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17-1591-CHI
Friday, January 19, 2018

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County Employment and Wages in Iowa — Second Quarter 2017

All four of the large counties in Iowa reported employment growth from June 2016 to June 2017, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are defined as those with employment of 75,000 or more as measured by 2016 annual average employment.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that Polk County had the largest increase, up 1.9 percent, followed by the counties of Johnson (1.7 percent) and Scott (1.6 percent). Linn County had an over-the-year employment increase of 0.5 percent. Nationally, employment increased 1.7 percent. (See table 1.)

Among the four largest counties in Iowa, employment was highest in Polk County (303,500) in June 2017. Collectively, Iowa’s four large counties accounted for 39.0 percent of total employment within the state. Nationwide, the 346 largest counties made up 72.7 percent of total U.S. employment, which stood at 145.2 million in June 2017.

The average weekly wage in Polk County rose 4.3 percent from the second quarter of 2016 to the second quarter of 2017, the largest increase among Iowa’s large counties. Polk County also had the highest average weekly wage in the state at $1,018. (See table 1.) Nationally, the average weekly wage rose 3.2 percent over the year to $1,020 in the second quarter of 2017.

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 95 counties in Iowa with employment below 75,000. All of these smaller counties had average weekly wages below the national average. (See table 2.)

Large county wage changes

Only one of Iowa’s large counties, Polk, recorded wage growth above the national increase of 3.2 percent from the second quarter of 2016 to the second quarter of 2017. (See table 1.) Polk County’s 4.3-percent increase in average weekly wages ranked 71st among the 346 largest U.S. counties. Johnson County (3.1 percent) also placed in the top half of the national ranking at 156th.

Among the 346 largest U.S. counties, 325 had over-the-year increases in average weekly wages in the second quarter of 2017. New Hanover, N.C., ranked first in average weekly wage growth with a gain of 11.9 percent. Nineteen of the 346 largest counties experienced over-the-year decreases in average weekly wages. McLean, Ill., had the largest percentage decline in average weekly wages with a loss of 20.4 percent.

Large county average weekly wages

Average weekly wages in all four large Iowa counties were below the national average of $1,020 in the second quarter of 2017. As noted, Polk County ($1,018) had the highest average weekly wage in the state and ranked 98th among the 346 largest counties in the nation. Scott County ($812) reported the lowest average weekly wage among Iowa’s large counties and ranked 300th nationwide.

Nationwide, weekly wages were higher than the U.S. average of $1,020 in 97 of the largest U.S. counties. Santa Clara, Calif., held the top position with an average weekly wage of $2,392. San Mateo, Calif., was second at $2,093, followed by San Francisco, Calif. ($1,941), and New York, N.Y. ($1,907). There were 249 large U.S. counties with an average weekly wage below the national average. Cameron, Texas ($615) reported the lowest weekly wage, followed by Horry, S.C. ($622) and the Texas counties of Hidalgo ($632) and Webb ($667).

Average weekly wages in Iowa’s smaller counties

All 95 counties in Iowa with employment below 75,000 had average weekly wages below the national average of $1,020. Among these smaller counties, Dallas County had the highest average weekly wage at $961, and Decatur County had the lowest at $617. (See table 2.)

When all 99 counties in Iowa were considered, 28 reported average weekly wages of $699 or lower, 29 reported wages from $700 to $749, 25 had wages from $750 to $799, and 17 had wages of $800 or higher. (See chart 1.)

Additional statistics and other information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit www.bls.gov/cew.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2016 edition of this publication contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2017 version of the national news release. Tables and additional content from Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online are now available at www.bls.gov/cew/cewbultn16.htm.

The County Employment and Wages release for third quarter 2017 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, March 8, 2018.


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The 9.9 million employer reports cover 145.2 million full- and part-time workers. The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/cew; however, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons–some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Covered employment and wages in the United States and the 4 largest counties in Iowa, second quarter 2017
Area Employment Average weekly wage (1)
June 2017 (thousands) Percent change, June 2016-17 (2) National ranking by percent change (3) Average weekly wage National ranking by level (3) Percent change, second quarter 2016-17 (2) National ranking by percent change (3)

United States (4)

145,186.4 1.7 -- $1,020 -- 3.2 --

Iowa

1,571.4 0.4 -- 853 39 3.3 19

Johnson, Iowa

84.1 1.7 157 944 164 3.1 156

Linn, Iowa

132.3 0.5 287 971 141 2.6 196

Polk, Iowa

303.5 1.9 134 1,018 98 4.3 71

Scott, Iowa

93.0 1.6 170 812 300 2.4 215

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(3) Ranking does not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
 

Table 2. Covered employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Iowa, second quarter 2017
Area Employment June 2017 Average weekly wage(1)

United States(2)

