A to Z Index  |  FAQs  |  About BLS  |  Contact Us    

News Release Information

19-109-CHI
Wednesday, March 20, 2019

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Michigan — Second Quarter 2018

From March 2018 to June 2018, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Michigan totaled 212,862, while gross job losses numbered 194,576, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 18,286. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 42,282. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The 212,862 gross job gains in June 2018 were less than the 215,009 gross job gains in the three-month period ended March 2018. During the past 5 years, gross job gains in Michigan peaked at 225,211 in June 2014 and were at a low of 187,868 in March 2015. The 194,576 gross job losses in the quarter ended June 2018, although larger than the previous quarter, were below the 5-year peak of 221,611 gross job losses in the quarter ended September 2017.

Gross job gains represented 5.6 percent of private sector employment in Michigan in the quarter ended June 2018, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.1 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment in Michigan was 5.1 percent, below the national rate of 5.8 percent in the quarter ended June 2018.

During the second quarter of 2018, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in nine industry sectors in Michigan. For example, within manufacturing, gross job gains exceeded gross jobs losses by 4,645. While almost 17,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, opening and expanding establishments created more than 21,000 jobs. In professional and business services, more than 38,000 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and almost 34,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments resulting in a net employment gain of 4,523. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in two industry sectors. Education and health services and retail trade each had net employment losses that were less than 500.

Michigan was among three states in the East North Central Census division where gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in the quarter ended June 2018. (See table A.) All five states in the division had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.1-percent national rate and rates of gross job losses that were lower than the 5.8-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, June 2018, seasonally adjusted
Area Gross job gains Gross job losses Net change Net change as
a percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,639,000 6.1 7,202,000 5.8 437,000 0.3

East North Central (1)

1,047,864 1,016,812 31,052

Illinois

291,226 5.6 287,764 5.5 3,462 0.1

Indiana

146,171 5.4 147,061 5.5 -890 -0.1

Michigan

212,862 5.6 194,576 5.1 18,286 0.5

Ohio

260,528 5.6 250,063 5.4 10,465 0.2

Wisconsin

137,077 5.4 137,348 5.5 -271 -0.1

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for third quarter 2018 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 24, 2019.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the second time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Michigan, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2017
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
June
2017
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

214,731 197,425 209,924 215,009 212,862 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.6

At expanding establishments

190,342 164,704 177,390 180,432 185,055 5.1 4.4 4.8 4.8 4.9

At opening establishments

24,389 32,721 32,534 34,577 27,807 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.7

Gross job losses

196,603 221,611 201,345 172,727 194,576 5.3 6.0 5.4 4.6 5.1

At contracting establishments

164,269 181,284 165,130 148,071 164,754 4.4 4.9 4.4 3.9 4.3

At closing establishments

32,334 40,327 36,215 24,656 29,822 0.9 1.1 1.0 0.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

18,128 -24,186 8,579 42,282 18,286 0.5 -0.7 0.3 1.1 0.5

Construction

Gross job gains

17,771 15,634 15,237 20,227 17,859 10.9 9.7 9.4 12.1 10.4

At expanding establishments

16,013 13,512 12,433 16,509 15,949 9.8 8.4 7.7 9.9 9.3

At opening establishments

1,758 2,122 2,804 3,718 1,910 1.1 1.3 1.7 2.2 1.1

Gross job losses

13,970 15,995 17,978 12,772 15,160 8.6 9.9 11.2 7.6 8.9

At contracting establishments

12,070 13,214 14,815 11,193 13,011 7.4 8.2 9.2 6.7 7.6

At closing establishments

1,900 2,781 3,163 1,579 2,149 1.2 1.7 2.0 0.9 1.3

Net employment change (2)

3,801 -361 -2,741 7,455 2,699 2.3 -0.2 -1.8 4.5 1.5

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

21,999 18,378 20,763 23,696 21,506 3.6 3.0 3.4 3.8 3.4

At expanding establishments

20,712 16,530 18,838 21,984 20,278 3.4 2.7 3.1 3.5 3.2

At opening establishments

1,287 1,848 1,925 1,712 1,228 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Gross job losses

16,897 20,768 17,693 14,340 16,861 2.7 3.4 2.9 2.3 2.7

At contracting establishments

15,494 18,562 15,467 13,390 15,247 2.5 3.0 2.5 2.1 2.4

At closing establishments

1,403 2,206 2,226 950 1,614 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3

Net employment change (2)

5,102 -2,390 3,070 9,356 4,645 0.9 -0.4 0.5 1.5 0.7

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

7,424 6,517 6,610 6,948 7,025 4.3 3.7 3.8 4.1 4.1

At expanding establishments

6,690 5,590 5,942 5,981 6,212 3.9 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.6

At opening establishments

734 927 668 967 813 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5

Gross job losses

6,083 7,047 6,817 5,851 6,022 3.5 4.1 4.0 3.4 3.5

At contracting establishments

5,150 5,804 5,488 5,091 5,011 3.0 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9

At closing establishments

933 1,243 1,329 760 1,011 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.6

Net employment change (2)

