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News Release Information

20-1521-CHI
Wednesday, August 12, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Consumer Price Index, Chicago-Naperville-Elgin — July 2020

Area prices were up 0.2 percent over the past month, up 1.0 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), rose 0.2 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.  Acting Regional Commissioner Bryan Droste noted that the July increase was influenced by higher prices for new and used motor vehicles, shelter, and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 1.0 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.7 percent over the year. Food prices rose 4.0 percent. Energy prices fell 12.6 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices were unchanged for the month of July.  Prices for food at home (groceries) declined 0.4 percent, and prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) rose 0.6 percent for the same period. Within the food at home group, indexes were higher in July for other miscellaneous foods and other fresh vegetables, but lower for pork chops and uncooked ground beef.

Over the year, food prices rose 4.0 percent. Prices for food at home increased 7.3 percent since a year ago, and prices for food away from home were unchanged.

Energy

The energy index advanced 0.6 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (1.3 percent). Prices for electricity rose 1.0 percent, while prices for utility (piped) gas service decreased 1.5 percent for the same period.

Energy prices fell 12.6 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-23.4 percent). Prices paid for electricity increased 4.0 percent, while prices for utility (piped) gas service decreased 3.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent in July. Higher prices for new and used motor vehicles (1.3 percent), shelter (0.1 percent), and apparel (1.6 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for household furnishings and operations (-1.2 percent) and other goods and services (-0.9 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.7 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (2.2 percent) and recreation (1.9 percent).

Table A. Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.8 0.9 0.7 1.8 0.8 1.8 0.6 0.8 0.9 2.6

February

-0.2 0.7 0.1 2.2 0.0 1.6 0.6 1.4 0.0 2.0

March

0.1 0.2 -0.1 2.0 0.0 1.8 0.1 1.5 -0.7 1.1

April

0.6 0.7 0.4 1.7 0.7 2.1 -0.1 0.8 -0.9 0.3

May

0.0 0.3 0.2 1.8 0.4 2.3 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.4

June

0.5 0.7 0.0 1.3 -0.2 2.2 -0.4 1.0 0.3 1.1

July

-0.8 -0.1 0.0 2.2 -0.3 1.9 0.3 1.6 0.2 1.0

August

0.2 -0.2 0.3 2.3 0.1 1.7 0.2 1.6

September

0.6 0.6 0.4 2.1 0.4 1.6 0.2 1.4

October

0.1 0.8 -0.4 1.6 0.0 2.0 0.3 1.8

November

0.2 1.5 0.4 1.8 -0.6 1.0 -0.2 2.2

December

-0.2 1.9 -0.4 1.7 -0.3 1.1 -0.2 2.2

The August 2020 Consumer Price Index for Chicago is scheduled to be released on Friday, September 11, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on July 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in July was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.   


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI, Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois; Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties in Indiana; and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

 

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jul.
2020
Jul.
2019
May
2020
Jun.
2020

Expenditure category

All items

242.650 243.475 244.046 1.0 0.6 0.2

All items (1967=100)

724.936 727.403 729.109 - - -

Food and beverages

262.358 261.380 261.891 3.8 -0.2 0.2

Food

262.924 261.520 261.601 4.0 -0.5 0.0

Food at home

251.541 252.216 251.201 7.3 -0.1 -0.4

Cereals and bakery products

276.744 274.718 277.926 4.1 0.4 1.2

Meats, poultry, fish and eggs

278.308 292.447 279.904 10.0 0.6 -4.3

Dairy and related products

230.478 226.689 228.118 8.9 -1.0 0.6

Fruits and vegetables

312.519 309.179 312.591 6.4 0.0 1.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

211.929 209.277 207.069 5.7 -2.3 -1.1

Other food at home

201.535 198.971 201.867 7.1 0.2 1.5

Food away from home

272.961 268.653 270.282 0.0 -1.0 0.6

Alcoholic beverages

253.608 258.135 264.204 1.0 4.2 2.4

Housing

258.551 258.871 258.864 2.1 0.1 0.0

Shelter

328.585 329.276 329.702 2.2 0.3 0.1

Rent of primary residence(2)

348.344 349.214 350.090 2.6 0.5 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

338.070 338.897 339.121 3.0 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)(3)

338.070 338.897 339.121 3.0 0.3 0.1

Fuels and utilities

210.766 207.978 208.234 1.3 -1.2 0.1

Household energy

163.017 159.803 159.964 1.0 -1.9 0.1

Energy services(2)

166.371 163.074 163.230 1.1 -1.9 0.1

Electricity(2)

172.302 164.248 165.959 4.0 -3.7 1.0

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

143.897 147.961 145.788 -3.4 1.3 -1.5

Household furnishings and operations

90.748 91.522 90.463 1.6 -0.3 -1.2

Apparel

77.607 78.294 79.524 -3.9 2.5 1.6

Transportation

173.100 177.140 178.567 -7.0 3.2 0.8

Private transportation

172.964 177.537 179.789 -5.1 3.9 1.3

New and used motor vehicles(4)

97.501 97.171 98.477 2.2 1.0 1.3

New vehicles(1)

175.528 174.527 174.836 1.5 -0.4 0.2

Used cars and trucks(1)

265.771 262.946 272.236 -1.1 2.4 3.5

Motor fuel

190.983 206.698 209.208 -23.4 9.5 1.2

Gasoline (all types)

188.856 204.664 207.227 -23.4 9.7 1.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

180.957 196.418 198.893 -23.8 9.9 1.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(5)(6)

214.645 229.581 232.457 -22.0 8.3 1.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

216.928 232.306 234.981 -19.6 8.3 1.2

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

470.457 527.832 540.884 1.5 15.0 2.5

Medical care

532.128 534.562 536.764 - 0.9 0.4

Recreation(4)

114.174 113.634 114.416 1.9 0.2 0.7

Education and communication(4)

142.051 141.326 141.495 0.1 -0.4 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,208.054 1,214.893 1,217.376 2.7 0.8 0.2

Other goods and services

408.491 413.408 409.841 1.1 0.3 -0.9

Commodity and service group

All items

242.650 243.475 244.046 1.0 0.6 0.2

Commodities

166.572 167.392 167.969 -1.1 0.8 0.3

Commodities less food and beverages

120.787 122.203 122.765 -4.5 1.6 0.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

157.391 161.149 162.277 -9.0 3.1 0.7

Durables

85.622 85.448 85.603 1.7 0.0 0.2

Services

315.215 316.008 316.546 2.2 0.4 0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

230.193 230.947 231.444 0.5 0.5 0.2

All items less shelter

213.575 214.443 215.060 0.4 0.7 0.3

Commodities less food

125.337 126.846 127.554 -4.2 1.8 0.6

Nondurables

209.334 210.883 211.731 -2.0 1.1 0.4

Nondurables less food

163.555 167.369 168.797 -8.2 3.2 0.9

Services less rent of shelter(3)

316.885 317.824 318.504 2.1 0.5 0.2

Services less medical care services

298.431 299.073 299.467 1.4 0.3 0.1

Energy

173.208 177.580 178.678 -12.6 3.2 0.6

All items less energy

251.119 251.645 252.176 2.1 0.4 0.2

All items less food and energy

249.850 250.728 251.342 1.7 0.6 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Index on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Index on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Index on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 12, 2020