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News Release Information

21-1767-CHI
Friday, November 26, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in North Dakota — First Quarter 2021

From December 2020 to March 2021, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in North Dakota were 25,429, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 20,985, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Jason Palmer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 4,444 jobs in the private sector during the first quarter of 2021. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 500. (See chart 1.)


The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the first quarter of 2021, gross job gains represented 7.8 percent of private-sector employment in North Dakota; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 6.8 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In North Dakota, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 21,401 in the first quarter of 2021, an increase of 2,288 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 4,028 jobs gained in the first quarter of 2021, a decrease of 72 jobs from the previous quarter.


Gross job losses

In the first quarter of 2021, gross job losses represented 6.5 percent of private-sector employment in North Dakota; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 5.4 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In North Dakota, contracting establishments lost 17,209 jobs in the first quarter of 2021, a decrease of 1,769 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 3,776 jobs, an increase of 41 jobs from the previous quarter.


Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 4 of the 5 industry sectors in North Dakota in the first quarter of 2021. Leisure and hospitality had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 3,255 jobs. This was the result of 5,240 gross job gains and 1,985 gross job losses. The professional and business services industry had a net gain of 628 jobs. Construction showed a net loss of 383 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2021 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 26, 2022.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on First Quarter 2021 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, North Dakota, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

24,206 17,552 28,228 23,213 25,429 6.9 5.3 8.9 7.2 7.8

At expanding establishments

20,512 13,712 22,885 19,113 21,401 5.8 4.1 7.2 5.9 6.6

At opening establishments

3,694 3,840 5,343 4,100 4,028 1.1 1.2 1.7 1.3 1.2

Gross job losses

25,311 56,881 21,947 22,713 20,985 7.2 17.1 6.9 7.1 6.5

At contracting establishments

21,696 49,950 17,795 18,978 17,209 6.2 15.0 5.6 5.9 5.3

At closing establishments

3,615 6,931 4,152 3,735 3,776 1.0 2.1 1.3 1.2 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-1,105 -39,329 6,281 500 4,444 -0.3 -11.8 2.0 0.1 1.3

Construction

Gross job gains

4,471 3,759 4,079 3,910 3,853 15.8 14.2 16.5 15.9 15.6

At expanding establishments

3,472 2,913 2,914 2,981 2,947 12.3 11.0 11.8 12.1 11.9

At opening establishments

999 846 1,165 929 906 3.5 3.2 4.7 3.8 3.7

Gross job losses

5,055 8,063 4,291 4,093 4,236 18.0 30.5 17.3 16.6 17.1

At contracting establishments

4,268 6,600 3,394 3,212 3,326 15.2 25.0 13.7 13.0 13.4

At closing establishments

787 1,463 897 881 910 2.8 5.5 3.6 3.6 3.7

Net employment change (2)

-584 -4,304 -212 -183 -383 -2.2 -16.3 -0.8 -0.7 -1.5

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

1,164 942 1,376 1,042 1,145 4.8 4.0 6.1 4.6 5.0

At expanding establishments

1,008 780 1,229 895 1,021 4.2 3.3 5.4 4.0 4.5

At opening establishments

156 162 147 147 124 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5

Gross job losses

1,343 2,708 1,259 1,032 1,062 5.5 11.6 5.6 4.6 4.7

At contracting establishments

1,163 2,515 999 904 880 4.8 10.8 4.4 4.0 3.9

At closing establishments

180 193 260 128 182 0.7 0.8 1.2 0.6 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-179 -1,766 117 10 83 -0.7 -7.6 0.5 0.0 0.3

Retail trade

Gross job gains

2,681 1,881 3,704 2,495 2,703 5.9 4.2 8.4 5.6 6.0

At expanding establishments

2,447 1,704 3,377 2,309 2,472 5.4 3.8 7.7 5.2 5.5

At opening establishments

234 177 327 186 231 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.5

Gross job losses

2,472 5,055 2,147 2,656 2,367 5.4 11.4 4.9 6.0 5.3

At contracting establishments

2,233 4,695 1,961 2,351 1,929 4.9 10.6 4.5 5.3 4.3

At closing establishments

239 360 186 305 438 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.7 1.0

Net employment change (2)

