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21-828-NEW
Wednesday, May 05, 2021

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Technical information:
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  • (646) 264-3620

County Employment and Wages in Puerto Rico — Third Quarter 2020

Employment in Puerto Rico’s only large county, the municipio of San Juan, decreased 7.3 percent from September 2019 to September 2020, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are defined as those with 2019 annual average employment of 75,000 or more.) Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli noted that in September 2020, San Juan’s employment level of 223,600 accounted for 26.9 percent of total employment in the commonwealth. (See table 1.)

National employment decreased 6.8 percent over the year, with 355 of the 357 largest U.S. counties (not including San Juan) reporting declines. Maui + Kalawao, HI, had the largest over-the-year decrease in employment with a loss of 35.4 percent. Utah, UT, experienced the largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment with a gain of 1.9 percent. 

The average weekly wage in San Juan was $669 in the third quarter of 2020, a 4.7-percent increase over the year. In the United States, the average weekly wage increased 7.4 percent to $1,173. Among the 357 largest counties in the United States, 350 had over-the-year wage increases. Nationally, the increases in average weekly wages largely reflect substantial employment loss among lower-paid industries. Employment declines occurring in some higher-paid industries also featured significant wage increases. San Mateo, CA, had the largest percentage wage increase (+23.2 percent). Ector, TX, had the largest over-the-year percentage decrease (-11.0 percent).

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 77 municipios in Puerto Rico with employment below 75,000. All 77 municipios had wages below the U.S. average of $1,173. (See table 2.) Juncos, located on the eastern part of the island, had the highest average weekly wage at $912. Two small municipios, located in the northern part of the island, had average weekly wages above $600—Guaynabo ($678) and Aguadilla ($611). Twenty-six municipios had average weekly wages below $400, with the lowest wages reported in Cabo Rojo ($326), Moca ($311), and Las Marías ($295). (See chart 1.)

Additional statistics and other information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit www.bls.gov/cew.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2019 edition of this publication, which was published in September 2020. Tables and additional content from the 2019 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online are now available at www.bls.gov/cew/publications/employment-and-wages-annual-averages/2019/home.htm. The 2020 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online will be available in September 2021.

The County Employment and Wages release for fourth quarter 2020 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, May 19, 2021. The County Employment and Wages full data update for fourth quarter 2020 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, June 2, 2021.


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS web site at www.bls.gov/cew. However, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons–some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Covered employment and wages in the United States, Puerto Rico, and San Juan, third quarter 2020
AreaEstablishments,
third quarter 2020
(thousands)
EmploymentAverage weekly wage (1)
September 2020
(thousands)
Percent change,
September 2019–20 (2)
Third quarter
2020
Percent change,
third quarter 2019–20 (2)

United States (3)

10,561.3138,549.5-6.8$1,1737.4

Puerto Rico

45.7831.6-5.35473.4

San Juan

10.8223.6-7.36694.7

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(3) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Table 2. Covered employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Puerto Rico, third quarter 2020
AreaEmployment September 2020Average weekly wage(1)

United States(2)

