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19-772-CHI
Friday, May 10, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Chicago-Naperville-Elgin — April 2019

Local prices rose 0.8 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin area fell 0.1 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that food prices rose 0.1 percent and the energy index increased 6.5 percent in April. The all items less food and energy index decreased 0.7 percent over the month. Within the all items less food and energy category, prices were lower over the month for medical care, motor vehicle insurance, and recreation; while shelter prices increased. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Chicago area all items CPI-U increased 0.8 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Over the year, the energy index rose 3.4 percent. The increase in the energy index was primarily due to higher gasoline prices and electricity costs. The food index and the all items less food and energy index rose 1.7 percent and 0.4 percent, respectively, over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.1 percent in April. Of the two components within the food index, prices for food at home (groceries) decreased 0.4 percent, while prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) increased 0.6 percent. Within the food at home group, indexes were higher in April for nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks; fresh fish and seafood; and rice, pasta, and cornmeal; while lower for candy and chewing gum; citrus fruits; and frozen fruits and vegetables.

From April 2018 to April 2019, the food index increased 1.7 percent. Over the year, grocery prices decreased 0.2 percent, while costs for food away from home rose 3.9 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 6.5 percent in April. During the same period, gasoline prices rose 11.1 percent. In April, electricity costs rose 2.7 percent, while utility (piped) gas service costs fell 1.6 percent.

Over the year, the Chicago area energy index rose 3.4 percent. From April 2018 to April 2019, gasoline prices and electricity prices increased 5.4 percent and 6.6 percent, respectively. Utility (piped) gas service costs fell 7.8 percent over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy declined 0.7 percent in April. Among the index’s components, prices were lower over the month for medical care (-6.3 percent), motor vehicle insurance (-3.9 percent), and recreation (-0.9 percent); while shelter rose (0.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent. Increases in the indexes for shelter (2.8 percent) and other goods and services (3.3 percent) over the year were contributing factors.

Table A. Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.2 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.7 1.8 0.8 1.8 0.6 0.8

February

0.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.7 0.1 2.2 0.0 1.6 0.6 1.4

March

0.7 -0.6 0.1 0.2 -0.1 2.0 0.0 1.8 0.1 1.5

April

0.1 -0.9 0.6 0.7 0.4 1.7 0.7 2.1 -0.1 0.8

May

0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.3 0.2 1.8 0.4 2.3

June

0.2 -0.7 0.5 0.7 0.0 1.3 -0.2 2.2

July

-0.1 -0.5 -0.8 -0.1 0.0 2.2 -0.3 1.9

August

0.4 -0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.3 2.3 0.1 1.7

September

-0.3 -0.4 0.6 0.6 0.4 2.1 0.4 1.6

October

-0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.8 -0.4 1.6 0.0 2.0

November

-0.4 0.2 0.2 1.5 0.4 1.8 -0.6 1.0

December

-0.6 0.0 -0.2 1.9 -0.4 1.7 -0.3 1.1

The May 2019 Consumer Price Index for Chicago is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, June 12, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI, Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois; Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties in Indiana; and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

239.669 240.019 239.726 0.8 0.0 -0.1

All items (1967=100)

716.030 717.078 716.200 - - -

Food and beverages

253.094 250.878 251.158 1.6 -0.8 0.1

Food

252.424 250.201 250.419 1.7 -0.8 0.1

Food at home

239.795 235.401 234.449 -0.2 -2.2 -0.4

Cereals and bakery products

266.273 260.574 262.630 0.2 -1.4 0.8

Meats, poultry, fish and eggs

256.487 251.520 253.935 -0.5 -1.0 1.0

Dairy and related products

213.362 210.761 211.584 -0.5 -0.8 0.4

Fruits and vegetables

323.345 310.498 303.830 0.7 -6.0 -2.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

196.862 192.026 192.811 1.6 -2.1 0.4

Other food at home

189.499 189.781 187.316 -1.2 -1.2 -1.3

Food away from home

265.129 265.703 267.410 3.9 0.9 0.6

Alcoholic beverages

261.104 259.026 260.275 -0.5 -0.3 0.5

Housing

251.967 251.639 252.323 2.2 0.1 0.3

Shelter

318.536 319.278 320.302 2.8 0.6 0.3

Rent of primary residence(2)

337.025 338.592 339.272 3.0 0.7 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

325.373 326.161 326.744 3.2 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)(3)

325.373 326.161 326.744 3.2 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

207.556 205.512 206.878 2.2 -0.3 0.7

Household energy

162.038 158.545 160.210 0.8 -1.1 1.1

Energy services(2)

165.209 161.618 163.345 0.8 -1.1 1.1

Electricity(2)

163.432 163.355 167.786 6.6 2.7 2.7

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

154.160 145.803 143.495 -7.8 -6.9 -1.6

Household furnishings and operations

91.693 89.545 89.027 -3.1 -2.9 -0.6

Apparel

88.446 86.560 85.949 -3.6 -2.8 -0.7

Transportation

181.862 187.012 192.147 1.8 5.7 2.7

Private transportation

178.381 183.529 188.458 1.9 5.6 2.7

New and used motor vehicles(4)

97.292 95.755 96.359 0.8 -1.0 0.6

New vehicles(1)

176.023 174.440 173.934 0.8 -1.2 -0.3

Used cars and trucks(1)

266.241 269.512 270.140 0.7 1.5 0.2

Motor fuel

213.190 243.864 270.769 5.4 27.0 11.0

Gasoline (all types)

210.828 241.378 268.170 5.4 27.2 11.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

202.427 232.376 258.596 5.5 27.7 11.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(5)(6)

237.395 267.596 295.800 5.4 24.6 10.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

237.378 265.458 289.804 4.5 22.1 9.2

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

554.435 552.335 530.637 -1.2 -4.3 -3.9

Medical care

509.601 506.633 474.623 -4.9 -6.9 -6.3

Recreation(4)

113.046 112.794 111.791 -1.0 -1.1 -0.9

Education and communication(4)

142.033 141.432 140.647 -2.1 -1.0 -0.6

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,175.261 1,175.303 1,175.303 -0.8 0.0 0.0

Other goods and services

393.986 402.569 403.238 3.3 2.3 0.2

Commodity and service group

All items

239.669 240.019 239.726 0.8 0.0 -0.1

Commodities

167.323 168.279 170.117 0.9 1.7 1.1

Commodities less food and beverages

125.104 127.048 129.262 0.6 3.3 1.7

Nondurables less food and beverages

167.176 173.134 178.853 1.8 7.0 3.3

Durables

86.256 85.281 84.908 -1.2 -1.6 -0.4

Services

308.469 308.220 305.826 0.6 -0.9 -0.8

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

228.082 228.578 229.677 1.3 0.7 0.5

All items less shelter

212.988 213.203 212.448 -0.3 -0.3 -0.4

Commodities less food

129.757 131.652 133.882 0.5 3.2 1.7

Nondurables

210.112 212.536 215.946 1.7 2.8 1.6

Nondurables less food

173.133 178.793 184.371 1.6 6.5 3.1

Services less rent of shelter(3)

313.582 312.249 306.055 -1.7 -2.4 -2.0

Services less medical care services

293.842 293.726 294.078 1.6 0.1 0.1

Energy

180.717 191.949 204.406 3.4 13.1 6.5

All items less energy

247.230 246.554 245.051 0.5 -0.9 -0.6

All items less food and energy

247.180 246.752 244.966 0.4 -0.9 -0.7

Footnotes
(1) Index on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Index on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Index on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, May 10, 2019