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News Release Information

19-1871-CHI
Friday, December 20, 2019

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Minnesota — First Quarter 2019

From December 2018 to March 2019, gross job gains in opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Minnesota totaled 129,422, while gross job losses in closing and contracting private-sector establishment numbered 128,720, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 702. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 7,235. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The 129,422 gross job gains in the first quarter of 2019 were below the 142,627 gross job gains in the fourth quarter of 2018. The 128,720 gross job losses in the first quarter of 2019 were lower than the 135,392 gross job losses in the fourth quarter of 2018. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.2 percent of private-sector employment in Minnesota in the first quarter of 2019, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 5.9 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Minnesota’s rate of gross job losses represented 5.1 percent of private-sector employment in the first quarter of 2019 and was below the U.S. rate of 5.5 percent.

During the first quarter of 2019, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 5 of the 11 industry sectors in Minnesota. For example, professional and business services created 23,285 jobs in opening and expanding establishments, but lost 21,021 jobs in closing and contracting establishments. The resulting net gain of 2,264 jobs was the largest of any sector that had net employment gains in the first quarter of 2019. In construction, 14,991 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and 13,072 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 1,919 jobs. (See table 1.)

In the six industry sectors with net employment losses, retail trade had the largest decline with the loss of 2,487 jobs.

Four of the seven states in the West North Central Census division, including Minnesota, had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses. (See table A.) North Dakota had a rate of gross job gains that was higher than the 5.9-percent national rate. Minnesota and the remaining states in the division had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the national rate. Iowa, Minnesota, and Missouri had rates of gross job losses that were below the 5.5-percent national rate. The four remaining states had rates of gross job losses that were higher than the national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, West North Central Division, and West North Central states, March 2019, seasonally adjusted
Area Gross job gains Gross job losses Net change Net change as
a percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,375,000 5.9 6,850,000 5.5 525,000 0.4

West North Central (1)

480,588 482,125 -1,537

Iowa

67,346 5.1 71,892 5.4 -4,546 -0.3

Kansas

62,736 5.4 64,959 5.7 -2,223 -0.3

Minnesota

129,422 5.2 128,720 5.1 702 0.1

Missouri

129,371 5.4 126,018 5.3 3,353 0.1

Nebraska

46,491 5.7 45,655 5.6 836 0.1

North Dakota

24,826 7.1 22,437 6.4 2,389 0.7

South Dakota

20,396 5.7 22,444 6.4 -2,048 -0.7

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the West North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for second quarter 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 29, 2020.

Changes to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Minnesota, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

133,777 142,600 135,956 142,627 129,422 5.4 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.2

At expanding establishments

112,139 118,585 115,852 119,098 112,086 4.5 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.5

At opening establishments

21,638 24,015 20,104 23,529 17,336 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.7

Gross job losses

125,177 130,507 142,031 135,392 128,720 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.4 5.1

At contracting establishments

103,964 111,964 119,252 112,833 108,335 4.2 4.5 4.8 4.5 4.3

At closing establishments

21,213 18,543 22,779 22,559 20,385 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

8,600 12,093 -6,075 7,235 702 0.3 0.6 -0.2 0.3 0.1

Construction

Gross job gains

13,892 15,855 12,631 14,171 14,991 11.5 13.0 10.3 11.6 11.9

At expanding establishments

10,992 12,695 10,629 11,923 12,413 9.1 10.4 8.7 9.8 9.9

At opening establishments

2,900 3,160 2,002 2,248 2,578 2.4 2.6 1.6 1.8 2.0

Gross job losses

13,884 12,268 14,135 14,634 13,072 11.4 10.0 11.6 12.0 10.4

At contracting establishments

11,473 9,913 11,605 11,766 10,684 9.4 8.1 9.5 9.6 8.5

At closing establishments

2,411 2,355 2,530 2,868 2,388 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.4 1.9

Net employment change (2)

