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News Release Information

18-873-ATL
Tuesday, May 22, 2018

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Occupational Employment and Wages in Jackson – May 2017

Workers in the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $20.56 in May 2017, about 16 percent below the nationwide average of $24.34, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that, after testing for statistical significance, 20 groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including management; construction and extraction; and computer and mathematical.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 4 of the 22 occupational groups, including healthcare practitioners and technical and management. Conversely, 10 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including computer and mathematical; construction and extraction; and business and financial operations. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2017
Major occupational groupPercent of total employmentMean hourly wage
United StatesJacksonUnited StatesJacksonPercent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0100.0$24.34$20.56*-16

Management

5.16.3*57.6541.21*-29

Business and financial operations

5.24.1*36.7029.81*-19

Computer and mathematical

3.01.7*43.1833.91*-21

Architecture and engineering

1.81.4*41.4434.70*-16

Life, physical, and social science

0.80.7*35.7627.96*-22

Community and social service

1.51.3*23.1018.93*-18

Legal

0.80.951.6240.46*-22

Education, training, and library

6.16.226.6724.66-8

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.41.0*28.3422.59*-20

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.08.4*38.8331.87*-18

Healthcare support

2.93.015.0512.45*-17

Protective service

2.43.3*22.6916.50*-27

Food preparation and serving related

9.38.2*11.8810.43*-12

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.13.313.9111.00*-21

Personal care and service

3.63.2*13.1111.11*-15

Sales and related

10.210.619.5616.36*-16

Office and administrative support

15.415.518.2416.17*-11

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.30.1*13.8714.847

Construction and extraction

4.02.7*24.0118.50*-23

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.94.4*23.0221.15*-8

Production

6.36.618.3016.44*-10

Transportation and material moving

7.07.017.8216.47*-8

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—healthcare practitioners and technical—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Jackson had 22,120 jobs in healthcare practitioners and technical occupations, accounting for 8.4 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.0-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $31.87, significantly below the national wage of $38.83.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group included registered nurses (8,810), licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (2,230), and clinical laboratory technologists and technicians (900). Among the higher paying jobs in this group were pharmacists and nurse practitioners, with mean hourly wages of $58.91 and $50.42, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were dietetic technicians ($11.26) and pharmacy technicians ($14.49). (Detailed data for healthcare practitioners and technical occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available, go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_27140.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group. For instance, surgical technologists were employed at 2.7 times the national rate in Jackson, and nurse practitioners, at 2.4 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, pharmacy technicians had a location quotient of 1.0 in Jackson, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Mississippi Department of Employment Security.

Notes on Occupational Employment Statistics Data

With the release of the May 2017 estimates, the OES program has replaced 21 detailed occupations found in the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) with 10 new aggregations of those occupations. In addition, selected 4- and 5-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) industries previously published by OES will no longer be published separately. Some of the 4-digit NAICS industries that are no longer being published separately will instead be published as OES-specific industry aggregations. More information about the new occupational and industry aggregations is available at www.bls.gov/oes/changes_2017.htm.

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels; and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2017 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2017, November 2016, May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, and November 2014. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 72 percent based on establishments and 68 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted sample employment of 82 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area included 2,276 establishments with a response rate of 67 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_tec.htm.

The May 2017 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2017 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Copiah, Hinds, Madison, Rankin, Simpson, and Yazoo Counties in Mississippi.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/southeast. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2017
Occupation (1)EmploymentMean wages
Level (2)Location quotient (3)HourlyAnnual (4)

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

22,1201.4$31.87$66,280

Chiropractors

400.656.32117,150

Dentists, general

1800.988.91184,940

Dietitians and nutritionists

1401.225.6153,270

Optometrists

(5)(5)64.50134,150

Pharmacists

6701.258.91122,530

Family and general practitioners

3001.388.85184,810

Pediatricians, general

500.9130.82272,110

Surgeons

801.2125.04260,090

Physicians and surgeons, all other

8601.3(5)(5)

Physician assistants

500.333.3769,400

Occupational therapists

3601.635.8874,630

Physical therapists

6001.439.2981,710

Radiation therapists

401.242.0287,400

Recreational therapists

802.417.1335,620

Respiratory therapists

4301.824.7851,540

Speech-language pathologists

3301.330.5863,610

Veterinarians

900.736.8576,650

Registered nurses

8,8101.729.9762,330

Nurse anesthetists

801.175.98158,040

Nurse practitioners

7402.450.42104,880

Audiologists

502.437.9778,980

Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other

600.831.9066,340

Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians

9001.524.7851,530

Dental hygienists

3801.028.2358,730

Cardiovascular technologists and technicians

1201.217.5136,420

Diagnostic medical sonographers

1601.231.4565,420

Nuclear medicine technologists

501.533.2669,180

Radiologic technologists

5301.424.9751,940

Magnetic resonance imaging technologists

1902.826.8255,780

Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

4300.916.3634,030

Dietetic technicians

(5)(5)11.2623,420

Pharmacy technicians

7501.014.4930,130

Surgical technologists

5302.719.6540,860

Veterinary technologists and technicians

(5)(5)14.9531,100

Ophthalmic medical technicians

700.816.9535,270

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

2,2301.718.4038,280

Medical records and health information technicians

6001.617.6636,730

Opticians, dispensing

700.515.5232,280

Health technologists and technicians, all other

2601.119.0539,630

Occupational health and safety specialists

1300.939.2881,700

Athletic trainers

501.1(6)51,980

Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other

(5)(5)19.6040,760

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_27140.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
(6) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 22, 2018