Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

Tuesday, July 19, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Occupational Employment and Wages in Ogden-Clearfield — May 2021

Workers in the Ogden-Clearfield, UT Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $24.24 in May 2021, 13 percent below the nationwide average of $28.01, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 18 of the 22 major occupational groups, including legal; arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; and management. Production was the only major occupational group with wages in the local area higher than its respective national average.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Ogden area employment was more highly concentrated in 7 of the 22 occupational groups, including production, construction and extraction, and architecture and engineering. Thirteen groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including healthcare practitioners and technical, transportation and material moving, and healthcare support. (See table A.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Ogden metropolitan area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2021
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Ogden United States Ogden Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $28.01 $24.24* -13


6.3 6.3 59.31 43.72* -26

Business and financial operations

6.4 7.1* 39.72 34.07* -14

Computer and mathematical

3.3 2.8* 48.01 40.95* -15

Architecture and engineering

1.7 3.2* 44.10 41.09* -7

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.6* 38.81 34.72* -11

Community and social service

1.6 1.3* 25.94 24.51* -6


0.8 0.4* 54.38 35.38* -35

Educational instruction and library

5.8 6.4* 29.88 22.61* -24

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.1* 31.78 22.13* -30

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.2 4.6* 43.80 37.68* -14

Healthcare support

4.7 3.4* 16.02 15.77 -2

Protective service

2.4 1.4* 25.68 22.04* -14

Food preparation and serving related

8.0 7.4* 14.16 13.00* -8

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

2.9 2.8* 16.23 15.29* -6

Personal care and service

1.8 2.1* 16.17 13.75* -15

Sales and related

9.4 8.4* 22.15 18.55* -16

Office and administrative support

13.0 13.0 20.88 18.79* -10

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 16.70 16.69 0

Construction and extraction

4.2 6.5* 26.87 23.81* -11

Installation, maintenance, and repair

4.0 4.6* 25.66 25.21 -2


6.0 8.8* 20.71 20.97* 1

Transportation and material moving

9.0 7.7* 19.88 18.54* -7

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Ogden-Clearfield, UT Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The mean hourly wage or percent share of employment is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Ogden had 23,680 jobs in production, accounting for 8.8 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.0-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $20.97, significantly above the national wage of $20.71.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the production group included first-line supervisors of production and operating workers (1,740), machinists (1,440), and packaging and filling machine operators and tenders (1,430). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group were petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers; and first-line supervisors of production and operating workers, with mean hourly wages of $45.28 and $31.71, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were bakers ($13.29) and sewing machine operators ($14.77) (Detailed data for the production occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Ogden area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the production group. For instance, molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic were employed at 9.3 times the national rate in Ogden, and petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers, at 4.3 times the U.S. average. Butchers and meat cutters had a location quotient of 1.1 in Ogden, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Utah Department of Workforce Services.

Changes to the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) Data

With the May 2021 estimates release, the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) program has implemented a new model-based (MB3) estimation method. For more information, see the May 2021 Survey Methods and Reliability Statement at and the Monthly Labor Review article at OEWS estimates for the years 2015-19 were recalculated using the new estimation method and are available as research estimates at

The May 2021 OEWS estimates are also the first estimates based entirely on survey data collected using the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. To improve data quality, the OEWS program aggregates some occupations to the SOC broad occupation level or as OEWS-specific combinations of 2018 SOC detailed occupations.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OEWS data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OEWS data are available at

The OEWS survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OEWS estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 179,000 to 187,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by Internet or other electronic means, mail, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2021 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2021, November 2020, May 2020, November 2019, May 2019, and November 2018. The unweighted sampled employment of 82 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 62 percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 67.2 percent based on establishments and 64.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the Ogden-Clearfield, UT Metropolitan Statistical Area included 2,335 establishments with a response rate of 75 percent. For more information about OEWS concepts and methodology, go to

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Ogden-Clearfield, UT Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Box Elder County, Davis County, Morgan County, and Weber County.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OEWS data are available at Detailed information about the OEWS program is available at

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Employment and wage data for production occupations, Ogden metropolitan area, May 2021
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Production occupations

23,680 1.5 $20.97 $43,620

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

1,740 1.5 31.71 65,950

Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical assemblers, except coil winders, tapers, and finishers

190 0.4 21.53 44,780

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

310 2.7 23.98 49,880

Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators

3,880 1.5 19.05 39,630


520 1.5 13.29 27,650

Butchers and meat cutters

300 1.1 15.64 32,520

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

60 1.6 20.86 43,400

Food batchmakers

710 2.4 17.02 35,400

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

110 2.1 14.84 30,870

Food processing workers, all other

40 0.4 18.45 38,370

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

90 0.8 16.95 35,250

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

30 0.5 21.09 43,880

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 21.20 44,100

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

70 0.6 17.65 36,720


1,440 2.3 27.04 56,230

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,190 3.8 21.53 44,780

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

320 1.2 18.11 37,660

Tool and die makers

100 0.8 32.62 67,840

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

1,090 1.4 23.41 48,690

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

50 1.0 21.67 45,060

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

70 2.3 20.29 42,200

Plating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

80 1.3 24.33 50,600

Prepress technicians and workers

30 0.6 18.72 38,940

Printing press operators

230 0.8 17.09 35,540

Print binding and finishing workers

110 1.5 16.94 35,240

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

190 0.6 13.69 28,480

Sewing machine operators

270 1.2 14.77 30,720

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

310 1.8 18.38 38,220

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

60 0.7 17.14 35,650

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

190 1.5 15.59 32,430

Power plant operators

40 0.7 36.14 75,160

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

60 1.0 26.73 55,600

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

300 1.3 23.34 48,540

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

280 4.3 45.28 94,190

Plant and system operators, all other

60 2.0 24.32 50,580

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

220 1.1 19.29 40,130

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

50 0.6 20.58 42,800

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

70 1.1 19.69 40,960

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

30 1.1 14.98 31,150

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

540 2.6 17.38 36,140

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

210 2.0 18.87 39,260

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

60 0.6 19.78 41,140

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

1,390 1.3 24.56 51,080

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

30 0.7 21.83 45,410

Dental laboratory technicians

100 1.5 21.64 45,020

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

1,430 2.1 15.44 32,110

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

340 1.2 21.22 44,140

Computer numerically controlled tool operators

1,140 3.8 20.49 42,620

Computer numerically controlled tool programmers

40 0.8 36.36 75,620

Etchers and engravers

30 2.5 16.01 33,300

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

680 9.3 17.86 37,150

Helpers--production workers

330 0.9 14.25 29,640

Production workers, all other

630 1.6 15.85 32,970

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Ogden-Clearfield, UT Metropolitan Statistical Area, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations may not sum to the totals due to rounding, and because the totals may include occupations that are not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.


Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 19, 2022