209 -3,174 1,557 -161 336 0.5 -7.2 3.5 -0.4 0.7

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

2,689 2,617 2,886 3,055 3,274 8.2 8.2 9.3 9.8 10.4

At expanding establishments

2,112 1,886 1,965 2,234 2,512 6.4 5.9 6.3 7.2 8.0

At opening establishments

577 731 921 821 762 1.8 2.3 3.0 2.6 2.4

Gross job losses

3,519 4,121 2,970 2,763 2,646 10.7 13.0 9.5 8.9 8.4

At contracting establishments

2,871 3,241 2,312 2,123 2,042 8.7 10.2 7.4 6.8 6.5

At closing establishments

648 880 658 640 604 2.0 2.8 2.1 2.1 1.9

Net employment change (2)

-830 -1,504 -84 292 628 -2.5 -4.8 -0.2 0.9 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

3,254 2,276 5,304 2,848 5,240 8.1 6.3 15.9 8.3 15.1

At expanding establishments

2,892 1,585 4,108 2,327 4,623 7.2 4.4 12.3 6.8 13.3

At opening establishments

362 691 1,196 521 617 0.9 1.9 3.6 1.5 1.8

Gross job losses

3,770 10,152 2,692 3,992 1,985 9.4 28.2 8.0 11.7 5.7

At contracting establishments

3,213 8,280 2,076 3,529 1,644 8.0 23.0 6.2 10.3 4.7

At closing establishments

557 1,872 616 463 341 1.4 5.2 1.8 1.4 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-516 -7,876 2,612 -1,144 3,255 -1.3 -21.9 7.9 -3.4 9.4

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020

United States(1)