138,549,503$1,173

Puerto Rico

831,563547

Adjuntas

1,636337

Aguada

4,114374

Aguadilla

17,541611

Aguas Buenas

1,709395

Aibonito

5,750486

Añasco

4,776530

Arecibo

19,872495

Arroyo

2,478514

Barceloneta

9,591568

Barranquitas

2,856422

Bayamón

49,936501

Cabo Rojo

5,528326

Caguas

42,892506

Camuy

3,760364

Canóvanas

4,831470

Carolina

40,486512

Cataño

10,156590

Cayey

9,170499

Ceiba

1,358426

Ciales

1,515396

Cidra

5,589498

Coamo

3,261401

Comerío

1,641416

Corozal

3,453392

Culebra

378369

Dorado

8,788526

Fajardo

8,438511

Florida

1,032367

Guánica

2,395328

Guayama

9,952490

Guayanilla

2,346419

Guaynabo

49,560678

Gurabo

6,937563

Hatillo

8,506387

Hormigueros

2,598375

Humacao

14,802538

Isabela

5,600436

Jayuya

2,819503

Juana Diaz

6,124520

Juncos

7,473912

Lajas

3,321343

Lares

3,956353

Las Marías

1,167295

Las Piedras

6,604578

Loiza

1,603397

Luquillo

1,851405

Manati

13,290574

Maricao

1,366426

Maunabo

1,259539

Mayaguez

27,736480

Moca

4,560311

Morovis

2,242379

Naguabo

2,366392

Naranjito

3,275428

Orocovis

3,167371

Patillas

1,453471

Peñuelas

2,498419

Ponce

42,555472

Quebradillas

2,194369

Rincón

1,740379

Rio Grande

4,457429

Sabana Grande

3,289369

Salinas

3,320482

San Germán

7,093427

San Juan

223,610669

San Lorenzo

3,473412

San Sebastian

4,826358

Santa Isabel

5,689411

Toa Alta

3,720415

Toa Baja

12,321462

Trujillo Alto

10,037365

Utuado

3,518401

Vega Alta

4,306465

Vega Baja

7,574515

Vieques

1,226442

Villalba

3,265532

Yabucoa

2,611383

Yauco

5,474418

Footnotes
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Note: Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs. Data are preliminary.

Table 3. Covered employment and wages by state, third quarter 2020
StateEstablishments,
third quarter 2020
(thousands)
EmploymentAverage weekly wage (1)
September 2020
(thousands)
Percent change,
September 2019–20
Third quarter
2020
National ranking
by level
Percent change,
third quarter 2019–20
National ranking
by percent change

United States (2)

10,561.3138,549.5-6.8$1,173--7.4--

Alabama

132.21,902.4-4.5978336.427

Alaska

22.9302.6-10.71,165145.442

Arizona

174.12,797.1-4.21,091227.317

Arkansas

93.61,180.1-3.4892496.131

California

1,643.816,096.8-9.21,466412.01

Colorado

220.12,597.2-5.61,23595.638

Connecticut

125.41,555.6-7.31,32877.415

Delaware

34.9428.8-5.61,150156.821

District of Columbia

43.3713.7-8.11,96216.131

Florida

749.18,329.7-5.81,029278.011

Georgia

313.04,282.1-5.21,084235.835

Hawaii

46.5507.5-22.91,1141810.34

Idaho

70.7763.7-0.2884505.541

Illinois

385.95,558.5-7.81,199116.821

Indiana

172.42,941.8-4.7961395.343

Iowa

105.11,475.0-5.2969366.034

Kansas

89.21,325.4-5.0952406.624

Kentucky

128.01,807.1-5.5935435.835

Louisiana

139.51,734.6-9.6970355.245

Maine

54.4597.3-5.9966379.09

Maryland

172.42,496.6-7.61,27789.57

Massachusetts

265.13,314.8-9.41,48829.76

Michigan

266.94,035.9-7.91,096207.514

Minnesota

183.12,703.3-7.41,178126.427

Mississippi

74.91,092.4-4.0810515.638

Missouri

218.82,681.7-5.1995325.638

Montana

53.0466.9-2.5904486.624

Nebraska

73.7949.9-3.8964386.427

Nevada

87.91,251.0-11.61,048247.813

New Hampshire

56.1634.2-5.21,171138.910

New Jersey

289.33,778.4-8.01,33169.57

New Mexico

63.1771.9-8.6944415.146

New York

657.68,547.7-10.81,446510.05

North Carolina

301.44,308.2-4.41,039266.920

North Dakota

32.5398.2-7.01,02528-0.350

Ohio

305.75,136.8-5.61,040256.624

Oklahoma

112.41,538.5-5.7917462.348

Oregon

164.61,837.3-7.01,113197.415

Pennsylvania

366.55,501.0-7.61,139177.019

Rhode Island

40.1452.5-8.01,0922110.43

South Carolina

146.62,022.9-5.2924446.723

South Dakota

35.2422.3-2.6918457.218

Tennessee

173.62,918.1-4.61,022295.835

Texas

733.111,926.8-5.51,150153.847

Utah

114.31,518.2-1.01,015306.131

Vermont

26.4283.9-8.61,001317.912

Virginia

285.73,737.0-5.01,201106.427

Washington

256.63,266.2-6.31,482311.02

West Virginia

51.7649.1-6.7913471.849

Wisconsin

181.22,746.6-5.2977345.343

Wyoming

27.5264.0-6.893942-0.451

Puerto Rico

45.7831.6-5.3547(3)3.4(3)

Virgin Islands

3.433.9-13.01,019(3)-0.5(3)

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(3) Data not included in the national ranking.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 05, 2021