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News Release Information

17-847-ATL
Friday, June 23, 2017

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Occupational Employment and Wages in Montgomery – May 2016

Workers in the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $19.55 in May 2016, about 18 percent below the nationwide average of $23.86, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that, after testing for statistical significance, 20 of the 22 major occupational groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including construction and extraction; sales and related; and transportation and material moving. 

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; transportation and material moving; and protective service. Conversely, nine groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including management; construction and extraction; and education, training, and library. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2016
Major occupational groupPercent of total employmentMean hourly wage
United StatesMontgomeryUnited StatesMontgomeryPercent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0100.0$23.86$19.55*-18

Management

5.13.7*56.7449.65*-12

Business and financial operations

5.24.6*36.0932.69*-9

Computer and mathematical

3.02.4*42.2535.24*-17

Architecture and engineering

1.81.740.5333.17*-18

Life, physical, and social science

0.80.7*35.0628.13*-20

Community and social service

1.41.2*22.6923.554

Legal

0.80.9*50.9545.01*-12

Education, training, and library

6.25.4*26.2120.49*-22

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.41.1*28.0720.15*-28

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.95.738.0631.14*-18

Healthcare support

2.92.3*14.6512.44*-15

Protective service

2.43.2*22.0317.53*-20

Food preparation and serving related

9.28.911.479.88*-14

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.23.5*13.4711.63*-14

Personal care and service

3.23.312.7411.33*-11

Sales and related

10.410.419.5015.68*-20

Office and administrative support

15.715.617.9116.10*-10

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.30.313.3712.99-3

Construction and extraction

4.03.0*23.5118.04*-23

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.94.3*22.4521.58*-4

Production

6.510.2*17.8815.55*-13

Transportation and material moving

6.97.7*17.3413.98*-19

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
 

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Montgomery had 16,800 jobs in production, accounting for 10.2 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.5-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $15.55, significantly below the national wage of $17.88.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the production group included team assemblers (4,470), production workers' helpers (1,850), and inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers (1,360). Among the higher paying jobs were first-line supervisors of production and operating workers, and paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders, with mean hourly wages of $25.69 and $24.10, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($10.14) and electrical and electronic equipment assemblers ($10.99). (Detailed occupational data for production are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_33860.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the production group. For instance, metal and plastic extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders were employed at 3.8 times the national rate in Montgomery, and  production workers' helpers, at 3.7 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, metal and plastic cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders had a location quotient of 1.1 in Montgomery, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Alabama Department of Labor.

Note on Occupational Employment Statistics Data

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,749 establishments with a response rate of 73 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Montgomery, Ala. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Autauga, Elmore, Lowndes, and Montgomery Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/southeast. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2016
Occupation (1)EmploymentMean wages
Level (2)Location quotient (3)HourlyAnnual (4)

Production occupations

16,8001.6$15.55$32,350

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

1,0101.425.6953,430

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

400.110.9922,860

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

1902.214.7330,640

Fiberglass laminators and fabricators

602.714.2829,710

Team assemblers

4,4703.415.2731,760

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

4001.514.7730,730

Bakers

1700.814.1929,520

Butchers and meat cutters

1300.813.8628,820

Food batchmakers

(5)(5)12.2825,550

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

900.521.2544,200

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

3203.814.4830,120

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

401.317.1435,640

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

2601.113.9028,920

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

500.616.7734,870

Machinists

3600.818.3138,090

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

2401.416.3233,950

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5)(5)16.1933,680

Tool and die makers

400.421.6244,970

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

5801.315.1931,590

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

400.818.5438,570

Prepress technicians and workers

(5)(5)15.7732,800

Printing press operators

1900.915.0531,310

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

3101.310.1421,090

Sewing machine operators

400.211.0823,040

Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers

(5)(5)13.2927,640

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

900.815.5632,360

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

801.3(5)(5)

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

800.911.9924,930

Power distributors and dispatchers

504.032.8968,400

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

900.719.8041,180

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

(5)(5)20.1641,940

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

1604.715.4832,190

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

301.011.2523,390

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

2101.4(5)(5)

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

300.520.7643,190

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

1902.316.8835,110

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

1,3602.214.5130,170

Dental laboratory technicians

902.014.4730,090

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

2900.613.9529,010

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

900.913.7928,680

Painters, transportation equipment

1001.521.7045,140

Painting, coating, and decorating workers

804.211.9324,810

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

601.311.1423,170

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

1501.424.1050,140

Helpers--production workers

1,8503.710.3121,440

Production workers, all other

(5)(5)13.4427,960

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Montgomery, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_33860.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 23, 2017