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News Release Information

20-23-CHI
Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Consumer Price Index, Chicago-Naperville-Elgin — December 2019

Local prices up 2.2 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin area decreased 0.2 percent in December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the index for all items less food and energy was down 0.2 percent, while the energy index and the food index decreased 0.8 percent and 0.3 percent, respectively, over the month. Within the all items less food and energy category, prices were lower over the month for apparel and other goods and services. Prices were higher for shelter and new and used motor vehicles. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Chicago area all items CPI-U increased 2.2 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Over the year, the all items less food and energy index rose 2.1 percent, while the energy and food indexes were up 5.1 percent and 1.5 percent, respectively. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices fell 0.3 percent in December. Of the two components within the food index, prices for food at home (groceries) decreased 0.5 percent, while prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) were unchanged. Within the food at home group, indexes were lower in December for candy and chewing gum and citrus fruits.

From December 2018 to December 2019, the food index increased 1.5 percent. Over the year, grocery prices rose 0.7 percent, and costs for food away from home were up 2.5 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 0.8 percent in December. Among the index’s components, prices were lower for gasoline (-1.4 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (-0.5 percent). Electricity costs were unchanged over the month.

Over the year, the Chicago area energy index rose 5.1 percent. From December 2018 to December 2019, gasoline prices were up 14.3 percent and the electricity index increased 2.5 percent. Utility (piped) gas service costs were 12.2 percent lower over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy was down 0.2 percent in December. Among the index’s components, prices were lower over the month for apparel (-4.5 percent) and other goods and services (-1.0 percent). Prices were higher for shelter (0.2 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (0.4 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.1 percent. Contributing factors were increases in the indexes for shelter (2.7 percent), medical care (4.0 percent), and recreation (4.5 percent).

Table A. Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.2 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.7 1.8 0.8 1.8 0.6 0.8

February

0.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.7 0.1 2.2 0.0 1.6 0.6 1.4

March

0.7 -0.6 0.1 0.2 -0.1 2.0 0.0 1.8 0.1 1.5

April

0.1 -0.9 0.6 0.7 0.4 1.7 0.7 2.1 -0.1 0.8

May

0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.3 0.2 1.8 0.4 2.3 0.8 1.2

June

0.2 -0.7 0.5 0.7 0.0 1.3 -0.2 2.2 -0.4 1.0

July

-0.1 -0.5 -0.8 -0.1 0.0 2.2 -0.3 1.9 0.3 1.6

August

0.4 -0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.3 2.3 0.1 1.7 0.2 1.6

September

-0.3 -0.4 0.6 0.6 0.4 2.1 0.4 1.6 0.2 1.4

October

-0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.8 -0.4 1.6 0.0 2.0 0.3 1.8

November

-0.4 0.2 0.2 1.5 0.4 1.8 -0.6 1.0 -0.2 2.2

December

-0.6 0.0 -0.2 1.9 -0.4 1.7 -0.3 1.1 -0.2 2.2

The January 2020 Consumer Price Index for Chicago is scheduled to be released on Thursday, February 13, 2020.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI, Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois; Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties in Indiana; and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

243.236 242.661 242.079 2.2 -0.5 -0.2

All items (1967=100)

726.689 724.971 723.231 - - -

Food and beverages

254.591 253.866 253.181 1.4 -0.6 -0.3

Food

254.228 253.398 252.756 1.5 -0.6 -0.3

Food at home

238.017 236.422 235.284 0.7 -1.1 -0.5

Cereals and bakery products

268.304 264.576 263.842 1.6 -1.7 -0.3

Meats, poultry, fish and eggs

253.620 249.628 255.223 2.1 0.6 2.2

Dairy and related products

211.417 214.825 215.887 3.6 2.1 0.5

Fruits and vegetables

318.276 310.262 303.330 -2.6 -4.7 -2.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

193.406 191.853 192.913 2.2 -0.3 0.6

Other food at home

189.463 191.433 187.435 0.0 -1.1 -2.1

Food away from home

271.474 271.631 271.631 2.5 0.1 0.0

Alcoholic beverages

257.690 258.646 257.280 -1.1 -0.2 -0.5

Housing

254.575 254.463 254.717 1.8 0.1 0.1

Shelter

323.521 323.795 324.498 2.7 0.3 0.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

342.926 343.813 345.458 2.7 0.7 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

331.363 331.919 333.408 2.9 0.6 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)(3)

331.363 331.919 333.408 2.9 0.6 0.4

Fuels and utilities

208.189 205.519 205.019 -1.7 -1.5 -0.2

Household energy

160.985 157.713 157.354 -3.7 -2.3 -0.2

Energy services(2)

164.145 160.732 160.452 -3.7 -2.2 -0.2

Electricity(2)

168.224 161.761 161.795 2.5 -3.8 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

144.752 146.011 145.303 -12.2 0.4 -0.5

Household furnishings and operations

89.177 89.314 88.791 -1.6 -0.4 -0.6

Apparel

90.521 87.005 83.120 2.4 -8.2 -4.5

Transportation

186.238 185.390 183.736 3.0 -1.3 -0.9

Private transportation

183.049 182.213 181.875 3.9 -0.6 -0.2

New and used motor vehicles(4)

94.954 95.540 95.953 0.5 1.1 0.4

New vehicles(1)

170.791 173.304 174.883 1.4 2.4 0.9

Used cars and trucks(1)

266.164 263.534 262.771 -0.3 -1.3 -0.3

Motor fuel

241.486 236.368 233.130 14.2 -3.5 -1.4

Gasoline (all types)

238.971 233.859 230.624 14.3 -3.5 -1.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

229.953 224.959 221.800 14.5 -3.5 -1.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(5)(6)

265.299 260.304 256.058 12.7 -3.5 -1.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

264.087 259.097 256.586 12.2 -2.8 -1.0

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

553.612 547.509 547.509 -1.2 -1.1 0.0

Medical care

536.308 525.046 526.094 4.0 -1.9 0.2

Recreation(4)

112.668 116.093 116.495 4.5 3.4 0.3

Education and communication(4)

141.584 142.240 142.568 0.6 0.7 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,204.640 1,204.579 1,205.734 2.6 0.1 0.1

Other goods and services

407.960 406.353 402.228 2.4 -1.4 -1.0

Commodity and service group

All items

243.236 242.661 242.079 2.2 -0.5 -0.2

Commodities

169.224 168.199 167.145 2.0 -1.2 -0.6

Commodities less food and beverages

126.989 125.945 124.851 2.4 -1.7 -0.9

Nondurables less food and beverages

174.921 171.035 168.669 4.7 -3.6 -1.4

Durables

83.956 84.951 84.821 -0.6 1.0 -0.2

Services

313.643 313.519 313.407 2.4 -0.1 0.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

230.637 230.531 229.876 2.1 -0.3 -0.3

All items less shelter

216.073 215.200 214.166 2.0 -0.9 -0.5

Commodities less food

131.567 130.546 129.430 2.3 -1.6 -0.9

Nondurables

215.235 212.677 211.009 2.9 -2.0 -0.8

Nondurables less food

180.459 176.749 174.403 4.3 -3.4 -1.3

Services less rent of shelter(3)

319.014 318.473 317.475 1.9 -0.5 -0.3

Services less medical care services

296.774 297.505 297.246 1.9 0.2 -0.1

Energy

192.273 188.275 186.689 5.1 -2.9 -0.8

All items less energy

250.072 249.816 249.323 2.0 -0.3 -0.2

All items less food and energy

250.198 250.035 249.565 2.1 -0.3 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Index on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Index on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Index on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, January 14, 2020