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News Release Information

15-1113-BOS
Wednesday, June 03, 2015

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New England and State Unemployment — April 2015

The New England unemployment rate was essentially unchanged at 5.0 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that New England’s jobless rate declined from a year ago when it was 6.1 percent. The national jobless rate was essentially unchanged from March at 5.4 percent and was 0.8 percentage point lower than in April 2014. (See chart 1.)

New England is 1 of 9 geographic divisions nationwide. Among the nine geographic divisions, the Pacific had the highest jobless rate in April at 6.1 percent. The West North Central division had the lowest unemployment rate at 4.3 percent. All nine divisions had statistically significant rate declines from a year earlier.

 

In April, 5 of the 6 New England states had jobless rates that were significantly different from that of the nation. Vermont (3.6 percent), New Hampshire (3.8 percent), Maine and Massachusetts (4.7 percent each) had significantly lower unemployment rates and were among 21 states in the country to do so. In contrast, Connecticut (6.3 percent) was among the 11 states and the District of Columbia with unemployment rates measurably higher than the national average. Rhode Island and 18 other states had unemployment rates not appreciably different from that of the nation.

Over the year, five New England states had statistically significant unemployment rate changes, all decreases. Rhode Island had the largest decline (-2.0 percentage points), followed by Massachusetts and Maine (-1.1 points each), New Hampshire (-0.7 point), and Vermont (-0.4 point). Across the country, 23 additional states reported statistically significant unemployment rate declines from April 2014. Nationwide, North Dakota was the only state to post a statistically significant over-the-year rate increase. Connecticut was among the 21 states and the District of Columbia that had unemployment rates that were not appreciably different from a year ago.

The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for May 2015 is scheduled to be released on Friday, June 19, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the Current Population Survey (CPS) and the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program. Estimates for the U.S. are obtained directly from the CPS, which is a sample survey of approximately 60,000 households nationwide that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the Census Bureau. The LAUS program produces data for subnational areas, including the nine geographic divisions (New England, Middle Atlantic, South Atlantic, East South Central, West South Central, East North Central, West North Central, Mountain, and Pacific) and the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The LAUS data for geographic divisions and states are model-based. The models for geographic divisions use inputs from the CPS only, while the models for the states and the District of Columbia use inputs from the CPS in conjunction with estimates of nonfarm payroll employment from the Current Employment Statistics survey and counts of unemployment insurance claimants from the state workforce agencies. Each month, not-seasonally-adjusted estimates for geographic divisions are controlled to the national totals from the CPS, and state estimates are then controlled to the estimates for their divisions. Data for all divisions, as well as the 50 states and the District of Columbia, are available in the Regional and State Employment and Unemployment release www.bls.gov/lau/home.htm#news issued monthly by BLS, while national statistics are highlighted in the Employment Situation www.bls.gov/cps/home.htm#news.

Labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect adjustments made at the end of each year.  The adjusted estimates reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources, and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years (both seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted) are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to or coincident with the release of January estimates.

Model-based error measures for seasonally adjusted data and for over-the-month and over-the-year changes are available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. BLS uses a 90-percent confidence level in determining whether changes in LAUS unemployment rates are statistically significant. The average magnitude of the current year over-the-month change in a state unemployment rate that is required for statistical significance at the 90-percent confidence level is just over 0.2 percentage point; the average amount of the current over-the-year change in a state rate for significance is about 0.9 point. More details can be found on the website. Measures of nonsampling error are not available.

This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone: (202) 691-5200, Federal Relay Services: (800)-877-8339.

 

Table 1. Labor force status for the United States, New England, and New England states, seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
AreaApr
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug
2014
Sept
2014
Oct
2014
Nov
2014
Dec
2014
Jan
2015
Feb
2015
Mar
2015
Apr
2015

United States (1)

 

Civilian labor force

155,420155,629155,700156,048156,018155,845156,243156,402156,129(2) 157,180157,002156,906157,072

Employed

145,724145,868146,247146,401146,451146,607147,260147,331147,442(2) 148,201148,297148,331148,523

Unemployed

9,6969,7619,4539,6489,5689,2378,9839,0718,6888,9798,7058,5758,549

Unemployment rate

6.26.36.16.26.15.95.75.85.65.75.55.55.4

New England

 

Civilian labor force

7,766.67,772.07,778.77,786.57,794.97,803.27,810.47,816.47,821.17,829.27,849.87,873.47,889.6

Employed

7,295.37,307.27,319.87,332.97,346.37,359.47,371.87,382.87,391.67,411.37,436.47,464.87,492.2

Unemployed

471.3464.8458.9453.6448.7443.8438.6433.6429.5417.9413.4408.6397.4

Unemployment rate

6.16.05.95.85.85.75.65.55.55.35.35.25.0

Connecticut

 

Civilian labor force

1,881.01,881.81,882.71,884.31,886.81,889.91,893.31,896.51,899.41,904.51,909.91,915.8(P) 1,920.8

Employed

1,753.91,757.21,760.31,763.51,766.71,770.11,773.61,776.81,779.51,784.21,788.01,794.0(P) 1,800.7

Unemployed

127.1124.6122.4120.9120.0119.8119.7119.7119.9120.2121.9121.9(P) 120.1

Unemployment rate

6.86.66.56.46.46.36.36.36.36.36.46.4(P) 6.3

Maine

 