6.2 5.5 4.8 9.4 7.4 5.5 6.1 17.0 6.0 5.7

Alabama

6.2 5.5 4.8 7.8 7.8 5.5 5.9 12.6 5.9 5.0

Alaska

10.3 9.2 6.9 12.2 13.4 10.2 9.5 24.5 9.9 7.7

Arizona

6.4 5.6 5.7 7.9 7.4 5.2 5.9 11.7 6.2 4.9

Arkansas

6.5 5.1 4.8 7.5 7.1 4.9 5.5 12.0 5.6 5.1

California

6.8 6.1 5.2 8.7 8.4 6.0 6.7 18.6 7.3 6.2

Colorado

6.7 6.3 5.8 10.0 7.5 6.2 7.0 14.9 6.3 7.2

Connecticut

5.5 5.2 4.3 11.2 6.5 5.6 5.9 19.7 5.1 5.8

Delaware

6.7 6.2 4.9 10.3 6.7 6.2 6.6 17.7 6.3 5.7

District of Columbia

5.4 5.2 3.3 8.3 5.2 4.7 5.3 22.4 5.8 5.5

Florida

6.6 5.4 6.1 9.5 7.6 5.9 6.2 13.9 6.8 5.6

Georgia

6.5 5.6 5.4 9.2 7.8 5.5 5.9 15.0 6.4 5.2

Hawaii

5.7 5.2 3.6 7.4 14.7 5.2 5.8 29.8 12.7 4.6

Idaho

7.7 7.6 6.4 8.4 8.7 6.3 6.1 11.2 6.5 6.1

Illinois

5.6 5.0 4.6 9.7 6.5 5.2 6.0 18.4 5.6 6.1

Indiana

6.0 4.9 4.7 8.3 6.9 5.1 6.0 13.7 5.4 5.0

Iowa

5.8 5.2 4.4 7.4 6.8 5.5 5.9 13.0 5.6 5.1

Kansas

6.3 5.4 5.0 7.9 7.0 5.7 6.0 13.3 6.0 6.0

Kentucky

6.2 5.3 4.6 8.8 6.8 5.6 6.1 15.3 5.0 5.4

Louisiana

5.9 5.3 4.5 8.8 8.7 5.7 6.3 16.9 7.2 5.5

Maine

7.3 6.4 5.4 12.0 8.5 6.9 7.0 21.7 6.0 6.3

Maryland

6.4 5.7 4.7 11.0 7.1 5.9 6.7 21.9 5.9 5.9

Massachusetts

5.8 5.2 3.7 12.5 7.0 5.6 6.0 24.2 5.6 5.6

Michigan

5.8 5.0 4.0 10.9 6.8 5.3 5.7 20.7 4.8 7.0

Minnesota

5.8 5.0 4.3 9.0 7.0 5.6 5.6 17.6 5.4 6.9

Mississippi

6.2 5.6 5.1 8.7 7.9 5.6 6.2 12.9 5.5 4.9

Missouri

6.2 5.2 4.7 8.5 7.2 5.3 5.7 14.3 5.7 5.3

Montana

8.6 7.7 6.8 9.9 9.3 7.2 7.7 13.8 7.2 6.8

Nebraska

6.2 5.8 4.9 8.1 6.8 5.8 6.1 12.1 5.9 5.6

Nevada

6.8 5.4 5.3 12.8 8.9 5.0 6.3 29.2 6.4 5.7

New Hampshire

6.6 6.0 4.5 11.9 7.4 6.0 6.4 18.8 5.1 6.5

New Jersey

6.5 5.7 4.6 15.7 8.1 5.8 6.3 28.1 5.8 5.9

New Mexico

7.0 6.1 4.5 8.3 7.1 6.3 6.5 17.6 6.0 7.6

New York

6.0 5.5 3.9 13.3 7.4 5.7 6.4 26.9 5.9 6.4

North Carolina

6.3 5.8 4.8 8.5 7.8 5.4 5.7 14.5 5.6 5.1

North Dakota

6.7 6.8 5.2 8.8 7.2 6.6 7.0 17.2 6.9 7.1

Ohio

5.7 5.1 4.5 7.7 6.6 5.3 5.6 14.4 5.3 5.2

Oklahoma

6.5 5.4 5.6 6.8 7.8 6.2 6.7 12.3 6.4 5.6

Oregon

6.7 6.2 5.0 9.0 7.4 5.8 6.5 18.4 6.2 6.5

Pennsylvania

5.4 4.9 3.6 10.3 6.2 4.9 5.6 18.2 5.0 5.3

Rhode Island

6.5 6.1 4.5 12.9 7.5 5.9 6.5 25.2 5.3 7.1

South Carolina

6.5 5.5 5.1 8.8 8.1 5.9 6.6 14.9 6.1 5.3

South Dakota

6.4 6.0 5.1 8.6 7.2 5.8 6.6 11.6 5.5 6.2

Tennessee

5.7 4.9 4.4 8.1 7.5 5.0 5.3 13.7 5.4 4.6

Texas

6.0 5.0 4.7 7.2 7.5 5.1 5.5 13.6 6.0 4.8

Utah

6.8 6.6 6.5 9.1 8.1 6.3 6.4 10.9 6.2 5.5

Vermont

6.9 5.8 4.6 12.3 7.6 6.4 7.6 18.5 5.7 7.9

Virginia

6.5 5.6 4.7 10.2 7.0 5.5 6.1 18.2 5.3 5.3

Washington

6.6 7.4 4.9 8.9 7.1 5.8 7.4 16.9 6.2 6.0

West Virginia

6.2 6.0 5.1 8.8 7.4 7.1 6.8 13.8 7.0 6.2

Wisconsin

5.4 5.0 4.4 7.6 6.3 5.0 5.3 14.4 5.2 5.1

Wyoming

9.4 8.6 6.4 10.7 10.0 8.7 9.3 18.1 7.7 7.6

Puerto Rico

5.4 5.0 4.0 11.0 6.6 4.9 5.2 16.9 5.1 4.9

Virgin Islands

10.3 7.2 5.3 8.4 8.9 7.3 8.3 19.8 12.3 5.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, November 26, 2021