Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

18-1782-CHI
Friday, December 21, 2018

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Minnesota — First Quarter 2018

From December 2017 to March 2018, gross job gains in Minnesota totaled 133,031, while gross job losses numbered 124,520, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 8,511. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 5,163.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The 133,031 gross job gains in the first quarter of 2018 were below the 142,622 gross job gains in the fourth quarter of 2017. The 124,520 gross job losses in the first quarter of 2018 were lower than the 137,459 gross job losses in the fourth quarter of 2017. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.3 percent of private sector employment in Minnesota in the first quarter of 2018, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Minnesota’s rate of gross job losses represented 5.0 percent of private sector employment in the first quarter of 2018 and was below the U.S. rate of 5.4 percent.

During the first quarter of 2018, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 5 of the 11 industry sectors in Minnesota. For example, leisure and hospitality created approximately 26,700 jobs in opening and expanding establishments, but lost more than 23,000 jobs in closing and contracting establishments. The resulting net gain of 3,683 jobs was the largest of any sector in the first quarter of 2018. In education and health services, more than 19,000 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and more than 16,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 3,168 jobs. (See table 1.) Two industry sectors— manufacturing and retail trade—each had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses by just under 2,000. In the remaining seven industry sectors, the net employment change for each was less than 1,000 in the first quarter of 2018.

Minnesota was among the seven states in the West North Central Census division. Six of the seven states in the division had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses. (See table A.) North Dakota and South Dakota had rates of gross job gains that were higher than the 6.0-percent national rate. Five states (Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, and Nebraska) had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the national rate. Iowa, Minnesota, and Missouri had rates of gross job losses that were below the 5.4-percent national rate. The four remaining states had rates of gross job losses that were higher than the national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, West North Central Division, and West North Central states, March 2018, seasonally adjusted
Area Gross job gains Gross job losses Net change Net change as
a percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,406,000 6.0 6,666,000 5.4 740,000 0.6

West North Central (1)

486,748 465,132 21,616

Iowa

72,763 5.5 68,476 5.3 4,287 0.2

Kansas

59,291 5.2 62,541 5.5 -3,250 -0.3

Minnesota

133,031 5.3 124,520 5.0 8,511 0.3

Missouri

128,761 5.4 122,569 5.2 6,192 0.2

Nebraska

46,119 5.6 44,422 5.5 1,697 0.1

North Dakota

24,123 7.0 21,767 6.3 2,356 0.7

South Dakota

22,660 6.4 20,837 5.9 1,823 0.5

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the West North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for second quarter 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 30, 2019.

Revisions to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Minnesota, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

144,230 140,365 131,527 142,622 133,031 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.8 5.3

At expanding establishments

119,973 121,687 109,852 120,098 112,079 4.9 4.9 4.4 4.9 4.5

At opening establishments

24,257 18,678 21,675 22,524 20,952 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8

Gross job losses

121,219 130,303 141,017 137,459 124,520 4.9 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.0

At contracting establishments

106,105 108,624 118,410 112,184 103,873 4.3 4.4 4.8 4.5 4.2

At closing establishments

15,114 21,679 22,607 25,275 20,647 0.6 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

23,011 10,062 -9,490 5,163 8,511 1.0 0.4 -0.4 0.3 0.3

Construction

Gross job gains

19,238 14,664 11,467 16,162 13,908 16.2 12.0 9.7 13.6 11.4

At expanding establishments

15,336 12,667 9,556 13,635 11,110 12.9 10.4 8.1 11.5 9.1

At opening establishments

3,902 1,997 1,911 2,527 2,798 3.3 1.6 1.6 2.1 2.3

Gross job losses

12,150 13,572 14,654 14,527 13,791 10.2 11.2 12.4 12.2 11.3

At contracting establishments

10,515 10,834 12,212 11,626 11,349 8.8 8.9 10.3 9.8 9.3

At closing establishments

1,635 2,738 2,442 2,901 2,442 1.4 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.0

Net employment change (2)