8 3,587 -1,504 -463 1,919 0.1 3.0 -1.3 -0.4 1.5

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

10,498 10,844 9,450 11,587 9,110 3.3 3.3 2.9 3.6 2.8

At expanding establishments

9,950 10,114 8,820 10,845 8,654 3.1 3.1 2.7 3.4 2.7

At opening establishments

548 730 630 742 456 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Gross job losses

8,433 9,319 9,629 8,687 8,809 2.7 2.9 3.0 2.6 2.7

At contracting establishments

7,239 8,608 8,603 7,928 8,074 2.3 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.5

At closing establishments

1,194 711 1,026 759 735 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Net employment change (2)

2,065 1,525 -179 2,900 301 0.6 0.4 -0.1 1.0 0.1

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

4,738 5,483 4,997 5,358 5,316 3.6 4.2 3.9 4.1 4.1

At expanding establishments

4,058 4,701 4,255 4,498 4,569 3.1 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.5

At opening establishments

680 782 742 860 747 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6

Gross job losses

4,623 4,627 5,481 4,651 4,970 3.5 3.5 4.2 3.5 3.9

At contracting establishments

3,807 3,828 4,702 3,570 3,991 2.9 2.9 3.6 2.7 3.1

At closing establishments

816 799 779 1,081 979 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8

Net employment change (2)

115 856 -484 707 346 0.1 0.7 -0.3 0.6 0.2

Retail trade

Gross job gains

17,287 17,798 18,970 16,108 14,398 5.8 5.9 6.4 5.4 4.9

At expanding establishments

15,379 15,695 17,229 14,490 13,291 5.2 5.2 5.8 4.9 4.5

At opening establishments

1,908 2,103 1,741 1,618 1,107 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4

Gross job losses

15,865 16,388 21,556 16,539 16,885 5.3 5.4 7.2 5.6 5.8

At contracting establishments

13,721 15,087 17,953 14,536 14,962 4.6 5.0 6.0 4.9 5.1

At closing establishments

2,144 1,301 3,603 2,003 1,923 0.7 0.4 1.2 0.7 0.7

Net employment change (2)

1,422 1,410 -2,586 -431 -2,487 0.5 0.5 -0.8 -0.2 -0.9

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

5,148 4,900 6,378 6,093 5,202 5.7 5.4 7.1 6.7 5.7

At expanding establishments

4,636 4,138 5,726 5,173 4,670 5.1 4.6 6.4 5.7 5.1

At opening establishments

512 762 652 920 532 0.6 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.6

Gross job losses

5,736 6,910 4,738 4,428 5,584 6.3 7.7 5.3 4.9 6.1

At contracting establishments

5,090 6,384 4,277 3,884 5,112 5.6 7.1 4.8 4.3 5.6

At closing establishments

646 526 461 544 472 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-588 -2,010 1,640 1,665 -382 -0.6 -2.3 1.8 1.8 -0.4

Information

Gross job gains

1,714 1,797 2,024 1,819 1,671 3.5 3.7 4.2 3.7 3.5

At expanding establishments

1,436 1,462 1,690 1,418 1,377 2.9 3.0 3.5 2.9 2.9

At opening establishments

278 335 334 401 294 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6

Gross job losses

2,047 2,220 2,427 2,291 1,916 4.1 4.5 5.0 4.8 4.1

At contracting establishments

1,663 1,929 1,801 1,920 1,631 3.3 3.9 3.7 4.0 3.5

At closing establishments

384 291 626 371 285 0.8 0.6 1.3 0.8 0.6

Net employment change (2)

-333 -423 -403 -472 -245 -0.6 -0.8 -0.8 -1.1 -0.6

Financial activities

Gross job gains

5,369 7,146 6,722 6,625 5,670 3.1 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.1

At expanding establishments

4,182 6,043 5,585 5,230 4,916 2.4 3.4 3.1 2.9 2.7

At opening establishments

1,187 1,103 1,137 1,395 754 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.4