Civilian labor force

701.7700.8699.8698.7697.5696.4695.3694.4693.7692.3690.6689.7(P) 689.4

Employed

661.3660.8660.1659.2658.3657.4656.7656.1655.7656.3656.2656.6(P) 657.3

Unemployed

40.440.039.839.539.339.038.738.338.036.134.433.1(P) 32.1

Unemployment rate

5.85.75.75.75.65.65.65.55.55.25.04.8(P) 4.7

Massachusetts

 

Civilian labor force

3,545.03,550.13,555.53,561.23,567.13,572.93,578.23,582.83,586.63,591.13,607.93,623.9(P) 3,633.9

Employed

3,337.93,344.63,351.53,358.73,366.43,374.33,382.13,389.33,395.23,409.43,430.53,448.8(P) 3,464.5

Unemployed

207.1205.5204.0202.4200.7198.5196.0193.5191.4181.7177.3175.1(P) 169.4

Unemployment rate

5.85.85.75.75.65.65.55.45.35.14.94.8(P) 4.7

New Hampshire

 

Civilian labor force

741.7741.2740.8740.5740.4740.6740.8741.1741.3742.8744.0745.9(P) 746.5

Employed

708.5708.5708.6708.9709.3710.0710.6711.2711.7713.3714.7716.9(P) 717.9

Unemployed

33.232.732.231.631.130.630.229.929.629.429.329.0(P) 28.7

Unemployment rate

4.54.44.34.34.24.14.14.04.04.03.93.9(P) 3.8

Rhode Island

 

Civilian labor force

555.3555.3555.1554.4553.3552.1550.9549.7548.8549.0549.6551.9(P) 553.8

Employed

510.4511.4512.1512.5512.5512.3512.0511.8511.6513.1514.7517.3(P) 520.1

Unemployed

44.943.942.941.940.939.838.837.937.235.934.934.7(P) 33.7

Unemployment rate

8.17.97.77.67.47.27.06.96.86.56.46.3(P) 6.1

Vermont

 

Civilian labor force

348.8348.8348.8348.9348.9348.9348.8348.8348.8348.7348.5348.3(P) 348.3

Employed

334.8334.7334.6334.5334.4334.4334.3334.3334.3334.6334.7335.0(P) 335.7

Unemployed

14.014.114.214.414.514.514.514.514.514.213.713.2(P) 12.6

Unemployment rate

4.04.04.14.14.14.24.24.24.14.13.93.8(P) 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Data for the U.S. are obtained directly from the national Current Population Survey (CPS) and are not preliminary. Seasonally adjusted CPS data have been revised as a result of routine seasonal updates processed at the end of each calendar year.
(2) Data affected by changes in population controls.
(P) Preliminary
 

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by census region and division, seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Census region and divisionCivilian labor forceUnemployed
Apr
2014
Feb
2015
Mar
2015
Apr
2015
NumberPercent of the labor force
Apr
2014
Feb
2015
Mar
2015
Apr
2015
Apr
2014
Feb
2015
Mar
2015
Apr
2015

Northeast

28,259.528,330.028,374.928,464.01,802.41,584.61,584.71,592.46.45.65.65.6

New England

7,766.67,849.87,873.47,889.6471.3413.4408.6397.46.15.35.25.0

Middle Atlantic

20,492.820,480.220,501.620,574.31,331.01,171.21,176.21,195.06.55.75.75.8

South

56,980.557,205.957,240.257,354.43,517.43,073.23,060.23,089.56.25.45.35.4

South Atlantic

30,246.230,332.830,335.230,380.11,941.11,709.51,719.21,740.86.45.65.75.7

East South Central

8,448.18,349.28,381.08,442.0596.2504.3489.3486.67.16.05.85.8

West South Central

18,286.218,523.918,524.018,532.3980.0859.4851.7862.25.44.64.64.7

Midwest

34,400.534,578.434,542.934,521.12,108.81,763.01,743.31,739.36.15.15.05.0

East North Central

23,294.123,367.723,317.423,284.71,574.21,293.61,274.21,260.16.85.55.55.4

West North Central

11,106.311,210.711,225.611,236.4534.6469.4469.1479.24.84.24.24.3

West

36,428.636,862.836,873.236,912.12,535.02,255.62,173.32,146.07.06.15.95.8

Mountain

11,226.011,370.311,394.411,422.2676.1591.2579.3582.86.05.25.15.1

Pacific

25,202.625,492.525,478.825,490.01,858.91,664.41,594.01,563.27.46.56.36.1

Note: Census region estimates are derived by summing the Census division model-based estimates. Data refer to place of residence. Regions are defined as the four Census regions, comprised as follows: Northeast Region includes the New England Division - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; and the Middle Atlantic Division - New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania. South Rgion includes the South Atlantic Division - Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central Division - Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; and West South Central Division - Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas. Midwest Region includes the East North Central - Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; and the West North Central Division - Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota. West Region includes the Moutain Division - Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. Estimates for the current year are subject to revision early in the following calendar year.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, June 03, 2015