1,341 -530 -207 1,097 1,003 0.8 -0.4 -0.2 0.7 0.6

Retail trade

Gross job gains

27,336 24,573 24,377 27,895 28,865 5.7 5.2 5.2 5.9 6.0

At expanding establishments

24,867 21,314 21,281 24,201 24,457 5.2 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.1

At opening establishments

2,469 3,259 3,096 3,694 4,408 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9

Gross job losses

27,927 28,839 28,503 24,025 29,052 5.9 6.1 6.1 5.1 6.1

At contracting establishments

23,312 25,025 24,235 21,199 25,066 4.9 5.3 5.2 4.5 5.3

At closing establishments

4,615 3,814 4,268 2,826 3,986 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-591 -4,266 -4,126 3,870 -187 -0.2 -0.9 -0.9 0.8 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

6,083 7,262 10,299 6,067 6,441 5.1 6.1 8.4 4.9 5.2

At expanding establishments

5,497 6,473 9,586 5,299 5,789 4.6 5.4 7.8 4.3 4.7

At opening establishments

586 789 713 768 652 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5

Gross job losses

6,384 5,904 5,547 7,433 6,139 5.4 5.0 4.5 6.0 5.0

At contracting establishments

5,775 5,184 4,634 6,816 5,309 4.9 4.4 3.8 5.5 4.3

At closing establishments

609 720 913 617 830 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-301 1,358 4,752 -1,366 302 -0.3 1.1 3.9 -1.1 0.2

Information

Gross job gains

2,899 3,640 3,092 2,988 2,822 5.1 6.5 5.5 5.3 5.0

At expanding establishments

2,327 2,817 2,142 2,295 2,193 4.1 5.0 3.8 4.1 3.9

At opening establishments

572 823 950 693 629 1.0 1.5 1.7 1.2 1.1

Gross job losses

3,351 3,218 3,309 3,008 2,770 6.0 5.7 5.8 5.4 4.9

At contracting establishments

2,525 2,474 2,444 1,960 2,143 4.5 4.4 4.3 3.5 3.8

At closing establishments

826 744 865 1,048 627 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.9 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-452 422 -217 -20 52 -0.9 0.8 -0.3 -0.1 0.1

Financial activities

Gross job gains

9,352 7,672 9,114 7,713 8,504 4.6 3.8 4.5 3.8 4.2

At expanding establishments

8,050 6,415 6,812 6,226 7,090 4.0 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.5

At opening establishments

1,302 1,257 2,302 1,487 1,414 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.7 0.7

Gross job losses

6,970 9,771 8,584 6,447 6,452 3.5 4.8 4.2 3.2 3.2

At contracting establishments

5,370 7,068 6,682 5,454 5,205 2.7 3.5 3.3 2.7 2.6

At closing establishments

1,600 2,703 1,902 993 1,247 0.8 1.3 0.9 0.5 0.6

Net employment change (2)

2,382 -2,099 530 1,266 2,052 1.1 -1.0 0.3 0.6 1.0

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

39,228 35,163 41,744 40,773 38,382 6.1 5.4 6.5 6.2 5.8

At expanding establishments

34,316 29,277 36,075 35,783 33,764 5.3 4.5 5.6 5.4 5.1

At opening establishments

4,912 5,886 5,669 4,990 4,618 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

37,497 45,122 38,090 30,299 33,859 5.8 7.0 5.8 4.6 5.1

At contracting establishments

31,873 37,311 30,663 24,990 28,445 4.9 5.8 4.7 3.8 4.3

At closing establishments

5,624 7,811 7,427 5,309 5,414 0.9 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.8

Net employment change (2)

1,731 -9,959 3,654 10,474 4,523 0.3 -1.6 0.7 1.6 0.7

Education and health services

Gross job gains

24,048 25,364 23,927 23,531 23,940 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.7

At expanding establishments

20,897 21,789 20,830 20,097 20,238 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.0 3.1

At opening establishments

3,151 3,575 3,097 3,434 3,702 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6

Gross job losses

21,077 22,178 20,672 22,534 24,381 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.7

At contracting establishments

17,682 17,783 16,776 18,182 21,112 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.8 3.2

At closing establishments

3,395 4,395 3,896 4,352 3,269 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5

Net employment change (2)

2,971 3,186 3,255 997 -441 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.0 0.0

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

40,117 37,053 37,547 36,614 39,031 9.2 8.6 8.7 8.4 8.9

At expanding establishments

34,963 27,292 29,328 28,300 33,768 8.0 6.3 6.8 6.5 7.7

At opening establishments

5,154 9,761 8,219 8,314 5,263 1.2 2.3 1.9 1.9 1.2

Gross job losses

38,431 44,751 37,142 30,646 37,143 8.8 10.4 8.6 7.0 8.5

At contracting establishments

30,896 34,363 30,108 26,749 30,676 7.1 8.0 7.0 6.1 7.0

At closing establishments

7,535 10,388 7,034 3,897 6,467 1.7 2.4 1.6 0.9 1.5

Net employment change (2)