7,088 1,092 -3,187 1,635 117 6.0 0.8 -2.7 1.4 0.1

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

9,367 10,278 8,575 11,089 10,407 2.9 3.2 2.7 3.5 3.3

At expanding establishments

8,740 9,689 8,080 10,210 9,860 2.7 3.0 2.5 3.2 3.1

At opening establishments

627 589 495 879 547 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Gross job losses

8,704 8,947 10,073 9,079 8,470 2.7 2.8 3.1 2.8 2.7

At contracting establishments

7,991 8,108 8,984 8,445 7,302 2.5 2.5 2.8 2.6 2.3

At closing establishments

713 839 1,089 634 1,168 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4

Net employment change (2)

663 1,331 -1,498 2,010 1,937 0.2 0.4 -0.4 0.7 0.6

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

5,736 5,424 5,145 5,053 4,590 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.5

At expanding establishments

4,826 4,750 4,175 4,394 3,939 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.0

At opening establishments

910 674 970 659 651 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5

Gross job losses

4,969 5,232 5,478 4,709 4,644 3.7 4.0 4.2 3.5 3.5

At contracting establishments

4,152 4,094 4,569 3,868 3,824 3.1 3.1 3.5 2.9 2.9

At closing establishments

817 1,138 909 841 820 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6

Net employment change (2)

767 192 -333 344 -54 0.7 0.1 -0.3 0.3 0.0

Retail trade

Gross job gains

17,356 18,519 16,961 17,262 17,318 5.9 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.8

At expanding establishments

14,782 16,478 14,736 15,241 15,388 5.0 5.5 4.9 5.1 5.2

At opening establishments

2,574 2,041 2,225 2,021 1,930 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6

Gross job losses

14,873 17,311 20,030 19,098 15,612 5.0 5.7 6.7 6.4 5.2

At contracting establishments

13,233 14,756 17,906 16,981 13,707 4.4 4.9 6.0 5.7 4.6

At closing establishments

1,640 2,555 2,124 2,117 1,905 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6

Net employment change (2)

2,483 1,208 -3,069 -1,836 1,706 0.9 0.5 -1.1 -0.6 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

4,492 5,021 4,844 6,196 5,190 5.0 5.6 5.4 6.8 5.8

At expanding establishments

3,920 4,461 4,270 5,451 4,685 4.4 5.0 4.8 6.0 5.2

At opening establishments

572 560 574 745 505 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6

Gross job losses

5,620 4,385 4,289 4,612 5,695 6.3 4.9 4.8 5.1 6.3

At contracting establishments

5,133 3,668 3,638 3,965 5,080 5.8 4.1 4.1 4.4 5.6

At closing establishments

487 717 651 647 615 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-1,128 636 555 1,584 -505 -1.3 0.7 0.6 1.7 -0.5

Information

Gross job gains

1,738 1,991 1,931 1,930 1,706 3.4 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.4

At expanding establishments

1,415 1,588 1,544 1,576 1,440 2.8 3.1 3.1 3.2 2.9

At opening establishments

323 403 387 354 266 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.5

Gross job losses

2,091 2,234 2,099 1,932 2,079 4.1 4.4 4.2 3.9 4.2

At contracting establishments

1,723 1,907 1,715 1,585 1,700 3.4 3.8 3.4 3.2 3.4

At closing establishments

368 327 384 347 379 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-353 -243 -168 -2 -373 -0.7 -0.5 -0.3 0.0 -0.8

Financial activities

Gross job gains

6,546 7,413 5,916 6,412 5,325 3.8 4.2 3.3 3.7 3.0

At expanding establishments

5,559 6,401 4,792 5,199 4,130 3.2 3.6 2.7 3.0 2.3

At opening establishments

987 1,012 1,124 1,213 1,195 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7

Gross job losses

5,724 6,358 6,539 7,220 5,381 3.3 3.6 3.7 4.1 3.0

At contracting establishments

4,663 4,811 5,504 5,043 4,130 2.7 2.7 3.1 2.9 2.3

At closing establishments

1,061 1,547 1,035 2,177 1,251 0.6 0.9 0.6 1.2 0.7

Net employment change (2)

