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News Release Information

19-2061-CHI
Friday, December 20, 2019

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Technical information:
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County Employment and Wages in Iowa — Second Quarter 2019

Three of the four large counties in Iowa reported employment growth from June 2018 to June 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are those with annual average employment levels of 75,000 or more in 2018.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that Polk County had the largest increase, up 0.6 percent, followed by Scott (0.3 percent) and Linn (0.1 percent) Counties. Johnson County had an over-the-year employment decrease of 0.7 percent. Nationally, employment increased 1.1 percent. (See table 1.)

Among the four largest counties in Iowa, employment was highest in Polk County (307,300) in June 2019. Collectively, Iowa’s four large counties accounted for 39.0 percent of total employment within the state. Nationwide, the 355 largest counties made up 73.4 percent of total U.S. employment, which stood at 149.1 million in June 2019.

The average weekly wage in Scott County rose 3.0 percent from the second quarter of 2018 to the second quarter of 2019, the largest increase among Iowa’s large counties. Polk County had the highest average weekly wage in the state at $1,059. (See table 1.) Nationally, the average weekly wage rose 3.8 percent over the year to $1,095 in the second quarter of 2019.

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 95 counties in Iowa with employment below 75,000. All of these smaller counties had average weekly wages below the national average. (See table 2.)

Large county wage changes

All four of Iowa’s large counties recorded wage growth below the national increase of 3.8 percent from the second quarter of 2018 to the second quarter of 2019. (See table 1.) Scott County’s 3.0-percent increase in average weekly wages ranked 220th among the 355 largest U.S. counties. The state’s remaining three large counties all placed in the lowest quintile of the national ranking.

Among the 355 largest U.S. counties, 347 had over-the-year increases in average weekly wages in the second quarter of 2019. Benton, AR, ranked first in average weekly wage growth with a gain of 16.3 percent, followed by San Francisco, CA, at 15.5 percent.

Eight of the 355 largest U.S. counties experienced over-the-year decreases in average weekly wages. McLean, IL, had the largest over-the-year percentage decrease in average weekly wages with a loss of 5.8 percent.

Large county average weekly wages

Average weekly wages in all four large Iowa counties were below the national average of $1,095 in the second quarter of 2019. As noted, Polk County ($1,059) had the highest average weekly wage in the state and ranked 123rd among the 355 largest U.S. counties. Scott County ($867) reported the lowest average weekly wage among Iowa’s large counties and ranked 303rd nationwide.

Nationwide, weekly wages were higher than the U.S. average of $1,095 in 93 of the largest U.S. counties. Santa Clara, CA, held the top position with an average weekly wage of $2,612. San Francisco, CA, was second at $2,430, followed by San Mateo, CA ($2,373), and New York, NY ($2,109).

Nationwide, 260 large U.S. counties reported average weekly wages below the national average. Horry, SC ($649) reported the lowest weekly wage, followed by the Texas counties of Hidalgo ($657), Cameron ($659), and Webb ($697).

Average weekly wages in Iowa’s smaller counties

All of the 95 smaller counties in Iowa, those with employment below 75,000, had average weekly wages below the national average of $1,095. Among these smaller counties, Dallas County had the highest average weekly wage at $1,055 and Decatur County had the lowest at $651. (See table 2.)

When all 99 counties in Iowa were considered, 36 reported average weekly wages of $749 or lower, 28 reported wages from $750 to $799, 18 had wages from $800 to $849, and 17 had wages of $850 or higher. (See chart 1.)

Additional statistics and other information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit www.bls.gov/cew.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2018 edition of this publication, which was published in September 2019, contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2019 version of the national news release. Tables and additional content from the 2018 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Averages are now available online at www.bls.gov/cew/publications/employment-and-wages-annual-averages/2018/home.htm. The 2019 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Online will be available in September 2020.

The County Employment and Wages release for third quarter 2019 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, February 20, 2020. The County Employment and Wages full data update for third quarter 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, March 4, 2020.