Gross job losses

5,404 5,648 6,554 6,210 5,900 3.0 3.2 3.7 3.4 3.2

At contracting establishments

4,146 4,554 5,289 4,873 4,392 2.3 2.6 3.0 2.7 2.4

At closing establishments

1,258 1,094 1,265 1,337 1,508 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-35 1,498 168 415 -230 0.1 0.8 0.0 0.3 -0.1

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

19,336 23,406 21,103 25,379 23,285 5.1 6.2 5.6 6.7 6.1

At expanding establishments

15,856 18,756 17,458 19,583 19,340 4.2 5.0 4.6 5.2 5.1

At opening establishments

3,480 4,650 3,645 5,796 3,945 0.9 1.2 1.0 1.5 1.0

Gross job losses

19,818 21,393 21,908 26,842 21,021 5.3 5.7 5.8 7.2 5.5

At contracting establishments

15,773 17,917 18,340 22,489 17,089 4.2 4.8 4.9 6.0 4.5

At closing establishments

4,045 3,476 3,568 4,353 3,932 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-482 2,013 -805 -1,463 2,264 -0.2 0.5 -0.2 -0.5 0.6

Education and health services

Gross job gains

19,899 18,529 17,896 19,955 16,797 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.8 3.1

At expanding establishments

16,537 16,510 15,586 16,971 14,955 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.2 2.8

At opening establishments

3,362 2,019 2,310 2,984 1,842 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.3

Gross job losses

15,922 16,366 17,870 16,383 17,233 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.2

At contracting establishments

13,999 14,495 15,476 13,916 14,444 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.6 2.7

At closing establishments

1,923 1,871 2,394 2,467 2,789 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5

Net employment change (2)

3,977 2,163 26 3,572 -436 0.7 0.3 0.0 0.7 -0.1

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

26,503 26,805 26,188 25,429 23,963 9.7 9.8 9.6 9.3 8.7

At expanding establishments

21,595 20,481 21,081 20,820 20,146 7.9 7.5 7.7 7.6 7.3

At opening establishments

4,908 6,324 5,107 4,609 3,817 1.8 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.4

Gross job losses

23,342 26,390 27,269 24,732 23,876 8.6 9.6 10.0 9.0 8.6

At contracting establishments

18,814 22,167 22,847 20,007 20,224 6.9 8.1 8.4 7.3 7.3

At closing establishments

4,528 4,223 4,422 4,725 3,652 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.3

Net employment change (2)

3,161 415 -1,081 697 87 1.1 0.2 -0.4 0.3 0.1

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

6,245 6,858 6,473 6,720 5,845 7.4 8.1 7.6 7.9 7.0

At expanding establishments

4,921 5,398 5,109 5,245 4,952 5.8 6.4 6.0 6.2 5.9

At opening establishments

1,324 1,460 1,364 1,475 893 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.1

Gross job losses

6,231 5,413 7,496 6,328 5,884 7.4 6.4 8.8 7.5 6.9

At contracting establishments

4,998 4,141 6,016 4,980 4,686 5.9 4.9 7.1 5.9 5.5

At closing establishments

1,233 1,272 1,480 1,348 1,198 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.4

Net employment change (2)

14 1,445 -1,023 392 -39 0.0 1.7 -1.2 0.4 0.1

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

United States(1)

6.1 6.1 6.0 6.3 5.9 5.5 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.5

Alabama

6.1 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.0 5.4 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.5

Alaska

10.1 10.9 8.9 11.0 10.0 8.9 10.7 10.7 9.8 9.0

Arizona

6.0 6.0 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.3 5.9 5.1 5.1 5.5

Arkansas

5.4 5.0 6.1 5.9 5.2 5.2 5.7 5.6 5.0 5.1

California

6.4 6.7 6.5 6.9 6.3 6.0 6.4 6.2 5.9 6.2

Colorado

6.8 6.8 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.0 6.1 6.8 6.0 6.3

Connecticut

5.1 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.7 4.9 5.7

Delaware

7.1 6.4 5.7 6.6 6.4 5.9 6.0 6.5 5.6 5.5

District of Columbia

6.0 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.4 4.9 5.6 5.5 5.1 4.9

Florida

6.2 6.4 6.8 6.4 6.1 5.5 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.6

Georgia

6.5 6.3 6.7 6.3 6.8 5.7 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.7

Hawaii

5.1 5.3 5.1 5.8 5.4 4.7 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.9

Idaho

7.9 7.3 6.8 7.4 7.5 6.1 6.8 6.9 6.3 6.1

Illinois

5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.2 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.1

