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18-1875-CHI
Tuesday, January 15, 2019

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County Employment and Wages in Iowa — Second Quarter 2018

Three of the four large counties in Iowa reported employment growth from June 2017 to June 2018, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are defined as those with employment of 75,000 or greater as measured by 2017 annual average employment.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that Polk County had the largest increase, up 0.9 percent, followed by the counties of Linn (0.7 percent) and Johnson (0.6 percent). Scott County had an over-the-year employment decrease of 0.1 percent. Nationally, employment increased 1.5 percent. (See table 1.)

Among the four largest counties in Iowa, employment was highest in Polk County (306,600) in June 2018. Collectively, Iowa’s four large counties accounted for 39.0 percent of total employment within the state. Nationwide, the 349 largest counties made up 72.9 percent of total U.S. employment, which stood at 147.4 million in June 2018.

The average weekly wage in Linn County rose 3.9 percent from the second quarter of 2017 to the second quarter of 2018, the largest increase among Iowa’s large counties. Polk County had the highest average weekly wage in the state at $1,050. (See table 1.) Nationally, the average weekly wage rose 3.4 percent over the year to $1,055 in the second quarter of 2018.

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for 94 of the 95 counties in Iowa with employment below 75,000. Data were not available for one of the small counties. All of these smaller counties had average weekly wages below the national average. (See table 2.)

Large county wage changes

All four of Iowa’s large counties recorded wage growth above the national increase of 3.4 percent from the second quarter of 2017 to the second quarter of 2018. (See table 1.) Linn County’s 3.9-percent increase in average weekly wages ranked 77th among the 349 largest U.S. counties. Scott County (3.8 percent, 86th), Polk County (3.7 percent, 93rd), and Johnson County (3.7 percent, 93rd) all placed in the top half of the national ranking.

Among the 349 largest U.S. counties, 340 had over-the-year increases in average weekly wages in the second quarter of 2018. Marin, CA, ranked first in average weekly wage growth with a gain of 11.7 percent, followed by the counties of Lake, IL, and King, WA, at 9.3 percent each.

Eight of the 349 largest counties experienced over-the-year decreases in average weekly wages. New Hanover, NC, had the largest percentage decline in average weekly wages with a loss of 6.4 percent. Spartanburg, SC, had the second-largest decline at 2.9 percent, followed by Morris, NJ (-2.4 percent).

Large county average weekly wages

Average weekly wages in all four large Iowa counties were below the national average of $1,055 in the second quarter of 2018. As noted, Polk County ($1,050) had the highest average weekly wage in the state and ranked 97th among the 349 largest U.S. counties. Scott County ($842) reported the lowest average weekly wage among Iowa’s large counties and ranked 294th nationwide.

Nationwide, weekly wages were higher than the U.S. average of $1,055 in 94 of the largest U.S. counties. Santa Clara, CA, held the top position with an average weekly wage of $2,573. San Mateo, CA, was second at $2,357, followed by San Francisco, CA ($2,083), and New York, NY ($2,025).

There were 255 large U.S. counties with an average weekly wage below the national average. Horry, SC ($625) reported the lowest weekly wage, followed by the Texas counties of Cameron ($642), Hidalgo ($645), and Webb ($687).

Average weekly wages in Iowa’s smaller counties

Ninety-four smaller counties in Iowa, those with employment below 75,000, had average weekly wages below the national average of $1,055. Among these smaller counties, Dallas County had the highest average weekly wage at $994 and Decatur County had the lowest at $625. Data were not available for one of the small counties. (See table 2.)

When all 99 counties in Iowa were considered, 17 reported average weekly wages of $699 or lower, 26 reported wages from $700 to $749, 30 had wages from $750 to $799, and 25 had wages of $800 or higher. One county did not have data available. (See chart 1.)

Additional statistics and other information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit www.bls.gov/cew.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2017 edition of this publication, which was published in September 2018, contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2018 version of the national news release. Tables and additional content from Employment and Wages Annual Averages 2017 are now available online at www.bls.gov/cew/cewbultn17.htm. The 2018 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online will be available in September 2019.