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. 13, the number of weeks in a quarter, then divide the result. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/cew; however, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons–some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Covered employment and wages in the United States and the 4 largest counties in Iowa, second quarter 2019
Area Employment Average weekly wage (1)
June 2019 (thousands) Percent change, June 2018-19 (2) National ranking by percent change (3) Average weekly wage National ranking by level (3) Percent change, second quarter 2018-19 (2) National ranking by percent change (3)

United States (4)

149,089.2 1.1 -- $1,095 -- 3.8 --

Iowa

1,584.7 0.1 -- 902 40 2.5 45

Johnson, Iowa

83.6 -0.7 330 991 181 1.0 340

Linn, Iowa

133.6 0.1 269 1,020 159 1.2 336

Polk, Iowa

307.3 0.6 209 1,059 123 1.0 340

Scott, Iowa

93.3 0.3 249 867 303 3.0 220

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(3) Ranking does not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

Table 2. Covered employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Iowa, second quarter 2019
Area Employment June 2019 Average weekly wage(1)

United States(2)

149,089,158 $1,095

Iowa

1,584,673 902

Adair

3,023 739

Adams

1,404 723

Allamakee

5,201 696

Appanoose

4,697 698

Audubon

1,839 701

Benton

6,254 747

Black Hawk

74,104 906

Boone

9,232 781

Bremer

10,275 790

Buchanan

6,816 742

Buena Vista

11,125 816

Butler

3,595 689

Calhoun

2,968 719

Carroll

11,764 734

Cass

5,950 732

Cedar

5,619 743

Cerro Gordo

25,469 809

Cherokee

4,893 764

Chickasaw

5,059 819

Clarke

4,543 764

Clay

8,728 787

Clayton

7,087 772

Clinton

20,688 780

Crawford

6,900 803

Dallas

47,241 1,055

Davis

2,106 726

Decatur

2,415 651

Delaware

6,907 820

Des Moines

21,922 781

Dickinson

11,284 709

Dubuque

59,800 875

Emmet

3,772 754

Fayette

7,279 703

Floyd

6,274 808

Franklin

4,126 819

Fremont

2,050 732

Greene

3,403 798

Grundy

4,350 845

Guthrie

3,246 773

Hamilton

5,914 791

Hancock

6,441 878

Hardin

7,015 768

Harrison

4,214 712

Henry

9,364 804

Howard

4,279 700

Humboldt

3,971 815

Ida

3,881 835

Iowa

10,393 786

Jackson

6,497 653

Jasper

11,984 775

Jefferson

7,841 778

Johnson

83,635 991

Jones

6,444 747

Keokuk

2,293 745

Kossuth

7,000 802

Lee

15,641 847

Linn

133,590 1,020

Louisa

3,898 759

Lucas

3,771 741

Lyon

4,888 701

Madison

4,038 719

Mahaska

8,097 796

Marion

18,619 906

Marshall

16,881 849

Mills

3,633 809

Mitchell

5,107 880

Monona

2,657 673

Monroe

3,627 980

Montgomery

4,298 764

Muscatine

23,620 948

O'Brien

6,783 726

Osceola

2,499 772

Page

6,387 774

Palo Alto

3,889 725

Plymouth

12,022 902

Pocahontas

3,325 866

Polk

307,296 1,059

Pottawattamie

40,768 816

Poweshiek

10,108 868

Ringgold

1,432 690

Sac

3,132 708

Scott

93,301 867

Shelby

5,969 749

Sioux

21,870 797

Story

47,166 973

Tama

5,713 773

Taylor

2,064 690

Union

6,106 760

Van Buren

1,975 742

Wapello

16,209 790

Warren

12,119 758

Washington

8,554 689

Wayne

1,926 781

Webster

18,543 880

Winnebago

4,386 700

Winneshiek

10,764 779

Woodbury

52,226 815

Worth

2,430 701

Wright

6,360 841

Footnotes
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

NOTE: Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
Data are preliminary.