822 1,055 -623 -808 -56 0.5 0.6 -0.4 -0.4 0.0

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

21,081 22,707 20,807 22,572 19,357 5.6 6.1 5.6 6.1 5.2

At expanding establishments

17,266 19,642 17,461 18,548 16,060 4.6 5.3 4.7 5.0 4.3

At opening establishments

3,815 3,065 3,346 4,024 3,297 1.0 0.8 0.9 1.1 0.9

Gross job losses

20,880 22,350 22,050 21,740 19,717 5.6 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.3

At contracting establishments

17,992 17,794 17,810 16,239 15,762 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.4 4.2

At closing establishments

2,888 4,556 4,240 5,501 3,955 0.8 1.2 1.1 1.5 1.1

Net employment change (2)

201 357 -1,243 832 -360 0.0 0.1 -0.3 0.2 -0.1

Education and health services

Gross job gains

17,720 18,720 19,285 19,313 19,366 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7

At expanding establishments

15,760 17,003 17,129 16,758 16,121 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1

At opening establishments

1,960 1,717 2,156 2,555 3,245 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6

Gross job losses

14,809 15,242 17,361 18,036 16,198 2.9 3.0 3.4 3.5 3.1

At contracting establishments

13,368 13,431 15,366 15,125 14,169 2.6 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.7

At closing establishments

1,441 1,811 1,995 2,911 2,029 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.4

Net employment change (2)

2,911 3,478 1,924 1,277 3,168 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

30,418 25,796 27,081 26,339 26,691 11.3 9.5 10.0 9.7 9.8

At expanding establishments

23,558 20,707 20,435 20,592 22,003 8.8 7.6 7.5 7.6 8.1

At opening establishments

6,860 5,089 6,646 5,747 4,688 2.5 1.9 2.5 2.1 1.7

Gross job losses

21,694 24,870 28,909 26,456 23,008 8.1 9.1 10.6 9.8 8.5

At contracting establishments

18,790 21,327 23,151 21,148 18,729 7.0 7.8 8.5 7.8 6.9

At closing establishments

2,904 3,543 5,758 5,308 4,279 1.1 1.3 2.1 2.0 1.6

Net employment change (2)

8,724 926 -1,828 -117 3,683 3.2 0.4 -0.6 -0.1 1.3

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

6,533 6,877 6,225 6,110 6,018 7.6 8.0 7.2 7.2 7.1

At expanding establishments

5,404 5,654 4,936 5,002 4,733 6.3 6.6 5.7 5.9 5.6

At opening establishments

1,129 1,223 1,289 1,108 1,285 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.5

Gross job losses

5,921 6,361 6,645 6,941 6,054 6.9 7.4 7.8 8.1 7.2

At contracting establishments

5,070 5,086 5,137 5,479 4,869 5.9 5.9 6.0 6.4 5.8

At closing establishments

851 1,275 1,508 1,462 1,185 1.0 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.4

Net employment change (2)

612 516 -420 -831 -36 0.7 0.6 -0.6 -0.9 -0.1

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018

United States(1)

6.1 6.2 6.0 6.4 6.0 5.6 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.4

Alabama

6.1 5.6 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.2 5.6 5.8 5.4 5.3

Alaska

9.4 10.9 8.7 9.7 9.8 10.1 9.9 10.8 10.2 8.8

Arizona

6.0 6.2 6.6 6.3 6.0 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.3 5.3

Arkansas

5.7 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.4 5.2 5.7 5.5 5.1 5.0

California

6.8 6.9 6.5 6.9 6.4 6.2 6.5 6.3 6.0 5.9

Colorado

6.9 7.0 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.0 6.3 6.5 6.1 6.0

Connecticut

5.8 5.7 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.4 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.2

