Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

20-234-CHI
Thursday, February 13, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Consumer Price Index, Chicago-Naperville-Elgin — January 2020

Local prices up 2.6 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin area increased 0.9 percent in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the index for food was up 0.7 percent and the energy index increased 2.0 percent over the month. The all items less food and energy index rose 0.9 percent in January. Within the all items less food and energy category, prices were higher over the month for apparel and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Chicago area all items CPI-U increased 2.6 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Over the year, the all items less food and energy index rose 2.3 percent, while the energy and food indexes were up 8.9 percent and 1.3 percent, respectively. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.7 percent in January. Of the two components within the food index, prices for food at home (groceries) increased 1.0 percent, while prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) rose 0.3 percent. Within the food at home group, indexes were higher in January for other fresh vegetables; carbonated drinks; and spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces.

From January 2019 to January 2020, the food index increased 1.3 percent. Over the year, grocery prices were essentially unchanged, up 0.1 percent, and costs for food away from home were up 2.7 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 2.0 percent in January. Among the index’s components, prices were higher for electricity (+2.8 percent), gasoline (+1.7 percent), and utility (piped) gas service (+1.6 percent).

Over the year, the Chicago area energy index rose 8.9 percent. From January 2019 to January 2020, gasoline prices were up 21.0 percent and the electricity index increased 1.7 percent. Utility (piped) gas service costs were 8.2 percent lower over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy was up 0.9 percent in January. Among the index’s components, prices were higher over the month for apparel (8.0 percent) and shelter (0.6 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.3 percent. A contributing factor was an increase in the index for shelter (2.7 percent).

Table A. Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.8 0.9 0.7 1.8 0.8 1.8 0.6 0.8 0.9 2.6

February

-0.2 0.7 0.1 2.2 0.0 1.6 0.6 1.4

March

0.1 0.2 -0.1 2.0 0.0 1.8 0.1 1.5

April

0.6 0.7 0.4 1.7 0.7 2.1 -0.1 0.8

May

0.0 0.3 0.2 1.8 0.4 2.3 0.8 1.2

June

0.5 0.7 0.0 1.3 -0.2 2.2 -0.4 1.0

July

-0.8 -0.1 0.0 2.2 -0.3 1.9 0.3 1.6

August

0.2 -0.2 0.3 2.3 0.1 1.7 0.2 1.6

September

0.6 0.6 0.4 2.1 0.4 1.6 0.2 1.4

October

0.1 0.8 -0.4 1.6 0.0 2.0 0.3 1.8

November

0.2 1.5 0.4 1.8 -0.6 1.0 -0.2 2.2

December

-0.2 1.9 -0.4 1.7 -0.3 1.1 -0.2 2.2

The February 2020 Consumer Price Index for Chicago is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, March 11, 2020.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI, Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois; Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties in Indiana; and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Jan.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

242.661 242.079 244.361 2.6 0.7 0.9

All items (1967=100)

724.971 723.231 730.049 - - -

Food and beverages

253.866 253.181 255.004 1.2 0.4 0.7

Food

253.398 252.756 254.536 1.3 0.4 0.7

Food at home

236.422 235.284 237.718 0.1 0.5 1.0

Cereals and bakery products

264.576 263.842 267.432 1.1 1.1 1.4

Meats, poultry, fish and eggs

249.628 255.223 255.928 2.0 2.5 0.3

Dairy and related products

214.825 215.887 210.087 -0.3 -2.2 -2.7

Fruits and vegetables

310.262 303.330 315.885 -2.0 1.8 4.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

191.853 192.913 194.355 1.2 1.3 0.7

Other food at home

191.433 187.435 189.030 -0.4 -1.3 0.9

Food away from home

271.631 271.631 272.445 2.7 0.3 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

258.646 257.280 259.653 0.2 0.4 0.9

Housing

254.463 254.717 256.661 1.9 0.9 0.8

Shelter

323.795 324.498 326.418 2.7 0.8 0.6

Rent of primary residence(2)

343.813 345.458 346.449 2.8 0.8 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

331.919 333.408 334.705 2.9 0.8 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)(3)

331.919 333.408 334.705 2.9 0.8 0.4

Fuels and utilities

205.519 205.019 208.691 -0.7 1.5 1.8

Household energy

157.713 157.354 160.960 -2.3 2.1 2.3

Energy services(2)

160.732 160.452 164.169 -2.3 2.1 2.3

Electricity(2)

161.761 161.795 166.277 1.7 2.8 2.8

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

146.011 145.303 147.574 -8.2 1.1 1.6

Household furnishings and operations

89.314 88.791 89.797 -1.5 0.5 1.1

Apparel

87.005 83.120 89.776 7.6 3.2 8.0

Transportation

185.390 183.736 185.827 4.3 0.2 1.1

Private transportation

182.213 181.875 183.175 5.0 0.5 0.7

New and used motor vehicles(4)

95.540 95.953 95.571 -1.2 0.0 -0.4

New vehicles(1)

173.304 174.883 172.503 -1.4 -0.5 -1.4

Used cars and trucks(1)

263.534 262.771 260.898 -1.6 -1.0 -0.7

Motor fuel

236.368 233.130 237.024 20.9 0.3 1.7

Gasoline (all types)

233.859 230.624 234.538 21.0 0.3 1.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

224.959 221.800 225.703 21.6 0.3 1.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(5)(6)

260.304 256.058 260.024 18.2 -0.1 1.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

259.097 256.586 259.167 15.7 0.0 1.0

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

547.509 547.509 542.238 -2.2 -1.0 -1.0

Medical care

525.046 526.094 - - - -

Recreation(4)

116.093 116.495 116.432 2.8 0.3 -0.1

Education and communication(4)

142.240 142.568 143.223 1.0 0.7 0.5

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,204.579 1,205.734 1,205.734 2.5 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

406.353 402.228 400.766 2.5 -1.4 -0.4

Commodity and service group

All items

242.661 242.079 244.361 2.6 0.7 0.9

Commodities

168.199 167.145 168.745 2.2 0.3 1.0

Commodities less food and beverages

125.945 124.851 126.264 2.8 0.3 1.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

171.035 168.669 172.031 6.4 0.6 2.0

Durables

84.951 84.821 84.885 -1.8 -0.1 0.1

Services

313.519 313.407 316.336 2.8 0.9 0.9

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

230.531 229.876 232.026 2.4 0.6 0.9

All items less shelter

215.200 214.166 216.561 2.5 0.6 1.1

Commodities less food

130.546 129.430 130.880 2.7 0.3 1.1

Nondurables

212.677 211.009 213.679 3.5 0.5 1.3

Nondurables less food

176.749 174.403 177.713 6.0 0.5 1.9

Services less rent of shelter(3)

318.473 317.475 321.621 2.9 1.0 1.3

Services less medical care services

297.505 297.246 299.841 2.3 0.8 0.9

Energy

188.275 186.689 190.388 8.9 1.1 2.0

All items less energy

249.816 249.323 251.506 2.2 0.7 0.9

All items less food and energy

250.035 249.565 251.827 2.3 0.7 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Index on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Index on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Index on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, February 13, 2020