group, indexes were higher in February for nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks; other meats; and cheese and related products.

From February 2019 to February 2020, the food index increased 1.1 percent. Over the year, grocery prices were down 0.3 percent, and costs for food away from home were up 2.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 0.2 percent in February. Among the index’s components, prices were lower for gasoline (-2.0 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (-0.2 percent).  The electricity index was higher over the month, up 2.6 percent.

Over the year, the Chicago area energy index rose 5.1 percent. From February 2019 to February 2020, gasoline prices were up 9.0 percent and the electricity index increased 4.4 percent. Utility (piped) gas service costs were 4.5 percent lower over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy was unchanged in February. Among the index’s components, prices were higher over the month for new and used motor vehicles (1.3 percent), other goods and services (1.6 percent), and shelter (0.2 percent), but lower for apparel (-3.5 percent) and recreation (-1.6 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.9 percent. Contributing factors included increases in the indexes for shelter (2.6 percent) and medical care (4.6 percent).

Table A. Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20162017201820192020
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.80.90.71.80.81.80.60.80.92.6

February

-0.20.70.12.20.01.60.61.40.02.0

March

0.10.2-0.12.00.01.80.11.5

April

0.60.70.41.70.72.1-0.10.8

May

0.00.30.21.80.42.30.81.2

June

0.50.70.01.3-0.22.2-0.41.0

July

-0.8-0.10.02.2-0.31.90.31.6

August

0.2-0.20.32.30.11.70.21.6

September

0.60.60.42.10.41.60.21.4

October

0.10.8-0.41.60.02.00.31.8

November

0.21.50.41.8-0.61.0-0.22.2

December

-0.21.9-0.41.7-0.31.1-0.22.2

The March 2020 Consumer Price Index for Chicago is scheduled to be released on Friday, April 10, 2020.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI, Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois; Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties in Indiana; and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020
Feb.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020

Expenditure category

All items

242.079244.361244.4072.01.00.0

All items (1967=100)

723.231730.049730.185---

Food and beverages

253.181255.004255.5051.00.90.2

Food

252.756254.536255.2901.11.00.3

Food at home

235.284237.718238.993-0.31.60.5

Cereals and bakery products

263.842267.432269.1291.12.00.6

Meats, poultry, fish and eggs

255.223255.928258.9741.01.51.2

Dairy and related products

215.887210.087219.6653.01.74.6

Fruits and vegetables

303.330315.885306.541-5.21.1-3.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

192.913194.355200.4371.83.93.1

Other food at home

187.435189.030188.791-0.40.7-0.1

Food away from home

271.631272.445272.4452.80.30.0

Alcoholic beverages

257.280259.653256.885-1.6-0.2-1.1

Housing

254.717256.661257.2402.11.00.2

Shelter

324.498326.418326.9462.60.80.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

345.458346.449347.1413.00.50.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

333.408334.705335.6423.20.70.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)(3)

333.408334.705335.6423.20.70.3

Fuels and utilities

205.019208.691211.1581.73.01.2

Household energy

157.354160.960163.4540.93.91.5

Energy services(2)

160.452164.169166.7250.93.91.6

Electricity(2)

161.795166.277170.6024.45.42.6

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

145.303147.574147.284-4.51.4-0.2

Household furnishings and operations

88.79189.79789.614-2.30.9-0.2

Apparel

83.12089.77686.594-2.14.2-3.5

Transportation

183.736185.827186.3242.51.40.3

Private transportation

181.875183.175183.6773.01.00.3

New and used motor vehicles(4)

95.95395.57196.853-0.50.91.3

New vehicles(1)

174.883172.503175.660-0.20.41.8

Used cars and trucks(1)

262.771260.898263.512-1.00.31.0

Motor fuel

233.130237.024232.2258.9-0.4-2.0

Gasoline (all types)

230.624234.538229.8439.0-0.3-2.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

221.800225.703221.0879.2-0.3-2.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(5)(6)

256.058260.024255.6727.7-0.2-1.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

256.586259.167254.8807.4-0.7-1.7

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

547.509542.238546.859-1.4-0.10.9

Medical care

526.094-532.9724.61.3-

Recreation(4)

116.495116.432114.6061.4-1.6-1.6

Education and communication(4)

142.568143.223142.6280.40.0-0.4

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,205.7341,205.7341,209.7242.90.30.3

Other goods and services

402.228400.766407.2363.41.21.6

Commodity and service group

All items

242.079244.361244.4072.01.00.0

Commodities

167.145168.745168.5530.70.8-0.1

Commodities less food and beverages

124.851126.264125.8340.60.8-0.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

168.669172.031170.8332.21.3-0.7

Durables

84.82184.88584.973-1.50.20.1

Services

313.407316.336316.6412.61.00.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

229.876232.026232.0011.70.90.0

All items less shelter

214.166216.561216.4481.61.1-0.1

Commodities less food

129.430130.880130.3870.50.7-0.4

Nondurables

211.009213.679213.2761.51.1-0.2

Nondurables less food

174.403177.713176.4181.91.2-0.7

Services less rent of shelter(3)

317.475321.621321.6972.61.30.0

Services less medical care services

297.246299.841300.1382.11.00.1

Energy

186.689190.388189.9525.11.7-0.2

All items less energy

249.323251.506251.5931.80.90.0

All items less food and energy

249.565251.827251.7951.90.90.0

Footnotes
(1) Index on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Index on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Index on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, March 11, 2020