Indiana

5.7 5.5 5.2 5.6 5.9 5.1 5.5 5.4 5.0 4.8

Iowa

5.6 5.7 5.3 5.8 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.7 5.3 5.4

Kansas

5.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.7

Kentucky

6.2 5.9 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.9 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.5

Louisiana

6.7 6.2 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.5 6.3 5.8 5.9

Maine

7.0 8.0 6.1 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.1 7.5 6.7 6.4

Maryland

6.3 6.1 6.3 6.8 6.4 5.8 5.8 6.6 6.4 5.7

Massachusetts

5.7 6.1 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.2 5.5 6.1 5.3 5.2

Michigan

5.6 5.5 5.0 5.6 5.1 4.6 5.2 6.2 5.2 4.6

Minnesota

5.4 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.4 5.1

Mississippi

5.5 5.7 5.9 6.5 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.3 6.2

Missouri

5.5 5.7 5.9 5.8 5.4 5.2 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.3

Montana

7.9 8.0 7.2 8.9 7.6 7.1 7.8 7.9 7.2 8.0

Nebraska

5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.6

Nevada

6.5 6.1 6.7 6.6 6.0 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4

New Hampshire

6.1 6.7 5.7 6.6 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.8 5.7 5.7

New Jersey

5.7 6.5 6.0 6.4 5.7 6.1 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.6

New Mexico

6.5 6.7 6.4 6.8 6.4 5.7 6.2 6.4 6.1 5.8

New York

6.3 6.3 6.1 6.3 6.0 5.6 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.3

North Carolina

6.2 6.1 5.7 6.7 6.3 5.3 5.7 6.4 5.3 5.1

North Dakota

7.1 6.7 6.6 6.8 7.1 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.2 6.4

Ohio

5.6 5.6 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.4 5.8 5.3 5.1

Oklahoma

6.2 6.4 6.7 6.5 5.8 5.7 6.3 6.1 6.1 5.8

Oregon

8.0 6.2 6.2 6.7 6.3 5.8 6.3 6.3 6.0 5.8

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.2 4.8 4.8

Rhode Island

6.4 6.3 6.2 6.4 5.8 6.1 6.1 6.4 5.7 5.6

South Carolina

6.3 7.5 5.8 7.4 6.4 5.1 6.7 6.5 5.4 6.0

South Dakota

6.4 6.1 6.0 6.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.7 5.8 6.4

Tennessee

5.1 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.4 4.9 5.3 5.3 4.9 4.8

Texas

5.9 5.9 6.0 6.2 5.5 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.2

Utah

7.5 6.9 7.3 6.9 7.3 6.0 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.2

Vermont

6.5 7.2 6.9 7.4 6.7 7.0 7.1 7.6 6.8 6.3

Virginia

6.0 6.2 5.7 6.3 6.4 5.4 5.8 6.3 5.6 5.5

Washington

7.2 7.3 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.5 5.6 5.6

West Virginia

6.9 6.8 7.0 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.6

Wisconsin

5.6 5.5 5.1 5.4 5.1 4.7 5.5 5.9 5.0 4.8

Wyoming

8.6 8.4 8.3 10.0 8.6 8.0 8.4 8.4 7.8 7.8

Puerto Rico

8.5 7.9 7.2 6.0 7.1 6.9 6.2 5.8 6.8 5.1

Virgin Islands

13.3 13.2 12.8 7.9 11.9 18.6 7.0 5.9 7.1 7.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, December 20, 2019