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News Release Information

20-1358-CHI
Tuesday, July 14, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Consumer Price Index, Chicago-Naperville-Elgin — June 2020

Area prices were up 0.3 percent over the past month, up 1.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.3 percent in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Acting Regional Commissioner Julie Wilson noted that the index for food was down 0.5 percent and the energy index increased 2.5 percent over the month. The all items less food and energy index rose 0.4 percent in June. Within the all items less food and energy category, prices were higher over the month for motor vehicle insurance, shelter, and medical care. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 1.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.)  The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.8 percent over the year. Food prices rose 3.6 percent. Energy prices dropped 12.2 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices decreased 0.5 percent for the month of June.  Prices for food at home (groceries) advanced 0.3 percent, while prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) decreased 1.6 percent for the same period. Within the food at home group, indexes were higher in June for pork chops, uncooked ground beef, and canned fruits and vegetables.

Over the year, food prices rose 3.6 percent. Prices for food at home increased 6.8 percent since a year ago, and prices for food away from home decreased 0.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 2.5 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (8.4 percent). Prices for utility (piped) gas service increased 2.8 percent, while prices for electricity decreased 4.7 percent for the same period.

Energy prices dropped 12.2 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline which were down 21.8 percent compared to June 2019. Prices paid for electricity rose 0.7 percent, while prices for utility (piped) gas service decreased 3.6 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent in June. Higher prices for motor vehicle insurance (12.2 percent), shelter (0.2 percent), and medical care (0.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for education and communication (-0.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.8 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (2.2 percent), medical care (6.9 percent), and recreation (1.8 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decrease in apparel (-4.2 percent).

Table A. Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.8 0.9 0.7 1.8 0.8 1.8 0.6 0.8 0.9 2.6

February

-0.2 0.7 0.1 2.2 0.0 1.6 0.6 1.4 0.0 2.0

March

0.1 0.2 -0.1 2.0 0.0 1.8 0.1 1.5 -0.7 1.1

April

0.6 0.7 0.4 1.7 0.7 2.1 -0.1 0.8 -0.9 0.3

May

0.0 0.3 0.2 1.8 0.4 2.3 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.4

June

0.5 0.7 0.0 1.3 -0.2 2.2 -0.4 1.0 0.3 1.1

July

-0.8 -0.1 0.0 2.2 -0.3 1.9 0.3 1.6

August

0.2 -0.2 0.3 2.3 0.1 1.7 0.2 1.6

September

0.6 0.6 0.4 2.1 0.4 1.6 0.2 1.4

October

0.1 0.8 -0.4 1.6 0.0 2.0 0.3 1.8

November

0.2 1.5 0.4 1.8 -0.6 1.0 -0.2 2.2

December

-0.2 1.9 -0.4 1.7 -0.3 1.1 -0.2 2.2

The July 2020 Consumer Price Index for Chicago is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 12, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on June 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in June was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.   


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI, Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois; Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties in Indiana; and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

 

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Apr.
2020
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020

Expenditure category

All items

240.364 242.650 243.475 1.1 1.3 0.3

All items (1967=100)

718.107 724.936 727.403 - - -

Food and beverages

260.717 262.358 261.380 3.3 0.3 -0.4

Food

260.803 262.924 261.520 3.6 0.3 -0.5

Food at home

247.949 251.541 252.216 6.8 1.7 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

277.638 276.744 274.718 2.8 -1.1 -0.7

Meats, poultry, fish and eggs

265.907 278.308 292.447 15.6 10.0 5.1

Dairy and related products

231.696 230.478 226.689 5.0 -2.2 -1.6

Fruits and vegetables

305.524 312.519 309.179 1.2 1.2 -1.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

213.466 211.929 209.277 9.7 -2.0 -1.3

Other food at home

200.135 201.535 198.971 4.5 -0.6 -1.3

Food away from home

272.968 272.961 268.653 -0.4 -1.6 -1.6

Alcoholic beverages

258.170 253.608 258.135 -0.9 0.0 1.8

Housing

255.767 258.551 258.871 2.1 1.2 0.1

Shelter

325.920 328.585 329.276 2.2 1.0 0.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

347.314 348.344 349.214 2.2 0.5 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

336.343 338.070 338.897 3.0 0.8 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)(3)

336.343 338.070 338.897 3.0 0.8 0.2

Fuels and utilities

205.564 210.766 207.978 0.0 1.2 -1.3

Household energy

157.702 163.017 159.803 -1.0 1.3 -2.0

Energy services(2)

160.932 166.371 163.074 -1.0 1.3 -2.0

Electricity(2)

165.031 172.302 164.248 0.7 -0.5 -4.7

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

141.635 143.897 147.961 -3.6 4.5 2.8

Household furnishings and operations

89.099 90.748 91.522 3.4 2.7 0.9

Apparel

76.468 77.607 78.294 -4.2 2.4 0.9

Transportation

168.524 173.100 177.140 -7.0 5.1 2.3

Private transportation

168.900 172.964 177.537 -5.1 5.1 2.6

New and used motor vehicles(4)

97.270 97.501 97.171 1.1 -0.1 -0.3

New vehicles(1)

174.194 175.528 174.527 1.2 0.2 -0.6

Used cars and trucks(1)

267.837 265.771 262.946 -3.3 -1.8 -1.1

Motor fuel

171.027 190.983 206.698 -21.8 20.9 8.2

Gasoline (all types)

168.745 188.856 204.664 -21.8 21.3 8.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

160.926 180.957 196.418 -22.2 22.1 8.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(5)(6)

195.459 214.645 229.581 -20.7 17.5 7.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

203.198 216.928 232.306 -18.3 14.3 7.1

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

470.457 470.457 527.832 -0.9 12.2 12.2

Medical care

531.220 532.128 534.562 6.9 0.6 0.5

Recreation(4)

113.562 114.174 113.634 1.8 0.1 -0.5

Education and communication(4)

142.657 142.051 141.326 0.3 -0.9 -0.5

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,209.724 1,208.054 1,214.893 3.0 0.4 0.6

Other goods and services

409.229 408.491 413.408 3.4 1.0 1.2

Commodity and service group

All items

240.364 242.650 243.475 1.1 1.3 0.3

Commodities

164.139 166.572 167.392 -0.9 2.0 0.5

Commodities less food and beverages

118.230 120.787 122.203 -3.9 3.4 1.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

152.032 157.391 161.149 -7.8 6.0 2.4

Durables

85.056 85.622 85.448 1.3 0.5 -0.2

Services

313.201 315.215 316.008 2.2 0.9 0.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

227.831 230.193 230.947 0.5 1.4 0.3

All items less shelter

211.421 213.575 214.443 0.6 1.4 0.4

Commodities less food

122.937 125.337 126.846 -3.7 3.2 1.2

Nondurables

205.680 209.334 210.883 -1.7 2.5 0.7

Nondurables less food

158.781 163.555 167.369 -7.2 5.4 2.3

Services less rent of shelter(3)

315.484 316.885 317.824 2.2 0.7 0.3

Services less medical care services

296.270 298.431 299.073 1.3 0.9 0.2

Energy

162.074 173.208 177.580 -12.2 9.6 2.5

All items less energy

249.577 251.119 251.645 2.1 0.8 0.2

All items less food and energy

248.408 249.850 250.728 1.8 0.9 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Index on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Index on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Index on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 14, 2020