145,186,369 $1,020

Iowa

1,571,414 853

Adair

2,852 695

Adams

1,250 703

Allamakee

5,401 655

Appanoose

4,789 702

Audubon

1,835 681

Benton

6,094 710

Black Hawk

74,281 849

Boone

9,585 739

Bremer

10,211 744

Buchanan

6,756 706

Buena Vista

11,181 753

Butler

3,536 665

Calhoun

2,982 696

Carroll

11,892 697

Cass

6,406 703

Cedar

5,661 697

Cerro Gordo

25,358 773

Cherokee

4,867 739

Chickasaw

5,051 775

Clarke

4,502 735

Clay

8,904 755

Clayton

7,071 736

Clinton

21,124 737

Crawford

7,059 753

Dallas

44,294 961

Davis

2,200 713

Decatur

2,322 617

Delaware

6,931 783

Des Moines

22,694 766

Dickinson

11,398 645

Dubuque

59,061 809

Emmet

3,977 730

Fayette

7,237 680

Floyd

6,247 761

Franklin

4,063 781

Fremont

2,480 646

Greene

3,410 756

Grundy

4,229 787

Guthrie

3,188 741

Hamilton

6,067 743

Hancock

6,876 812

Hardin

7,364 719

Harrison

4,344 692

Henry

9,594 770

Howard

4,158 676

Humboldt

4,203 769

Ida

3,788 819

Iowa

10,312 765

Jackson

6,422 620

Jasper

11,754 731

Jefferson

7,746 756

Johnson

84,130 944

Jones

6,596 707

Keokuk

2,277 678

Kossuth

7,322 789

Lee

15,387 830

Linn

132,331 971

Louisa

3,911 710

Lucas

3,446 739

Lyon

4,785 676

Madison

4,134 698

Mahaska

8,052 758

Marion

17,652 848

Marshall

17,349 788

Mills

3,699 794

Mitchell

4,041 756

Monona

2,762 648

Monroe

3,539 879

Montgomery

4,181 735

Muscatine

23,904 913

O'Brien

6,655 678

Osceola

2,504 740

Page

6,170 754

Palo Alto

4,039 686

Plymouth

11,905 855

Pocahontas

2,846 753

Polk

303,502 1,018

Pottawattamie

39,032 752

Poweshiek

10,187 784

Ringgold

1,472 656

Sac

3,169 678

Scott

92,978 812

Shelby

5,985 747

Sioux

21,053 748

Story

46,515 911

Tama

5,843 684

Taylor

2,047 673

Union

6,275 723

Van Buren

2,102 621

Wapello

16,297 737

Warren

11,739 718

Washington

8,481 649

Wayne

1,866 730

Webster

18,691 805

Winnebago

4,534 657

Winneshiek

10,759 747

Woodbury

52,010 757

Worth

2,464 673

Wright

5,789 810

Footnotes
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

NOTE: Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
Data are preliminary.
 

Table 3. Covered employment and wages by state, second quarter 2017
State Employment Average weekly wage (1)
June 2017 (thousands) Percent change, June 2016-17 Average weekly wage National ranking by level Percent change, second quarter 2016-17 National ranking by percent change

United States (2)

145,186.4 1.7 $1,020 -- 3.2 --

Alabama

1,946.4 1.2 858 38 2.8 31

Alaska

338.4 -0.7 1,005 16 -0.5 51

Arizona

2,699.6 2.9 943 23 2.5 35

Arkansas

1,206.0 0.7 810 47 3.2 22

California

17,150.9 2.2 1,210 5 4.7 3

Colorado

2,638.8 2.5 1,042 11 4.2 5

Connecticut

1,701.2 0.6 1,216 4 0.4 50

Delaware

446.6 0.6 1,012 15 2.2 43

District of Columbia

766.5 1.0 1,675 1 3.3 19

Florida

8,390.6 2.8 905 27 2.5 35

Georgia

4,357.8 2.1 956 21 2.9 27

Hawaii

653.0 1.0 935 24 3.5 13

Idaho

723.5 3.4 765 50 3.4 16

Illinois

6,006.6 0.9 1,062 9 2.4 39

Indiana

3,041.0 1.5 859 37 3.7 9

Iowa

1,571.4 0.4 853 39 3.3 19

Kansas

1,377.8 -0.1 849 40 2.4 39

Kentucky

1,889.4 0.8 862 35 2.9 27

Louisiana

1,907.7 0.0 869 34 2.0 46

Maine

629.1 0.9 814 46 2.5 35

Maryland

2,694.8 1.4 1,103 8 3.1 23

Massachusetts

3,604.5 1.6 1,278 2 3.6 11

Michigan

4,365.3 1.6 969 19 2.9 27

Minnesota

2,902.1 2.0 1,037 12 3.9 6

Mississippi

1,128.9 0.7 732 51 0.8 49

Missouri

2,818.7 1.2 889 30 3.0 25

Montana

473.6 1.3 797 48 3.9 6

Nebraska

984.0 0.4 833 43 3.5 13

Nevada

1,333.5 3.4 900 29 2.9 27

New Hampshire

665.4 1.6 1,015 14 1.2 48

New Jersey

4,123.5 1.8 1,173 6 2.3 41

New Mexico

815.4 0.7 823 45 1.5 47

New York

9,417.4 1.6 1,237 3 2.2 43

North Carolina

4,361.4 1.8 902 28 4.3 4

North Dakota

422.7 -0.2 953 22 5.0 2

Ohio

5,422.8 1.2 912 25 3.3 19

Oklahoma

1,583.8 0.8 845 41 2.5 35

Oregon

1,912.6 2.2 967 20 3.8 8

Pennsylvania

5,859.4 1.3 1,000 17 3.0 25

Rhode Island

487.3 1.0 980 18 2.6 33

South Carolina

2,053.9 2.0 834 42 3.6 11

South Dakota

435.5 0.6 785 49 3.4 16

Tennessee

2,948.1 1.8 906 26 3.5 13

Texas

12,059.6 2.1 1,027 13 2.7 32

Utah

1,440.3 3.4 862 35 2.6 33

Vermont

314.2 1.0 870 33 2.1 45

Virginia

3,886.6 1.5 1,047 10 3.7 9

Washington

3,352.5 2.2 1,141 7 5.6 1

West Virginia

690.9 -0.3 828 44 3.4 16

Wisconsin

2,905.3 1.1 876 31 2.3 41

Wyoming

280.2 -0.7 875 32 3.1 23

Puerto Rico

873.6 -1.0 515 (3) 1.2 (3)

Virgin Islands

38.6 0.4 762 (3) 2.6 (3)

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(3) Data not included in the national ranking.
 

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, January 19, 2018