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News Release Information

21-1306-CHI
Tuesday, July 13, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Consumer Price Index, Detroit-Warren-Dearborn — June 2021

Area prices were up 1.7 percent over the past two months, up 5.4 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 1.7 percent for the two months ending in June 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Jason Palmer noted that food prices increased 0.7 percent, and the energy index rose 7.3 percent from April to June. The all items less food and energy index increased 1.4 percent over the past two months due to a rise in the indexes for used cars and trucks and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 5.4 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.)  The index for all items less food and energy rose 3.8 percent over the year. Energy prices jumped 24.9 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. Food prices advanced 5.9 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices increased 0.7 percent for the two months ending in June.  Prices for food at home (groceries) advanced 1.3 percent, and prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) were unchanged for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 5.9 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 2.0 percent since a year ago, and prices for food away from home jumped 11.0 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 7.3 percent for the two months ending in June. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (11.6 percent). Prices for electricity advanced 4.9 percent, and prices for utility (piped) gas service advanced 0.9 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 24.9 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (49.0 percent). Prices paid for utility (piped) gas service jumped 12.9 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 4.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.4 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for used cars and trucks (17.7 percent) and shelter (1.1 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-1.7 percent) and recreation (-0.9 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 3.8 percent. Components contributing to the increase included used cars and trucks (45.8 percent) and shelter (5.0 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a decline in the index for apparel (-3.2 percent).

Table A. Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

0.9 3.0 0.3 2.1 0.4 1.2 0.5 2.6 0.6 0.8

April

0.7 2.3 0.9 2.3 0.6 1.0 -2.7 -0.8 1.7 5.4

June

0.0 1.1 1.3 3.6 0.4 0.1 1.7 0.5 1.7 5.4

August

0.1 1.3 -0.6 2.8 0.6 1.4 1.9 1.8

October

0.9 2.0 0.0 1.9 1.0 2.4 -0.3 0.5

December

0.1 2.7 -0.6 1.2 -0.6 2.5 -0.3 0.7

The August 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn area is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, September 14, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on June 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in June was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.   


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI, Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties in Michigan.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Apr.
2021
May
2021
Jun.
2021
Jun.
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021

Expenditure category

All items

244.708 - 248.876 5.4 1.7 -

All items (1967=100)

727.373 - 739.763 - - -

Food and beverages

238.922 - 240.404 5.3 0.6 -

Food

239.157 - 240.856 5.9 0.7 -

Food at home

222.583 223.430 225.463 2.0 1.3 0.9

Cereals and bakery products

269.401 - 270.409 5.9 0.4 -

Meats, poultry, fish and eggs

241.770 - 244.319 -5.9 1.1 -

Dairy and related products

172.770 - 172.454 5.3 -0.2 -

Fruits and vegetables

233.488 - 244.324 7.1 4.6 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

217.442 - 218.584 5.7 0.5 -

Other food at home

200.286 - 201.538 1.1 0.6 -

Food away from home

265.446 - 265.480 11.0 0.0 -

Alcoholic beverages

230.831 - 229.759 -1.1 -0.5 -

Housing

235.459 - 237.997 5.0 1.1 -

Shelter

270.379 270.860 273.377 5.0 1.1 0.9

Rent of primary residence(2)

280.582 282.047 283.488 4.1 1.0 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

270.593 271.631 273.192 4.4 1.0 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)(3)

270.593 271.631 273.192 4.4 1.0 0.6

Fuels and utilities

272.667 - 280.047 6.8 2.7 -

Household energy

211.797 211.575 218.923 7.7 3.4 3.5

Energy services(2)

213.729 213.474 220.863 7.6 3.3 3.5

Electricity(2)

252.953 253.375 265.444 4.4 4.9 4.8

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

159.584 158.705 161.058 12.9 0.9 1.5

Household furnishings and operations

124.593 - 123.927 3.3 -0.5 -

Apparel

99.686 - 97.955 -3.2 -1.7 -

Transportation

253.473 - 269.089 12.0 6.2 -

Private transportation

257.953 - 274.439 12.7 6.4 -

New and used motor vehicles(4)

- - - - - -

New vehicles(1)

- - - - - -

Used cars and trucks(1)

351.228 - 413.485 45.8 17.7 -

Motor fuel

249.829 263.419 278.779 48.9 11.6 5.8

Gasoline (all types)

248.463 262.048 277.362 49.0 11.6 5.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

250.067 263.992 279.674 50.2 11.8 5.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(5)(6)

294.360 310.554 328.039 45.2 11.4 5.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

256.091 266.850 279.578 38.0 9.2 4.8

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

1,968.081 - 1,972.631 2.3 0.2 -

Medical care

- - 466.623 -1.0 - -

Recreation(4)

114.117 - 113.083 0.4 -0.9 -

Education and communication(4)

148.915 - 151.579 5.0 1.8 -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,330.423 - 1,340.550 0.9 0.8 -

Other goods and services

454.500 - 458.388 2.8 0.9 -

Commodity and service group

All items

244.708 - 248.876 5.4 1.7 -

Commodities

182.921 - 189.034 9.5 3.3 -

Commodities less food and beverages

154.304 - 162.013 12.2 5.0 -

Nondurables less food and beverages

181.849 - 186.921 10.6 2.8 -

Durables

119.935 - 128.307 - 7.0 -

Services

307.421 - 309.493 2.9 0.7 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

235.318 - 240.037 6.0 2.0 -

All items less shelter

237.851 - 242.495 5.6 2.0 -

Commodities less food

157.126 - 164.595 11.5 4.8 -

Nondurables

210.073 - 213.372 7.6 1.6 -

Nondurables less food

185.024 - 189.646 9.5 2.5 -

Services less rent of shelter(3)

361.904 - 362.880 1.0 0.3 -

Services less medical care services

295.699 - 298.461 3.3 0.9 -

Energy

232.936 238.866 249.932 24.9 7.3 4.6

All items less energy

249.078 - 252.283 4.1 1.3 -

All items less food and energy

251.522 - 255.004 3.8 1.4 -

Footnotes
(1) Index on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Index on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Index on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 13, 2021