Delaware

6.6 6.7 6.4 7.0 7.1 5.9 6.6 6.6 6.4 5.9

District of Columbia

5.8 5.7 5.4 5.8 6.0 4.8 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.7

Florida

6.1 6.6 5.8 8.2 6.1 5.6 6.1 7.5 5.3 5.5

Georgia

6.3 6.2 6.2 6.9 6.5 5.9 6.1 6.1 5.6 5.6

Hawaii

5.4 5.2 5.4 5.1 5.0 4.8 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.8

Idaho

7.8 7.3 6.7 7.4 7.9 6.4 6.6 6.8 6.6 5.9

Illinois

5.9 5.7 5.6 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.6 6.0 5.3 5.1

Indiana

5.7 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.1 5.5 5.6 5.0 5.1

Iowa

6.1 5.7 5.5 5.9 5.5 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.3 5.3

Kansas

5.9 5.5 6.3 5.9 5.2 5.6 6.5 5.7 5.2 5.5

Kentucky

5.9 6.1 6.0 6.1 6.2 5.6 6.0 6.0 5.6 5.9

Louisiana

6.5 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.5 5.9 6.6 6.1 6.0 5.8

Maine

7.2 7.7 6.5 7.2 7.2 6.6 6.8 7.5 6.6 7.0

Maryland

6.1 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.3 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3 5.7

Massachusetts

5.6 6.1 5.4 5.7 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.2

Michigan

5.6 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.0 5.3 6.0 5.4 4.6

Minnesota

5.9 5.7 5.3 5.8 5.3 4.9 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.0

Mississippi

5.9 5.9 5.9 6.3 5.5 5.9 6.0 5.9 5.4 5.8

Missouri

5.9 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.4 5.0 5.6 5.9 5.5 5.2

Montana

8.1 7.9 7.2 8.5 7.8 7.2 7.7 7.9 7.4 7.1

Nebraska

6.0 5.5 5.9 6.2 5.6 5.1 6.1 5.9 5.5 5.5

Nevada

6.6 6.2 6.2 6.6 6.5 5.2 5.9 5.8 5.2 5.4

New Hampshire

5.8 6.6 5.5 6.7 6.1 5.7 6.0 6.6 5.9 5.9

New Jersey

5.6 6.7 6.0 6.4 5.6 5.9 5.6 6.3 5.8 5.8

New Mexico

6.5 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.5

New York

6.2 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 5.7 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.6

North Carolina

6.4 6.3 6.0 6.3 6.2 5.7 6.2 6.0 5.5 5.2

North Dakota

7.6 6.8 6.7 6.8 7.0 6.8 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.3

Ohio

5.8 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.2 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.0

Oklahoma

6.3 6.6 6.6 6.4 6.1 6.2 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.5

Oregon

7.0 6.7 6.6 6.8 7.8 5.9 6.1 6.4 6.0 5.6

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.0 4.9

Rhode Island

6.4 6.5 6.0 6.6 6.3 6.0 5.9 6.3 6.0 6.1

South Carolina

6.2 6.1 5.8 7.0 5.9 5.7 6.1 6.2 5.3 4.7

South Dakota

6.4 6.2 5.8 6.4 6.4 5.9 6.2 5.9 5.7 5.9

Tennessee

5.2 5.5 5.4 5.9 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.8

Texas

5.9 5.9 5.9 6.4 5.8 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.3 5.1

Utah

7.7 6.8 7.0 7.0 7.4 6.1 6.3 6.3 5.9 6.0

Vermont

6.6 7.9 6.5 7.4 6.4 6.8 6.8 7.8 6.5 7.0

Virginia

6.1 6.4 5.9 6.3 5.8 5.6 5.9 6.2 5.5 5.2

Washington

6.9 7.1 6.4 6.9 7.2 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.0 5.7

West Virginia

6.3 6.4 6.7 6.3 6.8 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.8

Wisconsin

5.9 5.6 5.0 5.6 5.6 4.8 5.5 5.7 5.0 4.7

Wyoming

8.9 8.6 8.7 8.7 8.4 8.1 9.1 7.9 8.4 8.0

Puerto Rico

5.1 5.4 4.5 7.1 8.4 5.7 5.4 6.8 11.8 6.8

Virgin Islands

5.6 6.7 4.2 9.2 12.0 5.5 5.3 11.6 28.2 16.8

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, December 21, 2018