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News Release Information

22-1663-BOS
Thursday, August 11, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Boston-Cambridge-Newton – July 2022

Area prices were up 0.7 percent over the past two months, up 7.0 percent from a year ago

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Boston advanced 0.7 percent for the two months ending in July 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner William J. Sibley noted that the July increase was influenced by higher prices for food. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 7.0 percent. The index for all items less food and energy rose 3.9 percent over the year, mainly due to higher shelter prices. Energy prices advanced 43.9 percent. Food prices increased 10.3 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices increased 2.6 percent for the two months ending in July. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 1.7 percent, and prices for food away from home rose 4.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 10.3 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 10.9 percent since a year ago, and prices for food away from home rose 9.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 2.1 percent for the two months ending in July. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for electricity (5.3 percent). Prices for gasoline rose 2.9 percent, and prices for utility (piped) gas service increased 7.9 percent for the same period. Partly offsetting the increase within household energy was a price decrease in fuel oil.

Energy prices advanced 43.9 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (55.1 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service rose 52.3 percent, and prices for electricity rose 20.2 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.3 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for shelter (0.5 percent) and medical care (1.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for household furnishings and operations (-3.5 percent) and apparel (-1.8 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 3.9 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (2.8 percent), medical care (6.9 percent), and new and used motor vehicles (7.5 percent). Within shelter, owners’ equivalent rent of residences increased 4.2 percent. Partly offsetting the increase within shelter was a price decrease in lodging away from home.

The Consumer Price Index for September 2022 is scheduled to be released on October 13, 2022, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Boston-Cambridge-Newton, Mass.-N.H. Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, Plymouth, Suffolk Counties in Massachusetts; Rockingham, Strafford Counties in New Hampshire.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table A. Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

January

1.1 2.8 0.5 2.5 0.6 2.2 0.7 0.5 1.6 6.3

March

0.9 3.6 0.5 2.1 0.1 1.8 0.9 1.3 1.9 7.3

May

0.0 3.2 0.2 2.3 -1.0 0.6 0.8 3.2 1.1 7.5

July

0.3 3.4 0.0 2.0 0.2 0.8 1.2 4.3 0.7 7.0

September

1.2 3.3 0.2 1.1 0.1 0.6 -0.1 4.0

November

-0.4 3.2 0.7 2.1 0.4 0.4 1.7 5.3
Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Boston-Cambridge-Newton, Ma.-N.H. (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
May
2022
Jun.
2022
Jul.
2022
Jul.
2021
May
2022
Jun.
2022

All items

313.578   315.841 7.0 0.7  

All items (1967 = 100)

911.422   918.001      

Food and beverages

312.662   320.493 9.6 2.5  

Food

316.898   325.185 10.3 2.6  

Food at home

290.104 292.924 294.910 10.9 1.7 0.7

Cereal and bakery products

347.425   353.862 11.0 1.9  

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

317.587   317.142 12.6 -0.1  

Dairy and related products

332.523   342.933 20.3 3.1  

Fruits and vegetables

376.289   370.481 4.8 -1.5  

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

175.428   187.788 14.6 7.0  

Other food at home

219.249   225.162 9.2 2.7  

Food away from home

362.550   377.960 9.4 4.3  

Alcoholic beverages

269.720   272.176 0.8 0.9  

Housing

325.761   326.206 5.8 0.1  

Shelter

377.395 378.066 379.462 2.8 0.5 0.4

Rent of primary residence(2)

388.190 392.245 394.186 4.6 1.5 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)(3)(4)

405.346 407.971 409.915 4.2 1.1 0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)(3)(4)

405.346 407.971 409.915 4.2 1.1 0.5

Fuels and utilities

379.200   380.640 29.9 0.4  

Household energy

325.258 335.875 330.197 35.9 1.5 -1.7

Energy services(2)

312.895 324.136 332.054 30.2 6.1 2.4

Electricity(2)

346.253 351.405 364.450 20.2 5.3 3.7

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

241.257 260.301 260.309 52.3 7.9 0.0

Household furnishings and operations

151.131   145.836 10.4 -3.5  

Apparel

135.997   133.558 8.4 -1.8  

Transportation

242.470   245.748 14.8 1.4  

Private transportation

249.985   256.074 15.7 2.4  

New and used motor vehicles(5)

136.123   139.570 7.5 2.5  

New Vehicles(1)

234.301   236.830 6.9 1.1  

Used cars and trucks(1)

483.067   494.963 6.8 2.5  

Motor fuel

396.371 433.260 407.841 55.3 2.9 -5.9

Gasoline (all types)

391.698 428.374 403.191 55.1 2.9 -5.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

382.105 417.422 391.643 55.2 2.5 -6.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(6)(7)

412.235 454.183 434.832 56.0 5.5 -4.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

396.049 436.193 419.128 54.5 5.8 -3.9

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

           

Medical care

733.033   743.091 6.9 1.4  

Recreation(5)

118.266   118.320 0.4 0.0  

Education and communication(5)

174.610   175.231 0.6 0.4  

Tuition, other fees, and child care(1)

1,434.076   1,437.716 0.4 0.3  

Other goods and services

565.740   572.395 8.1 1.2  

Commodity and service group

Commodities

228.512   230.836 12.2 1.0  

Commodities less food and beverages

183.589   183.914 14.0 0.2  

Nondurables less food and beverages

245.049   245.826 23.3 0.3  

Durables

129.193   129.237 5.7 0.0  

Services

390.392   392.603 4.5 0.6  

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

291.367   293.759 9.5 0.8  

All items less medical care

297.528   299.505 7.0 0.7  

Commodities less food

187.439   187.819 13.4 0.2  

Nondurables

278.442   282.543 15.5 1.5  

Nondurables less food

246.095   246.974 21.3 0.4  

Services less rent of shelter(3)

423.369   425.961 6.6 0.6  

Services less medical care services

365.422   367.591 4.2 0.6  

Energy

351.088 372.160 358.607 43.9 2.1 -3.6

All items less energy

316.080   317.996 4.7 0.6  

All items less food and energy

317.284   318.288 3.9 0.3  

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a January 1978=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
(4) This index series underwent a change in composition in January 2010. The expenditure class now includes weight from secondary residences, and has been re-titled "Owners' equivalent rent of residences." The item stratum "Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence" excludes secondary residences.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, August 11, 2022