The County Employment and Wages release for third quarter 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, February 20, 2019. The County Employment and Wages full data update for third quarter 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, March 6, 2019.

New BLS Local Data iPhone App Includes QCEW Data

BLS has partnered with the U.S. Department of Labor’s Office of the Chief Information Officer to develop a new mobile app for iPhones. The BLS Local Data app is ideal for customers, such as jobseekers and economic and workforce development professionals, who want to know more about local labor markets. For more information, please go to:

https://blogs.bls.gov/blog/2018/10/18/new-bls-local-data-app-now-available/.


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/cew; however, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons–some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Covered employment and wages in the United States and the 4 largest counties in Iowa, second quarter 2018
Area Employment Average weekly wage (1)
June 2018 (thousands) Percent change, June 2017-18 (2) National ranking by percent change (3) Average weekly wage National ranking by level (3) Percent change, second quarter 2017-18 (2) National ranking by percent change (3)

United States (4)

147,431.2 1.5 -- $1,055 -- 3.4 --

Iowa

1,583.7 0.8 -- 880 39 3.3 19

Johnson, IA

84.4 0.6 250 980 164 3.7 93

Linn, IA

133.7 0.7 235 1,008 137 3.9 77

Polk, IA

306.6 0.9 206 1,050 97 3.7 93

Scott, IA

92.7 -0.1 316 842 294 3.8 86

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(3) Ranking does not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

 Table 2. Covered employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Iowa, second quarter 2018
Area Employment June 2018 Average weekly wage(1)

United States(2)

147,431,154 $1,055

Iowa

1,583,740 880

Adair

2,893 712

Adams

1,261 722

Allamakee

5,369 671

Appanoose

4,597 695

Audubon

1,821 706

Benton

6,164 725

Black Hawk

75,451 868

Boone

9,568 756

Bremer

10,152 769

Buchanan

6,897 730

Buena Vista

11,113 778

Butler

3,597 671

Calhoun

3,033 693

Carroll

11,701 724

Cass

6,338 761

Cedar

5,626 730

Cerro Gordo

25,330 788

Cherokee

4,841 740

Chickasaw

5,085 787

Clarke

4,508 723

Clay

8,883 782

Clayton

7,223 762

Clinton

20,999 748

Crawford

6,963 787

Dallas

46,034 994

Davis

- -

Decatur

2,426 625

Delaware

6,852 801

Des Moines

22,687 770

Dickinson

11,038 676

Dubuque

60,023 835

Emmet

3,982 736

Fayette

7,438 703

Floyd

6,356 779

Franklin

4,173 824

Fremont

2,328 666

Greene

3,436 761

Grundy

4,362 840

Guthrie

3,294 765

Hamilton

6,049 768

Hancock

6,654 852

Hardin

7,152 744

Harrison

4,294 719

Henry

9,295 795

Howard

4,343 707

Humboldt

4,143 799

Ida

3,994 804

Iowa

10,267 750

Jackson

6,552 629

Jasper

11,814 747

Jefferson

7,890 752

Johnson

84,392 980

Jones

6,539 727

Keokuk

2,259 719

Kossuth

7,160 811

Lee

15,507 820

Linn

133,668 1,008

Louisa

4,026 730

Lucas

3,586 758

Lyon

4,829 679

Madison

4,031 714

Mahaska

8,202 780

Marion

18,288 874

Marshall

17,230 811

Mills

3,711 811

Mitchell

4,081 774

Monona

2,735 658

Monroe

3,547 918

Montgomery

4,162 750

Muscatine

23,890 936

O'Brien

6,889 699

Osceola

2,528 748

Page

6,451 758

Palo Alto

4,107 693

Plymouth

11,921 884

Pocahontas

3,294 807

Polk

306,612 1,050

Pottawattamie

40,342 792

Poweshiek

10,291 800

Ringgold

1,487 673

Sac

3,181 716

Scott

92,729 842

Shelby

5,933 754

Sioux

21,517 768

Story

47,030 939

Tama

5,738 711

Taylor

2,075 649

Union

6,250 729

Van Buren

1,996 694

Wapello

16,372 759

Warren

12,007 740

Washington

8,519 678

Wayne

1,932 757

Webster

18,522 841

Winnebago

4,300 688

Winneshiek

10,757 771

Woodbury

52,534 784

Worth

2,441 701

Wright

5,729 847

Footnotes
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

NOTE: Dashes indicate data do not meet BLS or State agency disclosure standards.
Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
Data are preliminary.