1,686 -7,698 405 5,968 1,888 0.4 -1.8 0.1 1.4 0.4

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

9,755 8,469 8,421 8,484 10,000 7.8 6.7 6.7 6.9 7.9

At expanding establishments

8,240 7,070 6,742 6,659 8,598 6.6 5.6 5.4 5.4 6.8

At opening establishments

1,515 1,399 1,679 1,825 1,402 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.1

Gross job losses

8,735 9,352 8,712 8,213 7,114 7.0 7.4 7.0 6.7 5.6

At contracting establishments

6,641 7,318 6,878 6,655 5,744 5.3 5.8 5.5 5.4 4.5

At closing establishments

2,094 2,034 1,834 1,558 1,370 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.1

Net employment change (2)

1,020 -883 -291 271 2,886 0.8 -0.7 -0.3 0.2 2.3

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018

United States(1)

6.2 6.0 6.4 6.0 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.4 5.8

Alabama

5.6 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.7

Alaska

10.9 8.7 9.7 9.8 10.9 9.9 10.8 10.2 8.8 10.7

Arizona

6.2 6.6 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.9

Arkansas

5.4 5.8 6.1 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.5 5.1 5.0 5.6

California

6.9 6.5 6.9 6.4 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.0 5.9 6.3

Colorado

7.0 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.3 6.5 6.1 6.0 6.1

Connecticut

5.7 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.8 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.0

Delaware

6.7 6.4 7.0 7.1 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.4 5.9 6.0

District of Columbia

5.7 5.4 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.7 5.5

Florida

6.6 5.8 8.2 6.1 6.5 6.1 7.5 5.3 5.5 6.1

Georgia

6.2 6.2 6.9 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.1 5.6 5.6 6.4

Hawaii

5.2 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.8 5.5

Idaho

7.3 6.7 7.4 7.9 7.3 6.6 6.8 6.6 5.9 6.7

Illinois

5.7 5.6 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.6 6.0 5.3 5.1 5.5

Indiana

5.7 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.5

Iowa

5.7 5.5 5.9 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.4

Kansas

5.5 6.3 5.9 5.2 5.7 6.5 5.7 5.2 5.5 5.6

Kentucky

6.1 6.0 6.1 6.2 5.9 6.0 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.6

Louisiana

6.3 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.1 6.6 6.1 6.0 5.8 6.5

Maine

7.7 6.5 7.2 7.2 8.1 6.8 7.5 6.6 7.0 7.1

Maryland

6.4 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 5.7 5.8

Massachusetts

6.1 5.4 5.7 5.4 6.1 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.4

Michigan

5.8 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.3 6.0 5.4 4.6 5.1

Minnesota

5.7 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.0 5.3

Mississippi

5.9 5.9 6.3 5.5 5.7 6.0 5.9 5.4 5.8 6.0

Missouri

5.6 5.9 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.5 5.2 5.7

Montana

7.9 7.2 8.5 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.9 7.4 7.1 7.8

Nebraska

5.5 5.9 6.2 5.6 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.5 5.5 5.8

Nevada

6.2 6.2 6.6 6.5 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.2 5.4 5.8

New Hampshire

6.6 5.5 6.7 6.1 6.7 6.0 6.6 5.9 5.9 6.3

New Jersey

6.7 6.0 6.4 5.6 6.5 5.6 6.3 5.8 5.8 5.7

New Mexico

6.8 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.5 6.2

New York

6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.3 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.8

North Carolina

6.3 6.0 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.0 5.5 5.2 5.5

North Dakota

6.8 6.7 6.8 7.0 6.7 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.3 6.2

Ohio

5.8 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.0 5.4

Oklahoma

6.6 6.6 6.4 6.1 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.5 6.5

Oregon

6.7 6.6 6.8 7.8 6.2 6.1 6.4 6.0 5.6 6.2

Pennsylvania

5.5 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.1

Rhode Island

6.5 6.0 6.6 6.3 6.3 5.9 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.1

South Carolina

6.1 5.8 7.0 5.9 7.5 6.1 6.2 5.3 4.7 6.5

South Dakota

6.2 5.8 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.2 5.9 5.7 5.9 6.1

Tennessee

5.5 5.4 5.9 5.0 5.5 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.1

Texas

5.9 5.9 6.4 5.8 5.9 5.4 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.2

Utah

6.8 7.0 7.0 7.4 6.9 6.3 6.3 5.9 6.0 6.3

Vermont

7.9 6.5 7.4 6.4 7.2 6.8 7.8 6.5 7.0 7.3

Virginia

6.4 5.9 6.3 5.8 6.1 5.9 6.2 5.5 5.2 5.8

Washington

7.1 6.4 6.9 7.2 7.3 6.2 6.4 6.0 5.7 6.3

West Virginia

6.4 6.7 6.3 6.8 6.8 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.8 6.4

Wisconsin

5.6 5.0 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.0 4.7 5.5

Wyoming

8.6 8.7 8.7 8.4 8.2 9.1 7.9 8.4 8.0 8.3

Puerto Rico

5.4 4.5 7.1 8.4 8.0 5.4 6.8 11.8 6.8 6.2

Virgin Islands

6.7 4.2 9.2 12.0 12.5 5.3 11.6 28.2 16.8 8.6

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, March 20, 2019