Table 3. Covered employment and wages by state, second quarter 2019
State Employment Average weekly wage (1)
June 2019 (thousands) Percent change, June 2018-19 Average weekly wage National ranking by level Percent change, second quarter 2018-19 National ranking by percent change

United States (2)

149,089.2 1.1 $1,095 -- 3.8 --

Alabama

1,993.7 1.1 911 36 3.4 28

Alaska

338.9 0.7 1,078 15 3.6 26

Arizona

2,843.3 2.6 1,010 23 3.8 16

Arkansas

1,222.5 0.6 862 47 4.6 4

California

17,717.4 1.5 1,325 4 4.7 3

Colorado

2,765.7 2.2 1,128 9 4.9 2

Connecticut

1,690.8 -0.8 1,266 6 3.9 11

Delaware

458.0 0.8 1,057 17 3.4 28

District of Columbia

780.4 0.5 1,778 1 3.8 16

Florida

8,722.9 1.8 968 26 3.9 11

Georgia

4,507.1 1.7 1,016 22 3.9 11

Hawaii

652.2 -1.2 992 24 3.7 22

Idaho

765.1 2.6 820 50 3.3 33

Illinois

6,074.7 0.3 1,122 10 2.4 47

Indiana

3,089.8 0.5 910 38 3.1 39

Iowa

1,584.7 0.1 902 40 2.5 45

Kansas

1,403.0 0.6 905 39 2.8 42

Kentucky

1,909.7 0.3 911 36 3.3 33

Louisiana

1,920.2 -0.2 923 35 2.4 47

Maine

639.6 0.4 874 45 3.7 22

Maryland

2,733.6 0.7 1,178 8 3.3 33

Massachusetts

3,690.1 0.9 1,377 2 4.3 5

Michigan

4,419.7 0.1 1,018 21 2.4 47

Minnesota

2,952.6 0.8 1,101 13 2.6 44

Mississippi

1,135.9 0.4 767 51 2.0 51

Missouri

2,836.7 0.3 948 30 2.5 45

Montana

483.1 1.0 843 48 3.3 33

Nebraska

991.5 0.1 889 42 3.5 27

Nevada

1,408.8 2.6 961 29 3.2 38

New Hampshire

676.1 0.8 1,090 14 4.0 10

New Jersey

4,182.5 0.7 1,236 7 3.0 41

New Mexico

834.0 1.0 888 44 4.3 5

New York

9,682.8 1.0 1,347 3 3.9 11

North Carolina

4,527.3 2.0 970 25 3.9 11

North Dakota

431.8 1.3 1,026 20 4.1 7

Ohio

5,486.7 0.4 965 27 3.4 28

Oklahoma

1,618.5 0.5 900 41 3.1 39

Oregon

1,976.5 1.3 1,036 18 3.8 16

Pennsylvania

5,972.1 0.8 1,070 16 3.8 16

Rhode Island

494.5 0.7 1,034 19 3.4 28

South Carolina

2,144.2 1.3 867 46 3.7 22

South Dakota

441.8 0.4 838 49 3.8 16

Tennessee

3,047.8 1.8 964 28 3.3 33

Texas

12,585.6 2.0 1,102 12 3.8 16

Utah

1,526.1 3.0 936 32 4.1 7

Vermont

314.0 0.0 929 34 2.7 43

Virginia

3,981.6 1.0 1,113 11 3.7 22

Washington

3,500.6 1.8 1,288 5 5.9 1

West Virginia

700.4 -0.6 889 42 2.4 47

Wisconsin

2,945.3 0.3 940 31 4.1 7

Wyoming

287.6 1.7 932 33 3.4 28

Puerto Rico

867.7 1.5 531 (3) -1.8 (3)

Virgin Islands

37.0 10.0 919 (3) 8.8 (3)

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(3) Data not included in the national ranking.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, December 20, 2019