Table 3. Covered employment and wages by state, second quarter 2018
State Employment Average weekly wage (1)
June 2018 (thousands) Percent change, June 2017-18 Average weekly wage National ranking by level Percent change, second quarter 2017-18 National ranking by percent change

United States (2)

147,431.2 1.5 $1,055 -- 3.4 --

Alabama

1,969.9 1.2 882 37 2.8 35

Alaska

335.8 -0.9 1,043 15 3.7 9

Arizona

2,770.8 2.6 973 23 3.3 19

Arkansas

1,214.6 0.7 824 47 1.7 47

California

17,473.1 1.9 1,265 4 4.6 3

Colorado

2,704.4 2.4 1,075 10 3.2 27

Connecticut

1,704.5 0.3 1,218 5 0.1 50

Delaware

454.3 1.3 1,023 17 1.4 49

District of Columbia

777.3 1.3 1,713 1 2.6 39

Florida

8,568.9 2.1 931 28 2.9 32

Georgia

4,440.5 2.0 979 22 2.3 43

Hawaii

658.3 0.5 956 24 2.5 41

Idaho

745.3 3.1 794 50 3.8 8

Illinois

6,061.1 0.8 1,097 9 3.4 14

Indiana

3,075.8 1.1 883 36 2.8 35

Iowa

1,583.7 0.8 880 39 3.3 19

Kansas

1,393.3 1.0 879 40 3.4 14

Kentucky

1,905.9 0.9 882 37 2.3 43

Louisiana

1,918.6 0.4 901 33 3.7 9

Maine

636.8 1.0 843 45 3.6 11

Maryland

2,712.0 0.7 1,141 8 3.4 14

Massachusetts

3,650.1 1.0 1,322 2 3.5 12

Michigan

4,424.7 1.3 997 20 2.9 32

Minnesota

2,925.6 0.8 1,072 12 3.3 19

Mississippi

1,130.7 0.2 752 51 2.7 38

Missouri

2,829.0 0.5 924 30 3.9 7

Montana

478.7 1.1 817 48 2.5 41

Nebraska

990.8 0.6 859 43 3.1 29

Nevada

1,372.4 3.1 931 28 3.3 19

New Hampshire

670.8 0.8 1,049 14 3.3 19

New Jersey

4,157.0 0.9 1,201 7 2.3 43

New Mexico

823.6 1.0 852 44 3.5 12

New York

9,579.2 1.7 1,297 3 4.5 4

North Carolina

4,450.2 2.2 933 25 3.3 19

North Dakota

426.1 0.8 986 21 3.4 14

Ohio

5,461.3 0.7 933 25 2.3 43

Oklahoma

1,606.4 1.2 875 41 3.2 27

Oregon

1,947.3 1.5 999 18 3.3 19

Pennsylvania

5,924.9 1.1 1,031 16 3.1 29

Rhode Island

491.0 0.7 998 19 1.7 47

South Carolina

2,126.5 3.4 833 46 0.0 51

South Dakota

439.7 0.9 807 49 2.8 35

Tennessee

2,994.1 1.6 932 27 2.9 32

Texas

12,326.3 2.2 1,062 13 3.4 14

Utah

1,483.9 3.4 899 35 4.3 5

Vermont

312.4 -0.8 907 31 4.3 5

Virginia

3,941.0 1.3 1,073 11 2.6 39

Washington

3,444.1 2.7 1,218 5 6.9 1

West Virginia

702.9 1.6 868 42 4.8 2

Wisconsin

2,933.5 0.9 904 32 3.3 19

Wyoming

282.2 0.5 901 33 3.0 31

Puerto Rico

853.5 -2.3 543 (3) 5.2 (3)

Virgin Islands

33.4 -14.4 838 (3) 12.8 (3)

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(3) Data not included in the national ranking.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, January 15, 2019